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Community Vision 2040 �� ���� `��� r'` ':�dlfl���'�3 I j ='- � , � ` y`.`�'L. p��• � ����` � � .�//!F "e��._�`�jl - T I� � . .� . � . X:: �'�Yj�,`,f�.e�/�:ff►� � _;°I�c�-- ��` - �� ' ��� � �� ' �� , �, _ � _ - ._ �� . #-- r . w .� � � � ������i�� i����•����� +�f 1� _ �i� ' � • " • + �� •n ._��_"_'_'�.�.,1,� �\ �S.} 4� �_���:� � � .yf . i ��, ..�.. -7 �� . �l�RII• 4�. '�4 '� ��' � � -�` I,�fr`` 3, -� ;t " !' � � aRax��Qaaaa�aoa� _ . . �" ,��. �1 i I �i , .r _ nl f���i .r�� �� �� �������1t�u�� u�� � ��y�; h . �. . '�'� . ' • ., . .�+� ��1 1��1� ��,. ��e��inYlli�� �� �kn ��-• �"��"���� ' � � �+s �1Y111��lIIFYIYIIII�f1�Y11YYlY1 ..y�=�� �"`tr ��-�� � �.�,a���.,* ,, ,�. w',� �'��' „�. ��f ��F Y��ui����� ��r�n���� n.� ���� u .. u } �• ,�, ..yii H 71 -. N } �� � �', ��A N��i��i i r. �t - �."' � �� � �i '�! . .. +. _ �iil li��� r�ri��i�i i� a � � ��'�'�u" `+; -i�-� � ..� �4 �+ " � " { x--:.rl �1 � �5�5• ��4 i D�i' '__ —! 4}. `�Y 1� � ,-��`�=r-rs�rii li�• . ' � �1 ' �� �� � ' ". �'�Z t�5 � � _� � 1 d.� .� � '�.. ��� '-� � �'1� i� �4 � �� �. `�-�� 'Y �{ �:S'. � � . _. '. '��� .�r ..��.�' .�y.}��Y� ry �. . �}� ` I� �. *+ � * # ��� � �� r'�i� �• .��� �� � �� � � , �-� �_..� . • / � � / � � - - - - • 1 1 �� _ ���= � - �---. .._._- ,�• ..� � .;�:a� ,� �J f , � , ''+ � -+�, � � �:.a�. "' � � ' �..� �( .�A �I�• . � � � _ ��� � I � _ �a �► '�. - ,� �• .;, . �' _ � f� - � _ - _ : - �� � _ �, �� - � ' , , � �' �' �; �� �� . . �. rR- ° _ � .�.,� � = .•�, � I__ _ �, T�� �� ` (�� f� - - - ` - _. �i _ •.� �� �.,k:, - � � � �.�,.�---- _,:�. _ ��� � ��� ���� � � ��.. - .�■ i \ - � � �� - .� _. .._.:_. , � � � _ �-� _ � _ � .� � _ r _ F _ - � � -_ �_� ��`�—� - �� ACKNOWLEDGMENTS CITY COUNCIL Barry Chang, Mayor Savita Vaidhyanathan,Vice Mayor Rod Sinks, Council Member Gilbert Wong, Council Member Darcy Paul, Council Member Orrin Mahoney, Council Member (former) Mark Santoro, Counci� Member (former) PLANNING COMMISSION Winnie Lee, Chair Alan Takahashi,Vice Chair Margaret Gong, Commissioner Don Sun, Commissioner Geoffrey Paulsen, Commissioner CITY STAFF David Brandt, City Manager Aarti Shrivastava, Assistant City Manager/Community Development Director Carol Korade, City Attorney Colleen Winchester, Assistant City Attorney Gary Chao, Assistant Community Development Director Piu Ghosh, Principal Planner Rebecca To�entino, Senior Planner Christopher Valenzuela, Senior Planner George Schroeder, Associate Planner Ellen Yau, Assistant Planner Angela Tsui, Economic Development Manager Caro�Atwood, Director of Recreation and Community Services Rick Kitson, Director of Public Affairs Timm Borden, Public Works Director Albert Salvador, Building Official Chad Mosely, Senior Civil Engineer David Sti��man, Senior Traffic Engineer Teri Gerhardt, GIS Manager Adam Araza, GIS Department CITYSTAFF (Community Outreach) CONSULTANTTEAM Aki Snelling MIG,INC. Alex Wykoff Daniel lacofano, CEO/Principal Andrea Sanders Chris Beynon, Principal Alyssa Carlsen Laura Stetson, Principal Beth Ebben Dan Amsden, Senior Project Manager Cheri Donnelly Ellie Fiore, Outreach and Policy Specialist Chylene Osborne Genevieve Sharrow, Project Manager Co�leen Lettire Jeff Liljegren, Project Associate Diana Pancholi Marissa Reilly, Project Associate Donna Henriques Sydney Cespedes, Project Associate Erick Serrano Jami�lah Jordan, Project Associate Erin Cooke Lillian Jacobson, Project Associate Erwin Ching BAE URBAN ECONOMICS Gian Paolo Martire Janet Smith-Heimer, President Grace Schmidt David Shiver, Principal Hella Sanders Ray Kennedy,Vice President Jeff Greef Stephanie Hagar, Senior Associate Julia Kinst GREENSFELDER CRE Kaitie Groeneweg David Greensfelder, Managing Principal Kirsten Squarcia Kristina Alfaro VERONICATAM&ASSOCIATES Louis Sarmiento Veronica Tam, Principal Melissa Names Jessica Suimanjaya, Associate Melissa Tronquet pLACEWORKS Michelle Combs Steve Noack, Principal Pete Coglianese Terri McCracken, Senior Associate Rei De�gado Robert Kim HEXAGONTRANSPORTATION Ron Bullock Gary Black, President Ryan Roman Jill Hough,Vice President Simon Vuong Stephen Rose Sylvia Mendez Tiffanie Cardena Tiffany Brown Winnie Pagan AMENDMENTS TO GENERAL PLAN COMMUNITY VISION 2015-2040 � . � � � - � - . . Amendment to the Community Vision 2040 policy,text,and figures pertaining to citywide issues,and a change to the 10/20/2015 CC 15-087 general plan land use map to modify the land use designation of one property located at 10950 N Blaney Avenue from Industrial/Residential to Industrial/Commercial/Residential. CONTENTS CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION..................................................................I-1 Purpose of Community Vision 2040...............................................................1-2 VisionStatement...................................................................................................1-3 GuidingPrinciples.................................................................................................1-4 Organization of the Document..........................................................................1-6 Community Vision 2040 Adoption...................................................................1-7 Community Vision 2040 Imp�ementation......................................................1-8 CHAPTER 2: PLANNING AREAS.........................................................PA-1 Introduction..............................................................................................................PA-2 SpecialAreas...........................................................................................................PA-3 Neighborhoods..................................................................................PA-16 CHAPTER 3: LAND USE AND COMMUNITY DESIGN ELEMENT........LU-1 Introduction..............................................................................................................LU-2 Context.......................................................................................................................LU-3 LookingForward.....................................................................................................LU-8 Citywide Goals and Policies..............................................................................LU-10 Planning Area Goals and Policies................................................................LU-40 CHAPTER 4: HOUSING ELEMENT.......................................................HE-1 Introduction.............................................................................................................HE-2 Housing Needs Assessment.............................................................................HE-4 Regional Housing Needs and Al�ocations...................................................HE-14 Housing Resources.............................................................................................HE-15 HousingPlan..........................................................................................................HE-18 Qualified Objectives.............................................................................................HE-19 CHAPTER 5: MOBILITY ELEMENT.........................................................M-1 Introduction................................................................................................................M-2 Context.........................................................................................................................M-3 LookingForward.....................................................................................................M-12 Goalsand Policies..................................................................................................M-13 CHAPTER 6: ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES ELEMENT.........................ES-1 Introduction.....................................................................................................................ES-2 Context..............................................................................................................................ES-3 LookingForward........................................................................................................ES-12 Goalsand Policies........................................................................................................ES-13 CHAPTER 7: HEALTH AND SAFETY ELEMENT.......................................HS-1 Introduction.....................................................................................................................HS-2 Context..............................................................................................................................HS-3 LookingForward........................................................................................................HS-24 Goalsand Policies......................................................................................................HS-25 CHAPTER 8: INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT...........................................INF-1 Introduction....................................................................................................................INF-2 Con text.............................................................................................................................I N F-3 LookingForward..........................................................................................................INF-7 Goa�s and Policies.....................................................................................................INF-9 CHAPTER 9: RECREATION, PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICEELEMENT.................................................................................RPC-1 Introduction..................................................................................................................RPC-2 Context...........................................................................................................................R PC-3 LookingForward......................................................................................................RPC-18 Goalsand Policies....................................................................................................RPC-20 TECHNICAL APPENDICES Appendix A: Land Use Definitions...............................................................................A-1 Appendix B: Housing Element Technical Report..................................................B-1 AppendixC: Air Qua�ity....................................................................................................C-1 Appendix D: Community Noise Fundamentals......................................................D-1 Appendix E: Geologic and Seismic Hazards............................................................E-1 AppendixF: Slope Density.............................................................................................F-1 �'� a�� ��; „�^�` �'� ""��,-' ��'°�' �� �� ��'�'_ r�t � � '?�`�'�'.��_. � �;. � "`� ( `��•`y�'�„ ��'��..�,;. :`: � .�` ,� �. �� _ _ � �'.�'�,. � �x� ` �° >.� � I _ � ,:. w ��', : "��;y :d _��? _" __,.�_�� m,i� �s � - = y"f�! �" ' .. `c � L _ . o .w� .T. _.._ A�«... ..7-!� �.y y!C�Z.?Af� h� �'/ � � �� .-r.,.- ���r .�:. • -�°.�t�.r�'`x.'� - � --�- . . � `,� 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' .;.�� .. ..; 3 R t� 4�til .�s' Y,_.� �w{ j 4 F-w 1 . �`,� x �.. . , � �' ♦�Y �+�a+J��dpA'ou _-.� �� 9R'r:y"!'§d.' s � 1 i� ,� � i�'c,(t� / J.�� � f .w . �11iC .� .:p '�' �^'' � ,i�a st�'.�" ;k��. � ��'aY Y"��:..�n�Bp"T,E'. � '�,.„,,,,,,��- � ` �va. ,�, r • � .�sy� 'Y 4'�"�� �.� ��', � y-. . ';•_ �,: ,.� . ; �� � ���, ' � �� ���� i . . . . ��` v _!�.-.....z ,§`x . . ,. :. . .*.S� ,� .���"._.�;. � � � �� , " -����;�� ;,�;-�.� �'� _,�•_ j���x •k� �y :y �1} - ;� ' - , �!�� � !L e � . h �Y •.�' s I _ �j � S� -.' {� ��. �� ` � '`'�' .: �f.�r�� \ �'/' \ 1 � / . I 1.."� �, � -� � � � �� _ � :� � � I � �-- � � , .- ..�•.�� � _' - I �ir:.�:: � -'r' .s'�};T� e . � —,� � � �-� q , ,s' .c�:�.r_� ' n���,�� E • ,T'.:1:,.i'j,.f �r`v�':'�, '�.•�-� v ,n� "� - j. . - .:( !� Y: ';.r,:�`� '�r.�{�� �,n' ..�. : �� �� _—_.. ��� ..� ��.�. "�' .y, �•�'s�:�-, .�� .. � � . . . . ,� �� 4:y '•�"Y' '`4!� �'' ��{'� y � ` �s..., .�e..�'�.`..u,��c..._. �� ��i„• _ , vR, .�ta�, �� t �...tw-�k:' ._ .� . .�-ykyoC.=". .. ��� - y,✓ `'';•':�. � '��, `rA• , ` �� �':a�". . , g tt. �''��° ■ $; +e� -=� e ���,. ,,�r': - � - �`�:.. . Y � - .. - . '�, ��` � k��� _ ��� ~ " ; � ` _ �-y' ��--��L'. •+R+F- -'a� '� � '� - _ __ _ .i �� _ ' - ' '# • _ — .+r �i. — — � t ~, � � ,��; � '�fr �.r� — --wi/ _ r µ' -- I 'A I 7c- '- -` _ �xf.' .S�'.lM�'���vi'}�..' _cr� _ •�I � _ 1 + , �( �.�_ �.. �,+�i.� �ai�"�`�4'-��„�ti - r .�+T . �"' -ti�^� y;��'� . T�` '� � ,. - • ��.. . . .. T r� ,���� 5;:�. � ,.� ' � �f:. _�a� Y. ..' .rV±�.h'�}, d - . �'� ..�ix . • :.r• . ,,- ...-� .. . . =k-� ......__ •.ti�_.. . _ _.. ;a_�_. . �. !�• :. r .. . �. : Purpose of Community Vision 2040 Community Vision 2040 is a roadmap to the future that encompasses the hopes, aspirations,values and dreams of the Cupertino community.The underlying purpose of this document is to establish the policy and regulatory framework necessary to build a great community that serves the needs of its of residents, businesses, property owners and public officials into a comprehensive strategy for guiding future development and managing change. It describes long-term goals and guides daily decision making by the City Council and appointed commissions.This document functions as . , . ��� .�*� the City of Cupertino's State-mandated General Plan, and covers a time �� ���� frame of 2015-2040.As such,the goals, policies and strategies contained in r" '- ; � •�• this document lay the foundation for ensuring there is appropriate land use L :��� ; �` + - .+_ -� +L+� _ y � ' S .� CONTENTS: I-2 Purpose of Community Vision 2040 I-3 Vision Statement I-4 Guiding Principles � I-6 Organization of the Document � I-7 Community Vision 2040 Adoption unit Vision 2040 Im lementation �� CHAPTER 1:INTRODUCTION I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) VISION STATEMENT In order to prioritize goals and actions, the City developed an overarching vision statement based on extensive community input received during the 2013-14 General Plan Amendment process.This input culminated in "A Vision for Cupertino", shown be�ow, which ref�ects ideas, thoughts and desires from residents, local business and property owners, study area stakeholders, elected and appointed officials, and other members of the Cupertino community. This updated vision expresses the community's desires for Cupertino's future. It describes the community's overall philosophy regarding the character and accessibility of existing and new neighborhoods and mixed-use corridors. Ultimately, all goals, policies and strategies contained in this document must be consistent with the vision statement. _ . . ,- , . . . . � � � - � �. J` — " ..� -.. • ' • . • ' • • ' . � . � - - �'.�w � � �,��'` . . �:,:.. -��• :, "�' .. .. 1 � � • . � • . ,�' ./ � � � %-t `@5�,y F �k�' :..-�r �y . y �� �' 4 1 � 5t ? �4�'-M�.44a� `b�..w�s,.#+A Jt. = d ;S ,t.+: � S'.�s 59�Akdarl h }`�'�:'. i - 1 2�n'E ,�' .w f i' r . _:i�}t ' �1�y+�,�� � at,I�..-� � t. t �s� }"� ..; � ; � w y�.� _,6ei �}��p Sv�Y/J. ': '�'i� � � �,. -�� I�.. � �, .�i'b' �`��y"�' � �k'� Y�$r�` ..;� �- 5 � � � ��n's`,���' �,.yr;. �O � �*#�,v�. s..- ��Y��`� ,�`Ie,�� � � � �'� �, 5a.s� '"' � '�-"��^ �x , ��'� II ' �� � -. K �=�'�.8i �; 'a..o y } - � � �' -. -t�� r��«t�,� � y„�y:�� �„�. � . '� � � 6, � ;; r '=.,a s� $''i. y u. .� � � .�: : ��' p ..Y f" '�(p _� X .w�' ������ � • • e .. +G..��,�� a+,r"fi 's y v .F� �o` �,� m� �• � � � � � 1'< y ,r , �, � � • • � . ,� . � • • � . .� ,,,� � ' • • ' • • �� ".��,�'� a ��""a�e::.. :��� �� ";�,� �<�-, ' :`,,- �����". :." :..: — CHAPTER 1:INTRODUCTION , � ■ � � • � � ' � • � � . � • � . • ' . �• •' • � ' '• • � ' • '� • � • � • ' ' • ' ' • �'• •. '� • • • — � �. �#��;� �y.� � ��:� � DEVELOPCOHESIVE NEIGHBORHOODS �"`', �=+-*�" ' ��.� Ensure that all neighborhoods are safe, attractive and include convenient 'T 8' v ' �,� ��� `w'�,��__� pedestrian and bicyc�e access to a "full-service" of �ocal amenities such as �� r �. . ,;� �. . �� 4 parks, schools, community activity centers, trails, bicycle paths and shopping. `i y",� � � -� ��a�r.`��.-«�r��'?.1ry�, � a� �'7Y,����.. w��-s-.��a.R''�:._SG:: ' � ' : " � IMPROVE PUBLIC HEALTH AND SAFETY ��� `�;r>���.-<�- " Promote pub�ic health by increasing community-wide access to healthy foods; �=� ensure an adequate amount of safe, well-designed parks, open space, trails f ���y r� � - -� and pathways; and improve safety by ensuring all areas of the community _. � �� �'� are protected from natura� hazards and fully served by disaster planning and ��`��� � �"'° "i neighborhood watch programs, police, fire, paramedic and health services. ` ti���, ''�`;���� z ' — IMPROVE CONNECTIVITY II '� - .� �II Create a we��-connected and safe system of trails, pedestrian and bicycle paths, �v�'�'�!� '" �� �, sidewalks and streets with traffic calming measures that weave the community �� ���:�:.,I'� together, enhance neighborhood pride and identity, and create access to a�"�"�� interesting routes to different destinations. �a ,�.;��;w, �,zs ��' � ENHANCE MOBILITY n� '�{�`��,� �� Ensure the efficient and safe movement of cars, trucks, transit, pedestrians, _ - _� � :% �'���-�- � - bicyclists and disabled persons throughout Cupertino in order to fully accommodate Cupertino's residents, workers, visitors and students of all ages and abilities. Streets, pedestrian paths and bike paths should comprise an integrated � system of ful�y connected and interesting routes to all destinations. � ENSURE A BALANCED COMMUNITY , "�i���' � =' ��� Offer residents a full range of housing choices necessary to accommodate the �'���n� i� � ¢ chan gin g needs of a demo gra phicall y and economicall y diverse po pulation, - �' �� w hi le a lso provi ding a fu l l range o f suppor t uses inc lu ding regiona l an d loca l �R�L ���„ .. > _ ,__,� shopping, education, emp�oyment, entertainment, recreation, and daily needs �- that are within easy walking distance. � � h�' �'� ��'"' �- � � SUPPORTVIBRANT AND MIXED-USE BUSINESSES � �.-- +� Ensure that Cupertino's major mixed-use corridors and commercial nodes � , � `;� are vibrant, successfu�, attractive, friend�y and comfortab�e with inviting active . �.,;�,F.i -,�� "* a �;� `"' ��' pedestrian spaces and services that meet the daily needs of residents � � ��,_ � � ��� � � ��'� and workers. ���c.����'� CHAPTER 1:INTRODUCTION I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) /� � ENSURE ATTRACTIVE COMMUNITY DESIGN ��' o�?� Ensure that buildings, landscapes, streets and parks are attractively designed �%�►;^ <�5����' °� ��ti`����,� . and well maintained so they can comp�ement the overall community fabric o��� �*g� � �' �`r' � ' by framing streets and offering a variety of active, relaxing and intimate �!��� �, ��`T`��,�-,i���� �� � ��= pedestrian spaces. �;.�:�.,�;.'...�,. _�_. ��:=,,. •}� ', � C "� EMBRACE DIVERSITY r��f �1 ,�"`' � ,, ��� ►��� A� Celebrate Cupertino's diversity by offering a range of housing, shopping • ,A.' 'A���-� and community programs that meet the needs of the full spectrum of the a ''' community, whi�e ensuring equa� opportunities for all residents and workers # � ,�, a � 'r►� regardless of age, cultural or physical differences. �' '�� �.. � � � ��` }: ;�-'� � SUPPORT EDUCATION _�,J ` � Preserve and support qua�ity community education by partnering with local � �=�x., .�_ ,'� � I � � school districts, community colleges, libraries and other organizations to ��{� ;. �,_�' , � improve faci�ities and programs that enhance learning and expand � �� ��� � ; - community-wide access. � ff4p � . " �-�'r�' '-;'.`" — PRESERVETHE ENVIRONMENT ; ,,._ � y � �� Preserve Cupertino's environment by enhancing or restoring creeks and .� {-- = �r a �` � ��:� hillsides to their natural state, �imiting urban uses to existing urbanized areas, �r° � h� % ''�' '�' encoura in environmental rotection, romotin sustainable desi n conce ts, � �= _� at n� 9 9 p p 9 9 P _ improving sustainable municipal operations, adapting to climate change, "����`� ��;� - '� conserving energy resources and minimizing waste. ', ' ENSURE FISCAL SELF RELIANCE -� �- Maintain fisca� self-reliance in order to protect the City's ability to deliver ��='� �--.��_� �s =j� essential, high-quality municipal services and facilities to the community. ,- , ''5��;�����:��� �'����- '� � -,�.�-.;�<_ ���:.�� � m ENSURE A RESPONSIVE GOVERNMENT ' Continue to be a regional leader in accessible and transparent municipal "�� `,,,. -�;'�°�;.��� government; promote community leadership and local partnerships with �� '� /f' — local and regional agencies; and remain flexible and responsive to changing community needs. CHAPTER 1:INTRODUCTION I general p�an (community vislon 2015 -2040) ORGANIZATION OF THE PLAN California state law requires that each city and county adopt a General Plan for the "physical development of the county or city, and any land outside its ---- ,� boundaries which bears re�ation to its planning." The ro�e of the General Plan is `� to act as a community's "constitution," a basis for rational decisions regarding long-term physical development and incremental change. Community Vision 2040 expresses the community's deve�opment and conservation goals, and embodies public policy relative to the distribution of future land uses, both k ` �t' � , .,v� ` �� _ - public and private. ; ,� � ,4 {�1� , _����� +�' r ��� Every General Plan is also required to address a collection of seven "elements" �I°�,:.:��,'�I�-- ,.� or subject categories. The City has the authority to address these e�ements in �� � � whatever organization makes the most sense for Cupertino.The fo��owing table �;� � Y � � ��� _� identifies how the sections of the plan address each State-required element. '' =� , �� � �.�� .� ;� - � - � � � � � � i i . � :-. � - � �i 1.Introduction Not Applicable I.�� ��f�_ .'..,y.�.- 2.Planning Areas Not Applicable � _ 3.Land Use and Community Design Land Use 4.Housing Housing 5.Mobility Circulation 6.Environmental Resources and Sustainability Conservation,Open Space 7.Health and Safety Noise,Safety 8.Public Infrastructure (optional element) 9.Recreation and Community Services (optional element) Each topical chapter, or "Element," of Community Vision 2040 inc�udes an introduction, background context and information, and a summary of key opportunities or objectives looking forward.They also include topical goals, policies and strategies that function in three unique ways: • Goal: a broad statement of values or aspirations needed to achieve the vision. • Policy: a more precise statement that guides the actions of City staff, developers and policy makers necessary to achieve the goal. • Strategy: a specific task that the City will undertake to implement the policy and work toward achieving the goals. CHAPTER 1:INTRODUCTION I general plan (community vision 2015 - 2040) COMMUNITY VISION 2040 ADOPTION CommunityVision 2040 is a living document, and can be adopted or modified over time as community needs change. Each amendment needs to include a pub�ic review process and environmental impact analysis. Public review occurs prior to public hearings through community meetings, study sessions and advisory committee meetings. Public hearings allow the community to express its views prior to City Council approval. State law limits the number of General Plan amendments to four per year. Cupertino ordinances require that the City Council determine if a public hearing should be set to consider a General P�an amendment. � 1 � . . __.: . . • ._ - - . `� ` � � f � � ��_�'`� � � � _ _ �� .� ..�.�_. �� CHAPTER 1:INTRODUCTION I general plan (community vision 2015 - 2040) COMMUNITY VISION 2040 IMPLEMENTATION Community Vision 2040 is the foundation for planning in Cupertino. All physical development must be consistent with it. State law also requires that zoning be consistent with the p�an.The various goals, policies and � strategies are carried out through a myriad of City plans and approval -� '> >,� _ ,,�,. , procedures, such as special planning areas, use permits, subdivisions, the �,,� � Capita� Improvement Program and park planning. ;fi'� , ' ��� i - � ! � � � � The annua� review of Community Vision 2040 provides the opportunity �` Y� � � ,� i� to evaluate the City's progress in implementing the plan and to assess if � t mitigation measures are being followed and if new policy direction should be considered. �-�, ,, �'''�T�.�r , � � �. , �� �� � � .__�'l. �'� � ., � ' ` �. 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S f1'j-€" � ,_ ��� ���� �.=r, - � �� ���..�,�-���� , �� � � , � �-�-�� - ,r �:. �� f� �� _ _ _ � ��. � Y s I � fi ,� ��- Vj; �=.`-� �� .,._ >.t �NXYI.���;�,� -,,..dv�.A.w�.�L1�M1l� _ ��� !�a � y ''�"� ������� "�` _ .'{� �, . � �• ��* • - k>ly. �� . . 2' ! -"i'>- �§.� l , . "� 1 �, ` � ...r,� .�� � � I 1 A�i � �f.' �11 _ � � k' � � � � � ,�' , � ;' A _ _. _ �� ` J � ''� . . �b,, �' �����--� G' ��� � u� �' � �� y � � �"�I r i � ��, 4,� i.�.1 s" �� y;. �! �..�e+ � __, � �,�_ `'�'"r "� � p „ �,. � �� . . �.��, � � :4' �� - `J��, ' i . " �._ � _ __ :� �;�` t d � _ � : ii i �' _ � � - i � ��'.� .� .::� � � ,. . _ . r���I(�/. r'�' �c .r,?�`�,; I I I I I I - --- �-•_�� - �� �� �' �:; � -- . '�y' � � �'� ��.� �� �� __ , „. �` _ ,��'^�i*����'.�'�F. , k'� - _ � �?Y. ..,_ �_...i��_" - :. r .. . �. : Introduction Cupertino benefits from having many established and vibrant areas—each with its own unique function, character, uses and services.Community Vision 2040 organizes the city into 21 distinct Planning Areas,divided into two categories: cial Areas that are expected to transition over the life of the - neral Plan 2. Neighborhoods where future changes are expected to be minimal This chapter provides an overview of each Planning Area, including its current context and future vision.Specific goals, policies and strategies for , ��: ��� each area are included in the various topical elements of the General Plan ��. �" ����y (i.e.,Chapters 3 through 9). t� . �r ` :��� ;� � � CONTENTS: � � -2 Introduction PA-16 Nei hborhoods _ ,,_ -� +L+� _ y � ' S .� Rancho Rinconada Fairgrove � � �� CHAPTER 2:PLANNINGAREAS I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) :�`� ��. � . SPECIAL AREAS � �:� 1 � ' ti��� •' ���� Cupertino is defined by its four major roadways: Homestead Road,Wolfe Road, De � -- _.��_- Y- _ - . � . ,�t� �-� , ,-�-.; Anza Boulevard and Stevens Creek Boulevard.These major mixed-use corridors � - �_�' have been the center of retail, commercia�, office and multi-family housing in Cupertino for decades.They act as the "spines" of the community-connecting £'a,_ i'. ? _ residential neighborhoods to major employment centers, schools and colleges, � civic uses, parks, highways and freeways, and adjacent cities. In order to support - - -,�--�g�"�.- .; �- � � �ocal and regional commercial, office and housing needs, each of these corridors ,� ,� ��j ��� � � must be improved.They should be enhanced with more pedestrian, bicycle and � � transit facilities; supported by focused deve�opment standards; and encouraged to �� �� ����,�°� °, �,t` � �9� redevelop in order to meet the current and future needs of the community. ���a ��,�� � �;� t�'.,v� L� � 4� � -: � ,.. � �F ;�����\�� '� ' `�;� As shown in Figure PA-1, there are nine Special Areas within Cupertino. Each � � ��'� "� ,w a'i,��,;= `� ���sP S pecial Area is located alon g one of the four ma jor mixed-use corridors in the ��;; "' a..^:��:+�ii+',�1, � �' i ; , I, ,,��t��o�,,ETo ` city, which represent key areas within Cupertino where future development and �� r!J���=f�J�J `�=�_ -__=- reinvestment will be focused.The following is a summary of the location, major f -- �, �a � i i � I ,f � � :,;��`-I- ' ` �`�-�� characteristics, uses and vision for each of the city's nine Special Areas. - I, - � ~,- ,�-� �•.:�.-:: .� ����-� � � �� .: � �� ¢:. �. .,� 1� �j_�� � - =s _ � 7' � ��:, ;� � �-- "� 4 : � , � .� x� .� � ��� .� � - . -�� _�::; � �s ; e.�.. �"`- '� a �— /r��� _�^�_-_�; CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � ��iieid� ��dii �c�iiiinuui�yvi5iuu �ui�-�u4u/ Homestead North Vallco Special Area Gateway Vallco Shopping District Special Area North Vallco Park Special �� ���`` Stelling Gateway __ Area Los Altos � � \ � ��♦ �----- 5 �--- I� � �i 1 � � . ``�y� II `�� i���► � / Sunnyvale L� � � ` �� � I North De Anza North _� "'y.,, , , I ,��� �r Special Area Gateway South Vallco Park I �� Community Recreation Node� Gateway �� Oaks Gateway santa C�ara i i� � ����� �"�s Monta Vista cross oad= � f,�' � �� Village Special � �.-�- i i `�` Area �city � �, � j � Center �-I � �� � I � Node Heart of the City �; � i c���c Special Area � �----! � Bubb ROdd � Center � � Special Area Node � � � ��, ��•,� ------------------- �� � � �--—s_- De Anza College Node � I � �'^� North Crossroads Node � San Jose I �\,� j 1 1 �I 1 �` 1 „� I r ��� 1 � �� � f� - South De Anza j�,r�-� � ����� � Special Area I �� � �------��-- --__-- i ` i i"J �. � r�-- J �-� ' Legend � City Boundary Special Areas / ----- Urban Service Area Boundary Heart of the City r� Sphere of Influence Vallco Shopping District Boundary Agreement Line North Vallco Park Unincorporated Areas North De Anza South De Anza 0 os �M�ie Homestead T0 1000 2000 3000 Feet � Bubb Road 0 500 1000 Meters � Monta Vista Village CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS I g211e1"al plall (COITllllulllty VI5101� 2015 - 2040) �--,� `'°� �`�1..� " '��� '` HEART OF THE CITY ���Js �. i 1 ��� . °�---- CONTEXT u � � `��k L � ,. �.r � '� � ' The Heart of the City Special Area is a key mixed-use, commercial corridor � . . , _: .��... -,�� -= "' � in Cupertino.The area encompasses approximately 635 acres along Stevens r- �-., i��.;- r :� �`�'� Creek Boulevard between Highway 85 and the eastern city limit. Development �"'— ;M���` � 1 _ within this Special Area is guided by the Heart of the City Specific Plan which ;�...,.,��.� �;'. ' � _„ � �,�� _-� _ is intended to create a greater sense of place, more community identity, and - � ,�_�===�== �.�,� a positive and memorable experience for residents, workers and visitors � �;;` �� ���� � �� e't:._. . � of Cupertino.The Heart of the City Specific Plan area includes five specific � ��� '� ,� �` � subareas, each with unique characteristics, land uses and streetscape elements. V-. Jr�4 ' k. 1� L� � l The subareas include: West Stevens Creek Boulevard; Crossroads; Centra� � I ^�,�'� �� -- ,_: d Stevens Creek Bou�evard; City Center; and East Stevens Creek Boulevard. � t= � ��' The West Stevens Creek Boulevard subarea is located between Highway 85 and �� _, r .i' � �'i�ii�- -T,s� ,,...,,,. _.,_ , "' � � Stelling Road.The primary use for this area is quasi-public/public facilities, with � � Js�. F _' �; .'�'...�.4��. � � "K �w�.., _�;:-- supporting uses inc�uding mixed commerciaUresidentiaL The De Anza Co�lege �� =� "--� � '�"� Node defines the southern half of the West Stevens Creek Boulevard subarea. -� } ��` � w -` � "'��" Also included within this area are the Oaks Gateway and Community Recreation Node consisting of Memorial Park, the Senior Center, Sports Center and Quinlan Community Center. �peO7 � The Crossroads subarea is located between Ste<<ing Road and De Anza � r � � Boulevard and is the historic core of Cupertino. This area consists of specialty �,. _�- � ti�C��a��� ,,y shops, grocery stores and restaurants that form a strong central focal point. � ,y� , � �.�- -� �t �� The primary use in this area is commercial/retail, with commercial office above j� � , _. `�e the ground level allowed as a secondary use. Limited residential is also allowed �_ ? � - _ ,.��. = as a supporting use per the Housing Element.The North Crossroads Node :� � _--_-.____ encompasses the northern half of the subarea. --�-.�, `"�`� The Central Stevens Creek Boulevard subarea is located on the north side of Stevens Creek Boulevard between De Anza Boulevard and Torre Avenue, and on the north and south sides of Stevens Creek Boulevard between Torre Avenue and Portal Avenue.The primary use for this area is commercial/commercial office, with office above ground level as the secondary use. Residential/ residential mixed uses are al�owed as a supporting use. CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � C�Ellel'a� p�afl (COIT1IT1uIlItyVI51011 201 5-2 040) t�� The City Center subarea is located south of the Central Stevens Creek Boulevard � ��� � a ° �� ;�.�-=� i '��n � � a 1 subarea, between De Anza and Torre Avenue/Regnart Creek.The primary use � � _ ����;r��� � a a 1 for this area is office/residential/hoteUpublic facilities/commercial retaiUmixed- "�,�A °�1 '^ �� — ���,,: r � � g � � �� uses.This subarea is further defined into the City Center Node and Civic Center __ �a � _�i. �. �, � �� Node.The City Center Node inc�udes Cali Plaza.The Civic Center Node includes �„ 1 �; iv�;_`. - City Hall, Cupertino Community Hall, Cupertino Pub�ic Library, as well as the ' � �.,��.� ���,� ' Library Plaza and Library Field. _ _ _ � �._ � The East Stevens Creek Boulevard subarea is located at the east end of the `� � � I I�"'3�,"��" ` Heart of the City Specific Plan area and extends from Portal Avenue to the J���'��� � eastern city limit.The area is largely defined by the South Vallco Park Gateway _ immediately east of the Va��co Shopping District, which inc�udes Nineteen 800 � '�� (formerly known as Rosebowl), The Metropolitan and Main Street developments. �,,� ` � This area is intended as a regional commercial district with retail/commerciaU . •,�: 4 office as the primary uses. Office above ground leve� retai� is a��owed as a -�^- secondary use, with residentiaVresidential mixed-use as a supporting use per � the Housing Element. ��,; ,�.� a-�-��� VISION - *_: � i '��,��.. l;r The Heart of the City area will continue being a focus of commerce, community identity, social gathering and pride for Cupertino.The area is envisioned as a �'���, ��`"',; �,,�� f� tree-lined boulevard that forms a major route for automobiles, but also supports �'�`"'� ,�'�'��"' ■* � � �N�; ., ��;;��. �- '!� 1: _ walking, biking and transit. Each of its five subareas wi�� contribute their z �%� � , ��, f __ distinctive and unique character, and will provide pedestrian and bicycle links ��tl �� `� k to adjacent neighborhoods through side street access, bikeways and pathways. �.,: ,,� .�� �'- ' While portions of the area is designated as a Priority Development Area (PDA), ��`°s � �y: . � which allows some higher intensity near gateways and nodes, development will � � r, _ , continue to support the small town ambiance of the community. The Stevens �� ``�`�� Creek Boulevard corridor wil� continue to function as Cupertino's main mixed- , use, commercial and retail corridor. Residential uses, as allowed per the Housing Element, should be developed in the "mixed-use village" format described later in the Land Use and Community Design Element. CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � C�ellel'al platl (COI71171ulllty VISIOII ZU1b-LU4U) HEART OF THE CITY SPECIAL AREA DIAGRAM 0 � � : � w a 0 upertino 3 OMemorial � \ Park o�- ♦� � _ � ��' _ �� � STEVENS CREEK BLVD � � � m I�J �:�� N� City ��J I� Z Center D De Anza a � (�� College � � � � LEGEND Low Density(1-5 DU/Acre) Low/Medium Density(5-10 DU/Acre) Medium Density(10-20 DU/Acre) � Commercial/Residential Commercial/Office/Residential Public Facilities � Parks and Open Space f Quasi-Public/Institutional �-m Transit Route � Neighborhood Center CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � gEllel'a� p�afl (COIT1IT1uIlItyVI51011 201 5-2 040) VALLCO SHOPPING DISTRICT � � .- � ��. CONTEXT - The Vallco Shopping District Special Area encompasses Cupertino's most ��� significant commercial center, formerly known as the Vallco Fashion Park. This „ Special Area is located between Interstate 280 and Stevens Creek Boulevard in the eastern part of the city.The North Blaney neighborhood, an established single-family area, is adjacent on the west side of the Vallco Shopping District. �� � �' Wolfe Road bisects the area in a north-south direction, and divides Vallco � � � .+ k�� Shopping District into distinct subareas: Vallco Shopping District Gateway �- � West and Va��co Shopping District Gateway East. In recent years there has *- � - been some fa�ade improvement to the Vallco Fashion Mall; however, there has -- � -"- � � � -. �� been no major reinvestment in the mall for decades. Reinvestment is needed �- M1� i .�y, � � �y to upgrade or replace older buildings and make other improvements so that ,. ;;�� s� � :� k-: this commercial center is more competitive and better serves the community. --F� � ,��i Currently, the major tenants of the mall include a movie theater, bowling `� �''� � alle and three national retai�ers.The Vallco Sho in District is identified --�- r y as a separate Special Area given its prominence ap agregional commercial _. +II��F��CIN�i � - - �- destination and its importance to future planning/redevelopment efforts � -� expected over the life of the Genera� P�an. VISION VALLCO SHOPPING DISTRICT SPECIAL AREA DIAGRAM The Vallco Shopping District will continue to function as a major regional and community destination. The City envisions this area as a new mixed-use "town center" and LEGEND gateway for Cupertino. It will include an � Commercial/Office/Residential m Transit Route interconnected street grid network of bicycle ,,� and pedestrian-friendly streets, more � pedestrian-oriented buildings with active . � uses lining Stevens Creek Boulevard and � � Wolfe Road, and publicly-accessible parks and plazas that support the pedestrian- o oriented feel of the revita�ized area. New w development in the Vallco Shopping � District should be required to provide buffers between adjacent single-family sTEVENscREEKB�v� � � neighborhoods in the form of boundary wal�s, - setbacks, landscaping or building transitions. ^�--�^ � �i r�� �� CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS I C�ellel"al plall (COITllllulllty VI5101� 2015 - 2040) �`�. ,��Ai F �` �` � NORTH VALLCO PARK ��ii� � F, ''�. � ,,:,, ` '� :�f ��� � CONTEXT �- Y �' F `'� The North Vallco Park Special Area encompasses 240 acres and is an important ; , employment center for Cupertino and the region.The area is bounded by � � ���� Homestead Road to the north and Interstate 280 to the south.The eastern edge ���� ���� _ is defined by the properties that line the eastern frontage of Tantau Avenue, and jA=- l �� the western edge includes the commercial development west of Wolfe Road. � � - - _ The North Vallco Gateway is located within this Planning Area, and includes a `-� medium-density multi-family residential project east of Wolfe Road and two hotels and the Cupertino Village Shopping Center west of Wolfe Road. Cupertino '�� � �.�''�" «; Village offers cafes and restaurants for nearby workers and serves as a village �� ��- � �'�� " ¢ center for the residential uses in this area.The remainder of the Planning Area ,_.v,;;�..-- �� ` 2��4i�i -� ������I�:,,,��. , is defined by the new Apple Campus 2 development located on the east side of _��`� ��s� Wolfe Road. � �� a � ��� �'- VISION 4w NORTH VALLCO PARK The North Vallco Park area is __ SPECIAL AREA DIAGRAM envisioned to become a sustainab�e office and campus environment <�l I— � surrounded by a mix of connected, HOMESTEAORo high-qua�ity and pedestrian- � oriented neighborhood center, hotels and residential uses.Taller heights may be allowed in the AppleCampusll North Vallco Gateway per the �'°�Fqo Land Use and Community Design ��'`F Element and additional residential � � development may be allowed per the Housing Element. � � e � LEGEND � CommerciaVResidential Industrial/Residential � High Density(>35 DU/Acre) i Quasi-Public/Institutional Riparian Corridor �; Transit Route � Neighborhood Center CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � C�Ellel'a� p�afl (COIT1IT1uIlItyVI51011 201 5-2 040) NORTH DE ANZA CONTEXT ��; The North De Anza Special Area encompasses 150 acres and includes the � ,A.�, ,� „; portion of North De Anza Boulevard general�y between Interstate 280 and � "�"'' �<<�. w• ,,. S���E , , «� i,. Stevens Creek Boulevard. De Anza Boulevard bisects the area in a north-south direction.The area predominantly consists of office and campus uses with come ����� commercial and hotel service uses.The street network in this area provides / ��" �����r4 �,;.�,��, y\ connections from the Garden Gate neighborhood to schoo�s and services on the �...�.���`�`-:��� east side of De Anza Boulevard. VISION The North De Anza area is expected to remain a predominantly office area. However, its designation as a Priority Development Area (PDA), and increase m �-- -_� - - - ,_ in foot traffic due to workers taking advantage of restaurants and services � �'A � � �� �,�t . in the Heart of the City Planning Area, opens opportunities to locate higher .'���":a� � ��x ��"''� density office uses along the corridor.This would include better connections to '"' �, " F, : uses along Stevens Creek Boulevard in order to make the environment more ' �- Q��`�'����,,,� � pedestrian and bicycle-friendly. Streets in this � :s� area are envisioned to function as a walkab�e, -- -- -- — - ----- - �R�� �Vz �- � ' ��, -� bikeable grid that enhances connections for SPECIAL AREA DIAGRAM . - �_ ..��` school children and residents from the Garden Gate neighborhood to Lawson Midd�e School and other services on the east side. : � Apple Inc � a a LEGEND Office/Industrial/Commercial/Residential � Quasi-Public/InstitutionalOverlay � Transit Route � CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS I C�ellel"al plall (COI71ITlurllty VISIOII 2015 - 2040) SOUTH DE ANZA '+'� ' CONTEXT wr,�:,.�e`�� WineDe iEh' � �ktuuSi The South De Anza Special Area encompasses the portion of South De Anza -� - �PrSNai� Boulevard between Stevens Creek Boulevard and Bollinger Road, and the — � HAIRp� Western portion of South De Anza Bou�evard between Highway 85 and Prospect � � � - �:g ` ': � �� ,, Road. The South De Anza Boulevard Conceptual Plan establishes land uses, � � ���• �> '��,,��`.-��J�'� A' °�s� ,�,j,,��� �,,� �tlY .�,�� standards and guidelines for development and change of use for properties +f'^ Y 1� .W '�iTf �' �',�`4' a�� � ,-��.�-�-''�`��� "'�, � located within this Planning Area. �� �, �.�.. ', ` "�:� � �?�,���:��"�•��,���,� '�'�� VISION The South De Anza area will remain a predominantly general commercia� area -- with supporting existing mixed residential uses.The policies in this area are � �� - intended to encourage lot consolidation (in order to resolve the fragmented ��^ �-f� and narrow lot pattern), promote active retai� and service uses, and improve '-=� ' �� � bike and pedestrian connectivity to adjacent neighborhoods. For parcels that �_ ��` ��;� - "'�� ; � w ' , are not appropriately-located or configured to accommodate successful retail, �--.- .�_ _ � 5� ���.- i�j� � - i. �■- ; � commercia� and commercia�/office uses may be al�owed in accordance with the ��- --_ City Municipal Code. � SOUTH DE ANZA SPECIAL AREA DIAGRAM LEGEND . Commercial/Office/Residential � Commercial/Residential Riparian Corridor C� Transit Route � Neighborhood Center � o 3 m m N H z a a 0 Regnart Creek CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � c�Ellel'al plall (COITIITIulllty VISIOII LUIb-ZU4U) HOMESTEAD CONTEXT The Homestead Special Area is located in the northern portion of the city � and includes residential, commercial, office and hote� uses along Homestead � �-- � Road, between Interstate 280 and the Sunnyvale city limit. This major mixed- � ���a��� � � � �-��'�'�;k'� ��-";...� _ R;,�„� use corridor continues to be a predominantly mixed-use area with a series � -i — of neighborhood commercial centers and multi-family housing.The northern �= \� �:��,,c �,��� , portion of this corridor is in Sunnyvale and is lined mostly with commercial � ``�������'��� y' ` � v'� '° �,�' ' � � and �ower-intensity residentia� uses. Additiona� commercial uses include a ' � `�;� � '� \. a t.. hotel along De Anza Boulevard within the North De Anza Gateway.The Stelling . ��� ' � `4'�.a,� Gateway, which consists primarily of commercial and residential uses, is a�so ;y- -• , �:�� �ocated in this area. Community facilities within the Homestead Planning Area ��� � w.� include Franco Park and Homestead High SchooL The Apple Campus 2 project is '`� �' `� , located at the eastern end of this corridor in the North Vallco Park Planning Area � � i@ � �� �.� �� and is a major regiona� employment center. � I �� . ��;;' K ' � �f"f .�, * VISION �-� i; �;; � €. � ����� �"` � The Homestead area wi<< continue to be a predominant�y mixed-use area with ' rr��� — ` residential uses and a series of neighborhood centers providing services to �H,MARKNAI�I ����� �, �_'� �. � local residents. Bike and pedestrian improvements in this area wi�l provide - �-�=- - better connections for residents and workers to access services.Tree-lined streets and sidewalks will provide an inviting environment and will link existing and new uses. HOMESTEAD SPECIAL AREA DIAGRAM � Oakmont HOMESTEA�RD r,,Square � an� Homestead � m � � arc Square 0 � o Shopping N � Center z � w z a � � � J � 2 PG&E � : � � / � /Acre) Industrial/Residential (5-10 DU/Acre) � Industrial/CommerciaUResidential Medium Density(10-20 DU/Acre) Parks and Open Space � Medium/High Density(20-35 DU/Acre) :"�;� Transit Route � Commercial/Residential � Neighborhood Center Quasi-Public CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS I C�ellel"al plall (COI71ITlurllty VISIOII 2015 - 2040) �� + � �' BUBB ROAD _ :-� �e =� CONTEXT �. - _ - The Bubb Road Special Area is located south of Stevens Creek Boulevard a , �:� � between the Southern Pacific railroad tracks and Highway 85, on the north side � ' "��' of McClellan Road.This area is approximately 30 acres in size and consists �;.�,. �t - primarily of low-rise industrial and research and development uses.The area is ` - adjacent to Monta Vista Village to the west, Monta Vista North neighborhood to � � - _ the south, and the mixed-use area of Monta Vista Village to the north.This area � is one of the few existing industrial areas in Cupertino. � � VISION ;Y � ::� �.. � , „� , -; � The Bubb Road area is envisioned to become a tree-lined avenue that is more ; ;,; ➢ � . bike and pedestrian friendly. It will have an improved street grid necessary to ;� �:::. � accommodate increased foot traffic from local workers, and school children ,�,- ` ;�=x �Y.'., F from the northern and eastern sections of Cupertino who travel to the tri-school ��' . .N';���; - - area. Allowed uses in the Bubb Road Planning Area consist of those described �� .,,�� � � in the ML-RC ordinance. In addition, neighborhood commercial and limited .�"��.` �y�. � ,r,— - residential uses will continue to be allowed. Non-industrial uses in this area ��---- should be carefully reviewed to ensure that they do not impact the operations of existing industrial uses in this area. Development directly abutting low-intensity residential use should provide appropriate landscape buffers and setbacks. BUBB ROAD SPECIAL AREA DIAGRAM � � STEVENS CREEK f3LVU -� '� LEGEND � Public Facilities ` Industrial/CommerciaUResidential �� MCCLELLAN HD �/> v CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � gEll2l'al plall (COITllllulllty VISIOII LUIb-ZU4U) MONTA VISTA VILLAGE � � CONTEXT - �--;� , ��i�=_ � �<:_, r The Monta Vista Village Special Area is an older neighborhood which served *� �- � -+'�4����,��, �, � as an attractive farming and second home community smce the late 1800s. It -_ �� ;i� � �T__' inc�udes several important points of historic interest. Uses in this area consist � ,� `,��,r�=��� of mixed neighborhood commercial, small commercial office, and multi-family _ ;; i��' ����� � and single-family residentia� uses.The area was incrementally annexed by -- � �� ��` `� °� ° — -�c.�,.,M,�-���'�.I, . the City starting in the 1960s, ending with complete annexation in 2004, from �`�'�i� ' - the unincorporated Santa Clara County. Roadway and utility infrastructure in a ��-- — _ _ portion of this area needs upgrading and improvements. Monta Vista Village has w� a small town character and provides necessary services to the adjacent Monta `�` �1 :��� �, d, �„ , r--_� Vista North and South neighborhoods.The streets within this area serve as a ,�./��\ '�. � � �' travel route for school children to the tri-school area in Monta Vista (Lincoln Elementary, Kennedy Midd�e and Monta Vista High Schools). +t'� tl.� � ;� � ,� � `� �;, L:� � ��... i � � VISION - _ ■ i a� •; ini :��y� Monta Vista Village's small town character as a pedestrian-oriented, small � _�I�1 scaled, mixed-use residential, neighborhood commercial and industrial area IIIIIIII ���� �'�� ���� will be retained and enhanced with new MONTA VISTA VILLAGE -- development and redevelopment. Improved SPECIAL AREA DIAGRAM pedestrian and bicycle access within the Area and to adjacent neighborhoods wi�� promote the concept of complete, connected and walkable neighborhoods and improve travel routes to the tri-school area in Monta Vista. Post � Office _ LEGEND ���� i ^\\ STEVENS CREEK BLVD _=___`' \ Residential(0-4.4 DU/Acre) I�I I 1 1 ;i Residential(4.4-7.7 DU/Acre) U `l �i Residential(4.4-12 DU/Acre) � Residential(10-15 DU/Acre) � Neighborhood Commercial/Residential � �� � Quasi-Public/Institutional Overlay �0 Public Facilities � Industrial/Residential Medium Density(10-20 DU/Acre) � Transit Route � � Neighborhood Center � MCCLELLAN RD CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS I g2flel"a�plall (COITllllurllty VISIOrI 2015 - 2040) OTHER NON-RESIDENTIAL/MIXED-USE AREAS CONTEXT In addition to the Special Areas described previously, other Non-Residential/ �,.��"° `: _,�,����:.��� Mixed-Use Special Areas are �ocated throughout Cupertino.These other Non- �*�� f y 4 it1 0 , �� �'�_ ��°4*���w ,�►.� '-���'��. Residential/Mixed-Use Special Areas include the following: west side of Stevens � �'* �'`���'`��"�` ���� � ��;� '� Canyon Road across from McClellan Road; intersection of Foothil� Boulevard and '� ^�- r � �=�,.�'''��-. .�� ;. �`„ �"�� '�` -� �� � Stevens Creek Boulevard; Homestead Road near Foothil� Boulevard; northwest � r.� � � r '` ._ at ., �.:�, ��i� , �:_, �'';;�,, ,k�ti� �'' '� � .'*,9 corner of Bollinger Road and Blaney Avenue; and a<< other non-residential '�"`'°�'" °` �-' � :�`�.�; properties not referenced in an identified commercial area. � __..�::X�._ .. t�-�..,.....9_._.._ VISION Neighborhood centers within other Non-Residential/Mixed-Use Areas should be redeveloped using the "neighborhood center" concept described in the Land Use and Community Design Element. Areas not designated as "neighborhood centers" are encouraged to provide commercial uses with a traditional storefront appearance. Second-level areas may be commercial office or residential. Residential uses, if allowed per the Housing Element, should be developed in the "mixed-use village" format as described later in the Land Use and Community Design E�ement. Buildings are typica<<y one to two stories in height, but may be up to three stories in some instances where it is allowed. CHAPTER 2:PLANNINGAREAS � yeilel al �lall (coI711l�unity vlsloll LU1 b-lU4U) NEIGHBORHOODS "� �' ���= `�=`���" �e � � � �:� � �. �°�� ���� �� �.. "�.. ,� ` �,,.�, ��,. Cupertino has a specia� community character which contributes to its unique :� '' ,� ��'� � °�� �'�: � � ,� '� ����� qua�ity of life and sense of place enjoyed by people who �ive and work in the city. �'��'� ::� � � �;�; Nei hborhoods la a vital role in su ortin this reat communit 's ualit of ` a ' �`���° 9 P Y P P 9 9 Y q Y � �w„.� � ��^��. ;� � �, life.While Cupertino has grown and expanded over the years, neighborhoods have , ��� �' - -`�� :���`�'�' �.� � � �, R �., �' �,,. � � continued to serve as unique and identifiable areas that have great pride for local '�� � � s � �$'s��s .�`..�R '�'� �� .H�c �a� `�� � � � '��, ��L �. residents. In order to maintain the unique character and vitality of Cupertino's ' �� � � ��Rw a;� s� «,�,� �� neighborhoods, these areas must be served by needed community services ���:,-�� .� ". ' �, ��, such as schools, parks and neighborhood shopping. Connectivity within each � ' � � � � � �� � � .:�:��� -,: � � .� � ��` neighborhood and to surrounding areas is also highly encouraged to promote � � �����. � �: '� r~� �°.��,� � �� ��''",�.�,� `=� `�`''� social interaction and community engagement. , � �, � �- � � ��� = .� �� � , � � � � � �I p � ., ..�-:�,�.,.,,,�` � a Figure PA-2 highlights 12 identifiable neighborhoods within Cupertino. Each i'� �" �� � � �"'� , l. v�, �� � ��� � � � � �: � neighborhood is unique in its location, development pattern, identity and access "� �,�-����� , � �� ; �� � �.: to community services. Most of these areas are fully developed. However, as =_ �� :' , �' '�� �� ,� �' r` �'� t ';�-�r ,°'�� '�_'}. redeve�opment opportunities arise, it is important that the po�icies outlined in the '"� �, `�,�� v� � ,� �, � General Plan with respect to neighborhood preservation, connectivity, mobility and ; ��� �,`i'! �k `� : ,�� � _. ��,, ._ �' , access to services are implemented.The fo�lowing is a summary of the location, y � � �, � �� � _. .�. .�� � _ major characteristics, uses and vision for each of the city's 12 neighborhoods. CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS I C�ellel"al plall (COITllllulllty VI5101� 2015 - 2040) . � � � ■ � Los Altos � _ ��--�_o_Esreno ao___ I r,�� -- � ,Homestead --' — ` . � , �-- � ---� : �, ; : v�ua i ;� i � � �_ ���,� '� � _ � �unnyvale � �:__ � � ' ._� ��` � � Garden p � i ., J ' � , � m � _ `' Valley m Creston- gJ Gate J Q g aney � � �� Pharlap � � � j /\I� ++ Santa Clara i� I 3 1 I I� � -� -1 � STEVENS CREEK BLVD I �� � �� � �'' � '' ' � � � __. / � � � � c +L ' � � �� McLLELLAN RD Q JOu`11 � Rancho � a Blaney a Rinconada �____� Inspiration Jollyman _ m - � Heights Monta Vista � � airgrov � North m ' �oui ceRao , _� � � � ' � � �'� � i � � `-' � �� � San Jose \ 1 I 1 � 1 ' Monta Vista � South l� � � � � — — � 1 Ra,erva�� " ' ` � ',� � PROSPECT RO J `� % /� �. ► J �-� Legend � City Boundary Neighborhoods / ----- Urban Service Area Boundary � Oak Valley Sphere of Influence � Creston-Pharlap Boundary Agreement Line Inspiration Heights Unincorporated Areas Monta Vista North 0 0.5 1 Mile � TMonta Vista South 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet r=—� Homestead Villa 0 500 1000 Meters � Garden Gate � Jollyman � North Blaney Ci South Blaney Fairgrove � Rancho Rinconada CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � gEllel'a� p�afl (COIT1IT1uIlItyVI51011 201 5-2 040) OAK VALLEY � �' � CONTEXT - The Oak Valley neighborhood is located in the northwestern corner of Cupertino in a natural hillside transition with plentiful private and public open space. �, _ _A . "� The neighborhood is bounded by Interstate 280, the City of Los A�tos, Foothill ��d 'rxj�` ��''�"•�"' � "�� ,� ` - .�� Boulevard, Stevens Creek Boulevard and Santa Clara County open space/ � >� " quarry uses. The Oak Valley development, located west of the railroad tracks, is �,d, predominantly defined by single-family residential homes developed in the late � .,;� ~� .� "� 1990s or early 2000s. Oak Valley is primarily accessed from Cristo Rey Drive west ��' "' :x '�`+'�� �u� �'�_ .� �,.�.s�.�.:..� ��«a�.�b• �.����� of Foothill Boulevard. Development has been directed away from steep slopes, . R ���; � view sheds, riparian corridors and areas of tree cover and architectural styles complement the natural setting. Other uses in the Oak Valley area include the � ���,� �� PG&E Monta Vista Electrical Substation,The Forum senior living community and �.. ski��ed nursing facility, Maryknoll Catho�ic Seminary (in Los A�tos) and the Gate of —��TM?Y� ��' ���R; _���� Heaven Cemetery. Housing in this neighborhood includes detached single-family �d'''^"' �F� �" . �' � ? i�� �,:�� homes and senior independent and assisted living units.This area is served �:;- �a,�.,� �I� ..�r ,� �� by several amenities including Santa Clara County's Rancho San Antonio Park, — _ � " �'���� ���� � � Canyon Oak Park and Little Rancho Park. �� #��� #' w�:�'��`� The areas south and east of the Union Pacific Railroad include low to medium `— � � � � .�::r ^��; density residential development, mostly in the form of clustered residential, and deve�opment designed with residential hillside standards to ensure that the impacts are limited.The neighborhood has access to limited services within walking distance including a small neighborhood center at the intersection of Stevens Creek and Foothi�� Boulevards. VISION The Oak Valley neighborhood will continue to be primarily a detached, single- family residential area.The area is fully developed, but there may be limited growth at The Forum and Gate of Heaven sites. No other land use changes are anticipated in this area. Development intensity in the detached single-family residential portion is governed by a development agreement that includes a use permit and other approvals. These approvals describe deve�opment areas, intensity and styles of development, public park dedication, tree protection, access and historic preservation.The theme of the approvals is to balance development with environmental protection by clustering development, setting it back from sensitive CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � yeneral plaf� (COI71171ulllty VISIOII ZU1b-ZU4U) environmental areas and preserving large areas in permanent open space. Neighborhood connections and safe routes to Stevens Creek Elementary school on the east side of Foothill Boulevard will be enhanced with bike and pedestrian- friendly improvements along Foothill Boulevard and its key intersections. OAK VALLEY NEIGHBORHOOD DIAGRAM LEGEND Commercial/Office/Residential � Commercial/Residential Very Low Density(1/2 Acre Slope Density Formula) Very Low Density(Slope Density Formula) Low Density(1-5 DU/Acre) � Low/Medium Density(5-10 DU/Acre) �uasi-Public � Parks and Open Space m Transit Route � Gate of Heaven z Cemetery -n 0 pe�m o aP = 2 � P� W P O � 4 0 Whispering Creek Equestrian Lenter q � � STEVENS CREEK BLVD 7 CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � C�Ellel'a� p�afl (COIT1IT1uIlItyVI51011 201 5-2 040) CRESTON-PHARLAP �„i�'�_ ` `` '�� ,� :r- 1y -- CONTEXT -•fh , : � " � 4` � The Creston-Pharlap neighborhood is a sing�e-family residential area that ! ��„"F�,�','�� �� �,�, + �.: ;sf. ,�; includes the �ast remaining unincorporated pocket within the Cupertino urban .��- ? % .� a ,�,; ,.-��fq ; ,�, , service area.The Creston portion was subdivided in the mid 1950s but has �` t,s, �� � '' 1 � > it^C ..u� � remained unincorporated.The surrounding Phar�ap portion was generally �� — � � � ��._, subdivided between the mid 1950s to mid/late 1960s.This neighborhood is • •, - � --=�. b��'� developed with single-family homes, including the Creston area which has been �t� � � _ _- --•� pre-zoned with a single-family designation.The Creston-Pharlap neighborhood 6!�''� ,_.;,t' '�"` is served by Stevens Creek E�ementary School,Varian Park and Somerset Park. Also included in this neighborhood is the Sunny View Retirement Community, �����: � , �,.'�%i � which is a residential care facility for the elderly that provides skilled nursing > ��h4 � � �"�� and independent �iving. Stevens Creek meanders through the neighborhood ''_ � �: ,�` �; , �, �� � , in a general north-south direction.This neighborhood is separated from the �;#�� �� _,� :,��,' 1 , �; ,'� Oak Valley neighborhood by Foothill Boulevard. The Homestead Crossings �` ,,��._._ III ,,�G � ` �;,;;t 'N' - �; neighborhood center and the neighborhood center at the corner of Stevens �•~ y "`' ' i Creek Boulevard and Foothill Boulevard are located a short distance awa and � ��` ��� y .� ��1��..� provide neighborhood serving uses. ��� �-__ _ __ `__ VISION The Creston-Pharlap area is largely developed and is anticipated to maintain its single-family character.The Creston portion will ultimately be annexed into the City of Cupertino with a single-family zoning designation to reflect the existing uses, consistent with the surrounding Pharlap portion. Potential trail connections within the Creston-Pharlap neighborhood may be considered to create trail linkages with the existing and planned trail system in the area.While this neighborhood does not include services within its boundary, the neighborhood commercial center at the intersection of Foothill and Stevens Creek Boulevards is within walking and biking distance to the southern part of the neighborhood. Bike and pedestrian-friendly improvements a�ong Foothill Boulevard and its intersections will help enhance connections from the neighborhood to services on the west side. CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � yellerdl plaf� (COI71171ulllty VISIOII ZU1b-ZU4U) CRESTON-PHARLAP NEIGHBORHOOD DIAGRAM � : � So i ers� a L �� � ��� /� �;'� � � � . � � Stevens � Creek � z� � � Elementary � �t � o �� � � z � l , � r p� Varian < � Park 0 � � � � � �) S�EVENS CREEK BLVD. LEGEND Low Density(1-5 DU/Acre) Low/Medium Density(5-10 DU/Acre) Medium Densiry(10-20 DU/Acre) Public Facilities Quasi-Public Parks and Open Space Riparian Corridor CommerciaUOffice/Residential Trensit Route CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS I gErlel"a� p�afl (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) INSPIRATION HEIGHTS � CONTEXT The Inspiration Heights neighborhood is situated in the western foothills of Cupertino and offers uninterrupted vistas of the San Francisco Peninsula. The neighborhood is largely comprised of the undeveloped foothills along Cupertino's western and southern edge and extends north to Stevens Creek Boulevard +"""'�? ,_� �»� �._. and east to Foothill Boulevard/Stevens Canyon Road. Larger �ot residential n -.;� ,�. � hillside homes are nestled along the foothills and accessed primarily via private �1���;:� ,, • ,�'q� � . . � ._.,�'� �.�tir�. drives.The Inspiration Heights foothills portion can be characterized as an 4��,������Y`, ;�'r���,�' environmenta��y sensitive area given the topography, vegetation, urban wildlife interface and proximity to two inferred earthquake faults. The lower elevation portions are more urbanized and consist of smaller lot and duplex developments closer to Stevens Creek and Foothi�� Boulevards, which provide a transition with � �� »'�� the adjoining neighborhoods on the valley floor. Stevens Creek County Park and � ,�;; , � the Fremont Older space, operated by the Midpeninsula Open Space District, are �� = > ' � — �o c a t e d t o t h e s o u t h a n d w e s t o f t h e n e i g h b o r h o o d.T h e n e i g h b o r h o o d i s a l s o ' � � p�--�`���� �ti �y� T _ ,� served by Monta Vista Park, located along the west side of Foothill Boulevard, �_ a and two small neighborhood service centers (one at the intersection of Foothill - -. --.:�::;,� Boulevard and Stevens Creek Boulevard and the other at the intersection of -- Stevens Canyon Road and McClellan Road). Stevens Canyon Road is also a popular bicycle route for people accessing the open space preserves through this neighborhood. VISION The Inspiration Heights neighborhood will continue to be a low-intensity and hillside residential area.The lower elevation areas are largely developed; however, there remains some limited development potentia� in the foothills. Cupertino's hillsides are an irreplaceable resource that provides important habitat for wildlife, recreational opportunities for residents, and visual relief. Given the sensitive environmental conditions found in the hillsides, greater attention is needed in the review and consideration of any future development proposals within this neighborhood. Enhancing the bicycle and pedestrian environment along Foothill Boulevard and Stevens Canyon Road up to the southern edge of the city wi<< help improve neighborhood connectivity to services as well as the environment for hikers and bikers who like to use the road to access open space areas to the south and west. CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � ����eia� ��dii �cuininuiu�yvisiuii �ui�-�u4u� IAICDIDATI�IAI LICICLJTC AICICLIQADLIAAII Il1ACDA�A TEVENS CREEK BLVD �� J LEGEND m Very Low Density(5-20 Acre Slope Density Formula) � Very Low Density(1/2 Acre Slope Density Formula) � Very Low Density(Slope Density Formula) o Low Density(1-5 DU/Acre) Low/Medium Density(5-10 DU/Acre) �� Monta Vista Medium Density(10-20 DU/Acre) Park � Commercial/Residential vossavFNue Publit Facilities Quasi-Public/Institutional Parks and Open Space Riparian Corridor � Neighborhood Center evens reek arket �/ � 0 � Z O Z U � � � �� CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS I gErlel"a� p�afl (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) MONTA VISTA NORTH — i � ��`, � CONTEXT �A� The Monta Vista North neighborhood is located in the western portion of Cupertino and is generally bounded by Stevens Creek Boulevard to the north, �; / Regnart Creek/Road to the south, Foothi�� Boulevard to the west and Highway ��� '��"' >'`"; 85 to the east. This neighborhood is directly adjacent to the Monta Vista Village ,;_ � � � ;��; � 4� �:. , �" Special Area.The Monta Vista North neighborhood encompasses the tri-school �_ r=A��;;���., _ area of Lincoln Elementary School, Kennedy Middle School and Monta Vista ' ' -�--.-"�i����� High School, and also includes community facilities such as Blackberry Farm, _ " :� McClellan Ranch Preserve, Linda Vista Park and Stevens Creek County Park. "`" Located directly to the south of this neighborhood in the unincorporated county ''" �h., is the Fremont Older Open Space Preserve, operated by the Midpeninsula Open ' Space District. " ��� �� ����s . � ��� - Stevens Creek meanders through the western portion of the neighborhood ,_y # � <. ,� through Blackberry Farm Golf Course and the privately owned and operated Deep Cliff Golf Course. Both golf courses are depressed in elevation in relation to the surrounding residential homes and are therefore subject to flooding. A r, number of Cupertino's historic and commemorative sites are located in this neighborhood near Stevens Creek. A former quarry site is also located near -� - . - -- - z- -- - _-- - the southwest portion of the neighborhood. Much of the neighborhood east of Stevens Creek is located along the valley floor; however, the topography in the southwestern portion of the neighborhood consists of steep slopes and hilly terrain. VISION The Monta Vista North neighborhood is largely built out with the exception of the former McDona�d-Dorsa quarry site and an adjacent 42-acre property currently under the same ownership. A portion of this undeveloped land may be considered for limited future low-density residentia� deve�opment, which could include trai�s that would connect the City's recreational facilities (McClellan Ranch Preserve and Linda Vista Park) to Stevens Creek County Park and the Fremont O�der Open Space Preserve. CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � y�iiei a� ��dn �cuininuuiry vi5iuii �u io-�u4u� LEGEND a) /L<✓I I K �`� �, ^ STE NS \� v ¢ '• o c.` � ¢N • �� J m i � y¢ _ � 0 0 � � � J MCCLELLAN R�. Lincoln ���� � Elementary � Monta Vista %� High School C� � �' UUU1 � o Deep Cliff � > Golf � UZ Lourse John F Kennedy � Middle School � � � m \� (� ��� � �J > � J m �� � � Linda Vista � � Park Former �uarry CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS I gEr1El"al p�arl (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) MONTA VISTA SOUTH CONTEXT � �4 r `�° The Monta Vista South neighborhood is located along the southern edge of �� ��' ' � Cupertino and is bounded by Regnart Road/Creek to the north, the City of == — `., Saratoga to the south across Prospect Road, the unincorporated County to __ �� _ �-� --.- � the south and west, and Highway 85 and the City of San Jose to the east. _ - -� � The neighborhood can be divided into two general areas with very distinct -_ __-- characteristics.The west side of the Monta Vista South neighborhood is located — in the southwestern foothills and zoned for residential hillside development. Lots in this area are primarily over one acre in size, and in some instances up to 13 acres. The east side of the Monta Vista South neighborhood is �ocated on the valley floor and is developed in a more traditional residential subdivision pattern with lots generally 6,000 square feet in size. Regnart Elementary School,Three Oaks Park and Hoover Park are located in the eastern portion of the Monta Vista South neighborhood. Also located at the southern edge of this neighborhood is the 37-acre Seven Springs Ranch that was listed on the California Register of Historic P�aces and determined eligible for the Nationa� Register in 2011. VISION The Monta Vista South neighborhood is envisioned to remain a residential area. There remains some limited subdivision potential within the residential hillsides, which would be subject to the City's hillside policies and standards. In the eastern portion of the neighborhood, no change is anticipated with the exception of the Seven Springs area at the south edge of Cupertino that may have potential for limited development. Given the historic designation of the Seven Springs Ranch property, any future development would be subject to compliance with the Secretary of Interior's Standards for Historic Resources. CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � y�iiei a���dn �cuiiiinuuiry vi5iuii �u io-�u4u� �A/IAITA \/ICTA CAIITLI AICIGLIQADLI/lAl'1 1'11AGDA�A � � o� �� � n � � :�, � � , Z J • Regnart w � Elementary � „ // m � l � � �� � O m � - c- , � � ree Oa �� Park RAINBOW DR � - O O �� � ��j Hoover ��� PROSPECT RD Quasi-Public Public Facilities Parks and Open Space Riparian Corridor Transit Route � CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � gEllel'a� p�afl (COIT1IT1uIlItyVI51011 201 5-2 040) HOMESTEAD VILLA �°���"� �.���`` ��. �,,'� '`�.a CONTEXT � s � "` �'-� r .���� �, . The Homestead Villa neighborhood is �ocated at the northern edge of Cupertino 1�-`���'"��`, at the northwest quadrant of Interstate 280 and Highway 85.The City of Los R� ��'_�� k��,,�. Altos is located to the west and north of this neighborhood, across Homestead � • - �;�� �,T � Road. Housing within this neighborhood includes a mixture of traditional single- � : . ;� �. '' �' ��` � �2._. family homes, clustered homesites, townhomes, condominiums and duplexes. � - The area does not contain any public parks or schoo�s; however, there is a � _ ---,.�..___ private school located near the northeast corner of the neighborhood.The �"'""� - neighborhood is served by West Valley Elementary School and Cupertino Middle School across Homestead Road to the north, and Homestead High School to the east.The neighborhood is also served by the Homestead Crossing neighborhood center which currently includes coffee shops, a sandwich shop, personal service uses and a bank. Also located directly adjacent on the west, within the City of Los A�tos, is a neighborhood shopping center that currently inc�udes a pharmacy and specialty grocery store. VISION The Homestead Villa neighborhood is largely developed and is not anticipated to change in character. A trail along Foothill Boulevard is identified in the General Plan as a proposed trail �inkage that will connect to Stevens Creek in Mountain View and points north. Bicycle and pedestrian improvements along Homestead Road will help the neighborhood connect to schoo�s and services. HOMESTEAD VILLA NEIGHBORHOOD DIAGRAM 0o LEGEND ��� Low Density(1-5 DU/Acre) ��f Low/Medium Density(5-10 DU/Acre) `�� � Medium Density(10-20 DU/Acre) �_ HOMesrEaoRo �> � Commercial/Residential � � Quasi-Public/Institutional \ Homestead Riparian Corridor Crossing Transit Route � � Neighborhood Center . :� _ 17 CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS I C�ellel"al plall (COITllllulllty VI5101� 2015 - 2040) � A � GARDEN GATE ; , � CONTEXT ��" ' � " The Garden Gate neighborhood is �ocated in the central portion of Cupertino � �_ — ��' ..- �� =- 4 '" ' and is predominantly defined by single-family residential homes with pockets � ( � � �'r� "`` �` ' of duplexes and apartments, including the Villages of Cupertino apartment � � v �`' site. Bounded by Interstate 280, Mary Avenue, the Heart of the City Special � _ �* "'� ;.m.� -�- _ Area and the North De Anza Special Area, this area is served by several amenities including shopping and employment opportunities along Stevens �--.�.,.�„�„;, - r''�` <��=a; � ^ Creek and De Anza Boulevards, Garden Gate Elementary, Mary Avenue Dog ,,. . _ � ���.�, Park, Memorial Park and the Quinlan Community Center. A substantial portion �, �� ; � �� of the neighborhood was originally developed in the early 1950s and was in ,�� ��,�; � h' ,: unincorporated Santa Clara County until it was annexed to Cupertino in 2001. � ' � � ' � The remainin g nei ghborhood near Mar y Avenue was develo ped in the late �� _'�� �� ��� 1960s.There has been substantial redevelopment of existing homes in the � � �. � � ; � "� ��"���f-���\I` � , neighborhood since the 1990s with varying architectural styles and building ��' � ,�'�� � `k� � s i z e s. L o t s i z e s a r e g e n e r a l l y l a r g e r t h a n o t h e r s i n g l e-f a m i l y r e s i d e n t i a l '� � � uuu ,�, � �y_ , , � � �� m neighborhoods in other parts of the city. ':� d�� �,,�{..� ���:8 ty �[x _ -'.^+�"`•.. �r.'>n - __�. ..�' _ �= y - VISION ���� r � The Garden Gate neighborhood will continue to be mainly a residential area. Existing single-family residences will continue to deve�op in accordance with the R1 Ordinance, and there may be redevelopment of some existing apartment and duplex uses. No other land use changes are anticipated in this area. Bicycle and pedestrian-friendly improvements to Stelling Road will help strengthen connections to Quinlan Center and Memorial Park. CHAPTER 2:PLANNINGAREAS � yeilel al �lall (coI711l�unity vlsloll LU1 b-lU4U) GARDEN GATE NEIGHBORHOOD DIAGRAM �� ^ > : � - - � Garden Gate Elementary : ��I � ❑ o � � � � z J w � � � � YMCA � LEGEND Low Density(1-5 DU/Acre) Low/Medium Density(5-10 DU/Acre) ` � � Medium Density(10-20 DU/Acre) � � Public Facilities Industrial/Residential � Quasi-Public/Institutional � Parks and Open Space �� Transit Route CHAPTER 2:PLANNINGAREAS � C�ellel'al plall (COI71171ulllty VISIOII ZU1'�-LU4U) JOLLYMAN �'"i`�1�;. CONTEXT � �� �_ e The Jollyman neighborhood is located in the central portion of Cupertino, south �' _ n of Stevens Creek Boulevard.This area is predominantly defined by sing�e family �� � �- A ;� k �� residential homes and is generally located on the valley floor with minimal , - - _� '-�►�a`""-. '�4`—� changes in grade. Bounded by Highway 85, Stevens Creek Boulevard and De � Anza Boulevard, this area is served by several amenities including a large park --�� and several churches along Stelling Road. McClellan Road is a major east-west ..�' corridor through the area.The McClellan Square Shopping Center, located in the .,:�_� �a�, � � i South De Anza Special Area, includes grocery stores, pharmaceutica� services ��� ��� �� G and a variety of small restaurants and neighborhood serving uses. Housing types ��`',�,�� �. ' �,�µ.'� �� � , located in this neighborhood include fourplexes, townhomes and apartments. '' ��,{�',�«��;:�E'� ,�.� +-� •�„�.�,r,,., �� �'�.�t i�i �����'�°',flr�+ Jollyman Park and Faria Elementary School are also located in the Jollyman f �� �* �°���°°� °�° ,_ ' � Neighborhood. ,,;,;:, _.-- � R�" " �;��., - � y� �8 �:ui�i ,J��e�. V�S�ON ., �A'-^�_s �` �~� The Jollyman neighborhood will continue to be a residential area. It is anticipated . -- = ��,� - �.�, .� that there may be �imited residential growth in this area on sites that may be � � � �� `` �_��.;. subdivided. No other changes are anticipated in this area. McClellan Road is a �� , `: ' ' � �� --'� ���{�� �'� � ��=����-� key school route and is envisioned to become a bicycle and pedestrian route to improve the east-west connection to connect neighborhoods to the east and west to the tri-school area. E�e�m�...a 0 JOLLYMAN NEIGHBORHOOD DIAGRAM LEGEND 0� Low Density(1-5 DU/Acre) Low/Medium Density(5-10 DU/Acre) i Medium Density(10-20 DU/Acre) ""E"""R° � ■ Office/IndustriaUCommercial/Residential (� � � Public Facilities �I � Quasi-Public/Institutional ��s�a � Parks and Open Space � Riparian Corridor 0 ���� Transit Route ,����m=^ a Park � CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � C�Ellel'a� p�afl (COIT1IT1uIlItyVI51011 201 5-2 040) NORTH BLANEY " "�" N�... � f C . �� CONTEXT ` ��1 � � � ,i The North Blaney neighborhood is located in the eastern portion of Cupertino, �, �',F"�a ,� north of Stevens Creek Boulevard and east of De Anza Boulevard.This area, � �� �'='- 'v�d redominantl defined b sin le-fami� residential homes, is on the valle ��'',�� � '�`�-� P Y Y 9 Y Y �' ,' floor with minimal grade changes. Bounded generally by De Anza Boulevard, �- ---- r. +• � Highway 280, Stevens Creek Boulevard, and Perimeter Road, this area is served - ��� �� '��. by amenities including Portal Park, which includes a number of recreational - amenities such as a tot lot and a recreation building.The Junipero Serra drainage channel runs along the northern edge of the neighborhood along Interstate 280. North B�aney is a major north-south corridor through the area. The Portal Plaza Shopping Center, located in the Heart of the City Special Area, includes grocery facilities and a variety of neighborhood serving uses. Proximity to the Va��co Shopping Mall in the Heart of the City Specia�Area provides opportunities for shopping for this neighborhood within close walking distance. Housing types �ocated in this neighborhood include duplexes, townhomes and apartments closer to the freeway.The North Blaney Neighborhood includes Collins Elementary School and Lawson Middle School. VISION NORTH BLANEY NEIGHBORHOOD DIAGRAM The North Blaney neighborhood will continue to be mainly a residential area. It is anticipated that there may be limited residential growth in this area on sites that may L — — be subdivided or redeveloped. No other land use changes :� are anticipated in this area. Bicycle and pedestrian , ,� enhancements to North Blaney Avenue will improve the north-south connection through the city.There is also a potential to improve the east-west pedestrian and bicycle connection a�ong the Junipero Serra channel a�ong O Interstate 280. _ Lawson w LEGEND Middle scnool a Low Density(1-5 DU/Acre) � co��.�� Low/Medium Density(5-10 DU/Acre) Elementary I Medium Density(10-20 DU/Acre) m Industrial/Residential Q � Park ' Quasi-Public/Institutional Public Facilities � _ Commercial/Residential <� Parks and Open Space K Transit Route CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS I C�ellel"al plall (COI71ITlurllty VISIOII 2015 - 2040) �' SOUTH BLANEY � CONTEXT � �, The South Blaney neighborhood is located in the eastern portion of Cupertino, i � � �� � r�— south of Stevens Creek Boulevard and east of De Anza Bou�evard.This area is - ,, " �.�� � ��. f _� -� predominantly defined by single-family residential homes on the valley floor with � �� minimal changes in grade. Bounded generally by Bollinger Road, Miller Road, - �` - ' De Anza Boulevard and Stevens Creek Boulevard, this area is served by several � � amenities including proximity to the Cupertino Library and two large parks: � , Wilson Park and Creekside Park. South Blaney Avenue is a major north-south �� ,,,, corridor through the area.Two creeks run through this neighborhood. Regnart ;�: " Creek has mainly a concrete channel and Calabazas Creek has a more natural ;',�, channeL The De Anza Plaza Shopping Center, located in the South De Anza Special Area, includes a variety of small restaurants and neighborhood serving '-,� _ -�_«n� uses. Housing types located in this neighborhood include townhomes and �� � ��i "';_ �•F duplexes that line Miller Avenue and Bollinger Road. Eaton Elementary School is � �''' ,�,, � --�-� ; also located in the South Blaney Neighborhood. ���__ � . VISION 'y`�� The South Blaney neighborhood wi�� continue to be a residential area. It is ���` !�� anticipated that there may be limited residential growth in this area on sites that may be subdivided or redeveloped with multi-family uses. No other changes are anticipated in this area. Enhancements to De Anza Boulevard, Blaney Avenue and Bollinger Road with a bicycle and pedestrian route will improve the north-south and east-west connections in this neighborhood. SOUTH BLANEY NEIGHBORHOOD DIAGRAM � LEGEND Low Density(1-5 DU/Acre) — �_ Low/Medium Density(5-10 DU/Acre) Pafk� / / Medium Density(10-20 DU/Acre) � (� Public Facilities _____ Quasi-Public/Institutional r ��� Parks and Open Space � �� neaks�ae Riparian Corridor Pa�k m Transit Route a � Neighborhood Center Eaton � Elementary \ � � � � � � o�az � BOLLINGER RD CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � C�Ellel'a� p�afl (COIT1IT1uIlItyVI51011 201 5-2 040) RANCHO RINCONADA �' �"` ` = � ��: ,�� � �e � �`=—� ; CONTEXT �`� �� � ,//"" �� , � :�-' ` The Rancho Rinconada neighborhood is located in the southeastern portion ,� � .. ` / � ��' � �+`s�� � — of Cupertino, bounded by Stevens Creek Boulevard,Tantau Avenue, Lawrence � '� s�;> - � �e?: _ _ Expressway, Bollinger Road and the Fairgrove Neighborhood.This area is predominantly defined by sing�e-family residential homes with some duplexes ��� i � �.�:-. ����° �� =� and a artments.The area is served b several amenities includin sho in and � ��', ' = p Y 9 pP� 9 .��- ;� ,. :.. x. employment opportunities along Stevens Creek Bou�evard, Sterling Barnhart == '� � Park, Sedgwick Elementary School, Cupertino High School, Lutheran Church of — _=. Our Saviour, Bethel Lutheran Church and Saratoga Creek.The neighborhood was origina��y developed in the �ate 1940s/ear�y 1950s and the majority of k� .;;� the neighborhood was in unincorporated Santa Clara County until it was '-� annexed to Cupertino in 1999. There has been substantial redevelopment of rc� � � ,`�..4 ;,' t �--i ..� existing homes in the neighborhood since the 1990s with varying architectural = -- y ' styles and building sizes. Lot sizes are generally smaller than other single- — ��q, �' ° ' ' "" family residential neighborhoods in the city. This area is served by the newly ��`_�!11" _ ��'' r' STENLING BARNHART � ""�� constructed Sterling Barnhart Park at the eastern end of the neighborhood. In PAaK ..of�.,��� addition, the Rancho Rinconada Park and Recreation District operates a swim �-. _�-�,._-- and recreation center at the southern end of the neighborhood, which are _ " �� available to the residents of the Rancho Rinconada area. Neighborhood centers serving the area are along Stevens Creek Boulevard and Tantau Avenue to the north. VISION The Rancho Rinconada neighborhood will continue to be mainly a residential area. Existing sing�e-family residences wi�l continue to redevelop in accordance with the R1 Ordinance, and there may be redevelopment of some existing apartment and duplex uses. No other major land use changes are anticipated in this area. This area has the potentia� for a future park along the Saratoga/San Tomas Creek Trail west of Lawrence Expressway. CHAPTER2:PLANNINGAREAS � y�iiei a���dn �cuinuiuuiry vi5iuii �u io-�u4u� RANCHO RINCONADA LEGEND NEIGHBORHOOD DIAGRAM Low Densitv(1-6 DU/Acre) Rancho Rinconada Low Density(1-5 DU/Acre) Low/Medium Density(5-10 DU/Acre) � Medium Density(10-20 DU/Acre) ` Quasi-Public/Institutional Public Facilities Riparian Corridor � � Parks and Open Space P�e-=o�ed,o�t��deot��tY��m�ts �� Transit Route � ��� y a ati Bethel `a�a� Luthera SChOOI � ��� Cupertino �r� �'� High Sthool � \9 z 9� D F C G � m � Sedgwick r� � Elementary � I � � � � � ----------- � BOLLINGER RD - J CHAPTER 2:PLANNINGAREAS � yeilel al �lall (coI711l�unity vlsloll LU1 b-lU4U) FAIRGROVE u, � �"'��' ,.- , � y�: CONTEXT ��`" � �.. � �' .�•a,�- �� �'�e ,k"� � "-. �' �� � ����, ��.,. The Fairgrove neighborhood is located in the southeastern portion of Cupertino „�,,, , , and includes the area bounded by Phil Lane to the north,Tantau Avenue to the - � `'���° � ' �-�.} �� east, Bollinger to the south, and Mi��er Avenue to the west.The neighborhood j � `A F� is zoned "R1 e-Eichler Single Family" and consists of a group of distinct 220 - _� -� Eichler homes built in the early 1960s. Hyde Midd�e School is located within the -- - '-- Fairgrove neighborhood. � , �. � ,,� � � ��;, �>�..„ ._ --_. VISION - � -�� � �^ The Fairgrove neighborhood will continue to be mainly a low density sing�e- % � 1'� ` � y �,- ,,; : family residentia� area.The City will continue to encourage application of the � �� A Eichler Design Handbook Guidelines in the Fairgrove neighborhood to preserve �� � � � „� '� ;t-�� the neighborhood's unique character and architectura� identity. - ...`.__.— � � ' � �',� , .�I■��I - `.,,,�,-� FAIRGROVE NEIGHBORHOOD DIAGRAM � � �, • � ii iii .;;i,. �� w w > Q a � � w a � Hyde Middl z � School a � !� BOLLINGER RD `�� LEGEND Low Density(1-5 DU/Acre) Low/Medium Density(5-10 DU/Acre) i Public Facilities � Quasi-Public/Institutional � Transit Route l`��, ���h ��k � ����*s, �� Fx , � �� � �� - f ,�. �� �� \� � \��' � ,� s �. , � _ � � ���� �� �� � + �� ���� �{i�` e i �� � � ` � � .� �� ���� � ` ■ _ . � ■ �� � `, y ;. �f � �ry ,��`�� �• � � � �� � �� �� � � � .�� � �� I \ ���, '`+ �' - - � � �� , i - � � ��i . .�I _' --_ '�� �'4 `l. 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'E � . _ .. � �"'� � � t'� `r� � �, y.�Ly� _- � ,� � �S` Ir _ ^,ti�� �. d � �� r` . �+,. _ - �. _ j, 1_. _ 1 �,� � � ,�, . - ' --„ �� J `j `E - - I� �Gx � d= k r�; _ y � ' 1 l . ' }-r�,� . s� � �' `r�� '^' f�ti. I '. - .� r— v _ � +i 1 I � I �4 �}�, Y 5 , �' 7 e � ��ti � �� V _ � �.� , i t��.I � �: I) � :� . �� �17. � �T � '�� .:t � � i � ' -��-� ��.���,,,..�"",�e�- Q`_ ^ _�_`�� _� ,—� � .e ;, . �ya" �.- .. � '.�'�— •.,�^�"' J� � ` �_ '}=�'���-,^';�:,»+ wl � � �J . _ .5 G� ;���i. . i . �7.:VR.-'.'< �.`�M _. -. . . . ` . �� ald�.t...�,`''+ , . =�. r -��� Introduction . �. r The Land Use and Community Design Element is the keystone of Community Vision 2040. It unifies and informs the other Elements by providing an overall policy context for future physical change. It deals with the issues of future growth and helps define the desired balance among social,environmental and economic considerations,while enhancing quality of life in the community. As Cupertino implements Community Vision 2040, it aspires to preserve and enhance the distinct character of each planning area to create a vibrant community with inviting streets and public spaces, preserved,connected and walkable neighborhoods,exceptional parks and community services, and a vibrant economy with a strong tax base. This Element includes goals, policies and strategies that provide direction on land use and design principles that will shape future change in Cupertino. In TENTS: LU-2 Introduction LU-40 Planning Area Goals LU-3 Context and Policies Development History Special Areas Land Use and Transportation Heart of the City Special Area � • ` �` ���" Patterns West Stevens Creek Boulevard �� , ��� Historic Preservation Subarea r� �" � � "" Hillsides Crossroads Subarea L :��� ; �` + - .+_ -� +L+� _ y � ' S �� Looking Forward North De Anza Special Area , Streetscape Design Other Non-Residential/ Connectivity Mixed-Use Special Areas Historic Preservation Neighborhoods Arts and Culture Inspiration Heights � Fiscal Stability Neighborhood � Economic Development Oak Valley Neighborhood �� CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I generalplan (communityvision2015-2040) CONTEXT DEVELOPMENT HISTORY Cupertino was incorporated in 1955 and grew from a lightly settled agricultural community of 2,500 people into a mostly suburban community during Silicon Va��ey's expansion from the 1960s through the 1980s. Cupertino's attractive natural setting and close proximity to employment centers and regional transportation networks makes it a highly desirable place to live. LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION PATTERNS Cupertino's land use pattern was largely built on a conventional suburban model, with predominantly single-family residential subdivisions and distinct commercia� and emp�oyment centers.This development pattern was a�so heavi�y influenced by the topography of the area, with more intensive growth located on the va�ley floor and lower design residential on the foothills.The western area by the foothi��s is semi-rura� with steep terrain, larger residentia� lots and access to open space.The pattern becomes more suburban immediately west of Highway 85 where residential neighborhoods have a more uniform pattern with smaller �ots and older commercia� and industrial areas a�ong Stevens Creek Boulevard and Bubb Road.The land use pattern becomes more urban east of Highway 85, with a relatively connected street grid and commercial development along major boulevards such as Stevens Creek, De Anza, Homestead, Ste��ing and Wolfe.This area also has significant amounts of multi-family development in and around the major boulevards. The suburban pattern is also reflected in building locations, with most of the older buildings set back from the street with parking lots in the front. Streets have also been historically widened to accommodate larger volumes of traffic, often to the detriment of other forms of transportation such as walking, biking and transit. In the last 20 years, the City has made strides towards improving walkability and bikeability by retrofitting existing streets to include bike lanes; creating sidewalks lined with trees along major boulevards; and encouraging development to provide a more pedestrian-oriented frontage with active uses, gathering places and entries lining the street. As the City seeks to implement sustainability and community health objectives, future growth and retrofitting of existing infrastructure wi�� create vibrant mixed- use, commercial, employment and neighborhood centers; pedestrian-oriented and walkable spaces for the community to gather; and distinct and connected neighborhoods with easy walkable and bikeable access to services, including schools, parks and shopping. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) HISTORIC PRESERVATION The Cupertino area was originally settled by the Ohlone Indians, who lived in the Rancho San Antonio area for over 3,000 years. In 1776 the area was explored by Spanish soldiers during an expedition led by Colonel Juan Bautista De Anza.The area was later settled by European immigrants who established farms on the valley's fertile land and enjoyed a thriving agricultural economy. In the late nineteenth century, the village of Cupertino sprang up at the crossroads of Saratoga-Sunnyvale Road (De Anza Boulevard) and Stevens Creek Road. It was first known as the West Side. However, by 1898 the post office at the Crossroads needed a new name to distinguish it from other similarly named towns.The name "Cupertino" came from a local creek and winery owned by John T. Doyle, a San Francisco lawyer and historian. In 1904, the Cupertino name was officially applied to the Crossroads post office. At the same time, the Home Union Store at the Crossroads location was renamed the Cupertino Store and moved to the northeast corner of the Crossroads. HILLSIDES Cupertino's hil�sides are an irreplaceable resource shared by the entire Santa Clara Valley. They provide important habitat for plants and wildlife; watershed capacity to prevent flooding in downstream areas; a wide vegetative belt that cleanses the air of pollutants; creates recreational opportunities for residents; and a natural environment that provides a contrast to the built environment.The City balances the needs of property owners in hillside areas with those of the environment and the community by allowing �ow-intensity residential and other uses in these areas, while requiring preservation of natural habitat and riparian corridors when selecting building sites. NEIGHBORHOOD PRESERVATION Cupertino is a city with diverse and unique neighborhoods that vary in character and composition. As Cupertino matures, the city must continue to look at preserving and enhancing its built environment. Cupertino's vision is to preserve the distinct character of neighborhoods; provide walking and biking connections to services including parks, schools and shopping; and revitalize neighborhood centers as community gathering places.The City will welcome citizens as partners in making sure that their neighborhoods are the kind in which they want to live in the future. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) REGIONAL LAND USE PLANNING The Sustainable Communities and Climate Protection Act of 2008 (SB 375) calls on each of the State's 18 metropolitan areas to develop a Sustainable Communities Strategy (SCS) to accommodate future population growth and reduce greenhouse gas emissions from cars and light trucks. Plan Bay Area, jointly adopted in 2013 by the Association of Bay Area Governments (ABAG) and the Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC), is the region's first Sustainable Communities Strategy to meet the requirements of SB 375 through the year 2040. Plan Bay Area anticipates that the Bay Area's popu�ation will grow from about 7 million today to approximately 9 million by 2040 with employment growth of about 1.1 million jobs.The Plan provides a strategy for meeting 80 percent of the region's future housing needs in Priority Development Areas (PDAs).These are neighborhoods within wa�king distance of frequent transit service, offering a wide variety of housing options, and featuring amenities such as grocery stores, community centers and restaurants (see page LU-7). CUPERTINO'S DEMOGRAPHICS Cupertino's population has grown from 3,664 in 1960 to over 58,000 in 2010 per the U.S. Census Bureau. Most of the population growth has been from annexation of areas into the city and from tract development during the 1970s and 1980s. The city's population is projected to grow to 66,1 10 by 2040 (Plan Bay Area, 2013).The diversity of its population has grown and changed over the years. In 1960, 94 percent of the population was white while on�y 6 percent of the population comprised of other races per the U.S. Census.This statistic held fairly steady until 1980 when the population of whites steadily started to decline with only 91 percent being white. By 1990, the population of whites had p�unged to 74 percent and the Asian population had increased to 23 percent. In the following decade, the white popu�ation continued to decline steadily to 50 percent, while Asian popu�ation stood at 44 percent. By 2010 the Asian population in Cupertino accounted for almost two thirds of the population (63 percent). A sizeable portion of the City's 2010 population, almost 50 percent are foreign born while only seven percent of the 1960 population was foreign born; indicating a large immigrant population. The population of Cupertino is also growing older. Per the 1970 census, the median age in the city was 26.The 2010 census reveals that the median age in Cupertino has increased to 39.9. In 1970, only three percent of the population was 65 years or over in age; however, the 2010 census indicates that 12.5 percent of the population is 65 years or over. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) With the changing demographic and ethnic values, housing needs are changing as more immigrant families care for parents in their homes, younger workers look for more affordable housing, close to services and employment, and the older generation looks to downsize from their single-family homes into smaller, single-level homes within walking distance to shopping and entertainment. CLIMATE ACTION PLAN AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PRINCIPLES A major challenge today is meeting the energy needs of a growing population while protecting the environment and natural resources.The Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (AB 32) and Executive Order S-3-05 set a target to reduce Ca�ifornia's greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by year 2020 and by 80 percent below the 1990 levels by year 2050.The City is in the process of completing its Climate Action Plan (CAP), which aims to achieve statewide and Bay Area emissions reduction targets. The CAP is based on 2040 growth projections for Cupertino and identifies policies and strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions at a municipal and community-wide level. Similar to most neighboring cities, Cupertino has historica<<y had an imbalance of land uses (housing, services and jobs) with a roadway infrastructure primarily dedicated to the automobile.When this imbalance is multiplied at a regional level, there are regional consequences including, traffic congestion, high housing costs, increased air pollution and lack of accessibility for the young, elderly and disabled. ECONOMIC VITALITY Cupertino is fortunate in its �ocation in the heart of Silicon Valley. Despite its mostly suburban characteristics to the west and south, the city is home to a number of small, medium and large software, technology and biomedical companies. Community Vision 2040 includes more office growth to support a strong fiscal revenue and a stable tax base. In particular, policies focus on retaining and increasing the number of small, medium and major businesses in key sectors and provide flexib�e space for innovative startups that need non- traditional office environment. Policies for commercial areas seek to revitalize the Vallco Shopping District, and enhance commercial centers and neighborhood centers, which contribute to the City's tax base and serve community needs. PRIORITY DEVELOPMENT AREAS In 2008,ABAG and the MTC created a regional initiative to allow local governments to identify Priority Development Areas(PDAs).PDAs are areas where new development will support the day-to-day needs of residents and workers in a pedestrian-friendly environment served by transit.While PDAs were originally established to address housing needs in infill communities,they have been broadened to advance focused employment growth.PDAs are critical components for implementing the region's proposed long term growth strategy.The level of growth in each PDA reflects its role in achieving regional objectives and how it fits into locally designated priority growth plans.Cupertino's PDA area includes properties within a quarter mile of Stevens Creek Boulevard from Highway 85 to its eastern border and a portion of North and South De Anza Boulevards. � � �.� � u�1 ���11 �L�E '� E n r���' '-►.�`' Clt_ ��'�" I�J CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) LOOKING FORWARD Maintaining and enhancing Cupertino's great quality of life is the keystone of Community Vision 2040.The City will look towards focusing future change within Special Areas that are located on Cupertino's major mixed-use corridors.These areas already have a mix of commercial, office, hotel and residential uses, and are located a�ong roadways that will be enhanced with "Complete Streets" features (see Mobility Element), improved landscaping and expanded public spaces (e.g., parks and p�azas). In turn,the City wil� also protect and enhance Neighborhoods throughout Cupertino to ensure these largely residential areas continue to support the community's great quality of life.As we look forward, the following are ways the City will address key challenges and opportunities facing Cupertino: � PLANNING FOR CHANGING DEMOGRAPHICS. The City needs to plan not only for existing families which form a larger percentage of our population, but also for the growing demographic of seniors and younger workers through new housing, services, shopping, entertainment and community facilities. � LOCAL AND REGIONAL LAND USE PLANNING AND COLLABORATION. The City will take an active part in regional collaborative planning processes re�ated to housing, transportation, sustainabi�ity, hea�th, transportation and infrastructure financing in order to ensure local land use and transportation decisions are coordinated with regional efforts. � INTEGRATING COMMUNITY HEALTH INTO LAND USE PLANNING. Integrating community hea�th into land use p�anning.The City will enhance and improve health of people who live and work in our community.This includes integrating �and use and transportation networks to reduce reliance on auto usage and improving alternative choices for transportation by focusing growth and change in corridors that support a�l modes of transit, providing neighborhoods with easy access to schools, parks and neighborhood centers. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) � LAND USE AND ECONOMICS. The City wi�� look to diversify the City's tax base, support and retain existing businesses, increase the vitality of aging commercial centers with redeve�opment, seek to diversify shopping opportunities so that the community has the opportunity to satisfy their shopping needs within Cupertino. � URBAN DESIGN,FORM AND CHARACTER. The City will seek high-quality development to achieve desired physical environment in Planning Areas, including walkable, connected neighborhoods, inviting streets that allow for different modes of transportation, and vibrant and walkable specia� areas, and neighborhood centers in keeping with Community Vision 2040. � PRESERVATION OF NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND HILLSIDES. Cupertino is blessed with an abundance of natural resources, including hillsides, creek corridors, and sensitive animal and plant habitats along the foothills. Much of this land is preserved in low-intensity residential and agricultural uses or open space. As redevelopment occurs, the City will strive to preserve these natural areas through land use and building design decisions. � ECONOMIC VITALITY AND FISCAL STABILITY. As Cupertino's population grows and ages, demands on community resources wi�� increase. In order to maintain and enhance the community's quality of life, the City will ensure that existing businesses are encouraged to reinvest and grow in Cupertino, and that the city continues to attract new businesses and investment. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) CITYWIDE GOALS AND POLICIES Cupertino is a collection of many different neighborhoods, employment centers, streets, parks and open space areas that all have their own unique character and constraints.While there are specific planning and design considerations for these areas (see Planning Area Goals and Policies later in this Element), many growth, design and planning policies and strategies apply citywide.The following section describes the goals, policies and strategies that are applicable to al� property in the city. � il� �6 .� _ �����, � _ ..�- � i CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT � g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1UnItyVI510n2O�5-ZO4O) .1 _ _� � - n � _ ll � � ='ll���� � , n� t, z-- �'�„� - � �� l �� - � i � n a ` � . � � - . - . • . . - • • . • . • - . • • • • • - - . • • - • . • • . • • • - - - • • • • • • . • . - . • BALANCED COMMUNITY The City seeks to balance future growth and development in order create a more complete community.This includes ensuring a mix of land uses that support economic, social and cultural goals in order to preserve and enhance Cupertino's great quality of �ife. POLICY LU-1.1: LAND USE AND some flexibility may be allowed TRANSPORTATION for transferring allocations among Focus higher land use intensities Planning Areas provided no significant and densities within a half-mile of environmental impacts are identified public transit service, and along major beyond those already studied in the corridors. Environmental Impact Report (EIR) for POLICY LU-1.2: DEVELOPMENT Community Vision 2040. ALLOCATION LU-1.2.2: Major Employers. Maintain and update the development Reserve a development allocation for allocation table (Table LU-1) to ensure major companies with sa�es office and that the a��ocations for various �and corporate headquarters in Cupertino. uses adequately meet city goals. Prioritize expansion of office space for STRATEGIES: existing major companies. New office LU-1.2.1: Planning Area Allocations. development must demonstrate that Development allocations are assigned the development positively contributes for various Planning Areas. However, to the fiscal well-being of the city. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) LU-1.2.3: Unused Development 3. On sites with a mixed-use Allocation. residential designation, residential Unused development allocations is a permitted use only on Housing may be re-assigned to the citywide Element sites and in the Monta allocation table per Planning Area, Vista Village Special Area. when development agreements and 4. Conditional use permits will be development permits expire. required on mixed-use Housing LU-1.2.4: Neighborhood Allocation. Element sites that propose units Allocate residential units in above the allocation in the Housing neighborhoods through the building Element, and on non-Housing permit process un�ess subdivision Element mixed-use sites. or development applications are LU-1.3.2: Public and Quasi-Public Uses. required. Review the placement of public and POLICY LU-1.3: LAND USE IN ALL quasi-public activities in limited areas CITYWIDE MIXED-USE DISTRICTS in mixed-use commercial and office Encourage land uses that support the zones when the following criteria activity and character of mixed-use are met: districts and economic goals. 1. The proposed use is generally STRATEGIES: in keeping with the goals for LU-1.3.1: Commercial and Residential the Planning Area, has similar Uses. patterns of traffic, popu�ation Review the placement of commercial or circulation of uses with the and residential uses based on the area and does not disrupt the following criteria: operations of existing uses. 1. All mixed-use areas with 2. The building form is similar to commercial zoning will require buildings in the area (commercial retail as a substantial component. or office forms). In commercial The North De Anza Special Area is areas, the building should maintain an exception. a commercial interface by 2. All mixed-use residential projects providing retail activity, storefront should be designed on the "mixed- appearance or other design use vi��age" concept discussed considerations in keeping with the earlier in this Element. goals of the Planning Area. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) POLICY LU-1.4: PARCEL ASSEMBLY POLICY LU-1.6:JOBS/HOUSING Encourage parce� assembly and BALANCE discourage parcelization to ensure Strive for a more balanced ratio of that infill development meets City jobs and housing units. standards and provides adequate buffers to neighborhoods. POLICY LU-1.5: COMMUNITY HEALTH THROUGH LAND USE Promote community health through land use and design. . . - . - � - . . . � i i i current current current current built buildout available built buildout available built buildout available built buildout available (Oct 7,2014) (Oct 7,2014) (Oct 7,2014) (Oct 7,2014) Heartof 1,351.730 214,5000 793,270 2.447,500 2,464,613 17,113 404 526 122 1.336 1,805 469 the City Vallco Shopping 1,207,774 120,7774 - - 2,000,000 2,000.000 148 339 191 - 389 389 District** Homestead 291,408 291,408 - 69.550 69,550 - 126 126 - 600 750 150 N.DeAnza 56,708 56,708 - 2,081,021 2,081,021 I - 126 126 - 49 146 97 N.Vallca 133,147 133,147 - 3,069,676 3,069,676 - 123 123 - 554 1154 600 S.De Anza 352,283 352,283 - 130,708 130,708 - 315 315 - b b - Bubb - - - 444,753 444,753 - - - - - - - MontaVista q4,051 99,698 5,647 443,140 456,735 13,595 - - - 828 878 50 Village Other 144,964 144964. - 119,896 119.896 - - - - 18,039 18,166 127 Major _ _ _ 109,935 633,053 523,118 - - - - - - Employers Citywide 3,632.065 4,430,982 798,917 8.916,179 11.470,005 2.553826, 1116 1429 313 21,412 23,294 1,882 *'Buildout tota[s for Office and Residentia[al[oca[ion within the I/a[[co Shopping Dis[rict are contingent upon a Specitic P[an being adopted for this area by May 37,2098.lf a Specific P[an is not adopted by that date,City will conside�the removal of the Office and Residential allocations for I/allco Shopping District See the Housing Element(Chapter 4)for additional information and requirements within the I/al[co Shopping District. ,� , .,`,�e i ��p�'I� CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a� p�afl (COIT11T1UIlIty VI51011 20�5- ZO4 I� •�i , � �. „f�j�, r-� g � c.p�< - ---���, . ¢! '�S.` �� � �� ` . — - —� f � - � d.... � - -� w--,. _ - :... .. --—- - - _ -_ �`�,� ���+I ��� � � � . • • • • � . � � . • • • • . � . � • • • . � • • � . � • • � . • . . � COMMUNITY IDENTITY The City will seek to promote community identity and design consistency through the development review process and infrastructure master plans. POLICY LU-2.1: GATEWAYS POLICY LU-2.2: PEDESTRIAN-ORIENTED Implement a gateway plan for the PUBLIC SPACES city's entry points (Figure LU-1) Require developments to incorporate and identify �ocations and design pedestrian-scaled elements along the guidelines for gateway features. Look street and within the development for opportunities to reflect the gateway such as parks, plazas, active uses concept when properties adjacent to a�ong the street, active uses, entries, defined gateways are redeveloped. outdoor dining and public art. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I gEllEl"a�p�all (C0171f71UIlItyVISI0112O�5-2040) r� - � � �� HOMESTEAD ROAD � . i . "� � � �� � '1 � •��� i t � � _- ��_— ao � ,�� � � � PRUq�R��GE � m m o _ E �I� J as Z Q � .. "�f ♦ \ J J N w I Z F=.- W a J � � � N � � �.'��� � STEVENS CREEK� BLVD � .' � - ���� � +� � ' � i ♦ _ > w > i � �� � ����r � , �- � a � � � i ' ' v � McCLELLAN Z w �P �i � , f ROAD � � ¢ i i , �-----� i a - - m � � ` � � t � i BOLLINGE RD � m �---- °° � ♦ - � i \ � ��� °° i ��� ' '" Legend � � RAINBOW DRIVE ' -- — _►_-' � City Boundary ���� --- Urban Service Area Boundary L � PROSPEC 1 � �,�_____ ROAD - - Sphere of Influence � � �. --- BoundaryAgreementLine Unincorporated Areas Freeway and Expressways Boulevards(Arterials) - Gateway N 0 0.5 1 Mile � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet 0 500 1000 Meters CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT � C�21le1"a� p�all (COI71IYlUI�ItyVI510f12O�5-ZO4O) • 1 ■ ■ as Jf� �, �� ■ , �HOMESTEAD R+D _ 'I ��� + � � . ,- ,� ; � I _,� ... + '� � � � + , • �� . . ls ;',`r,����� `Y'M•; ; , a� . . .. --. . . . '�.• �- � ����, � ` �� � � - � , ; �, 1.��_ �' ��,, � :1 . � � '�.• h '^ I `�r m � _ � a ♦�` Q �� o �- ,���__ �- • � � t ♦ ♦ ♦ 1 . - l��������� •• . �' 1 � � � •- � - 1 - 1 �� � � � a�������� � ��������������� 1 � as 1 ti � 1 � 1 ��° 1 v������� �/ ��������7 � � �������7 � � � . � � � ' � '� , ` ' 1-" �' - 1' ~ � ;•J i `-f������ � � � � "' � � ; r���J � ' � � � � � � � � � � � L���7 � � � �� � � �v�J ,��1 • Building Planes: •Maintain the primary building bulk below a 1:1 slope line drawn from the arterial/boulevard curb line or lines except for the Crossroads Area. •For the Crossroads area,see the Crossroads Streetscape Plan. •For projects adjacent to residential areas:Heights and setbacks adjacent to residential areas will be determined during project review. •For the North and South Uallco Park areas(except for the Uallco Shopping District Special Area):Maintain the primary building bulk below a 7.5:7(i.e.,1.5 feet of setback for every 1 foot of building height)slope line drawn from the Stevens Creek Blvd.and Homestead Road curb lines and below 1:7 slope line drawn from Wolfe Road and Tantau Avenue curb line. Rooftop Mechanical Equipment:Rooftop mechanical equipment and utility structures may exceed stipulated height limitations if they are enclosed,centrally located on the roof and not visible from adjacent streets. Priority Housing Sites:Notwithstanding the heights and densities shown above,the maximum heights and densities for Priority Housing Sites identified in the adopted Housing Element shall be as reflected in the Housing Element. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT � y�����u, i,�u�� ���������������y ����.,�� ��� , ��T�, - - . . . - - Maximum Residential Density Up to 35 units per acre per General Plan Land Use Map 15 units per acre(southeast corner of Homestead Road and Blaney Avenue) Maximum Height 30 feet,or 45 feet 15o�m s�de eerwee�oe a�za a�d srein�g) � - �- .- � Maximum Residential Density r � � 25 units per acre j ��� Maximum Height � � � 60 feet 1 1 ��"� ` : �• � � 0 1 - Maximum Residential Density j •� - 25 or 35(so�rnvau�o)units per acre 3 � Maximum Height 1 - �- 45 feet,or 30 feet where designated by hatched llne � � . STEVENS CREE B D � 7` I � ' I ' ' l � �i Maximum Residential Density ,� 25 units per acre Maximum Height � 45 feet ! / I 1 � 1 Maximum Residential Density � � 25 Inorth of Bollinger)Of 5—�5(south of 851 UIlItS pBr BCr2 Maximum Height • �- 30 feet .- ' . .� Maximum Residential Density Up to 15 units per acre per General Plan Land Use Map _ . �_ Maximum Height .- Up to 30 feet . . . . . . . Legend Maximum Residential Density 20 units per acre Special Areas Neighborhoods Maximum Height � Homestead Neighborhoods 45 feet � North Vallco Park � _ _ � Heart of the City Hillside Transition , West of Wolfe Rd East of Wolfe Rd � North De Anza Urban Service Area Maximum Residential Density Maximum Residential Density South De Anza Sphere of Influence 35 units per acre 35 units per acre 0 Monta Vista Village ' Urban Transition Maximum Height Maximum Height Per Specific Plan Per Specific Plan � Bubb Road ����� City Boundary Q Vallco Shopping District � Boulevards(Arterials) Neighborhoods Avenues(Major Collectors) Maximum Residential Density Avenues(Minor Collectors) As indicated in the General Plan Land Use Map; � Key Intersections 15 units per acre for Neighborhood Commercial Sites � Maximum Height Neighborhood Centers 30 feet MIXED-USE URBAN VILLAGES Many of the City's Housing Element sites are located in major corridors to reduce traffic and environmental impacts and preserve neighborhoods(Figure LU-2). Housing Element sites,which are further identified and defined in the Housing Element,represent the City's priority for residential development.Residential uses on sites with mixed-use zoning should be designed on the"mixed-use village" concept discussed below. 1.Parcel assembly.Parcel assembly of the site is required.Further parcelization is highly discouraged in order to preserve the site for redevelopment in the future. 2.Plan for complete redevelopment.A plan for complete redevelopment of the site is required in order to ensure that the site can meet development standards and provide appropriate buffers. 3."Mixed-Use Village"layout.An internal street grid with streets and alleys using "transect planning"(appropriate street and building types for each area),that is pedestrian-oriented,connects to existing streets,and creates walkable urban blocks for buildings and open space. 4.Uses.Include a substantial viable,retail component.Retail and active uses such as restaurants,outdoor dining,and entries are required along the ground floor of main street frontages.Mix of units for young professionals,couples and/ or active seniors who like to live in an active"mixed-use vi�lage"environment. Office uses,if allowed,should provide active uses on the ground floor street frontage,including restaurants,entries,lobbies,etc. 5.Open space.Open space in the form of a central town square with additional plazas and "greens"for community gathering spaces,public art,and community events.The locations and sizes will depend on the size of the site. 6.Architecture and urban design.Buildings should have high-quality,pedestrian- oriented architecture,and an emphasis on aesthetics,human scale,and creating a sense of place. 7.Parking.Parking in surface lots shall be located to the side or rear of buildings. Underground parking under buildings is preferred.Above grade structures shall not be located along major street frontages.In cases,where above-grade structures are allowed along internal street frontages,they shall be lined with retail,entries and active uses on the ground floor.All parking structures should be designed to be architecturally compatible with a high-quality"town center" environment. 8.Neighborhood buffers.Setbacks,landscaping and/or building transitions to buffer abutting sing�e-fami�y residential areas. NEIGHBORHOOD COMMERCIAL CENTERS Neighborhood Commercial Centers serve adjacent neighborhoods and provide shopping and gathering places for residents.Retaining and enhancing neighborhood centers within and adjacent to neighborhoods throughout Cupertino supports the City's goals for walkability,sustainability and creating gathering places for people.Figure LU-2 shows the location of the Neighborhood Commercial Centers in Cupertino.The Guiding Principles of sustainability and health in Community Vision 2040 support the retention and enhancement of neighborhood centers throughout the community,and providing pedestrian and bike connections to them from neighborhoods.Mixed-residential use may be considered if it promotes revitalization of retail uses,creation of new gathering spaces,and parcel assembly. Housing Element sites represent the City's priority for residential development. Residential uses should be designed on the"mixed-use village"concept discussed in this Element. ;� � `� 1�_ ��r�� �= .,_ �� ■ ��_ � �� .N � , " �j� CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I gEllel"al plan (COf711T1UnIty VISIOn 2015 - 2040) �_ �, :� F . L � ,�� ��ul � " � �- � ._.. : �:_. � . � :.. _.,.. . � � . ... � --�er � � � �r .� ` �w.\' . .!-.;��.� �_$".- "�"1s _ . �+�'T� .��.+�w^+' �i ,-'� '�"� ��_`.� � � �� � �� � r ..�F��•:.� .. .�f��.L� .-__ ... � . f '� � , / � , • • � • � . / / / • • • � / / � • , � , • , � • • SITE AND BUILDING DESIGN The City will seek to ensure that the site and building design of new projects enhance the public rea�m (e.g., streets, parks, plazas and open space areas) and that there is a focus on integrating connections to adjacent neighborhoods, where appropriate. POLICY LU-3.1:SITE PLANNING POLICY LU-3.3: BUILDING DESIGN Ensure that project sites are planned Ensure that building layouts and appropriately to create a network design are compatible with the of connected internal streets that surrounding environment and enhance improve pedestrian and bicycle the streetscape and pedestrian access, provide public open space and activity. bui�ding layouts that support city goa�s STRATEGIES: related to streetscape character for LU-3.3.1:Attractive Design. various Planning Areas and corridors. Emphasize attractive building and POLICY LU-3.2: BUILDING HEIGHTS AND site design by paying careful attention SETBACK RATIOS to building scale, mass, p�acement, Maximum heights and setback ratios architecture, materials, landscaping, are specified in the Community Form screening of equipment, loading Diagram (Figure LU-2). As indicated in areas, signage and other design the figure, taller heights are focused considerations. on major corridors, gateways and nodes. Setback ratios are established to ensure that the desired relationship of buildings to the street is achieved. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) LU-3.3.2: Mass and Scale. LU-3.3.7:Street Interface. Ensure that the scale and Ensure development enhances interrelationships of new and old pedestrian activity by providing active development comp�ement each other. uses within mixed-use areas and Buildings should be grouped to create appropriate design features within a feeling of spatial unity. residential areas along a majority LU-3.3.3:Transitions. of the bui�ding frontage facing the Bui�dings shou�d be designed street. Mixed-use development should to avoid abrupt transitions with include retail, restaurant, outdoor existing development, whether they dining, main entries, etc. Residential are adjacent or across the street. development should include main Consider reduced heights, buffers entrances, lobbies, front stoops and and/or landscaping to transition to porches, open space and other residentia� and/or low-intensity uses similar features. in order to reduce visual and LU-3.3.8: Drive-up Services. privacy impacts. Allow drive-up service facilities only LU-3.3.4: Compatibility. when adequate circulation, parking, Ensure that the floor area ratios of noise control, architectural features multi-family residential developments and landscaping are compatible with are compatible with buildings in the the expectations of the Planning surrounding area. Include a mix of Area, and when residential areas are unit types and avoid excessively visually buffered. Prohibit drive-up large units. services in areas where pedestrian- oriented activity and design are highly LU-3.3.5: Building Location. encouraged, such as Heart of the City, Encourage building location and North De Anza Bou�evard, Monta Vista entries closer to the street while Village and neighborhood centers. meeting appropriate landscaping and setback requirements. LU-3.3.9:Specific and Conceptual Plans. Maintain and update Specific/ LU-3.3.6:Architecture and Articulation. Conceptual plans and design Promote high-quality architecture, guidelines for Special Areas such appropriate bui�ding articu�ation as Heart of the City, Crossroads, and use of special materials and Homestead Corridor,Vallco Sho in PP� 9 architectural detailing to enhance District, North and South De Anza visual interest. corridors and Monta Vista Village. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) LU-3.3.10: Entrances. In multi-family projects where residential uses may front on streets, require pedestrian-scaled e�ements such as entries, stoops and porches along the street. LU-3.3.11: Multiple-Story Buildings and Residential Districts. Allow construction of multiple- story buildings if it is found that nearby residential districts will not suffer from privacy intrusion or be overwhelmed by the scale of a building or group of buildings. POLICY LU-3.4: PARKING In surface lots, parking arrangements should be based on the successful operation of buildings; however, parking to the side or rear of buildings is desirable. No visible garages shall be permitted along the street frontage. Above grade structures shall not be located along street frontages and shall be lined with active uses on the ground floor on internal street frontages. Subsurface/deck parking is allowed provided it is adequately screened from the street and/or adjacent residential development. 7'-`''�. �N . ...,p�, !�'' CHAPTER 3:LAND USE AND COMMUNITY DESIGN ELEMENT "r' *�*�.�4 _ f i ;�p�ip �— ,;� -. , I � � " r�,;=_- ;¢.;�"'r" ,�., � � � � � • • ' � • ' . . ' • • . • . � . . � � • • . • • . . ' � ' . • • • . . . . - - . • ' • ' • STREETSCAPE DESIGN The City will seek to improve streetscapes throughout Cupertino with attractive �andscaping, and complete and safe sidewalks. POLICY LU-4.1:STREET AND 2. Provide enhanced landscaping SIDEWALKS at the corners of all arterial Ensure that the design of streets, intersections. sidewa�ks and pedestrian and bicycle 3. Enhance major arterials and amenities are consistent with the connectors with landscaped vision for each Planning Area and medians to enhance their visual Complete Streets policies. character and serve as traffic POLICY LU-4.2:STREET TREES AND calming devices. LANDSCAPING 4. Develop uniform tree planting Ensure that tree planting and plans for arterials, connectors and landscaping along streets visually neighborhood streets consistent enhances the streetscape and is with the vision for the Planning consistent for the vision for each Area. Planning Area (Special Areas and Neighborhoods): 5. Landscape urban areas with formal planting arrangements. 1. Maximize street tree planting along arterial street frontages 6. Provide a transition to rural between buildings and/or parking and semi-rural areas in the city, lots. general�y west of Highway 85, CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g211e1"a�p�all (C01T111lUlllty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) �:9'3l'. , y,. . '� -,� � � . ;� - .I " u l --�� � � . � � � � . � . . • ' • • • • • • . ' . ' • • . � . . • ' ' . • • • • • ' CONNECTIVITY The City will ensure that employment centers and neighborhoods have access to desired and convenient amenities, such as local retail and services. POLICY LU-5.1: NEIGHBORHOOD POLICY LU-5.3: ENHANCE CONNECTIONS CENTERS Look for opportunities to enhance Retain and enhance local publicly-accessible pedestrian neighborhood shopping centers and and bicycle connections with new improve pedestrian and bicycle access development or redevelopment. to neighborhoods to improve access to goods and services. POLICY LU-5.2: MIXED-USE VILLAGES Where housing is allowed along major corridors or neighborhood commercial areas, development should promote mixed-use villages with active ground- floor uses and public space.The development should help create an inviting pedestrian environment and activity center that can serve adjoining neighborhoods and businesses. ��' ' CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g2nEl'a�p�all (COf71fT1UllItyV1510l1ZO�5- 2040 � � . . ' y � � M . . ,.RS ' . �. _ a� nA �I� _. �----'_ .'-ti� +, ----- i i II. � 'r '� �� 'n+q .�r� "P,A �^ r � ��{' �' 4 � ,4 � �N I °! .. ��' �,'wi, r �'+ti':x �.'"� ���� #a / � • � � . . � � � � � � � � � � � � � HISTORIC PRESERVATION Cupertino has a rich and varied cultural history; however, only a few historic buildings and resources are preserved today.The City seeks to encourage preservation of these precious historic resources and encourage their enhancement in the future. POLICY LU-6.1: HISTORIC POLICY LU-6.3: HISTORIC SITES, PRESERVATION COMMEMORATIVE SITES AND Maintain and update an inventory of COMMUNITY LANDMARKS historica��y significant structures and Projects on Historic Sites, sites in order to protect resources Commemorative Sites and Community and promote awareness of the city's Landmarks shall provide a plaque, history in the fo��owing four categories: reader board and/or other educational Historic Sites, Commemorative Sites, tools on the site to explain the historic Community Landmarks and Historic significance of the resource.The Mention Sites (Figure LU-3). p�aque sha�� include the city sea�, POLICY LU-6.2: HISTORIC SITES name of resource, date it was built, a Projects on Historic Sites shall meet Written description and photograph. the Secretary of Interior Standards for The p�aque shal� be placed in a Treatment of Historic Properties. location where the public can view the information. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I generalplan (communityvision2015-2040) POLICY LU-6.4: PUBLIC ACCESS 1. A<<ow f�exible interpretation of the Coordinate with property owners zoning ordinance not essential of public and quasi-public sites to to public health and safety.This allow pub�ic access of Historic and could include �and use, parking Commemorative Sites to foster requirements and/or setback public awareness and education. requirements. Private property owners will be high�y 2 Use the California Historical encouraged, but not required, to Building Codes standards provide public access to Historic and for rehabilitation of historic Commemorative Sites. structures. POLICY LU-6.5: HISTORIC MENTION 3. Tax rebates (Mi��es Act or Local tax SITES rebates). These are sites outside the City's jurisdiction that have contributed 4. Financial incentives such to the City's history. Work with as grants/loans to assist agencies that have jurisdiction over rehabilitation efforts. the historica� resource to encourage POLICY LU-6.7: HERITAGE TREES adaptive reuse and rehabilitation and Protect and maintain the city's provide public access and plaques heritage trees in a healthy state. to foster public awareness and STRATEGY: education. LU-6.7.1: Heritage Tree List. POLICY LU-6.6: INCENTIVES FOR Establish and periodically revise a PRESERVATION OF HISTORIC heritage tree list that includes trees of RESOURCES importance to the community. Utilize a variety of techniques to serve pOLICY LU-6.8:CULTURAL RESOURCES as incentives to foster the preservation Promote education related to the city's and rehabilitation of Historic history through public art in public and Resources including: private developments. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT N�� ����� �.,������u����y ����,�� ���� - � - - � � - - j� � Los Altos - Sunnyvale ' FO = ���...�.: I t HOMESTEAD POAD = � �`C ! � ✓ �� I ' ' — �� I _ —_ �� — � ��� /J� t O . / \ }BO \ ' � / \ �� I � . � `� \ _ .i — —. T e , , . , � a= I `�� _ \ il 3 Santa Clara -- � ee o � � ''� ___ .. Q ,� � I I �' sTevENs caee e�vo � o � eO � o � " - ' ,, -- e ee o . I� � �_ 1 I � , , m�aono�� � ` �< � p� ���� , e z w a , ; � ��� , � , � , � � � - em I�� I � g f I ��� i, QOi Q_. _ - - � -�; JI.. m BOLLINGER R� �" I _.. � _ ..;, I �---- il � :�` �i , ' '��� - SanJose � �J �`� � _ � *Q l � � � Legend � � � � �`-� RAiNe ❑RivE Gty BOundary � / � ;, l ;-r� � . . . . . Heart of the City Boundary � � ----- Urban Service Area Boundary ���`�`i`ta 1 1� � Q s�e�e�sc�eek _� ' �____ PaosPecl aoao Sphefe of InflUente RPSe���� I � --�� Boundary Agreement Line L� � � /J �� 1 Unincorporated Areas )1 _ Saratoga �..._... ��`�\ � I o o.s 1 Mlle �/� � � � o i000 moo 300o Feec � 0 500 1000 Meters 0 Historic Sites Commemorative Sites Community Landmarks OMaryknoll Seminary e De Anza Knoll Hanson Permanente QSnyder Hammond House e Doyle Winery Monta Vista Neighborhood Q "Cupertino Wine Company" De La Vega Tack House e Cupertino Historical Museum OStocklmeir Farmhouse Baer Blacksmith e Memorial Park,Communiry Center, Sports Complex QElisha Stephens Place Enoch J.Parrish Tank House e De Anza College OArroyo De San Joseph Cupertino Nathan Hall Tank House e De Anza Industrial Park OHazel Goldstone Variety Store Gazebo Trim e Cupertino Civic Center QWoelffel Cannery Union Church of Cupertino e Vallco Shopping District OEngles Grocery"Paul and Eddie's" Old Collins School e Vallco Industrial Park � Apple One Building � Miller House � �j Baldwin Winery Glendenning Barn Le Petit Trianon � McClellanRanchBarn andGuestCottages Sites of Historic Mention Seven Springs Ranch loutside cityjurisdicition) � Interim City Hall � City of Cupertino Crossroads Montebello School,1892 mSt.Joseph's Church Perrone Ranch Stone Cellar, now part of Ridge Vineyards Picchetti Brothers Winery and Ranch Woodhills Estate CHAPTER3:LAND USE AND COMMUNITY DESIGN ELEMENT � ..,.N..� ,���,,..,,������..���.y .���„�� �„�„ Historic Sites � ,� � .� '' , - � � �r� =': -; � ,, �� - � � A � �� , � � ^ �i�i I � �4��H`1���/ � -_ .�'� , ����`, ` `k.� �� �_ `� _�,��, ;���,:. g� ���;�- A-� > ,'� ��'� � '�'-'_� I,` �� �` - ---- r- � �. �� - -��� ��.� ::� �� R ��� - � '��" °� _.�.: . � � �`" -- _ _ - - - -���� Baer Blacksmith Snyder Hammond House Old Collins School McClellan Ranch Barn 22221 McClellan Road 22961 Stevens Creek Blvd. 20441 Homestead Road 22221 McClellan Road McClellan Ranch Park Cupertino De Oro Club � - ��,�`.. ��,4�tt� / �� �'� . ' ` �.$ �` �, - " —.=;'— )� ��� �� 7 . .. ift.`1[ /.\I+I II� ,,.`�. �I11�� � �, . ��n AiIV�T6ri6t_ . II I � � �1� �\ �. �.:_ � 'ir_'��n; ���1� III I I II��I�.i`� ����� �S �j_-, �. '�S 5 I 2\.�\ I II I II I�I I I I��I i I I �/il ! -•I •..i f: .�t .. . �S ► �� ���I II i � �i� , �d� -n � a.,e,71�..�,�.�k'� .� ` ¢� �I i III�WI�IlII � � �i I� il il� III i I ;I� F i F _ ,r � ' , I iu _ I w `r �_ � �_��� �. � � � ,. k , � �. -�, , �� ���■■ �� �� .'"'`'� ;��` � � I �,��'.. �� ��',�� ' - -... _ �v,�,a� Gazebo Trim Glendenning Barn Maryknoll Seminary Seven Springs Ranch Mary & Stevens Creek Blvd. 10955 N Tantau Avenue 2300 Cristo Rey Drive 1 1801 Dorothy Anne Way Memorial Park ��_ �� ��� . !►x. ,i.: � ���., , � � 5� s,.- �� � .P , �,/�� - . � �: � �., . , � ':_;�i. ' I t "'""�' �;,,_,. '" � '�:e.� . -� � � \ � . .. ,'_.�, - "� -:: , _ '�' _- �'I'�"'�� I � �� �� . . .. — ` _ 9 _ , —_ . ... —_ 1��J — ���Is'€ .� � ���� .... - ■■.� Q , � �ry �s. ..:,�`��,._ F�.� --� �.�✓'i'.' � <� '. �D�.� � {e.2�- rr`y 'ard' . �• ... .. Miller House Enoch J. Parrish Tank House �� i ��"�k � ° `\e1 �`!`�.4`E';�`���'��i� :��j' 1 y,�y; 10518 Phil Place 22221 McC�e��an Road �, �,�.����.��,,,,., �; `t,, �,:, ���! ,; F� � `,. `4,,.,��`�� ,,. McClellan Ranch Park ° �:,. - -._ _.v ..,.;E:. , . _ .x- Nathan Hall Tank House Union Church of Cupertino `=- ��-`�� � 22100 Stevens Creek Blvd. 20900 Stevens Creek Blvd. 1 r� � � -'T"'—.J _�._, ---..__. _ �-. _� �[I De La Vega Tack House Rancho Deep Cliff Club House CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT � _ueid� ��dii �c�iniiiuuiryvi5i�u �uio-�u4u� Commemorative Sites �� , . 1 '' �` �--� \ ' ` � . .a.�� , ���m � < � ����# t� ��� � �� ��� � � � �'F :�.�,w"i - � �i�,�f '4 � � ��� I � �� �,.�,�f: .. ! �I;?� ,,��: - yj �;- . � . . �`� +�'r � a.�„y� 1 . . --_.� .�i�, . __..t� ••�- I li II � ...Yt !�=-. .,•,r� I ,�. � ; J---_ . r4 �' � .� �� _,,°� �.-.�� t ' - . � ' . 'C 1.-_. � 7.._ _.- �i "". . yr+�-- . _� ''.� � . :� �:� ,� ' � a ' ..__.+.5_r - ��!�- / - \ � :. ; ' s�.1-- .-.... . .. . ,�y,, � . .. ' :.._-� .. �..� .'� e�f 'i^iF:��� I'.., � � . - � ..• � "'4 S -. �__ � C\ ��1 � Elisha Stephens Place Le Petit Trianon and Woelffel Cannery ;�'� 22100 Stevens Creek Guest Cottages 10120 Imperial Avenue �� Bou�evard 1250 Stevens Creek Demo�ished Existing Plaque Boulevard � �`'��� Foothill-De Anza Community College � St. Josephs Church � -� -� 101 10 North de Anza t, �,� �� Boulevard �S ~ i'�• P�� �3 ,. - .._... � t,���.•� � �`� � ,p �^ _ —_ i F�':..� . _ _ �'� c! :,'F ,� '� ��„U.p i� ,r- � . , ;. ..,. e ... �. : � : -. 1 �i �� � �'�.a-�` . i�x_ � �/''�� � �#!� ��.4� , hy -,�1,��T : Y }, ' �y 1� R'Y. uSA�' ,..: 1 .. ,: , �, ��� .. ......_ ........ .:.... ' � �������-��f. . .��wu.�. ' ? . . �`+z���... �. � / : 1 't^ ..� -`. . .'; ; " De Anza Knoll Stocklmeir Farm House Apple One Building �;,`..�,��`�"� �� � Off of Cristo Rey Drive 22120 Stevens Creek Rd. 10240 Bubb Road '��'�,�'�!,�;y�,�f��;� �'�+ s�d � � � r''� i?'��, t�` k�r�' .�.� , �� ; �� `Lr r a'�` ,•,� �a�G„� �`•�� '�� y � �,�� /"; -_.'� �..��—"4' ,` ��l¢ r.� ,� , , �.. !��'- � _ -_ wf �-��-�t .�.. � � R ^ � . , �..i L'- ,. �x�� )yyW ♦•. ' _ � �' �`y.i"l.]� t �.�Y• .�/;�.'.' �'y� . 1Y . � 'r�� + �ry���s r = ���`~ _ �,:+ +1�i — ..- � I' �i�� �� f _ : � d ��n._.�._ n� �1�� �I � x , , _ _• a� ��'I�� ���� � � '}r ,�':,��+ `� � . _ _� r �`�,r�'�,�`� �<- ;� )oyle Winery �,�. �� K a'���"" � _ I_."������'�. � ,�:, . �� Cupertino Wine Company" �isible from McClellan Interim City Hall The Crossroads Arroyo De San Joseph Ranch Park (no photo 10321 South De Anza Intersection at Stevens Cupertino available) Boulevard Creek Boulevard and De 21840 McClellan Road — Anza Bou�evard Monta Vista High School, State of California Historical Landmark#800 CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT � yeiieia���dn �cuininuuiryvi5iuii �uio-�u4u� Commemorative Sites (continued) /� 4 . �� ' . � ��� ` � �� � '_ ' A�� VA�& `��� � - 191iU7 fAIID � tit � � _ Xr+�" � � ]t�hI11N1�5 ��+�"�f''���'��✓����1 ��� ��� - --- �� a�� �a60 k » aN�' � E � t � �'���'�� �Y ��.,"�� -- �� � �`k `` .� � ,� ,. ����� � �, �`� � + �il ;'�" .,�' 9: � ' � � .��I R + �..� � � GI;� i � t`i '(���+`g =�*�� --- — �� ' �i "°i� , ' i �� _ ( � � � � �..,���,s � � i , 1 , �.._ , .a• — — — -. _. Baldwin Winery Engles Grocery Hazel Goldstone Variety 1250 Stevens Creek "Paul and Eddie's" Store, 21700 Stevens Bou�evard, Foothi��-De 1619 Stevens Creek Creek Boulevard Anza Community College Boulevard Sites of Historic Mention �-�;° � _ � � �c ! � fi k� �� w� �' ' . � ��- �� -:+� '*� ��Y`,�is s�th � L,- `.4` - � ��. r�s ��,�', � "wt n a.l��;� � ;:� ' ;II I^T'�' a�r��!L s�� �� �1 P �" � I@ I .t i■ , � t� �� � � I � '�y., y;.: ,� � t_�ntirl''��, �� t ,�� :, 11 i �.- � '^y J' +r� ,� � �,�'+'- s � 1�=r: r IE I l �� ;���, �," . _ c� '—` {�# l ,_.�•.����reee��*.�,,v� �"-Y ' ' .: '!�' "'[i"q .._�r. 7�y� .f. ��.� � � � �.ia•1, --� � ' R� .: s .,» �C� '� ,�, � .� ' �'�'` . '.�'�.� � � ,� Picchetti Brothers Winery Woodhills Estate w�; � ;� ��+����"� � 13100 Montebello Road — Cupertino/Saratoga Hills, �, � �, ;� �r� � �.� Mid-Peninsula Regional End of Prospect Road — # ,��,�, '�` "�:�'�;��`,,;� Open Space District Mid-Peninsula Regional � �'����.� Open Space District, �)''�Y'• ' ' �� �'f '� *�'�; National Register of � �r ` Y, , +w"� v..�� �� ' _�; 'Y.Y. '` '' � �`''' ���� _ Historic Places Perrone Ranch Stone �` Cellar: Ridge Vineyards � " � 17100 Montebello Road, �� - _ 'F � ��� Mid-Peninsula Regiona� � r�E;� Open Space District Montebello School 15101 Montebello Road � �.:: � ...�'.��� � _ CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I C�21lE1"a� p�afl (COIT11T1UIlIty VI51011 20�5- ZO4 � j III�I ! '. I I .: , x �:�; i � d'li I I I f �r�.�-�`��-_ ,�'`. �;�: � � :_ � � IL�� E� �, _ �, � � ��� , =� ���- �i{f� �, � i g � .� ��,---- r �' . P r �',� �`y 'a� � _�r.� �/ - � _ _ �. . �` r.F•1ik � � k Y � � _� � � � � � � � . � . . . ' . ' • ' . • . ' � . • ' . • • ' • • . • . • ARTS AND CULTURE Cupertino history and diversity provides a rich background for community art and culture.The City seeks to encourage support pub�ic art and the arts community through development. POLICY LU-7.1: PUBLIC ART LU-7.1.2:Gateways. Stimulate opportunities for the Promote placement of visible artwork arts through development and in gateways to the city. cooperation with agencies and the LU-7.1.3:Artist Workspace. business community. Encourage the deve�opment of artist STRATEGIES: workspace, such as live/work units, LU-7.1.1: Public Art Ordinance. in appropriate location in the city. Maintain and update an ordinance Note: see the Recreation and requiring public art in public as well Community Services Element for as private projects of a certain size. policies related to programming. � CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) � y� I - � . -:—���. s� _'.,.. r.:-'J' i.:���tS�.x 1 � • � � � � � � � � � � � � . , � � � . • � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � FISCAL STABILITY The City will seek to identify strategies and programs that ensure the long-term fiscal hea�th of the City. POLICY LU-8.1: FISCAL IMPACTS POLICY LU-8.3: INCENTIVES FOR Evaluate fiscal impacts of converting REINVESTMENT office/commercial uses to residential Provide incentives for reinvestment in use, whi�e ensuring that the city meets existing, o�der commercial areas. regional housing requirements. STRATEGIES: POLICY LU-8.2: LAND USE LU-8.3.1: Mixed-Use. Encourage land uses that generate Consider mixed-use (office, City revenue. commercial, residential) in certain STRATEGY: commercial areas to encourage LU-8.2.1: Fiscal Impacts. reinvestment and revitalization of Evaluate fiscal impacts of converting sa�es-tax producing uses, when office/commercial uses to residential reviewing sites for regional housing use, while ensuring that the city meets requirements. regional housing requirements. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) LU-8.3.2:Shared or Reduced Parking. POLICY LU-8.4: PROPERTY ACQUISITION Consider shared or reduced parking, Maximize revenue from City-owned where appropriate as incentives to land and resources, and ensure that construct new commercial and mixed- the City's land acquisition strategy is use development, whi�e increasing ba�anced with revenues. opportunities for other modes of pOLICY LU-8.5: EFFICIENT OPERATIONS transportation. Plan land use and design projects to LU-8.3.3: Infrastructure and Streetscape allow the City to maintain efficient Improvements. operations in the delivery of services Consider infrastructure and including, community centers, parks, streetscape improvements in roads, and storm drainage, and other areas, such as the Crossroads or infrastructure. South Vallco area to encourage redevelopment as a pedestrian- oriented area that meets community design goals. LU-8.3.4: High Sales-Tax Producing Retail Uses. Consider locations for high sales-tax producing retail uses (such as life- style and hybrid commodity-specialty centers) provided the development is compatible with the surrounding area in terms of building sca�e and traffic. ��� , 1'5 ry l' •'ti %�. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g2nEl"a�p�all (COfT11T1UnIty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) � ��1's1�I�s!!���i�!1iJ` ' 4 �. K '� ���B 0 W�R��I�Ni 5 F �,� � FRE p a,DS — �� �_ � , a�a , �� � �� OIPRECOR F��Ess The UPS Store Q�'y r'^ ... �. - /ltussaye c�yi�l � ��. --�_s P a � . ��, BYER PRO�P�ERTIES �" � s,s:bz9„ � .� � � '�a�;- ? �� � � � � �� + ''",� �!', ����r"�� � - � '� :� ,�: , � • � • • � . • • • . � • • . . . . • ' . . . ' • • . . ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT The City will seek to identify strategies and programs that support and retain local businesses, and attract new businesses and investment. POLICY LU-9.1:COLLABORATION WITH LU-9.1.3: Economic Development and BUSINESS COMMUNITY Business Retention. Collaborate with the business Encourage new businesses and retain community to facilitate growth, existing businesses that provide development and infrastructure local shopping and services, add to improvements that benefit residents municipal revenues, contribute to and businesses. economic vitality and enhance the STRATEGIES: City's physical environment. LU-9.1.1: Economic Development LU-9.1.4: Regulations. Strategy Plan. Periodically review and update land Create and periodically update an use and zoning requirements for retail, Economic Deve�opment Strategy Plan commercial and office deve�opment in order to ensure the City's long-term in order to attract high-quality fiscal health and stability and to make sales-tax producing businesses and Cupertino an attractive p�ace to �ive, services, whi�e adapting to the fast- work and play. changing retail, commercial and office LU-9.1.2: Partnerships. environment. Create partnerships between the LU-9.1.5: Incubator Work Space. City and other public, and private and Encourage the deve�opment of flexible non-profit organizations to provide and affordable incubator work space improvements and services that for start-ups and new and emerging benefit the community. technologies. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a� p�afl (COIT11T1UIlIty VI51011 20�5- ZO4O) LU-9.1.6: Development Review. STRATEGIES: Provide efficient and time�y review LU-9.2.1: Local Amenities. of development proposals, while Encourage office development to maintaining quality standards in locate in areas where workers accordance with city codes. Look for a can walk or bike to services such solution-based approach to problems as shopping and restaurants, and while being responsive to community to provide walking and bicycling concerns and promote positive connections to services. communication among parties. LU-9.2.2:Workplace Policies. POLICY LU-9.2:WORK ENVIRONMENT Encourage public and private Encourage the design of projects to employers to provide workplace take into account the well-being and policies that enhance and improve health of employees and the fast- the health and well-being of their changing work environment. employees. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT �EI"a�p�all (COITIIIIUIIIty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) �Ea;. '� "� u V 1 ,:.;�"� �i' ,I 'i 1 . I I , � � � �� �� t�! � . � \ ' � `i`��il��{�,I� ` , � ,.�.I� ,N i �` C��[��������� f i ���i � • ;r:�(`r��fir'it,:': I �,�� . �_ � _...,I.t . � � � � • • ' ' � ' • • • . • ' • • . . • • . . � ' ' • • . • ' REGIONAL COOPERATION AND COORDINATION The City will work with regional agencies to coordinate with regional plans and address community priorities by participating in the planning process. POLICY LU-10.1: REGIONAL DECISIONS POLICY LU-10.4: URBAN SERVICE AREA Coordinate with regional and local Work with neighboring jurisdictions to agencies on planning, transportation, create boundaries that are defined by economic development and logical municipa� service areas. sustainability issues to ensure that the STRATEGY: decisions improve fiscal health and the LU-10.4.1:Tax-Sharing Agreements. quality of �ife for Cupertino residents Consider entering into tax-sharing and businesses. agreements with adjacent jurisdictions POLICY LU-10.2: REGIONAL PLANNING in order to facilitate desired boundary COORDINATION realignments. Review regiona� planning documents pOLICY LU-10.5:ANNEXATION prior to making decisions at the local Actively pursue the annexation of level. unincorporated properties within the POLICY LU-10.3: NEIGHBORING City's urban service area, inc�uding JURISDICTIONS the Creston neighborhoods, which Collaborate with neighboring will be annexed on a parcel-by-parcel jurisdictions on issues of mutual basis with new development. Other interest. remaining unincorporated islands will be annexed as determined by the City Council. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I C�2nEl"a�p�all (C01T1171Unity VISIOn ZO�S- ZO� f � - . 'I.-e��;� .. I .�-. .G__ _. f ��'.. �. i I. �• ��� • � ' ..� W � „R ,;�• eei, �-..- ��+__ � �s��� I �. � - 5. , � � � � � � � � � . • � I • . , , , , • / . � • � � ACCESS TO COMMUNITY FACILITIES AND SERVICES The City will seek to improve connectivity and access to public facilities and services, including De Anza Co�lege. POLICY LU-11.1: CONNECTIVITY POLICY LU-11.2: DE ANZA COLLEGE Create pedestrian and bicycle access Allow �and uses not traditionally between new developments and considered part of a college to be community facilities. Review existing built at De Anza Co�lege, provided neighborhood circulation to improve such uses integrate the campus into safety and access for students to the community, provide facilities and walk and bike to schoo�s, parks, and services not offered in the City and/ community facilities such as the or alleviate impacts created by the library. college. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g2flel"a�p�all (C01T111lUlllty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) I _,� - , �{� 1 � � � � � � � � � � � • � � � � � � � / � � � � � HILLSIDES The City seeks to establish clear hillside policy in order to provide for the realistic use of privately-owned hillside lands, whi�e preserving natural and aesthetic features. POLICY LU-12.1: LAND USE structures down the hillside, following REGULATIONS natural contours, and limiting the Establish and maintain building and height and mass of the wall p�ane development standards for hillsides facing the valley floor. that ensure hillside protection. LU-12.1.2:Slope-Density Formula. STRATEGIES: Apply a slope-density formula to very LU-12.1.1:Ordinance and low intensity residential development Development Review. in the hillsides. Density shall be Through building regulations calculated based on the foothill and development review, limit modified, foothi�� modified '/z acre and development on ridgelines, hazardous the 5-20 acre slope density formula. geological areas and steep slopes. Actual �ot sizes and development Control colors and materials and areas will be determined through minimize the illumination of outdoor zoning ordinances, clustering and lighting. Reduce visible building mass identification of significant natura� with measures including, stepping features and geological constraints. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) LU-12.1.3: 1976 General Plan- POLICY LU-12.3: RURAL IMPROVEMENT Previously Designated Very Low STANDARDS IN HILLSIDE AREAS Density:Semi-Rural 5-Acre. Require rural improvement standards Properties previously designated Very in hillside areas to preserve the Low-Density Residentia�: Semi-Rural rural character of the hi��sides. 5-acre per the 1976 General Plan may Improvement standards should be subdivided utilizing that formula. ba�ance the need to furnish adequate Properties that have already been utility and emergency services against since subdivided in conformance with the need to protect the hillside, the above designation have no further vegetation and animals. subdivision potential for residential STRATEGIES: purposes. LU-12.3.1:Grading. LU-12.1.4: Existing lots in Foothill Follow natural land contours and Modified and Foothill Modified 1/2—Acre avoid mass of grading of sites during Slope Density Designations. construction, especially in flood Require discretionary review with a hazard or geologically sensitive areas. hillside exception for hillside or R1 Grading hillside sites into large, flat properties if development is proposed areas sha<< be avoided. on substandard parcels on slopes per LU-12.3.2: Roads. the R1 and RHS zoning. Roads should be narrowed to avoid POLICY LU-12.2:CLUSTERING harming trees and streambeds. SUBDIVISIONS LU-12.3.3:Trees. Cluster lots in major subdivisions Retain significant specimen trees, and encourage clustering in minor especially when they grow in groves subdivisions, for projects in the or clusters and integrate them into the 5-20-acre slope density designation. developed site. Reserve 90 percent of the land in private open space to protect the POLICY LU-12.4: HILLSIDE VIEWS unique characteristics of the hillsides The Montebello foothills at the south from adverse environmental impacts. and west boundary of the valley f�oor Keep the open space areas contiguous Provide a scenic backdrop, adding as much as possible. to the City's scale and variety.While it is not possible to guarantee an unobstructed view of the hills from every vantage point, an attempt should be made to preserve views of the foothills. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) STRATEGIES: LU-12.4.1:Views from Public Facilities. Design public facilities, particularly open spaces, so they include views of the foothills or other nearby natural features, and plan hillside deve�opments to minimize visual and other impacts on adjacent pub�ic open space. LU-12.4.2: Developments near Public Space. Located private driveways and building sites as far as possible from property boundaries adjoining public open space preserves and parks to enhance the natural open space character and protect plant and animal habitat. POLICY LU-12.5: DEVELOPMENT IN THE COUNTY JURISDICTION Development in the County, particularly if located near Cupertino's hillsides and urban fringe area, should consider the goals and policies in Community Vision 2040. STRATEGY: LU-12.5.1: County Development. Development in these areas should be compatible with Cupertino's hillside po�icies of low-intensity residentia�, agricultural or open space uses. Preservation of the natural environment, clustering sites to minimize impact and dedication of open space are encouraged. Visual impacts, access, traffic and other impacts, and service demands should be assessed in consultation with Cupertino's goals and policies. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) PLANNING AREA GOALS AND POLICIES As outlined in the P�anning Areas chapter, Community Vision 2040 organizes the city into 21 distinct Planning Areas, divided into two categories: (1) Special Areas that are expected to transition over the �ife of the General Plan and (2) Neighborhoods where future changes are expected to be minimal.The following goals, po�icies and strategies are specific to the P�anning Areas and provide guidance for future change in accordance with the community vision. Figure LU-2 shows maximum heights and residential densities allowed in each Special Area. SPECIAL AREAS Special Areas are located along major mixed-use corridors and nodes that have access to a variety of different forms of transportation. Future growth in Cupertino will be focused in these areas to manage growth while minimizing traffic, greenhouse gas and health impacts on the community.The discussion for each Special Area outlines goa�s, policies and strategies related to �and use, building form, streetscape, connectivity, open space, landscaping, and the urban/ rural ecosystem in order to help implement the community vision for these areas. .,.. f �� `��� '�_ �P x 1i�� � �z� � I� 1 � � y ..ry,�,�i ��j? � �'� � II 5,,. X `��'�1: , ' CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g211e1"a�p�all (C01T111lUlllty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) .e'._ � ';?u �e �, �. 1 �. p; '����r _ , �r ;;; .;;:-=—_ r.� i,�a,�.�. " _ _�- — _ ' "-�`� ��� �-�% ���.t"'\ - _- iwiw., - rt."`-- � � ,. . . . '� - . -- —���.x �,.�� a ..�.- .. ...- - . _. — . . � � " - e� ...--- "i;::, / � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � HEART OF THE CITY SPECIAL AREA The Heart of the City will remain the core commercial corridor in Cupertino, with a series of commercial and mixed-use centers and a focus on creating a walkable, bikeable boulevard that can support transit. General goa�s, policies and strategies will apply throughout the entire area; while more specific goals, policies and strategies for each subarea are designed to address their individual settings and characteristics. POLICY LU-13.1: HEART OF THE CITY POLICY LU-13.2: REDEVELOPMENT SPECIFIC PLAN Encourage older properties a�ong The Heart of the City Specific Plan the boulevard to be redeveloped provides design standards and and enhanced. Allow more intense guidelines for this area, which development on�y in nodes and promote a cohesive, landscaped gateways as indicated in the boulevard that links its distinct sub- Community Form Diagram areas and is accessible to al� modes (Figure LU-2). of transportation. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) POLICY LU-13.3: PARCEL ASSEMBLY POLICY LU-13.7:STREETSCAPE AND Encourage the assembly of parcels CONNECTIVITY to foster new development projects Create a walkable and bikeable that can provide high-quality boulevard with active uses and a development with adequate buffers distinct image for each subarea. for neighborhoods. STRATEGIES: POLICY LU-13.4: NEIGHBORHOOD LU-13.7.1:Streetscape. CENTERS AND ACTIVITY AREAS Provide active uses along the street A majority of the commercial frontage, bike lanes, sidewalks that development allocation should be support pedestrian-oriented activity, devoted to rehabilitating neighborhood improved pedestrian crossings at centers and major activity centers street intersections, and attractive with a focus on creating pedestrian- transit facilities (e.g., bus stops, oriented, wa�kable and bikeable areas benches, etc.). with inviting community gathering LU-13.7.2:Street trees and Landsca in P� 9• places. Land uses between the activity Create a cohesive visual image centers should help focus and support With street tree plantings along the activity in the centers. Neighborhood corridor, but with distinct tree types centers should be retrofitted and for each sub-area to support its redeve�oped using the "neighborhood distinct character and function. commercial centers" concept discussed earlier in this Element. LU-13.7.3: Connectivity. Properties within a b�ock should be POLICY LU-13.5: LAND USE inter-connected with shared access The Heart of the City area allows drives. Provide pedestrian paths to a mix of retail, commercial, office enhance pub�ic access to and through and residential uses. Specific uses the development. New development, are provided in the Heart of the City particularly on corner lots, should Specific Plan. See Figure LU-2 for provide pedestrian and bicycle residential densities and criteria. improvements along side streets to POLICY LU-13.6: BUILDING FORM enhance connections to surrounding Bui�dings shou�d be high-qua�ity, with neighborhoods. pedestrian-oriented and active uses along the street. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) LU-13.7.4:Traffic Calming. Eva�uate options on Stevens Creek Boulevard to improve the pedestrian environment by proactively managing speed �imits, enforcement, and traffic signal synchronization. LU-13.7.5: Neighborhood Buffers. Consider buffers such as setbacks, landscaping and/or building transitions to buffer abutting single- family residential areas from visual and noise impacts. _ ��� '4.-� �� �.R �� ���; � ' . ar , n�.- - • - `n_,.. - yy „ ��� '; ;� ' :�+.` 2,r, 3cy � CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I gEnEl'a�p�all (COf71fT1Ulllty VISIOII ZO�S- 204�� V "i��� I I W.� � .,r 2 •y� 1 _ __ a '-� ^'� 'j � _ � +1 1���.__��� / � � I • • � , � I � , , � , , , � I � � , � WEST STEVENS CREEK BOULEVARD SUBAREA POLICY LU-14.1: LAND USE POLICY LU-14.4: DE ANZA COLLEGE Primary land uses include quasi- NODE public/public facilities, with Buildings should be designed supporting mixed commercial/ to fit into the surroundings with residential uses. pedestrian-orientation. Externa�izing POLICY LU-14.2:STREETSCAPE activities by providing cafeterias, Street tree planting that supports bookstores and plazas along an active, pedestrian-oriented the street and near corners is environment. Street tree planting encouraged. should provide a connection with the POLICY LU-14.5: OAKS GATEWAY NODE adjacent foothills with trees such as This is a gateway retai� and shopping oaks. node. New residentia�, if a��owed, POLICY LU-14.3: GATEWAY CONCEPT should be designed on the "mixed-use Buildings should be high-quality in village" concept discussed earlier in keeping with the gateway character this Element. of the area. Projects shou�d provide or POLICY LU-14.6: COMMUNITY contribute towards gateway signs and RECREATION NODE landscaping. Contribute to the high-quality streetscape with trees, sidewalks, building and site design, and active uses such as main entries, lobbies or similar features along the street to reinforce pedestrian orientation. i i � " CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�all (COf711T1UIlIfy VISI01l ZO�S - 2040) � � � � ��.e �, 1 � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � CROSSROADS SUBAREA POLICY LU-15.1: CROSSROADS STRATEGIES: STREETSCAPE PLAN LU-15.1.1: Uses. Create a streetscape plan for the Include in this subarea primary uses Crossroads Subarea that provides such as retail, office and commercial. design standards and guidelines for an Ground floor uses shall have attractive, wa�kable, vibrant shopping active retail uses with storefronts. village, where commercial and Commercial office and office uses roadway design encourage pedestrian may be allowed on upper levels. activity.The plan wil� include the In the case of deep lots, buildings following elements: along the street should provide retail 1. Land use plan specifying the type, and buildings in the back may be intensity and arrangement of land developed with allowed uses. See uses to promote pedestrian and Figure LU-2 for residential densities business activity. and criteria. 2. Streetscape plan that provides LU-15.1.2:Streetscape. for an attractive pedestrian Primary ground-f�oor entrances sha�l streetscape. face the street. The streetscape shall consist of wide pedestrians sidewalks 3. Design guide�ines that foster With inviting street furniture, street pedestrian activity and a sense of trees, pedestrian-scaled lighting with place. banners, small plazas, art/water features, pedestrian crosswalks CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) with special paving, and other elements identified in the Crossroads Streetscape Plan. LU-15.1.3: Building Form. Bui�dings shou�d be moderately- scaled with high-quality, pedestrian- oriented scaled, active uses along the street. LU-15.1.4:Shared Parking. Require shared parking and access arrangements throughout the area, with overa�� parking standards reflecting the shared parking. LU-15.1.5: De Anza Boulevard/Stevens Creek Boulevard Landmark. Secure permanent landscape easements as a condition of development from properties at the intersection of De Anza and Stevens Creek Boulevards for construction of a future landmark.The landmark may include open space, landscaping and other design elements at the corners. Land at the southeast corner will remain a publicly accessible park / � ��,��, �r�� w ` � `" �I �T'+ CHAPTER 3:LAND USE AND COMMUNITY DESIGN ELEMENT --- .,� ,'. �� � � �' ��� � I C-`' �i�l�� ` � _ — ., ' � _r ,�, I ! �-- � '� �j' r� � �, � � w ■ �-� .�' �� �� , _ a� M � � � - r � �� I�� � . . . . .i.i : ' ' J . �.'. . _ -; , � • � � � � � , � � � / • 1 � I � • � • • � � I � � � � CITY CENTER SUBAREA POLICY LU-16.1: CITY CENTER NODE taller buildings to the scale of the Establish the City Center Node as a surrounding area.Taller buildings moderately-scaled, medium-density should provide appropriate transitions mixed-use office, hotel, retail and to fit into the surrounding area. residential area, with an integrated LU-16.1.4:Gateway Concept. network of streets and open space. guildings should be designed STRATEGIES: with high-quality architecture and LU-16.1.1: Uses. landscaping befitting the gateway A mix of uses including, office, character of the site. hotel, retail, residential and civic LU-16.1.5:Open Space. uses.The ground floor of buildings A publicly-accessible park shall be along the street should be activated retained at the southeast corner of with pedestrian-oriented, active Stevens Creek and De Anza Bou�evard uses inc�uding retail, restaurants, and shall include public art, seating and entries. See Figure LU-2 for areas and plazas for retail and residentia� densities and criteria. restaurant uses along the ground floor LU-16.1.2: Connectivity. of adjacent buildings. New development should improve pOLICY LU-16.2:CIVIC CENTER NODE the connectivity within the block and Create a civic heart for Cupertino with surrounding streets, including that enables community building connections to the Crossroads by providing community facilities, Subarea. meeting and gathering spaces, public LU-16.1.3: Building Form. art, and space for recreation and Buildings should be moderately- community events. scaled to transition from existing �� ..� CHAPTER 3:LAND USE AND COMMUNITY DESIGN ELEMENT � * x �7 pR \4��"� v..� `�' 1��� � �"".�.�:, � 3 �{� i.Q.`(fi` � !���/ 4`4 � ..�� '. iT �. h _ �� f ` �i � .r � II �'��§ � � e.'� d' t �` ��q� 'S't � � .�� . �_-� ��,__ • �e _�� . ��� � ��".:� - - - -- �� / � • � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � , � � CENTRAL STEVENS CREEK BOULEVARD SUBAREA POLICY LU-17.1: LAND USE Allow a mix of uses including commercial, retail, commercial office and limited residential uses. The ground floor of buildings along the street should be activated with pedestrian-oriented, active uses including retail, restaurants, entries, etc. Neighborhood centers shall be remodeled or redeveloped using the "neighborhood commercial centers" concept described earlier in this Element. See Figure LU-2 for residentia� densities and criteria. �s`- ;5.:-. .. , ,���,�_..� . �! � '`t?i-%` � ��'� CHAPTER 3:LAND USE AND COMMUNITY DESIGN ELEMENT --' -�__ r______ _ � .._:__ ,��� ����� � ; ;� , 4. °��: o �p�.� � �� � �/� ' . , a�� � �.:-�- i ^°'`��� � �' (r`�° ' `��j�l' � �"t�'%�'t`�� ' t"' _� : �.. _ _.. � I ta,� �� 1 � � . . . . . . . . . . . . / • ' . � • ' • ' . • ' ' / ' • • . . • ' • • • • • • • ' . ' . • ' • • ' ' EAST STEVENS CREEK BOULEVARD SUBAREA POLICY LU-18.1: LAND USE STRATEGIES: A��ow regional commercial with LU-18.2.1: Uses. retail, commercial, office and hotels Encourage a mix of retail, commercial, as the primary uses, with residential office, residential and hotel uses. mixed-use as a supporting use. Retail, Provide active retail uses on the restaurant and other actives uses ground floor facing the street or are highly encouraged on the ground outdoor pedestrian corridor with floor facing the street. In case of connections to adjacent development. office complexes, active uses such as Office sites to the north of Vallco entries, lobbies or plazas shou�d be Parkway are encouraged to provide provided on the ground floor along retail uses. However, if retail is not the street. Neighborhood centers provided, office sites should provide shall be remode�ed or redeveloped entries and active uses along the using the "neighborhood commercial street frontage. centers" concept described earlier LU-18.2.2:Vallco Parkway. in this Element. See Figure LU-2 for Va�lco Parkway is envisioned as residential densities and criteria. a parkway with bike lanes, wide POLICY LU-18.2 SOUTH VALLCO sidewalks, street-trees and on-street Retain and enhance the South Vallco parking. The street will connect to area as a mixed-use retail, office and a future street grid in the Val�co residential district with a pedestrian- Shopping District. oriented, downtown atmosphere. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I C�2nEl"a�p�all (C01T1171Unity VISIOn ZO�S- ZO4O) r%--� �`, - . . �'i � . _-_ _ � s , � - �J. f - •+ � :� . �� .. 1. r �_ / :_ � _ " � _ .- � -Y'_ r � .\-. � , � • ' . ' . • . • ' • . • ' ' • ' • ' ' . . ' • • . • ' . • . • . • . • • • ' • VALLCO SHOPPING DISTRICT SPECIAL AREA The City envisions a complete redevelopment of the existing Vallco Fashion Mall into a vibrant mixed-use "town center" that is a focal point for regional visitors and the community.This new Vallco Shopping District will become a destination for shopping, dining and entertainment in the Santa C�ara Valley. POLICY LU-19.1:SPECIFIC PLAN LU-19.1.2: Parcel Assembly. Create a Vallco Shopping District Parcel assembly and a plan for Specific Plan prior to any development complete redevelopment of the site on the site that lays out the land uses, is required prior to adding residentia� design standards and guidelines, and and office uses. Parcelization is highly infrastructure improvements required. discouraged in order to preserve the The Specific P�an will be based on the site for redevelopment in the future. following strategies: LU-19.1.3:Complete Redevelopment. STRATEGIES: The "town center" plan should be LU-19.1.1: Master Developer. based on complete redevelopment Redeve�opment will require a of the site in order to ensure that the master developer in order remove site can be planned to carry out the the obstacles to the development of community vision. a cohesive district with the highest LU-19.1.4: Land Use. levels of urban design. The following uses are allowed on the site (see Figure LU-2 for residential densities and criteria): CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g2llel"a�plan (COf711T1UnIty VISIOn 2015 - 2040) 1. Retai�: High-performing retail, center, high qua�ity pub�ic realm, and restaurant and entertainment land uses appropriate to the street uses. Maintain a minimum of and building typology. 600,000 square feet of retail that LU-19.1.6:Connectivity. provide a good source of sales tax Provide a newly configured for the City. Entertainment uses comp�ete street grid hierarchy of may be included but shall consist streets, boulevards and alleys that of no more than 30 percent of is pedestrian-oriented, connects to retail uses. existing streets, and creates wa�kable 2. Hotel: Encourage a business class urban blocks for buildings and open hotel with conference center space. It should also incorporate and active uses inc�uding main transit facilities, provide connections entrances, lobbies, retail and to other transit nodes and coordinate restaurants on the ground floor. with the potentia� expansion of Wo�fe 3. Residentia�: A��ow residential Road bridge over Interstate 280 on upper floors with retail and to continue the walkable, bikeable active uses on the ground floor. boulevard concept along Wolfe Road. Encourage a mix of units for The project should a�so contribute young professionals, couples towards a study and improvements to and/or active seniors who like a potential Interstate 280 trail a�ong to �ive in an active "town center" the drainage channel south of the environment. freeway and provide pedestrian and bicycle connections from the project 4. Office: Encourage high-quality sites to the trail. office space arranged in a pedestrian-oriented street grid LU-19.1.7: Existing Streets. with active uses on the ground Improve Stevens Creek Boulevard floor, publicly-accessible streets and Wo�fe Road to become more bike and plazas/green space. and pedestrian-friendly with bike lanes, wide sidewalks, street trees, LU-19.1.5:"Town Center"Layout. improved pedestrian intersections Create streets and blocks laid out to accommodate the connections to using "transect planning" (appropriate Rosebowl and Main Street. street and building types for each area), which includes a discernible center and edges, public space at CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) LU-19.1.8: Open Space. LU-19.1.12: Parking. Open space in the form of a central Parking in surface lots shall be town square on the west and east located to the side or rear of buildings. sides of the district interspersed Underground parking beneath with p�azas and "greens" that create buildings is preferred. Above grade community gathering spaces, structures shall not be located along locations for public art, and event major street frontages. In cases, space for community events. where above-grade structures LU-19.1.9: Building Form. are allowed along internal street Buildings should have high-quality frontages, they shall be lined with architecture, and an emphasis on retail, entries and active uses aesthetics, human scale, and create a on the ground floor. All parking sense of place. Taller buildings should structures should be designed to be provide appropriate transitions to fit architectura��y compatible with a high- into the surrounding area. quality "town center" environment. LU-19.1.10:Gateway Character. LU-19.1.13:Trees. High-quality buildings with Retain trees along the Interstate architecture and materials befitting 280,Wolfe Road and Stevens Creek the gateway character of the site. Boulevard to the extent feasible, when The project should provide gateway new development are proposed. signage and treatment. LU-19.1.14: Neighborhood Buffers. LU-19.1.11: Phasing Plan. Consider buffers such as setbacks, A phasing plan that lays out the timing landscaping and/or building of infrastructure, open space and land transitions to buffer abutting sing�e- use improvements that ensures that family residential areas from visual e�ements desired by the community and noise impacts. are included in early phases. � � ,2`" fP �p �� 4� Vi , � ` ' Ir7 : CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g211e1"�� p�dll (COITllllUlllty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) � `;,.I'l� : � �� �1 �� r `-° - ,_ u �- _ ���,_ � i, .;�. � 1 � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � / � � / � � � � � � � � � � � � � . . � � � � � � � � � � � � . . • . NORTH VALLCO PARK SPECIAL AREA The North Vallco Park Special Area is envisioned to become a sustainable, office and campus environment surrounded by a mix of connected, high-quality, pedestrian-oriented retail, hotels and residential uses.Taller buildings could be bui�t at gateway nodes close to Interstate 280. POLICY LU-20.1: LAND USE POLICY LU-20.2:STREETSCAPE This area is a major employment AND CONNECTIVITY node with office, and research and Future roadway improvements on development uses. Retail and hote� Wolfe Road, Homestead Road and uses are allowed on the west side of Tantau Avenue should be coordinated Wolfe Road. Redevelopment of the with planned improvements to retai� site at the corner of Wo�fe and improve pedestrian, bike and Homestead Roads should be based transit connections. Streetscape on the "neighborhood commercial improvements will enhance the centers" concept described earlier pedestrian environment with in this Element. Retai� uses are not street trees, attractive bus she�ters required on the Hamptons site. See and street furniture.The campus Figure LU-2 for residential densities site should provide an attractive and criteria. landscaped edge along the street. Future improvements to the Wolfe Road bridge shou�d be coordinated to preserve the vision for this area. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) POLICY LU-20.3: BUILDING FORM POLICY LU-20.6: NEIGHBORHOOD Bui�dings in the retail and hote� area BUFFERS should provide active, pedestrian- Provide building transitions, setbacks oriented uses along the street. and/or landscaping to buffer Bui�dings shou�d transition to fit the development from adjoining sing�e- scale of the surrounding area.Taller family residential uses. buildings should provide appropriate transitions to fit into the surrounding area. In addition to the height limits established in the Community Form Diagram, bui�dings abutting the campus shall incorporate appropriate setbacks, landscaped buffering, and building height transitions to minimize privacy and security impacts. POLICY LU-20.4: PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE CONNECTIONS Pedestrian-oriented retail and hotel development will support a diverse population of workers and residents in the area.Trail routes, and alternate trail routes to address security and privacy concerns of major employers, shall be developed to provide pedestrian and bicycle connections to other destinations. POLICY LU-20.5:GATEWAY CONCEPT Bui�ding and landscape design should be of high quality and reflect the fact that this area is a gateway into Cupertino from Interstate 280 and points north.The project should provide gateway signage and treatment. , CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COfT11T1UnIty VI510n ZO�S - ZO4O) � .�. ,R�°. .. .�I_ � '!F'.... � !��JIC�.:'_�... 11nfi�ir.- �: —� �� `���, ��,. 'IR�i� � _ I � , �� ��I �� �.� ."��l 'i .,.�,�'�� - �� � � . . . � • • � • • � � � • • . • • � • � . • � � • ' . • � . . • • � � . . . • � . • • � . • � � • � NORTH DE ANZA SPECIAL AREA The North De Anza Special Area is expected to remain an employment node. Its designation as a Priority Development Area (PDA) and the availability of restaurants and services in the Heart of the City Special Area opens opportunities to locate higher density office uses along the corridor with connections to Stevens Creek Boulevard in a pedestrian and bicycle-oriented format.The streets in this area are envisioned to work as a walkable, bikeable grid that enhance connections for school children and residents from the Garden Gate neighborhood to Lawson Middle School and other services on the east side. POLICY LU-21.1:CONCEPTUAL PLAN roadway improvements for bike lanes Amend the North De Anza Conceptual and pedestrian crossings. Pedestrian Plan to create a cohesive set of land and bike improvements and enhanced use and streetscape regulations and pedestrian crossings are also guidelines for the North De Anza area. envisioned along other streets in this POLICY LU-21.2: LAND USE area to create an interconnected grid. Primarily office, and research and Such improvements will also improve development uses supp�emented with school routes from the Garden Gate limited commercial and residential neighborhood to Lawson school to uses. See Figure LU-2 for residential the east and provide access to densities and criteria. transit routes. POLICY LU-21.3:STREETSCAPE AND CONNECTIVITY North De Anza is envisioned as a walkable, bikeable boulevard with wide sidewalks with street trees and CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I C�21lE1"a� p�afl (COIT11T1UIlIty VI51011 20�5- ZO4O) POLICY LU-21.4: BUILDING DESIGN II Locate buildings a�ong the street with parking areas to the rear. Break up massing of large office buildings along the street with pedestrian scaled elements and locate building entries and active uses along the street frontage to improve the pedestrian character of the area. Mixed-use buildings should include entries, active uses and gathering spaces along the street. POLICY LU-21.5: GATEWAY CONCEPT Bui�ding and landscape design shou�d be of high quality and reflect the fact that this area is a gateway into Cupertino from Interstate 280 and points north. POLICY LU-21.6: NEIGHBORHOOD BUFFER Provide building transitions, setbacks and/or landscaping to buffer development from adjoining single- family residentia� uses. w�ep'D,#) �. , �� �� 4 �� �� . ���A " 3 CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT � C�ellEral ��al� (COIT1171UIlItyVI51011LU1�-LU4U) '1' �Ill_�- �'`� I� ' � NACY ��-- ��� � �� _ },;��- ;;� ,.,. - � ���� - , _ .°�,.' '3� � c, I I � (�l Lft�;�}� ( � �I.�..� �Si p, �'a9j��'y ! �\ , 1)�, V _ r a R�� , � _ � f��t'�� A, .ff� �. �i'� �'=�i}S�°1`y `�z+ 1 M ;`4 k^'/`� � T v�f_iT`5.�. �,f.�€; �_ t / / � � � • � • • � , / • / / • • / � / � / / � � / / / � � � � • . � • • � . • � � � • � , • � , � � . � SOUTH DE ANZA SPECIAL AREA The South De Anza Special Area will remain a predominantly general commercial area with supporting existing mixed residential uses with neighborhood centers providing services to neighborhoods and nodes.The policies in this area are intended to encourage parcel assemb�y to resolve the fragmented and narrow lot pattern, promote active retail and service uses, bike and pedestrian friendly improvements, and connectivity to adjacent neighborhoods. POLICY LU-22.1: CONCEPTUAL PLAN POLICY LU-22.3: PARCEL ASSEMBLY Maintain and implement the existing Highly encourage assembly of parcels South De Anza and Sunnyva�e- to resolve the fragmented and narrow Saratoga Conceptual Plans lot pattern and encourage high-quality POLICY LU-22.2: LAND USE development with adequate buffers for General commercial and retail uses neighborhoods. with limited commercia� office, office POLICY LU-22.4:STREETSCAPE AND and residential uses. Neighborhood CONNECTIVITY centers should be redeveloped in South De Anza is envisioned as a the "neighborhood commercia� wa�kable, bikeable bou�evard with centers" concept discussed earlier sidewalks, street trees and roadway in this Element. See Figure LU-2 for improvements for bike lanes and residential densities and criteria. pedestrian crossings. Side streets CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) are also envisioned with pedestrian POLICY LU-22.7:GATEWAY CONCEPT and bicycle improvements to ensure Bui�ding and �andscape design shou�d walkable connections from adjacent be of high quality and reflect the fact neighborhoods. that this area has gateways from POLICY LU-22.5:SHARED ACCESS Highway 85 and at the southern and Since South De Anza is a heavily eastern borders of Cupertino. traveled route, properties in the same POLICY LU-22.8: NEIGHBORHOOD block shou�d be connected with auto BUFFER and pedestrian access through shared Provide building transitions, setbacks access easements to reduce impacts and/or landscaping to buffer on the corridor. development from adjoining sing�e- POLICY LU-22.6: BUILDING DESIGN family residentia� uses. Locate buildings and commercial pads along the street with parking areas to the side and rear. Provide pedestrian- scaled elements and active uses including retai�, restaurants, and entries a�ong the street. Outdoor p�aza and activity areas can be located along the street with sidewalk and street trees to buffer them from through traffic. CHAPTER 3:LAND USE AND COMMUNITY DESIGN ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) ,'k� � ' ���. .�,;.� �. �� �. �i� �_ t• . � .'•� i / � • � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � • � HOMESTEAD SPECIAL AREA The Homestead Special Area will continue to be a predominantly mixed-use retail commercial area with residential uses and neighborhood centers providing services to local residents. Bike and pedestrian improvements to the roadways in this area wil� provide better connections for residents and workers to access services.Tree-lined streets and sidewalks will provide an inviting environment and wi�l link existing and new uses. POLICY LU-23.1: CONCEPTUAL PLAN POLICY LU-23.2: LAND USE Create a conceptual plan for the Primarily retail, commercial and Homestead Road Special Area residential uses, with some limited with a cohesive set of �and use quasi-public use. Redevelopment of and streetscape regu�ations and neighborhood centers should be based guidelines. on the "neighborhood center" concept discussed ear�ier in this element. See Figure LU-2 for residential densities and criteria. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) POLICY LU-23.3: CONNECTIVITY POLICY LU-23.5: GATEWAY CONCEPT Homestead Road is envisioned to Bui�ding and �andscape design shou�d become a boulevard with bike and be of high quality and reflect the fact pedestrian improvements and new that this area is a gateway into the bicycle and pedestrian crossings at northern part of Cupertino. De Anza Boulevard, Blaney Avenue, pOLICY LU-23.6: NEIGHBORHOOD Wolfe Road, and Tantau Avenue. BUFFER This will provide better access for Provide building transitions, setbacks people moving east/west through the and/or landscaping to buffer city north of Interstate 280, linking development from adjoining single- neighborhoods in the western part of family residential uses. the city with Homestead High School, Homestead Square Shopping Center and Apple Campus 2 to the east. POLICY LU-23.4: BUILDING DESIGN Buildings will be located closer to the street with parking mostly to the side and rear. In the case of larger sites, large buildings may be placed behind parking; however a substantial portion of the front of the site should be lined with active uses such as retail/restaurant pads, and plazas. Bui�dings should include pedestrian- oriented elements with entries, retail, �obbies, and active uses along the street. Parking areas along the street will be screened with street trees. Residentia� buildings wi�l provide stoops and porches along the street and side streets.Taller buildings should provide appropriate transitions to fit into the surrounding area. . � .,..� ' CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) •k r 'J�� . -''4, � s � � . 1 � . . . ' • • ' . ' . � • . . • ' ' . . • • ' ' • • ' ' . . • ' . • • ' . • ' ' • ' . • ' • • • • • • ' . • BUBB ROAD SPECIAL AREA The Bubb Road Special Area is envisioned to become a tree-lined avenue that is bike and pedestrian friendly with an improved public and internal street grid, since it is a well-traveled route by school children from the northern and eastern sections of the city to the tri-school area to the south, and increased foot traffic from workers in the area. POLICY LU-24.1: LAND USE pedestrian crossings. Pedestrian and Allowed uses in the Bubb Road Special bike improvements and enhanced Area will consist of those described pedestrian crossings are also in the ML-RC ordinance with �imited envisioned along other streets in commercial and residential uses. this area to create an interconnected POLICY LU-24.2:STREETSCAPE AND grid. Such improvements wil� also CONNECTIVITY improve routes from the northern and Bubb Road is envisioned as a eastern neighborhood to the tri-school walkable, bikeable corridor with area, parks and services and reduce sidewalks, street trees and roadway impacts caused by to school and improvements for bike �anes and employment traffic. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) POLICY LU-24.3: BUILDING AND SITE DESIGN Locate buildings along the street with parking areas to the rear. Break up massing of large office buildings along the street with pedestrian- scaled elements and locate building entries and active uses along the street frontage to improve the pedestrian character of the area. POLICY LU-24.4: COMPATIBILITY OF USE The compatibility of non-industria� uses with industrial uses must be considered when reviewing new development. POLICY LU-24.5: NEIGHBORHOOD BUFFERS New industrial uses should provide building transitions, setbacks and landscaping to provide a buffer for adjoining low-intensity residential uses. r ���_� } �- _ nf �= �=� - � "5-��ti_ � 4 I ___ 1 CHAPTER 3:LAND USEAND COMMUNITYDESIGN ELEMENT I gEllEl"a�p�all (COIY1f71UIlIty VI51011 2O�5-2040) I �._ z _ ��. � _ --�---� � ��' '�i.�,:. i � -�' . �''� � ��--�`�- � � �' _ j � �- :�� _�� . #_ -- _ ���__ .� 3,� � � ��� / � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � / � • � � , � � , � � , � . � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � MONTA VISTA VILLAGE The Monta Vista Village Special Area is envisioned to be retained as a small town, pedestrian-oriented mixed-use area within Cupertino.As incrementa� change occurs, the City will identify opportunities to enhance the areas uses that are consistent with the sma�l town character. POLICY LU-25.1:CONCEPTUAL PLAN provide small-sca�e light industrial Continue to govern Monta Vista's and service industrial opportunities, commercial area through the Monta while remaining compatible with Vista Design Guide�ines.The guidelines the surrounding residentia� and provide direction for architecture, commercial uses. See Figure LU-2 for landscaping and public improvements. residentia� densities and criteria. Create a Monta Vista Village pOLICY LU-25.3: BUILDING AND SITE Conceptual Plan to with a cohesive set DESIGN of updated regulations and guidelines Encourage buildings to be designed in for this area. a way that promotes the small-scale, POLICY LU-25.2: LAND USE older and mixed-use character of Encourage the commercial district to the area. Buildings should be located serve as a neighborhood commercial along the street with pedestrian-scale center for Monta Vista Village and its architecture and retail and active uses adjoining neighborhoods. Mixed-use on the ground floor. Parking should be with residential is encouraged.The located to the rear. industrial area shou�d be retained to CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) STRATEGIES: a network of streets. On-street LU-25.3.1:Storefront appearance. parking is encouraged. Roadway Commercial and office buildings shall and sidewalk improvements will include a storefront appearance to also improve school routes from the the public street, and shal� not be northern neighborhoods to the tri- separated from the public sidewalk school area. by extensive landscaping or changes STRATEGIES: in e�evation. Office buildings shal� LU-25.4.1: Interconnected access. be designed to accommodate future Individual properties shall have entrances from the sidewalk for interconnected pedestrian and vehicle future retail uses. access and shared parking. LU-25.3.2: Parking. LU-25.4.2.Residential streets. Commercial properties or commercial Residential street improvements may portions of properties may rely on have a semi-rural appearance based public parking on Pasadena and on the Municipal Code requirements. Imperial Avenues to meet their off- Safe routes to school streets, or any site parking needs within the area others designated by the City Council bounded by Granada Avenue, Stevens shall be required to have sidewa�ks Creek Boulevard, Orange Avenue and and street trees. the Union Pacific right-of-way (see diagram to the right). POLICY LU-25.4:STREET DESIGN AND CONNECTIVITY Maintain Monta Vista Village as a walkable, bikeable mixed-use neighborhood with sidewalks, street trees and roadway improvements for bike lanes and sidewalks with routes to the tri-school area. Automobile, pedestrian and bicyc�e improvements are envisioned along other streets in this area to create an interconnected grid and with new development to remove street blockages and promote �� � . s'� . , �� CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I gEllEl"a�p�all (COf711T1UIlIfyVI5101120�5-2040) +s=-� � — - �.. � �"�Y r.FJ..�'�......_..._._. . . .. .�--�-� / • � � • I � � � , � • / • • / . • � / • / / � / � , � � / • � • , • • • • � � I • - • - � . - - • � • • , � , � OTHER NON-RESIDENTIAL/MIXED-USE SPECIAL AREAS In addition to the major mixed-use corridors described above, other Non- Residential/Mixed-Use Areas are located throughout the city.These include the fo�lowing: west side of Stevens Canyon Road across from McCle�lan Road; intersection of Foothill Boulevard and Stevens Creek Boulevard; Homestead Road near Foothill Bou�evard; northwest corner of Bo�linger Road and Blaney Avenue; and all other non-residential properties not referenced in an identified Special Area. POLICY LU-26.1: LAND USE POLICY LU-26.2: BUILDING AND SITE Retrofit or redevelop neighborhood DESIGN centers using the "neighborhood Encourage buildings to be designed commercial centers" concept in a pedestrian-oriented format. discussed earlier in this Element. Buildings should be located a�ong Areas that are not designated the street with pedestrian-scale as "neighborhood centers" are architecture and retail and active encouraged to provide commercial uses on the ground floor. Parking uses with active uses such as entries, should be located to the sides or rear. lobbies, seating areas or retai� a�ong Buildings may be one to two stories the street. See Figure LU-2 for in height. In some instances where residential densities and criteria. taller heights are allowed, buildings may be three stories in height. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) POLICY LU-26.3:STREET DESIGN AND CONNECTIVITY Create neighborhood centers that are walkable, bikeable areas with sidewalks, street trees and roadway improvements for bike lanes and sidewalks to provide connections to the neighborhoods that they serve. POLICY LU-26.4: NEIGHBORHOOD BUFFERS Encourage projects to include building transitions, setbacks and landscaping to provide a buffer for adjoining low- intensity residential uses. �;.,j �_ CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g2flel"a�p�all (C01T111lUlllty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) � 1.. / I �. � !� '� -" � ���� �. � - , � *� �e �I'���- °—� � I� �' -}tl���R��r� � —`�' '=�" �` � ����z � �'�� '! �I+lil.. il'�'�! r '��� .j ' � i11111 ` I!_ QI �'r ' ^ a� ds�il �F ��'� "���"' � ,�� � ,.,� �{ ��,�' ;� ', _ �: � � o_ �t h� Y" 4k ....8_.,.�� . . . .. _.. . _ / • � � � � � � � � � � � � I � � � � � , � , � � ' � � , � � � • • � � � � � � � � � NEIGHBORHOODS The City has many neighborhoods, each with its own distinctive character and setting.These neighborhoods play a vital ro�e in supporting Cupertino's great quality of life. Neighborhood goals and policies help preserve and enhance the quality of life by protecting neighborhood character and improving wa�king and biking connections to parks, schools and services. Neighborhoods typically offer a variety of housing choices to meet a spectrum of community needs.The following general goal, policies and strategies apply to all neighborhoods in the city. POLICY LU-27.1:COMPATIBILITY LU-27.1.2: Neighborhood Guidelines. Ensure that new development Identify neighborhoods that have a within and adjacent to residentia� unique architectural style, historical neighborhoods is compatible with background or location and develop neighborhood character. plans that preserve and enhance STRATEGIES: their character. Support and LU-27.1.1: Regulations. budget for special zoning or design Maintain and update design guidelines (e.g., the Fairgrove Eichler regulations and guidelines for single- neighborhood) and single-story fami�y development that address overlay zones in neighborhoods, where neighborhood compatibility and visual there is strong neighborhood support. and privacy impacts. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�afl (COIT11T1UIllty VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) LU-27.1.3: Flexibility. calming measures rather than When neighborhoods are in transition, blocking the street to reduce traffic add flexibi�ity for requirements for impacts on neighborhoods. new development that acknowledge pOLICY LU-27.5:STREETS the transition while continuing to Determine appropriate street widths, respect the existing neighborhood. bike lane, sidewalk and streetlight LU-27.1.4: Late Night Uses. design to define the unique character Discourage late-evening of neighborhoods, where appropriate. entertainment activities such as night- pOLICY LU-27.6: MULTI-FAMILY clubs in commercial areas where RESIDENTIAL DESIGN parcels are especially narrow, abut Maintain an attractive, livable single-family residentia� development, environment for multi-family and cannot adequately provide visual dwellings. and noise buffers. STRATEGIES: POLICY LU-27.2: RELATIONSHIP TO THE LU-27.6.1: Provision of Outdoor Areas. STREET Provide outdoor areas, both passive Ensure that new development in and and active, and generous landscaping adjacent to neighborhoods improve to enhance the surroundings for the walkabi�ity of neighborhoods by multi-family residents. Allow public providing inviting entries, stoops and access to the common outdoor areas porches along the street frontage, Whenever possible compatible building design and reducing visua� impacts of garages. LU-27.6.2:Ordinance Updates. Update the Planned Development POLICIES LU-27.3: ENTRIES (residential) and R-3 ordinances Define neighborhood entries to achieve the policies and through architecture, or landscaping strategies applicable to mu�ti-family appropriate to the character of the development in neighborhoods. neighborhood. Gates are discouraged because they isolate developments POLICY LU-27.7: COMPATIBILITY from the community. OF LOTS Ensure that zoning, subdivision and POLICY LU-27.4: CONNECTIONS lot-�ine adjustment requests related Support pedestrian and bicycling to lot size or lot design consider the improvements that improve access need to preserve neighborhood lot with neighborhoods to parks, patterns. schools and local retail, and between neighborhoods. Support traffic CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) STRATEGIES: POLICY LU-27.9:AMENITIES AND LU-27.7.1: Lot Size. SERVICES Ensure that subdivision and lot- Improve equitable distribution of line adjustment requests respect community amenities such as parks the neighborhood lot size patterns. and access to shopping within Consider revisions to lot size walking and bicycling distance of requirements if the neighborhood lot neighborhoods. pattern is different from the zoning requirements. LU-27.7.2: Flag Lots. Allow flag lots only in cases where they are the sole alternative to integrate subdivisions with the surrounding neighborhood. POLICY LU-27.8: PROTECTION Protect residential neighborhoods from noise, traffic, light, glare, odors and visually intrusive effects from more intense development with �andscape buffers, site and building design, setbacks and other appropriate measures. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I C�2nEl'a�p�all (COfT1fT1Ulllty VISIOlI ZO�S- 2040) F �h _ _ �-_,_�. lir� ' ��-r-' \ �� �- . ' ' - ,..� m=�_ - . �"`" — __' � 1 � • � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � INSPIRATION HEIGHTS NEIGHBORHOOD The Inspiration Heights neighborhood wi�� continue to be a low-intensity and hillside residential area. Future development should consider preservation of hil�sides, riparian corridors, and plant and animal wildlife habitat through sensitive site and building design.This area has developments that were annexed from the county. Legal, non-conforming uses and buildings in such areas are granted additional flexibility. POLICY LU-28.1:CONNECTIVITY POLICY LU-28.2: MERRIMAN-SANTA Improve bicycle and pedestrian LUCIA NEIGHBORHOOD environment along Foothill Boulevard Allow legal, non-conforming duplexes and Stevens Canyon Road to improve to remain in the area bounded by neighborhood connectivity to Santa Lucia Road, Alcalde Road and services as well for hikers and bikers Foothill Boulevard. accessing natural open space areas in the vicinity. CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT � C�ellEl"a� p�afl (COIT11T1UIlItyVI510112O�5-ZO4O) �� �� n • f.� ._ _ ... . �' �- --`-..._. ��t''r� � - � � ""��a...�-'� W:.so-= Ir,-.,.._��` . I Y I Y I���.0 _ �p�-'�-�'" _ � ] 1� ,;���'!�._,�—� f ,. " � �� :��,:_ It-w ;;�.f .� , .�,��„�, ra¢,',w �..�� �5�� u'��an. , � • � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � / � / � / � � � � / � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � OAK VALLEY NEIGHBORHOOD POLICY LU-29.1: DEVELOPMENT POLICY LU-29.2: DESIGN ELEMENTS INTENSITY Require bui�dings to reflect the Require development intensity for the natural hillside setting as required single-family Oak Valley neighborhood in residential hillside zones with to be consistent with the development traditional architectural styles and agreement that includes the use natural materials and colors. Larger permit and other approvals.The building elements should be scaled to development agreement describes respect the existing deve�opment in development areas, intensity and the surrounding area. styles of development, public park dedication, tree protection, access and historic preservation.The theme of the approvals is to balance development with environmental protection by clustering development, setting it back from sensitive environmental areas and preserving large areas as permanent open space. �'� /� �� � � _ � �,� ;i CHAPTER3:LANDUSEANDCOMMUNITYDESIGNELEMENT I C�21lE1"a� p�afl (COIT11T1UIlIty VI51011 20�5- ZO� � � � "r�-_ �l��A� ti' � `y�r � �1„, I r �-�r .,���,... ,. iss0�� i � � � � � � � ._3�.� �--� � i� \ ,..^ l�=_�'��. . a' ,ayy;a.:., S� / � I � � � � � � � � � • � � � • � � . � � � . . � FAIRGROVE NEIGHBORHOOD POLICY LU-30.1: DEVELOPMENT POLICY LU-30.2: DESIGN GUIDELINES STANDARDS Encourage residents to incorporate Require all new construction to the design guidelines illustrated in the conform to the R1-e zoning (Single- Eich�er Design Guidelines. 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' �r . � 'y;,v �� - T�..�'���_- � _'_ _ � aaall '� +�i.. � � _`�. — - �T�'� ���_-_ �# x. . . �_ �f � l �� � — ��� �� ` � r��. � _ �:� �r _ - _ � — _��ti �. €�,.�` .�.::�- i if� �— �► �` �:��.. xa�►'_ -- --- ._�s�fs -.___ � " ,.. � ��" . ^ � ~ --+rir ��_� �si.�+//" - � .Y � � ` .� • • �� .� r-�,�� �. � f�'�� '';:�d _;' �� ---- --- -- #`� �,,�� , -- - - � , � � � � � �r� ��t; � , .� � �. � �+�N � . , • + �� ^'� ������ � � � � -_ - �.'� �: � —- ":� ��''" T I / �� �� ,r _ �.' ,�..�- ;� . i � ���Y h. .. ���r,n- '-�-�"'4'�� - �-�� - t �,,� '. ,f . .,. -- ' �- . ■ � — � �. •o- 4: � ������j�� � � I � .�. I��I �—�L .;� ���� ,� � -i� ,_ 7/ r `� _. `.�u � �' - - ,� �� _ � � J 7� .� � � � ��� � � � x I �� o ej� ��� � L� t� � ..,�.. � { . r � � ;"� ,�, - � a� �. ' � - � - —- �S` � � � � �"'l I � ., ��,�,.,,.;:��� ;� �-�r r� P ; � —� � . o , �. , � =� � . � - _ . � y + �.� � b . , ��,/ � - ! }h� a �� � i � � ,�� ...�„�.� -:r �r�;� hi .. . .. -� ...�„�,� � �"����"�'�} % -� _. �' '�t`, ._. . ..� .� � -"- �» � _ . , � ,,,._._ �� _ � � ��.� �� ` � . — - � s M � �t�,�� �y � y�� ��'2r � r` ,,,,�.�y�7 �t F�'�¢�`���/1�'� t� ���� � 3j �����'��' �� �..�y �t� .,httF1��. � �,, 3 1 � �r � ��. ���� �S-�i'a�i,'�� 'y..ti�- .r ( •� ��¢ �j� \��' . I �K ��� ����� `�� � � :"���'tnwi,`�7r��.��'' w ���� .�tiiic�.�,�!'~.l�+� r�� � . ■ I i I � i i I Introduction Cupertino is a community with a high quality of life,a renowned school system,and a robust high-technology economy.The long term vitality of Cupertino and the local economy depend upon the availability of all types of housing to meet the community's diverse housing needs.As Cupertino looks towards the future, increasing the range and diversity of housing options will be integral to the City's success. Consistent with the goal of being a balanced community,this Housing Element continues the City's commitment ;�z __ � � - . -_ _� � .� � 4 - _ - + H-2 Introduction H-14 Regional Housing Needs and - Role and Content of Housing Allocation Element H-15 Housing Resources 4 Housing Needs Assessment H-18 Housing Plan � Demographic Trends in H-19 Quantified Objectives -- — - Cupertino ,i► �,���,� Housing Stock Characteristics � _,� Income and Market Conditions � Related to Housing Costs __-__ Special Housing Needs � � � - � s + I � �� � : , �� � \r CHAPTER4:HOUSING ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) ROLE AND CONTENT OF HOUSING ELEMENT The Housing Element is a comprehensive eight-year plan to address housing needs in Cupertino.This updated Housing Element focuses on housing needs from January 31, 2015 through January 31, 2023, in accordance with the housing element planning period established by State law for San Francisco Bay Area jurisdictions. This Housing Element is the City's primary policy document regarding the deve�opment, rehabilitation, and preservation of housing for a�l economic segments of the population. Per State Housing Element law, the document must be periodically updated to: • Outline the community's housing production objectives consistent with State and regiona� growth projections • Describe goals, policies and implementation strategies to achieve loca� housing objectives • Examine the local need for housing with a focus on special needs populations • Identify adequate sites for the production of housing serving various income levels • Analyze potential constraints to new housing production • Evaluate the Housing Element for consistency with other General Plan e�ements This element outlines the community's projected housing needs and defines the actions the City will take to address them. General Plan Appendix B provides detailed background information to meet all requirements of State Housing Element �aw. CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I g2flEl"al p�all (C011lfTlulllty VISIOII 2015 -2040) HOUSING NEEDS ASSESSMENT This section describes the demographic, housing, and economic conditions in Cupertino; assesses the demand for housing for households at all income levels; and documents the demand for housing to serve special needs populations.The Housing Needs Assessment establishes the framework for defining the City's housing goa�s and formu�ating po�icies and strategies that address local housing needs. A community's population characteristics can affect the amount and type of housing needed. Factors such as population growth, household type, and whether or not households are more likely to rent or buy their homes influence the type of housing needed. DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS IN CUPERTINO AND THE REGION POPULATION The City's population increased by 15 percent between 2000 and 2010, exceed- ing the growth rate of Santa Clara County (six percent), the San Francisco Bay area (five percent), and the State of California (10 percent) (see Table HE-1). During this period, Cupertino grew from 50,546 to 58,302 residents. A portion of this population growth can be attributed to the annexation of 168 acres of land between 2000 and 2008. Annexation of Garden Gate, Monta Vista, and scattered County "islands" added 1,600 new residents. After removing the population in- creases from these annexations, Cupertino experienced a 12-percent increase in its population during the previous decade. CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) HOUSEHOLDS A household is defined as a person or group of persons living in a housing ���='�� - unit, as opposed to persons living in group quarters, such as dormitories, � � convalescent homes, or prisons. In 2010, Cupertino was home to 20,181 � ::'� ��� ��,� households (see Table HE-1).The City added approximately 2,000 new ___— '� _ �'''�`� ° � , households between 2000 and 2010, an increase of 1 1 percent. Approximately � . �, ,, _�, i _ — 600 of these househo�ds, however, resulted from annexations. After adjusting for �' ,-� '"�"I household increases due to annexation, the number of households grew by only "A`= �,�';;j"'" --- eight percent between 2000 and 2010. During the same time period, the number � � �'�""�'�- -- y of househo�ds increased by 6.8 percent in Santa C�ara County. HOUSEHOLD TYPE � ° Households are divided into two different types, depending on their composition. � �: �' Family households are those consisting of two or more related persons living =�i~ together. Non-family households include persons who live alone or in groups �"' �f unrelated individuals. Cupertino has a large proportion of family households. `�= � � �- '��; In 2011, family households comprised 77 percent of all households in the City, , __\ ,. i� _ � �-,- �' � compared with 71 percent of Santa Clara County households (see Table HE-1). ,_��:,:,.� . ��' - HOUSEHOLD TENURE ��' �; ` .a��u�� - ���*-� -�,� � Households in Cupertino are more likely to own than rent their homes. - Approximately 63 percent of Cupertino households owned their homes in 2010. �-.- , �-� By comparison, 58 percent of Santa Clara County households owned homes � � � �� �� �� � �-�-�..... (see Table HE-1). CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT � �2tlEl al plall (COtllfTlufllty VISIOfI ZU1'�-2U4U) LONG-TERM PROJECTIONS Table HE-2 shows population, household, and job growth projections for - _ �� Cupertino, Santa Clara County, and the nine-county Bay Area region between � � � � � � 2010 and 2040 and represents the analysis conducted by the Association of Bay � � � � � Area Governments (ABAG) using 2010 Census data and a variety of �ocal sources. - ��� Between 2010 and 2040, Cupertino's population is expected to grow by 12,898 �� „ residents—from 58,302 to 71,200.This translates into an increase of 22 percent �� � � over 30 years. ABAG projects both Santa Clara County and the ABAG region will � � � 1 ��,—�� � � experience much larger growth over the same time period (36 percent and 31 �� percent, respectively). Cupertino's job growth is expected to continue to outpace � , ' population and household growth between 2010 and 2020, compounding the �� 1 ` � ,, �v� + , � ��7 t � + � � ' . A�`,!�'�. "jobs rich" nature of the City and the region. By 2020, Cupertino is anticipated �� �,�� I ?:,� t~ ��,� � I ' '.' to have a jobs-to-housing ratio of 1.40 (up from 1.29 in 2010, but mirroring the ,�� �_ � �`\ y _ �� regional average of 1.40). Job growth in Cupertino is projected to level off after a �Y�, �,�� ',_��; , � 2020 to a com arable ace with o ulation and household rowth. Similar �M�`�� � ���h`�;.�;� ;'���� `�,"i� P P P P 9 n,,�'« :u ., x » � � -� � �, � �,,:s � '��'�', ` �� trends are also projected for the County and the ABAG region as a whole. ,�.� `• � Y�s��; � �����-�� � +, ai � E � �'� �t,� HOUSING STOCK CHARACTERISTICS , � �'� � � � � . }�� ��, �'�,: .��.�:� � , ��.�� ,.:�: -:. , �_._,r. .r,.,_.,-. '.k��t���'_.:T'{_�_:::l�'•`•t" �.;5�a'�j--3��. A communit 's housin stock is defined as the collection of all t es of housin ����:1:+��": -'.���`���N:►.��.'��.'�����'•�'��.+� Y 9 YP 9 ���.;,�... �- �-. .c�r,�,. x�'i�� - yh�� .f-{f�'y', r1.t. ��, , F.. ,�."u located within the �urisdiction.The characteristics of the housin stock— '"^' '�`=�}�"` r �^f'`-`�`� ��r�"`� �"�� 1 g '�'•` -���T�`-'�-''=����'� �� including condition, type, and affordability—are important in determining the #�''�`:''��`�����""� ��rr�������:? �'._ �" i. �i' �`'4� housing needs for Cupertino. �}�� ��������� ��� ��'�.`�;�i'�'�,� �;� ,'_�. � ��,�� _ � sf;c�- ' "� `+�-�" `�'J4.';{i�C-�,�# �{}y4� ���i:�'��:'•'�'��►�s ti >.A w::. Jlr{}�-�.� +1 � DI TRIBUTION OF UNIT BY STRUCTURE TYPE ����� �x. �r��, .. w., .„,,,,�:�.,yr '` ' ����' {°�'� . —�r � _ �v A majority of housing units in Cupertino are single-family detached homes (57 �*��. �, f �'�e�w;.�.:.� ti �,:� � ���: percent in 2013).While still representing the majority house type, this represents - •�-�i�"� ,;:"�-i�� ���� ``� -� � a decrease from 2000, when 61 ercent of all homes were sin le-famil ��"� - # �- p 9 Y ��•- _.� ,F f� .� detached. In comparison, sing�e-family detached homes in both Santa Clara °-'�, r r�� � Count and the Ba Area com rised 54 ercent of all homes in 2013. J � � Y Y P P .��.�. �F. �� ry� Large multi-family buildings (defined as units in structures containing five or y � ¢ - � �� ��� . ��� �more dwellings) represent the second largest housing category in Cupertino (21 � ,:?�:� �� : .� percent), followed by single-family attached dwellings (12 percent). Between �.�- •� � 2000 and 2013, these two housing types experienced an increase of 24 and 26 � . .� �"'�. - percent, respectively. '�+ ry �:� � �• � .... ` � ���l�s ���`�:��' -, �� ���}. CHAPTER4:HOUSINGELEMENT I gellEl"a� p�afl (COIT1171UIllty VISIOII ZO�S-ZO4O) _ . - ' . . . . . . . � I 1 I I I 1 City of Cupertino Population 50,546 58,302 7,756 15.3% Households 18,204 20,181 1,977 10.9% Average Household Size 2�5 2.83 (a) Household Type(a) Families 74.8% 77.4% Non-Families 25.2% 22.6% ITenure I Owner 63.6% 62.6% Renter 36.4% 37.4% Santa Clara County Population 1,682,585 1,781,642 99,057 5.9% � Households 565,863 604,204 38,341 6.8% Average Household Size Z 92 2.89 (a) Household Type(a) � Families 69.9% 70.8% I Non-Families 30.1% 29.2% I Tenure EOwner 59.8% 57.6% I Renter 402% 42.4% Bay Area(b) Population 6,783,760 7,150,739 366,979 5.4% Households 2,466,019 2,608,023 142,004 5.8% Average Household Size 2.69 2.69 (a) Household Type(a) Families 64.7% 64.8% Non-Families 35.3% 35.2% ITenure � Owner 57.7% 56.2% � Renter 42.3% 43.8% � � California � Population 33,871,648 37,253,956 3,382,308 10.0% F Households 11,502.870 12,577.498 1,074,628 9.3% � Average Household Size 2$� 2 9� (a) Household Type(a) Families 68.9% 68.6% . Non-Families 31.1% 31.4% � ' Tenure Owner 56.9% 55.9% Renter 43.1% 44.1% Notes: (aJ Average household size and household type figures f�om American Community Survey(ACS),2007-207 7. (b)Alameda,Contra Costa,Marin,Napa,San Francisco,San Mateo,Santa Clara,Solano,and Sonoma Counties. Source.Association of Bav area�overnments(ABAGI,Housinp Element Data Profiles,December 2073 CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I gellEl"al p�all (COfTlfTlufllty VISIOfI 2015 -2040) INCOME AND MARKET CONDITIONS RELATED TO HOUSING COSTS The cost of housing is dependent on a variety of factors, including underlying land costs, market characteristics, and financing options. In the Bay Area, the technology boom has increased the demand for new housing at all income levels, resulting in both lower-earning residents and well-paid area professionals competing for housing in an overcrowded and expensive market. High housing costs can price lower-income families out of the market, cause extreme cost burdens, or force households into overcrowded conditions. Cupertino has some of the highest housing costs in the region. • � . � . � . . . � • . - . i i i i � � � � � � � � '� �� �� �� �� �� City of Cupertino Population 58,302 62,100 66,300 71,200 6.5% 6.8% 7.4% Households 20,181 21,460 22,750 24,040 6.3% 6.0% 5.7% Jobs 26,090 29,960 31,220 33,110 14.8% 4.2% 6.1% Santa Clara County Population 1,781,642 1,977,900 2,188,500 2,423,500 11.0% 10.6% 10.7% Households 604,204 675,670 747,070 818,400 11.8% 10.6% 9.5% Jobs 926,270 1,091,270 1,147,020 1,229,520 17.8% 5.1% 7.2% Bay Area(a) Population 6,432,288 7,011,700 7,660,700 8,394,700 9.0% 9.3% 9.6% Households 2,350,186 2,560,480 2,776,640 2,992,990 8.9% 8.4% 7.8% Jobs 3,040,110 3,579,600 3,775,080 4,060,160 17.7% 5.5% 7.6% aJ Alameda,Cont�a Costa,Ma�in,Napa,San Francisco,San Mateo,Santa C(ara,So[ano,and Sonoma Counties. Source.• Association of BayArea �overnments(ABA61,Housing Element Data Profiles,December 2013. CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) RENTAL MARKET CHARACTERISTICS AND TRENDS A review of rental market conditions in Cupertino was conducted for this Housing Element by reviewing advertised apartment listings. The survey found that market-rate rents averaged: • $1,608 per month for studio units �� —�� • $2,237 per month for one-bedroom units �� " ' { - • $2,886 per month for two-bedroom units �„ -., . � �-x i�.F i t- t • ��` '" :."� • $3,652 per month for three-bedroom units T- - � "=� �" -' � �' Rental prices in Cupertino ranged from $1,400 for a studio unit to $5,895 for , ,,• x; , , _.- a five-bedroom unit. As can be expected, smaller units are generally more affordable than larger units.The overa�l median rental price for all unit sizes surveyed was $2,830, and the average price was $2,919. HOME SALE TRENDS While other areas of the State and nation experienced downturns in the housing market during the national recession that began in 2008, Cupertino home values have continued to grow. During the depth of the housing market crash (between 2008 and 2010), the median home price in Cupertino held steady at around $1,000,000. Since 2011, home prices in Cupertino have increased substantially. The 2013 median home sales price of $1,200,000 in Cupertino was nearly double that of the County median price ($645,000), and prices continued to rise in 2014. CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I g21lEl"al p�afl (C011lfllulllty VISIOII 2015 -2040) HOUSING AFFORDABILITY � According to the federal government, housing is considered "affordable" if it � � � costs no more than 30 percent of a household's gross income. Often, affordable ' • housing is discussed in the context of affordability to households with different income levels. Households are categorized as very low income, �ow income, moderate income, or above moderate income based on percentages of the area ""*� � median income established annually by the California Department of Housing '� � � and Community Development (HCD). In 2014, the area median income for Santa � Clara County was $105,500 for a fami�y of four. ����� ' SPECIAL HOUSING NEEDS ��� �. ' Certain groups have more difficulty finding decent, affordable housing due to �� their special circumstances. Special circumstances may be related to one's �� income-earning potential, family characteristics, the presence of physical or � mental disabi�ities, or age-related health issues. As a result, certain groups typically earn lower incomes and have higher rates of overpayment for housing, or they may live in overcrowded residences. Housing Element law specifically requires an analysis of the special housing needs of the elderly, the disabled, � � �'�•,e� ti=�•��' �,� � . female-headed households, �arge families, farmworkers, and homeless persons �' ��• , y�.'�� an d fami lies.Ta b le H E-3 summarizes demo ra hics for t hese s ecia l nee ds `�`�`�""� �+ tF• � 9 P P � � �.� +f ,;�:- groups in Cupertino. — ��� 1, � � •,, ��� SENIORS � � - ��-�� � - -�. ��' ' ' � -� ��_��� Many senior residents face a unique set of housing needs, largely due to physical � + a� � ,�� ~�r_, ^�.�- � limitations, fixed incomes, and health care costs. Affordable housing cost, unit . �� - --� sizes and accessibility to transit, family, health care, and other services are � critical housing concerns for seniors. � ' " �� � � V� �{ � � In 2010, 20 percent of Cupertino householders were 65 years old or older, � � � �• # slightly higher than the proportion of senior households in Santa Clara County i,�� �. �� � . x � r� , (18.5 percent). A �arge majority of these senior households owned their homes, � ��M1 ' { � 86 percent of elderly households were homeowners, compared to only 58 � ���«...4�:s�i � ,�'�"!!�v"'.'ti�+l , percent of householders under 64 years old. -� . ,_ . -_ .�.•-��'. .• �-��-` . . �� . � - . .. Cupertino's elderly renter households are more likely to be lower income than elderly owner households. Approximately 62 percent of elderly renter households earned less than 80 percent of the area median income compared to 42 percent of senior homeowners. Elderly households also tend to pay a larger portion of their income on housing costs than do other househo�ds. CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) . � � - - � � � � - � Senior-Headed Households 3,983 785(19.7%) 3,198(80.3%) 19.7% Households with a Senior Member 5,069 n/a n/a 25.1% Seniors Living Alone 1,612 516(32.0%) 1,096(68.0%) 8.0% Large Households 1,883 619(32.9%) 1,264(67.1%) 9.3% Single-Parent Households 883 n/a n/a 4.4% Female Single-Parent Households 667 n/a n/a 6.9% PersonswithDisabilities�a� 3,445 n/a n/a 5.9% Agricultural Workers�b� 36 n/a n/a <1% Persons living in Poverty�b� 2,330 n/a n/a 4.0% Homeless��� 112 n/a n/a <1% CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I g2flEl"al p�all (C011lfTlulllty VISIOII 2015 -2040) LARGEHOUSEHOLDS Large households are defined as those with five or more members. Large � , households are identified as a special needs group because of �imited � _`�� � � opportunities for adequately sized and affordable housing. Cupertino has a F .�°�`"�`��� smaller proportion of large households than Santa Clara County as a who�e (9.3 .�� �� � ,� �� . � �� percent in Cupertino compared to 15 percent in Santa Clara County). In the City, 7'�`�y � � �:���� large households are more likely to be homeowners (67 percent) than renters � � _ � .- - � �,4_` -�,� (33 percent). Approximately 64 percent of the housing units in Cupertino have �' �� � � � three or more bedrooms and can accommodate large households. �� - �' ' - \ SINGLE-PARENT HOUSEHOLDS Single-parent households often require special consideration and assistance because of their greater need for affordab�e housing and accessible day care, � } ��"� health care, and other supportive services. Female-headed single-parent � �.� households with children, in particular, tend to have a higher need for affordable housing than other family househo�ds in generaL In addition, these households � �4 are more likely to need childcare since the mother is often the so�e source of income in addition to being the sole caregiver for the children in the household. In 2010, 667 female-headed sing�e-parent households with children under 18 years of age lived in Cupertino, representing 3.3 percent of all households in the City. A significant proportion of these households were living in poverty (21 percent). PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES A disability is a physical or mental impairment that limits one or more major life activities. Persons with disabilities genera�ly have lower incomes and often face barriers to finding employment or adequate housing due to physical or structural obstac�es.This segment of the population often needs affordable housing that is located near public transportation, services, and shopping. Persons with disabilities may require units equipped with wheelchair accessibility or other special features that accommodate physical or sensory �imitations. Depending on the severity of the disability, people may �ive independently with some assistance in their own homes, or may require assisted living and supportive services in special care facilities. Approximately six percent of Cupertino residents and eight percent of Santa Clara County residents had one or more disabilities in 2010. CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) � l� _� �I _�r� RESIDENTS LIVING BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL . 'r ��� �� Families with incomes below the poverty level, specifical�y those with extremely _ _ ' ;�,�� ,r .�^ low and very �ow incomes, are at the greatest risk of becoming homeless and k�; , `���i, � -� �� often require assistance in meeting their rent and mortgage obligations in order " � ��:' �4� � to prevent home�essness. Census data suggest that four percent of all Cupertino .� ' - "� " residents were living below the poverty level in 2010. Specifica��y, about three �� ' ��w' � � � � percent of family households and two percent of families with children were ��` � M1 — .. living below the poverty level.These households may require specific housing � so�utions such as deeper income targeting for subsidies, housing with supportive . • services, single-room occupancy units, or rent subsidies and vouchers. � HOMELESS � �; Demand for emergency and transitional shelter in Cupertino is difficult to . determine given the episodic nature of home�essness. Generally, episodes of homelessness among families or individuals can occur as a single event or periodically.The county-wide 2013 Santa Clara County Homeless Census & Survey reported a point-in-time count of 7,631 homeless people on the streets and in emergency shelters, transitional housing, and domestic violence shelters throughout the County.This estimate includes 1 12 homeless individuals in Cupertino.The count, however, should be considered conservative because many unsheltered homeless individuals may not be visible at street locations, even with the most thorough methodology. CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I g21lEl al p�all (C0111f1lufllty VISIOfI 2015 -2040) REGIONAL HOUSING NEEDS ALLOCATION �;���:�.$���4`r��:��'�.�` r�;�, � � � � . Pursuant to California Government Code Section 65584,the State, regional .` �'� �'.���+�_,�.;�� .���;� councils of government (in this case,ABAG), and local governments must � +�������" �'��� �'��� _��� .� � '� �, .�.-� '.;y?�,a�� '. ,' �,�.{�:-.-0 �� � collectively determine each locality's share of regional housing need allocation � ,..�� +�f �� '���*' 'f ��• � ri�#,'7TF.:.`"'.,�W.. .s �i s S F��^ :' , (RHNA). In conjunction with the State mandated housing e�ement update cycle ���� •� .� . . ��_ ..� �ry�.� _.�t.. � -.�,� that requires Bay Area jurisdictions to update their elements by January 31, 2015, . ��_ �� , �� �. .i�- ABAG has determined housing unit production needs for each jurisdiction within . '� �` �T`�^ {� � ��.y�'�' �� �' . ! ' ��r the Bay Area.These allocations set housing production goals for the planning r �''r � ��� period that runs from January 1, 2014 through October 31, 2022 (Table HE-4). �f � `.ti�`�,� � x.'_; . . { y,.�_ 1 . , • ,�Lti ,:'}. . `�; T - , ' �a�' '5��� � � � � � � � _ _ _ 'i�:,�S��1��'-•r.. }+ �S'i _ , r�'.. =.'„�rJ .'�`���a- •..�, Extremely Low/Very Low(0-50%of AMI) 356 33.5% ` `" � Low(51-80%of AMI) 207 19.5% �:��: � Moderate(81-120%of AMI) 231 21.7% f �" �'Y1/ ,� r��� � � Above Moderate(over 120%AMI) 270 25.4% ;i< = - s ��� ' Total Units 1,064 100.0% ���, ,, Source:ABAG Reqiona!Housinq Needs Assessment,2014. �r } A � 's.Y.�.. "��,�'�' i - — PROGRESS TOWARD THE REGIONAL HOUSING NEEDS ALLOCATION ����,_- -�_ -� �� � ���. �ri \ .�� The City of Cupertino may count housing units constructed, approved, or � ' � '° " ---�-� ,,� proposed since January 1, 2014 toward satisfying its RHNA goals for this � � � planning period. Between January 1 and May 31, 2014, building permits for 14 single-family housing units and three second units were approved in Cupertino. In addition, six single-family homes and seven apartments received Planning approvals. Also included in the RHNA credits are 32 second units projected to be developed within the planning period. This projection is based on historica� approvals of second units during the past Housing Element planning period.With these credits, the City has a remaining RHNA of 1,002 units: 356 extreme�y low/ very low-income units, 207 �ow-income units, 196 moderate-income units, and 243 above moderate-income units. CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) HOUSING RESOURCES OVERVIEW OF AVAILABLE SITES FOR HOUSING The purpose of the adequate sites analysis is to demonstrate that a sufficient supply of land exists in the City to accommodate the fair share of the region's � housing needs during the RHNA projections period (January 1, 2014 — October ; 31, 2022).The Government Code requires that the Housing Element inc�ude � an "inventory of land suitable for residential development, including vacant I sites and sites having the potential for redevelopment"((Section 65583[a][3]). It � further requires that the E�ement analyze zoning and infrastructure on these sites to ensure housing development is feasible during the planning period. Figure HE-1 indicates the available residential development opportunity sites to meet and exceed the identified regional housing need pursuant to the RHNA. The opportunity sites can accommodate infi�� deve�opment of up to 1,400 residential units on properties zoned for densities of 20 dwelling units to the acre or more. The potential sites inventory is organized by geographic area and in particular, by mixed use corridors. As shown in Table HE-5, sites identified to meet the near-term development potential lie within the North Vallco Park Special Area, the Heart of the City Special Area, and the Vallco Shopping District Specia�Area. One particular site will involve substantial coordination for redevelopment (Vallco Shopping District, Site A2). Due to the magnitude of the project, the City has established a contingency plan to meet the RHNA if a Specific P�an is not approved within three years of Housing Element adoption. This contingency plan (called Scenario B and discussed further in General Plan Appendix B), would involve the City removing Vallco Shopping District, adding more priority sites to the inventory, and also increasing the density/allowable units on other priority sites. CHAPTER4:HOUSINGELEMENT ����u�N�,.�� � „������„���.y ������� �„�., ��T , Priority Housing Element Sites:Scenario A Applicable if Vallco Specific Plan is adopted by May 31,2018 If Vallco Specific Plan is not adopted by May 31,2018,the designated Priority Housing Element Sites will be as shown in General Plan Appendix B,Section 5.5:Residential Sites Inventory-Scenario B. North Vallco Park: 600 Units Sunnyvale LOS A�I05 HOMESTEA�ROA� � � � � b1:H mpNns � 1 �", � 604un1�s Va��CO 1� /� � � � < �� � Shopping � pZ,�,,,�o District: I / `>� - � "= 389 Units � m " � � - Santa Clara I � LL '� AG:Marina�EVENscREE�cs�vo / � A3:Oaks 200 units I ` � 200units \ AS:Vacant � MCCLELLFN pp >>uni�s I , II' m _ /,i f I � I m BOLLINGER R 1 � ( � � � Heart of the I � San Jose Clty: I 1.� .� 411 Units � � `\ � � � — ` � � I I/ ~ �.F.m. � � PRosPE�rRo ,L� J / �� � � Legend � City Boundary Housing Elements Sites -- Urban Service Area Boundary VTA Priority Sphere of Influence Development Area (PDA) Boundary Agreement Line 5i!e Site Number: Unincorporated Areas �� Realistic Capacity. a,aeansr��aPa��ev��s ee�a�auv 0 0.5 1MIle 85%oima.im�mcaoaatyauow�a Special Areas To i000 s000 3000Feec �� � Heart of the City 0 500 1000 Meters � North Vallco Park Vallco Shopping District CHAPTER4:HOUSINGELEMENT I g2flel"a�p�all (COITIIIIUIIIty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) � � 1 1 . � � � High Density North Vallco ib rt;or bu rt in certam iocauons; Site A1 (The Hamptons) p(Res) Park $5 600 net RS/0/R Vallco height to be determined in Vallco Site A2(Vallco Shopping District) p(Regional Shopping)&P(CG) Shopping 35 Shopping District Specific Plan 389 District 45 ft Site A3(The Oaks Shopping C/R Heart of the 30 200 Center) P(CG,Res) City Site A4(Marina Plaza) C/0/R Heart of the 35 45 ft 200 P(CG,Res) City Site A5(Barry Swenson) C/0/R Heart of the 25 45 ft 1 1 P(CG,Res) City Total 1,400 Notes:Zoning for Site A2(Vallco)will be determined by Specific Plan to allow residential uses.Site A1 (Hamptons)height limit of 60 feet is applicable for buildings located within 50 feet of property lines abutting Wolfe Rd,Pruneridge Ave.&Apple Campus 2 site.Site A2(Vallco)height will be determined by Specific Plan.For more detail on height limits,see Land Use and Community Design Element,Figure LU-2. CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I g2flEl"al p�all (C011lfTlulllty VISIOII 2015 -2040) HOUSING PLAN This section presents the quantified objectives for new housing unit construction, conservation, and rehabilitation during the 2014-2022 projections period, as well as the policies and strategies to meet these objectives and address local housing needs. Policies and strategies are grouped into the following goals: • Goal HE-1: An Adequate Supply of Residential Units for all Economic Segments • Goal HE-2: Housing that is Affordable for a Diversity of Cupertino Households • Goal HE-3: Enhanced Residential Neighborhoods • Goal HE-4: Energy and Water Conservation • Goal HE-5: Services for Extremely Low-Income Households and Special Needs Neighborhoods • Goal HE-6: Equal Access to Housing Opportunities • Goal HE-7: Coordination with Regional Organizations and Local School Districts This section also identifies the responsible party and timeline for each implementation strategy. CHAPTER4:HOUSINGELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) QUANTIFIED OBJECTIVES Table HE-6 outlines the proposed housing production, rehabilitation, and conservation objectives for the eight-year Housing E�ement planning period. . . � - . � . Extremely Low 178 10 8 Very Low 178 10 - Low 207 20 - Moderate 231 - - Above Moderate 270 - - Total 1,064 40 8 Source:CityofCupertino,2094 � � CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I gellEl"al p�all (COfTlfTlufllty VISIOfI 2015 -2040) ~' � '.�� �� �� , � � � ��r - � � �� �. � . . . . - . . - . . . - . - . . . - . . - . - PROVISION OF NEW HOUSING POLICY HE-1.1: PROVISION OF ADEQUATE and Zoning Ordinance to CAPACITY FOR NEW CONSTRUCTION accommodate the RHNA of NEED 1,064 units while maintaining Designate sufficient land at a balanced land use plan appropriate densities to accommodate that offers opportunities Cupertino's Regional Housing Needs for employment growth, Allocation of 1,064 units for the 2014- commercial/retail activities, 2022 planning period. services, and amenities. POLICY HE-1.2: HOUSING DENSITIES . Monitor development standards Provide a full range of densities for to ensure they are adequate and ownership and rental housing. appropriate to facilitate a range POLICY HE-1.3: MIXED-USE of housing in the community. DEVELOPMENT Encourage mixed-use development • Monitor the sites inventory and near transportation facilities and make it available on the City emp�oyment centers. website. STRATEGIES: • Monitor development activity HE-1.3.1: Land Use Policy and Zoning on the Housing Opportunity Provisions. Sites to ensure that the City To accommodate the Regional Housing maintains sufficient �and Needs Allocation (RHNA), the City will to accommodate the RHNA continue to: during the planning period. In the event a housing site listed • Provide adequate capacity in the Housing Element sites through the Land Use Element inventory is redeveloped with CHAPTER4:HOUSINGELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) a non-residential use or at a not adopted within three years of lower density than shown in the Housing E�ement adoption (by May 31, Housing Element sites inventory, 2018), the City will schedule hearings ensure that the City has consistent with Government Code adequate capacity to meet the Section 65863 to consider removing RHNA by making the findings Vallco as a priority housing site required by Government Code under Scenario A, to be replaced by Section 65863 and identifying sites identified in Scenario B (see alternative site(s) within the City detailed discussion and sites listing of if needed. "Scenario B" in Appendix B - Housing Priority Housing Sites: As part of Element Technical Appendix). As part the Housing Element update, the of the adoption of Scenario B, the City City has identified five priority sites intends to add two additional sites to under Scenario A (see Table HE-5) the inventory: Glenbrook Apartments for residential development over the and Homestead Lanes, along with next eight years. The General Plan and increased number of permitted units zoning designations allow the densities on The Hamptons and The Oaks shown in Table HE-5 for all sites sites. Applicable zoning is in place except the Vallco Shopping District for G�enbrook Apartments; however site (Site A2).The redevelopment of the Homestead Lanes site would Vallco Sho in District will involve need to be rezoned at that time to pp g permit residential uses. Any rezoning significant planning and community input. A specific plan will be required required will a�low residential uses by to implement a comprehensive right at a minimum density of 20 units strategy for a retail/office/residentia� Per acre. mixed use development. The project applicant would be required to work CupertinoDepartmentofCommunity c�osely with the community and the Development/Planning Division City to bring forth a specific plan that � meets the community's needs, Wlth Ongoing;AdoptSpecificPlanandrezoningfor the anticipated adoption and rezoning VallcobyMay31,2018;otherwise,conductpublic hearings to consider adoption of"Scenario B"of to occur within three years of the sites strategy. adoption of the 2014-2022 Housing E�ement (by May 31, 2018). The None required specific plan would permit 389 units by right at a minimum density of 20 units ' - �' '' � per aCre. 1064 units(178 extremely low-,178 very low-,207 low-,231 moderate-and 270 above If the specific plan and rezoning are moderate-incomeunits) CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I gellEl"al p�all (COfTlfTlufllty VISIOfI 2015 -2040) HE-1.3.2:Second Dwelling Units. • Encourage intra- and inter- The City will continue to implement agency cooperation in working the Second Dwelling Unit Ordinance with applicants at no cost prior and encourage the production of to application submittal for second units. assistance with preliminary plan review. Cupertino Department of Community Development/Planning Division Cupertino Department of Community Development/Planning Division Ongaing Ongoing None required None required � . �� - Four second units annually for a total of 32 units over eight years N/A HE-1.3.3: Lot Consolidation. HE-1.3.4: Flexible Development To facilitate residential and mixed Standards. use developments, the City will The City recognizes the need to continue to: encourage a range of housing options Encourage lot consolidation in the community.The City will • when contiguous smaller, continue to: underutilized parcels are to be • Offer flexible residential redeveloped. development standards in • Encourage master plans for planned residentia� zoning such sites with coordinated districts, such as smaller access and circulation. lot sizes, lot widths, floor area ratios and setbacks, • Provide technical assistance particularly for higher to property owners of adjacent density and attached housing parcels to facilitate coordinated developments. redevelopment where appropriate. • Consider granting reductions in off-street parking on a case-by- case basis for senior housing. CHAPTER4:HOUSINGELEMENT I g2nEl"a�p�all (COfT11T1UnIty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) Cupertino Department of Community Development/Planning Division � Ongoing None required � -. �. - - N/A HE-1.3.5: Heart of the City Specific Plan. To reduce constraints to housing development, and in order to ensure that the designated sites can obtain the realistic capacity shown in the Housing E�ement, the City will review revisions to the Heart of the City Specific Plan residential density calculation requirement, to eliminate the requirement to net the non- residential portion of the development from the lot area. Cupertino Department of Community Development/Planning Division Ongoing None required N/A � CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I gEllEl"a� p�all (COfllfllUfllfy VISIOn ZO�5 -2040) � _: � � � � r � r I � •--- �� r• "'I y- - III �II IIII � + � ,���-- ' . � '�, •� � ��� �, ��� �' �. . i+ �� I:�I � � ���� �� I:�� ��� I��' ti� ' �r}�� ' � � � � • • . • • . • - • . • - • • - • • - • • HOUSING AFFORDABILITY POLICY HE-2.1: HOUSING MITIGATION POLICY HE-2.3: DEVELOPMENT OF Ensure that all new deve�opments— AFFORDABLE HOUSING AND HOUSING including market-rate residential FOR PERSONS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS developments—help mitigate project- Maintain and/or adopt appropriate related impact on affordable housing land use regulations and other needs. development tools to encourage the POLICY HE-2.2: RANGE OF HOUSING development of affordable housing. TYPES Make every reasonable effort to Encourage the development of disperse units throughout the diverse housing stock that provides community but not at the expense of a range of housing types (including undermining the fundamental goal of smaller, moderate cost housing) providing affordable units. and affordability levels. Emphasize STRATEGIES: the provision of housing for lower- HE-2.3.1: Office and Industrial Housing and moderate-income households Mitigation Program. including wage earners who provide The City will continue to implement essential public services (e.g., school the Office and Industrial Housing district employees, municipal and Mitigation Program. This program public safety employees, etc.). requires that deve�opers of office, commercial, and industrial space pay a mitigation fee, which will then be used to support affordable housing in CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I gEll81"a�p�all (COf71f71Ulllty VISIOII 2015-2�4�) the City of Cupertino.These mitigation cannot be sold individually, must pay fees are collected and deposited in the the Housing Mitigation fee to the BMR City's Below Market-Rate Affordable AHF. The BMR program specifies the Housing Fund (BMR AHF). following: • Priority.To the extent permitted by law, priority for occupancy CupertinoDepartmentofCommunityDevelopment/ is given to Cupertino residents, Planning Division Cupertino full-time employees - - and Cupertino public service Ongoing emp�oyees as defined in Cupertino's Residential Housing Mitigation Manual. BHR AHF • For-Sale Residential ' � -' '' - - Developments. Require 15% for- N�A sale BMR units in all residential developments where the HE-2.3.2: Residential Housing Mitigation units can be sold individually Program. (including single-family homes, The City wil� continue to implement common interest developments, the Residential Housing Mitigation and condominium conversions Program to mitigate the need for or allow renta� BMR units as affordable housing created by new allowed in (d) below). market-rate residential development. This program applies to new • Rental Residential residentia� deve�opment. Mitigation Developments: To the extent includes either the payment of permitted by law, require the "Housing Mitigation" fee or the 15% rental very �ow and low- provision of a Below Market-Rate income BMR units in all rental (BMR) unit or units. Projects of seven residential developments. If or more for-sale units must provide the City is not permitted by law on-site BMR units. Projects of six units to require BMR units in rental or fewer for-sale units can either residential developments, build one BMR unit or pay the Housing require payment of the Housing Mitigation fee. Deve�opers of market- Mitigation Fee. rate rental units, where the units CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I gellEl"al p�all (COfTlfTlufllty VISIOfI 2015 -2040) • Rental Alternative. Allow options) will be identified in the rental BMR units in for-sale Residential Housing Mitigation residential developments, and Manual. a�low deve�opers of market-rate rental developments to provide ' BMR Term. Require BMR units on-site rental BMR units, if to remain affordable for a the developer: 1) enters into minimum of 99 years; and an agreement limiting rents enforce the City's first right of in exchange for a financial refusal for BMR units and other contribution or a type of ineans to ensure that BMR units assistance specified in density remain affordable. bonus law (which includes a variety of regulatory relief); and CupertinoDepartmentofCommunityDevelopment/ 2) provides very low-income and Planning Division and Housing Division low-income BMR rental units. i • Affordable Prices and Rents. on9°'ng Establish guidelines for � affordab�e sales prices and affordable rents for new BHRAHF affordable housing and update � �� - - the guidelines each year as new 20BMRunitsovereightyears income guidelines are received; Development of BMR Units HE-2.3.3: Below Market-Rate(BMR) • Off Site. Allow developers to Affordable Housing Fund (AHF). meet all or a portion of their The City's BMR AHF will continue to BMR or Housing Mitigation support affordable housing projects, fee requirement by making strategies and services, including but land avai�able for the City or a not limited to: nonprofit housing developer to . gMR Program Administration construct affordable housing, or a��ow deve�opers to construct • Substantial rehabilitation the required BMR units off site, in partnership with a • Land acquisition nonprofit.The criteria for land • Acquisition of buildings for donation or off-site BMR units permanent affordability, with or (or combination of the two without rehabilitation CHAPTER4:HOUSINGELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) • New construction • Preserving "at-risk" BMR units CupertinoDepartmentofCommunityDevelopment/ Planning Division and Housing Division • Rental operating subsidies Ongoing/annually publish RFPs to solicit projects; • Down payment assistance updateNexusStudybytheendof2015 • Land write-downs BHR AHF • Direct gap financing � . �. • Fair housing Nia The City will target a portion of the HE-2.3.4: Housing Resources. BMR AHF to benefit extremely �ow- Cupertino residents and developers income households and persons with interested in providing affordable special needs (such as the elderly, housing in the City have access to a victims of domestic violence, and variety of resources administered by the disabled, including persons with other agencies.The City wi�� continue developmental disabilities), to the to provide information on housing extent that these target populations resources and services offered by the are found to be consistent with County and other outside agencies. the needs identified in the nexus These inc�ude, but are not limited to: study the City prepares to identify the connection, or "nexus" between • Mortgage Credit Certificate new developments and the need for (MCC) — Santa Clara County affordable housing. Housing and Community To ensure the mitigation fees continue Development Department. to be adequate to mitigate the impacts First-Time Homebuyer of new development on affordable • Assistance and Developer Loans housing needs, the City wi�� update its for Multi-Family Development Nexus Study for the Housing Mitigation - Housing Trust Silicon Valley Plan by the end of 2015. (HTSV). • Housing Choice Vouchers (Section 8) - Housing Authority of Santa Clara County (HASCC). • Affordable housing development CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I gellEl"al p�all (COfTlfTlufllty VISIOfI 2015 -2040) - Santa Clara County HOME • Evaluate the feasibility of Consortium. developing special housing for The City will also continue to exp�ore teachers or other employee and pursue various affordable housing groups on the surp�us resources available at the local, properties. regional, state, and federal levels that Research other jurisdictions' housing could be used to address housing programs for teachers for their needs in the community. potential applicability in Cupertino. Cupertino Department of Community Development/ Cupertino Department of Community Development/ Planning Division and Housing Division Planning Division Ongoing Ongoing;evaluate housing programs for teachers in 2015 None required BHR AHF �. �. N/A N/A HE-2.3.5:Surplus Properties for Housing. HE-2.3.6: Incentives for Affordable The City will explore opportunities on Housing Development. surplus properties as follows: The City will continue to offer a range of incentives to facilitate the • Work with local public agencies, development of affordable housing. school districts and churches, These include: to identify surplus properties or underutilized properties that • Financial assistance through have the potential for residential the City's Below Market-Rate development. Affordab�e Housing Fund (BMR AHF) and CDBG funds. • Encourage long-term land leases of properties from • Partner with CDBG and/or churches, school districts, and support the funding application corporations for construction of of qualified affordable housing affordable units. developers for regional, state, and federal affordable housing CHAPTER4:HOUSINGELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) funds, inc�uding HOME funds, for housing developments which Low Income Housing Tax Credits include one of the following: (LIHTC), and mortgage revenue bonds. • At least 5 percent of the housing units are restricted to very low • Density bonus incentives (see income residents. Strategy HE-2.3.7). • At �east 10 percent of the • Flexible development standards housing units are restricted to lower income residents. • Technical assistance. • At least 10 percent of the • Waiver of park dedication fees housing units in a for-sa�e and construction tax. common interest development • Parking ordinance waivers. are restricted to moderate income residents. • Expedited permit processing. • The project donates at least The City joined the Santa Clara County one acre of land to the city or HOME Consortium so that HOME county large enough for 40 funds for eligible affordable housing very low income units; the land projects within the City of Cupertino has the appropriate general are availab�e beginning federa� fisca� plan designation, zoning, year 2015. permits, approvals, and access to public facilities needed for CupertinoDepartmentof CommunityDevelopment/ such housing; funding has Planning Division and Housing Division been identified; and other requirements are met. Ongoingincentives(annuallypublishRFPstosolicit A density bonus of up to 20 percent projects);joined HOME Consortium in 2014 must be granted to projects that contain one of the following: BMR AHF;CDBG;HOME;General Fund • The project is a senior citizen ' � ' '' housing development (no "�A affordable units required). HE-2.3.7: Density Bonus Ordinance. • The project is a mobile home The City wi�l encourage use of density park age restricted to senior bonuses and incentives, as applicable, citizens (no affordable units required). CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I gellEl"al p�all (COfTlfTlufllty VISIOfI 2015 -2040) For projects that contain on-site • Provide financing assistance affordable housing, developers may using the Below Market-Rate request one to three regulatory Affordable Housing Fund concessions, which must result (BMR AHF) and Community in identifiable cost reductions and Development Block Grant funds be needed to make the housing (CDBG). affordable. • A<<ow residential developments The City wi�� update the density bonus to exceed planned density ordinance as necessary to respond to maximums if they provide future changes in State law. special needs housing and the increase in density wil� CupertinoDepartmentofCommunityDevelopment/ not overburden neighborhood Planning Division and Housing Division streets or hurt neighborhood - - character. Ongoing • Grant reductions in off-street � parking on a case-by-case basis. None required. � . �. - • Partner with and/or support the funding app�ication of N/A qualified affordable housing developers for regional, state, HE-2.3.8: Extremely Low-Income Housing and federal affordable housing and Housing for Persons with Special funds, including HOME funds, Needs. Low Income Housing Tax Credits The City will continue to encourage (LIHTC), and mortgage revenue the deve�opment of adequate housing bond. to meet the needs of extremely low- income households and persons with special needs (such as the CupertinoDepartmentofCommunityDevelopment/ Planning Division and Housing Division elderly, victims of domestic vio�ence, and the disabled, including persons with developmental disabilities). o�go�ng Specifically, the City will consider the � following incentives: BMR AHF;CDBG;HOME � � �. N/A CHAPTER4:HOUSINGELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) HE-2.3.9: Employee Housing. The City permits employee housing in Cupertino Department of Community Development/ multiple zoning districts. Pursuant to Planning Division and Housing Division the State Employee Housing Act, any emp�oyee housing consisting of no more than 36 beds in a group quarters Ongoing or 12 units or spaces designed for � - use by a sing�e family or househo�d None required shall be deemed an agricultural land use. No conditional use permit, ' � -� '� - zoning variance, or other zoning Nia clearance shall be required of this employee housing that is not required of any other agricultura� activity in the same zone.The permitted occupancy in emp�oyee housing in a zone a��owing agricultural uses shall include agricultural employees who do not work on the property where the employee housing is �ocated. The Employee Housing Act also specifies that housing for six or fewer emp�oyees be treated as a residentia� use.The City amended the Zoning Ordinance to be consistent with the State law in 2014 and wi�� continue to comply with the Employee Housing Act where it would apply. CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015 -2040) L�., 4i � � j:� e�n 1 _ i"i�tnf i ! I - n. � i�f= —� � \, - _..._ i..'�I`J i , � � � � MAINTAINING EXISTING HOUSING STOCK POLICY HE-3.1: HOUSING STRATEGIES: REHABILITATION HE-3.3.1: Residential Rehabilitation. Pursue and/or provide funding for the The City will continue to: acquisition/rehabilitation of housing that is affordable to very low-, low-, • Utilize its Be�ow Market-Rate and moderate-income households. Affordable Housing Fund Actively support and assist non-profit (BMR AHF) and Community and for-profit developers in producing Deve�opment Block Grant affordable units. (CDBG) funds to support residential rehabilitation POLICY HE-3.2: MAINTENANCE AND efforts in the community.These REPAIR include: Assist lower-income homeowners and rental property owners in maintaining • Acquisition/rehabilitation of and repairing their housing units. rental housing. POLICY HE-3.3:CONSERVATION OF • Rehabilitation of owner- HOUSING STOCK occupied housing. The City's existing multi-family units provide opportunities for households • Provide assistance for home of varied income leve�s. Preserve safety repairs and mobility/ existing multi-family housing stock by accessibility improvements preventing the net loss of multi-family to income-qualified owner- housing units in new deve�opment and occupants using CDBG funds. the existing inventory of affordable The focus of this strategy is housing units that are at risk of on the correction of safety converting to market-rate housing. hazards. CHAPTER4:HOUSINGELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) • Partner with and/or support HE-3.3.2: Preservation of At-Risk the funding application of Housing Units. qualified affordable housing One housing project — Beardon Drive developers for regional, state, (eight units) — is considered at risk and federal affordable housing of converting to market-rate housing funds, including HOME funds, during the next ten years.The City will Low Income Housing Tax Credits proactively contact the property owner (LIHTC), and mortgage revenue regarding its intent to remain or opt bonds. out of the affordable program. In the event the project becomes at risk of converting to market-rate housing, the CupertinoDepartmentofCommunityDevelopment/ City will work with the property owner HousingDivision;WestValleyCommunityServices or other interested nonprofit housing providers to preserve the units. The Ongoing/annuallypublishRFPstosolicitprojects City will also conduct outreach to the tenants to provide information on any potentia� conversion and avai�ab�e BMRAHF;CDBG;HOME affordable housing assistance programs. Rehabilitatefiveunitsperyearforatotalof40units The City will continue to monitor its overeightyears entire portfolio of affordable housing for-sale and rental inventory annually. The City will monitor its affordable for-sale inventory by requiring Be�ow Market-Rate (BMR) homeowners to submit proof of occupancy such as utility bills, mortgage loan documentation, homeowner's insurance, and property tax bills.The City will further monitor its affordable for-sale inventory by ordering title company lot books, reviewing property profile reports and updating its public database annually.The City will monitor its affordable rental inventory by verifying proof of occupancy and performing annual rental income certifications for each BMR tenant. The City records a Resale Restriction Agreement against each affordable CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I gellEl"al p�all (COfTlfTlufllty VISIOfI 2015 -2040) BMR for-sale unit and a Regulatory HE-3.3.3: Condominium Conversion. Agreement for BMR rental units to help The existing Condominium Conversion ensure long-term affordability.To help Ordinance regulates the conversion further preserve the City's affordable of rental units in multi-family housing housing stock, the City may consider development in order to preserve the providing assistance to rehabilitate rental housing stock. Condominium and upgrade the affordable units as conversions are not allowed if the we<<. rental vacancy rate in Cupertino and certain adjacent areas is less than five percent at the time of the Cupertino Department of Community Development/ app�ication for conversion and has Housing Division averaged five percent over the past six months.The City will continue Annually monitorstatus of affordable projects; to monitor the effectiveness of this contact property owner of at risk project at least one yearinadvanceofpotentialconversiondate. 01"dIC1dC1C2 Ill pCOVIdICIg Opp01"tUllltle5 for homeownership while preserving a balanced housing stock with BMR AHF;CDBG;HOME rental housing. �. - N/A Cupertino Department of Community Development/ Planning Division Ongoing � None required - �� - - N/A CHAPTER4:HOUSINGELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) HE-3.3.4: Housing Preservation Program. HE-3.3.5 Neighborhood and Community When a proposed deve�opment or Clean-Up Campaigns. redevelopment of a site would cause The City will continue to encourage and a loss of multi-family housing, the City sponsor neighborhood and community will grant approval only if: c�ean-up campaigns for both pub�ic and private properties. • The project will comply with the City's Be�ow Market-Rate Program; Cupertino Department of Community Development • The number of units provided on the site is at least equal to the number of existing units; Ongoing and • Adverse impacts on displaced GeneralFunds tenants, in developments , . ., ,, . with more than four units, are N�A mitigated. In addition, indirect displacement may be caused by factors such as increased market rents as areas become more desirable.The City wi�� participate, as appropriate, in studies of regional housing need and displacement, and consider po�icies or programs to address the indirect displacement of lower income residents as appropriate. Cupertino Department of Community Development/ Planning Division and Housing Division Ongoing None required _ � N/A � � CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) • � ,$� ��z - � . ; ����.� �� ,Y����° �;��� •. �,�■' - - � � '���;� 1 - 5 t.�'1 '4�,�',�:: _ i' . �. _•o ��� w 'I� �-� i 'r, . ..�. .�.��..�.,,�. _ �'��. ���:r { � .� , ..�. .. .� ' ��� ' .�a:r. � � — SUSTAINABLE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT POLICY HE-4.1: ENERGY AND WATER CONSERVATION Cupertino Department of Community Development Encourage energy and water Department/Building Division conservation in all existing and new residential development. Ongoing STRATEGIES: HE-4.1.1: Enforcement of Title 24. _ The City will continue to enforce Nonerequired Title 24 requirements for energy � . �. - conservation and will evaluate N/A utilizing some of the other suggestions as identified in the Environmental Resources/ Sustainability element. CHAPTER4:HOUSINGELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) HE-4.1.2:Sustainable Practices. The City will continue to implement CupertinoDepartmentofCommunityDevelopment/ the Landscape Ordinance for water P�anning Division and Building Division conservation and the Green Building Ordinance (adopted in 2013) that Ongoing;considerfurtherincentivesin2015to applies primarilyto new residential encouragegreenbuildingpracticesinsmaller developments and nonresidential development, additions, renovations, and tenant - improvements of ten or more units. Nonerequired To further the objectives of the � � �' �' � Green Building Ordinance, the City N�A will evaluate the potential to provide incentives, such as waiving or reducing fees, for energy conservation improvements at affordable housing projects (existing or new) with fewer than ten units to exceed the minimum requirements of the Ca�ifornia Green Building Code.This City will also implement the policies in its climate action plan to achieve residentia�-focused greenhouse gas emission reductions and further these community energy and water conservation goals. � , CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) �• � i� � i � � � � � __ �~ - '� r�' � _ _ �_. ` � �:�� �N !�`��� ���� �� �".. � � r M i. �, � - • �� � - 1 � • ' . ' ' • • ' • ' . • • ' . " • • ' • • LOWER INCOME AND SPECIAL NEEDS HOUSING POLICY HE-5.1: LOWER-INCOME AND SPECIAL NEEDS HOUSEHOLDS Cupertino Department of Community Development/ Support organizations that provide Planning Division services to lower-income households and special need households in the Ongoing City, such as the homeless, elderly, disab�ed and single parent households. STRATEGIES: None required HE-5.1.1: Emergency Shelters. +�. The City will continue to facilitate N�A housing opportunities for special needs persons by allowing emergency shelters as a permitted use in the "BQ" Quasi-Public zoning district.The City will subject emergency she�ters to the same development standards as other similar uses within the BQ zoning district, except for those provisions permitted by State law and provided in the Zoning Ordinance for emergency shelters. CHAPTER4:HOUSINGELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) HE-5.1.2:Supportive Services for HE-5.1.3: Rotating Homeless Shelter. Lower-Income Households and Persons The City wi�� continue to support the with Special Needs. operation of a Rotating Homeless The City will continue to utilize Shelter program. its Be�ow Market-Rate Affordab�e Housing Fund, Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) CupertinoDepartmentofCommunityDevelopment/ Housing Division;Faith in Action funds, and Genera� Fund Human � Service Grants (HSG) funds to provide for a range of supportive services Ongoing for �ower-income househo�ds and � persons with special needs. None required �� Cupertino Department of Community Development/ Housing Division N�A Annually through the Action Plan funding application process allocate CDBG and HSG to organizations that cater to the needs of lower income and special needs households BMR AHF;CDBG;HSG �� N/A . �, �� #`�r r _ 'a.• '� ' � CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT ; '}: • `b . x �j � � `�I r ��� I ,. . . -��� r �� �r ��. ��� � :i ■ i I I ] I � i r � 4� ° ;, i I ' � II � �� ; i.���'� If� � ' ' I Ih ' . . _� . �� � �� . � � • � � � � � � � � � � � � FAIR HOUSING PRACTICES POLICY HE-6.1: HOUSING • Coordinate with efforts of the DISCRIMINATION Santa Clara County Fair Housing The City wi�� work to eliminate Consortium to affirmatively on a citywide basis all unlawful further fair housing. discrimination in housing with respect to age, race, sex, sexual orientation, • Distribute fair housing marital or familial status, ethnic materials produced by various background, medical condition, or organizations at public counters other arbitrary factors, so that all and public events. persons can obtain decent housing. $TRATEGY: Cupertino Department of Community Development/ HE-6.1.1: Fair Housing Services. Ho�s�r,g����S�or,;Santa Clara County Fair Housing Consortium;Eden Council for Hope and Opportunity The City will continue to: (ECHo) • Provide fair housing services, which include outreach, Ongoing education, counse�ing, and investigation of fair housing COC71p�a1 ntS. BMR AHF;CCDBG �, • Retain a fair housing service provider to provide direct N�A services for residents, landlords, and other housing professionals. � ' �� � - � � -� , __ � CHAPTER4:HOUSING ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) , � � f , � I � � �� ��.as 1 �-- - � i �� � .' \ . q�� � `'��. ! w� � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � MAINTAINING EXISTING HOUSING STOCK POLICY HE-7.1: COORDINATION WITH housing and related quality of life LOCAL SCHOOL DISTRICTS issues (such as air quality and The Cupertino community places a transportation). high value on the excellent quality of pOLICY HE-7.3: PUBLIC-PRIVATE education provided by the three public pARTNERSHIPS school districts which serve residents. Promote pub�ic-private partnerships To ensure the long-term sustainability to address housing needs in the of the schoo�s in tandem with the community, especially housing for the preservation and development of Workforce. vibrant residential areas, the City will continue to coordinate with STRATEGY: the Cupertino Union School District HE-7.3.1:Coordination with Outside (CUSD), Fremont Union High School Agencies and Organizations. District (FUHSD), and Santa C�ara The City recognizes the importance of Unified School District (SCUSD). partnering with outside agencies and organizations in addressing local and POLICY HE-7.2: COORDINATION WITH regional housing issues. REGIONAL EFFORTS TO ADDRESS HOUSING-RELATED ISSUES These may include, but are not limited Coordinate efforts with regional to, the following: organizations, including ABAG and . School districts the Bay Area Air Qua�ity Management District (BAAQMD), as well as • Housing providers neighboring jurisdictions, to address • Neighboring jurisdictions CHAPTER 4:HOUSING ELEMENT I gellEl"al p�all (COfTlfTlufllty VISIOfI 2015 -2040) • Association of Bay Area Governments (ABAG) • Air Quality Management District • Housing Trust Silicon Valley • Santa Clara County Fair Housing Consortium • Santa Clara County HOME Consortium • Santa Clara County Continuum of Care (COC) • Housing Authority of Santa Clara County (HASCC) • Valley Transportation Authority (VTA) Specifically, the City will meet with these agencies/organizations periodically to discuss the changing needs, deve�opment trends, alternative approaches, and partnering opportunities. Cupertino Department of Community Development Planning Division and Housing Division Ongoing None Required _ �, _ N/A � , _ f�� p�'�. }' �. °� � x: *X dn 1 � --I �..�f >� ":��� � T � e e 4 � t^ ..i. �.��` �,i—s.�>.�R fi�'j�1� � �1�.�` _ a��__ L . .._�'� -- - �lqPl���� �� � � — � . -_ � ,r .. . _ .. � � � �i ��� � � i '� �� � � � � � ' i �ao� - , , _ - . . � __ �� ��� � � _ ,. , � } ;Q�. ��,- � i A � �� ' �J�" �. , r��� �, .�• . � !�{t°`� ���� � ,b.� � t � :�C�4��✓ , w �y%�t� � .�a � �� i I , � �s?, '�' ' '•�:. -►w�i: - r i � � � .� .�z r;�X� � r;; • ' 9 ' _ i I I� �; � � �'' , ��►.� �� �„ �'� �� _ :#, , ,I , � ,,�. �,. � � I�I I'y' _'� .� r -- �� �-a�� •. r. a • i • �.: _' � �.I .���'�, � I i �� � � I� � z Rl" �I�11�, 1 �' ��I '�� � � �'= i` ,,).����r.'�� . _ � , �, ,�� � I , ��� � , ���� � _,_ ' x � � '��� ';,� � III � ; �� Ii I�', % � , ���� f '���I,��i���� � ` �j'��� I •r; ,�;. ,� .�� , ,�� ���� - �� � ,��_ �� ' � , �� �, �, �, �� ��� � � ��� � � �,� � ' � ��-� �� � �� � � �.� �,.� � � , �=:.:� ��� ����� - � t � ,� � ' ������ , ,, `�';�°,I � ��I - � , ��� ,. ( ��'1��� ���;�!����i � ���� ��' ��:p,:f�i,'I I ���i: � � ._� , �, - � �-- ����Illlii� ► ... �. .-- .-- �� �- �� �,�_ _ �� � � � � � ����.. _ -_ �- � i� '� ���:i r� arr- �_ � �� i �����'�� � °�'»: �! �f 4 * � � _,� _ - � .r:�ti i', � �Ii.. •P;SSTrk � � •�� `� 4 �? r�- . . �� �'. _�� �. � _ _ �.� - .��- , - ._ _ ��-:� �:� � � I _ � �;: � _ � �,� -.�: ; ., _ � _ ����� -_ �, � � -�� -� - ��� � � _ � _ �� ,� , \�� � .� _ � � � {. � �� �� :_ � . _ � _�,� :� ,,� ;`����.�'�� �� � , .A�;` - � _,, � '' _ �``� _-� , �=__ „ �� ��:� L16 ^�` �—�j�� �"`' �t : _ ; .... ___ - P _ ivir. Cl—�[i � " �.� � ' 8B468G1 �". ���� ' r � ~ - _ .�'/ - _= _==_====� :. r .. . �. : Introduction Cupertino's transportation system is multi-faceted. It integrates walkways, sidewalks, bicyc�e routes, bus transit facilities, local streets, major roadways and freeways into a single, integrated system that supports the city's high quality of life.At the local level,this includes facilities that connect neighborhoods with pedestrian, bicycle and automobile routes. Longer making decisions regarding transportation network improvements needed to accommodate Cupertino's anticipated growth.The purpose for this Element is to implement strategies that make alternative modes of transportation attractive choices.This will help reduce strain on the automobile network and � • ` �� ���. improve health and quality of life for Cupertino residents and businesses. w��. ���y � . _ t� . �r L • �� ' ;� � . CONTENTS: .�; - _ " � M-2 Introduction M-72 Looking Forward + - .+_ -� +L+� _ y � ' S .� Transportation Infrastructure � � �� CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) CONTEXT Cupertino's circu�ation system was developed mostly in a suburban and auto- oriented pattern during the 1950s and 1960s. Over the years,the City has enhanced its roadway infrastructure with a system of bike lanes, trai�s, bridges, better sidewalks and publicly accessible connections in new development. Cupertino is also served by many important regional transportation facilities such as Highway 85, Interstate 280, Lawrence Expressway, and bus transit service provided by the Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority (VTA). The community anticipates reductions in auto traffic impacts, enhancements to the walking and biking environment, improvements to existing transit service, and connections to key transit nodes including Caltrain. As such,the goals in this E�ement respond to current conditions and present policies to adequately address future change. REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION PLANNING Cupertino's local transportation infrastructure is supplemented by regional facilities and services through agencies such as the VTA, the local congestion- management agency, the Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC), the Bay Area's regional transportation authority, and Caltrans, the State Department of Transportation. Each agency has a long-term plan consisting of policies and projects which are connected to the operational success of Cupertino's local transportation network. Key projects for these agencies include: • Interchange Improvements at Interstate 280/Highway 85 (MTC—Plan Bay Area) • Stevens Creek Bus Rapid Transit (MTC—Plan Bay Area) Regional transit service primarily includes bus lines operated by VTA that run along the city's major corridors, including Stevens Creek Boulevard, De Anza Boulevard and Wolfe Road, and portions of Homestead Road, Stelling Road and Tantau Avenue. Regional faci�ities include a bus transit station at De Anza College and within the Vallco Shopping District. As new development projects are proposed, the City will continue to identify opportunities for improvements to bus stop facilities, such as the new Apple Campus 2 area at Wolfe Road, Homestead Road and Tantau Avenue and the Main Street project at Tantau Avenue and Stevens Creek Boulevard. CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I gellEl"al p�all (COIT111lulllty VISI011 201 5 -2040) A relatively new trend in regional commute transportation is the implementation of private bus and shuttle services to connect workers and major emp�oyers throughout the Bay Area. While currently this activity is not regulated or organized among these employers, it is beneficial in the regional effort to reduce the reliance on Sing�e Occupancy Vehicles (SOVs). The One Bay Area Grant Program is a new funding approach that better integrates the region's federal transportation program with California's landmark climate change law (Assembly Bill 32, 2006) and Sustainable Communities Strategy program (Senate Bill 375, 2008). Funding distribution to the counties considers progress toward achieving local land use and housing policies by: • Supporting the Sustainable Communities Strategy for the Bay Area by promoting transportation investments in Priority Deve�opment Areas (PDAs); and • Providing a higher proportion of funding to local agencies and additional investment f�exibility to invest in bicycle and pedestrian improvements, local streets and roadway preservation and p�anning activities, while a�so providing specific funding opportunities for Safe Routes to School (SR2S) and Priority Conservation Areas. The goa�s and policies included in this Element and the Land Use and Community Design Element seek to take advantage of regional planning and funding efforts.They implement strategies that encourage the location of future growth in Cupertino's Priority Deve�opment Areas along Stevens Creek Boulevard and portions of De Anza Boulevard, and by advocating for improved service and improvements to regional infrastructure. LINK BETWEEN LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION In order to maintain and enhance the quality of life for Cupertino residents and businesses, it is important to ensure that future growth does not overwhelm the transportation network, identify ways to limit greenhouse gas emissions, and improve the health of our community. Land use and mobility policies included in the General Plan seek to do so by working together to focus future growth along major mixed-use corridors and within PDAs. Mobility policies also seek to improve the walking/biking environment and enhance transit to ensure that the transportation network is accessible to people of all ages and abilities, including CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I g2flel"a�p�all (COITIITIunity VISIOrI 2015 - 2040) schoo� children, the disabled and the elderly.These policies also promote connectivity between neighborhoods and services, and between key nodes in order to reduce reliance on the automobile as the sole mode of transportation. COMPLETE STREETS The California Comp�ete Streets Act (2008) places the planning, designing and building of "Complete Streets" into the larger planning framework of the General Plan by requiring jurisdictions to p�an for multi-modal transportation networks. Complete Streets are designed and operated to enable safe access for all users including pedestrians, bicyclists, the disabled, motorists, seniors, users of public transportation and movers of commercial goods.These networks allow people to effectively travel to key destinations within their community and the larger region. In addition, all transportation projects should be evaluated as to their ability to improve safety, access and mobility for a��travelers and recognize pedestrian, bicycle and transit modes as integral elements of their transportation system. Cupertino has already begun the work of reviewing the existing street network and looking for new opportunities to improve alternative modes of transportation through the construction of sidewalks, walking paths, bike lanes, trails and bridges across pedestrian barriers, such as the Don Burnett Bridge at Mary Avenue.The goals and policies in this Element seek to continue the work of making enhancements to the transportation network to encourage all modes of transportation. GREENHOUSE GASES AND TRANSPORTATION A major challenge of today is meeting the energy needs of a growing population while also protecting air quality and natural resources.The majority of greenhouse gas emissions can be attributed to carbon dioxide emissions from the transportation sector. A 2010 inventory of Cupertino's community- wide emissions shows that transportation accounts for almost 41 percent of community-wide emissions.Therefore, reducing the number of automobile trips, particularly from single-occupancy vehicles, can provide the greatest benefit in reducing greenhouse gas emissions in Cupertino. The goals and policies in this Element work in tandem with other General Plan policies to address issues of sustainability, health and air quality by taking CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I gellEl"al p�all (COIT111lulllty VISI011 201 5 -2040) advantage of opportunities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Low-carbon fuels, new and improved vehicle technologies, and land use strategies and infrastructure improvements to reduce the number of vehicle miles traveled can reduce transportation-related emissions significantly. PEDESTRIANS AND BICYCLISTS Cupertino has made considerable strides improving walkability and bikeability with new or improved bike lanes, sidewalks and pedestrian connections. However, many older commercial areas and neighborhoods continue to lack a pedestrian and bike-friendly environment where students can safely walk and bike to school, and families can walk or bike to parks and nearby community facilities and shopping.This was a consistent theme expressed by participants during pub�ic workshops conducted as part of the Genera� P�an Amendment. Areas are generally considered wa�kable if people can safely walk to schools, parks and services within a half mile (less than10-14 minutes) distance. A bike- friendly city provides a network of streets and paths where peop�e can bike safely and conveniently to community facilities, employment and shopping.The goals and policies of this Element, along with the City's Bicycle Transportation Plan and Pedestrian Plan, seek to further improve and enhance the walking and biking environment through capital improvement projects, development review, and retrofitting existing facilities within older commercial areas and neighborhoods. Figure M-1 identifies existing and planned improvements to bicycle and pedestrian facilities in the city. PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT Senate Bill 743 (2013) created a process to change the way that transportation impacts are analyzed under the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA).The process helps achieve the State's goals for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and traffic-related air pollution, promotes the development of a multi-modal transportation system, and provides clean, efficient access to major destinations. Specifically, the law requires an alternative to automobile level of service (LOS) for evaluating transportation impacts. Particularly within areas served by transit, alternative criteria are required to promote the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, the development of multi-modal transportation networks, and a diversity of land uses. CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I g2rlel"al p�all (COITIITIunity VISIOrI 2015 - 2040) Like many cities, Cupertino has used LOS as a performance measure to evaluate traffic impacts. Historica<<y, this has led cities to focus entirely on improvements to auto infrastructure, often to the detriment of other modes of transportation. Consistent with State law, this E�ement seeks to �ook at performance measures that balance the needs of a�l modes of transportation, including automobile, walking, biking and transit. Such new measures can range from looking at vehicle miles traveled (VMT) as a measure of balancing land uses to reviewing seconds of delay for all travel modes as a measure of impacts to traffic. This will allow the City to develop and maintain a Transportation Improvement Plan that includes pedestrian, bicycle, transit and automobile network enhancements, and Transportation Systems Management (TSM) and Travel Demand Management (TDM) measures to improve efficiency of the network. TRANSPORTATION NETWORK Cupertino's transportation network consists of a variety of street types and pathways.The network determines not only how various land uses are connected but also the modes of transportation used by people to access them.Table M-1 defines the various street types and paths in terms of their character, adjoining current and future land uses, modes of travel that they currently support, and improvements needed to enhance access for all modes of transportation. Close alignment of the City's Capital Improvement Program with Community Vision 2040 priorities will allow the City to strategically plan and direct resources to develop this multi-modal transportation infrastructure. Figure M-2 shows the geographical locations of the major roadways. CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I gEllEl"al p�all (COIT11Tlulllty VISI011 201 5-2040) � ����/ �.� Sunnyvale ! � Los Altos HOMesl�ac �oao �� �� �.� \ !A � 1 ��� 1 �� ���� �� � �. � � � � / 0 I � ` � � � � � � z z � � , � a a w v .� � o ���a — " � sa�ra aa�a �� � � ��� � sT�vtms caeeK e�vo� �i� � \ ��� I \ jI� �` \\� �r � 1 � � � �' � I � M�c�eunN aono � � / 1 I � ��� � � 1 . - m _ � I � _ ' � I � � ��� m eo�uNeea ao �/ I � � � � San Jose . I \ ' , I �, j _i i I ____ � RA�Nao�,, �R�,F Legend � ��� City Boundary L � J \ � • • • • Heart of the City Boundary / ~ � � ` Urban Service Area Boundary � q, „ ./ ���saecr�o J � �� 1 I Sphere of Influence / / ��� I BoundaryAgreementLine Saratoga Unincorporated Areas Bike Lanes on Street *Note:see Complete Streets policy for implementation Bike Paths Off Street Bike Route Right of Way Public Access N o o.s 7 Mile � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet 0 500 1000 Meters � � � � 1 � � 1 TSM is an approach to congestion mitigation that identifies improvements to enhance the capacity of existing roadways through better operations.These techniques help improve traffic flow,air quality and movement of vehicles and goods,as well as enhance system accessibility and safety.TSM strategies are low-cost and effective,and typically include: intersection and signal improvements;data collection to monitor system performance; and/or special events management strategies. ' � ' 1 ' � 1 1 � 1 TDM seeks to reduce travel demand (specifically that of single-occupancy car) by encouraging other modes of travel through requirements and/or incentives.TDM strategies typically include: commute trip reduction programs; parking policies;and/or incentives to take transit or other modes of transportation. CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I g21lEl"a� p�all (C0111111ulllty VISIOII 2015 -2040) _ � � � � . Freeway � Limited access,part of a regional and/or State network subject to State design standards. Expressway � 1 Limited access,regional and part of a county network subject to County design standards. Access and safe crossing for all modes of travel along a regional Boulevard(Arterial) � , transportation corridor.May include medians to separate dlrectional � travel. City or multi-jurisdictional design standards apply. Main Street � � Balances all modes of transportation,includes on street parking and connects to highly pedestrlan-oriented uses.Vehicular performance measures may be lowered to prioritize walking and biking. Avenue � Connector that distributes trips to commercial and residential areas (Major and Minor Collector) �� from boulevards,and provides balancetl levels of service for auto bikes and pedestrians. Neighborhood Connector � � Primarily serves and connects neighborhoods and neighborhood services,and facilitates safe walking and bikmg.May contain elements of Avenues including landscaped median or bus service. Residential5treet � Provides access to low-intensity resitlential uses,Prioritizes walking and biking,and are typically good candidates for traffic calming. Regional Pedestrian/ � Part of regional network providing high quality pedestrl�an�and bike Bike Pathway paths to connect to other regional destinations. Local Pedestrian/Bike Pathway � Connects to regional network but part of loc�l infrastructure,provides quality pedestrian and bike paths connecting local destinations. CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I g2flel"a�plall (COIT11llUrllty VISIOrI 2015 - 2040) � � Los Altos Sunnyvale ` HOMESTEAD ROAD � I � J 'A , � � so __� � � Ee�,��,FOH �� / � �� ♦ � �� _ — _ Santa Clara I � g a��E=oA �A�<��Eoo� 3 � I '�� STEVENS CREEK BLVD �� �' � � '' ' � I � � oonic� a ' ,� voss Avr � — LL ,� � � , 4 MCCLELLAN Ficno P eA � , ' ROAD a Arv�AATnv�. '����� � �rcnNti�svor+'rox aaww� ��Ac � a � ' I I — co .� BOLLINGER RD I �\ ] J VMeV�pVE � � San Jose I I I � � Legend _ RAINBOW DRIVE � City Boundary � ---- Urban Service Area Boundary � l — Sphere of Influence / StevensCreek _ _ ^_� �`� Re5Pf40'� pROSPEQ ROA�I Boundary Agreement Line � J - Saratoga � Unincorporated Areas 1 � I Freeway and Expressways �� � /� I Boulevards(Arterials) / Avenues(Major Collectors) Avenues(Minor Collectors) Neighborhood Connectors Main Street N 0 0.5 1 Mile � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet � 0 500 1000 Meters �-� CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I gellEl"al p�all (COIT111lulllty VISI011 201 5 -2040) LOOKING FORWARD Maintaining Cupertino's great quality of life— including convenient access, clean air, and reduced traffic — requires careful management of growth.The City will identify ways to locate appropriate land uses along major mixed-use corridors, improving overall access and connectivity, enhancing the attractiveness of non- vehicular transportation modes, and reducing demand on the roadway network. The following are ways the City wil� address key challenges and opportunities facing Cupertino: � BETTER LINKAGES BETWEEN LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION. How we use our land directly impacts our transportation facilities, modes of travel and vice versa. A primary cornerstone of Community Vision 2040 is to focus growth on major mixed-use corridors; support alternate modes of transportation including walking, biking and transit; and encourage a mix of compatible and complementary uses on key sites.These strategies will allow the City to manage growth with reduced traffic, air quality and greenhouse gas impacts. � IMPROVED REGIONAL COORDINATION. The City should continue to participate in regional projects and infrastructure planning to ensure consistency with local planning, and pursue funding for City transportation projects. � ENHANCED CONNECTIVITY. A key objective of the City is to improve connections through streetscape and pathway improvements to ensure that the community enjoys easy walking and biking access to services including parks, schools and shopping. Other strategies seek to supplement existing modes of transportation such as community shuttles through partnerships and agreements and providing �inks between key transportation nodes. � REDUCED DEMAND. The strategies in this Element seek to reduce demand on the City's roadway infrastructure through careful land use planning, encourage alternative modes of transportation and utilize best practices in Transportation Demand Management (TDM) and Transportation Systems Management (TSM). CHAPTER5:MOBILITYELEMENT I g21lEl"a�p�all (COf711T1UnIty VISIOn ZO�S - 2040) �:.. _ _ W'I. '+ - � • —`,-. �.e, �F�—� .4 tiy'.� T+ Y�ll �� � �� - � � � � � �t � - Y.¢'.� � ' F.' � l X�. - , , _V:��_. �i' '�.i N 1... .. Y'.� ��.. ' •i :..�y�•,+' _ .�}:a�:`'�'.'�:�' .l i! . �.. ".,� . I-'��.R r;•+ .r' '�:'i'� Fw ,s, .:d-y:�..'rr • i . ` _ ���� ��i 1 Fr •� ~'�•, � . .'S`.� ,� / � • � � • I / / I • � 1 , / . • / • I � � , � � I • . � , , I / • / � � , / • � � � � � • / / / REGIONAL COORDINATION Regional transportation and �and use decisions affect the operation of the transportation network in Cupertino. A key consideration of the General Plan is for the City to participate in regional p�anning initiatives in order to coordinate local improvements with regional initiatives, advocate for Cupertino's needs, and take advantage of programs that can support Cupertino's transportation infrastructure. POLICY M-1.1: REGIONAL to maintain the following intersection TRANSPORTATION PLANNING Levels of Service (LOS) at a.m. and p.m. Participate in regional transportation peak traffic hours: planning processes to develop Major intersections: LOS D programs consistent with the goals and � policies of Cupertino's General Plan • Stevens Creek Boulevard and De and to minimize adverse impacts on Anza Boulevard: LOS E+ the City's circulation system.Work with • Stevens Creek Bou�evard and neighboring cities to address regional Stelling Road: LOS E+ transportation and land use issues of De Anza Boulevard and Bollinger mutual interest. • Road: LOS E+ POLICY M-1.2:TRANSPORTATION IMPACT pOLICY M-1.3: REGIONAL TRAIL ANALYSIS DEVELOPMENT Participate in the development of Continue to plan and provide for a new multi-modal ana�ysis methods comprehensive system of trails and and impact thresholds as required by pathways consistent with regional Senate Bill 743. However, until such systems, including the Bay Trail, impact thresholds are developed, Stevens Creek Corridor and Ridge Trail. continue to optimize mobility for all modes of transportation while striving \ � ; � �� � _ "�.►,.T.►1���-. , ..,,,, CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I gellEl"a� p�all (C0111111ulllty VISIOII 2015 -2040) '�' ' ' � .` !1�� -.r_G ` '' I��X � �«�� ,, �-, �� s� , .(!'� �!. _ .—t —- � - ;.`�r� � � �� ,,� .- � _ r ; q, _, . � � ___ I _ r - / � � / � � � � � � � . . � . . � � � � � / / � � � � / / � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � COMPLETE STREETS Complete Streets policies encourage the design of streets that respond to the needs of all members of the community, balance different modes of transportation, promote the health and well-being of the community, and support environmental sustainability. POLICY M-2.1:STREET DESIGN STRATEGIES: Adopt and maintain street design M-2.2.1: Rural Road Improvement standards to optimize mobility for Standards. all transportation modes including Consider candidate rural roads and automobi�es, wa�king, bicyc�ing and deve�op specific street improvement transit. standards that preserve the rural POLICY M-2.2:ADJACENT LAND USE character of these streets. Rural Design roadway alignments, lane roads would typically feature natural widths, medians, parking and bicycle landscaping, no sidewalks and narrow lanes, crosswalks and sidewalks unpaved shou�ders. to complement adjacent land uses M-2.2.2:Semi-Rural Road Improvement in keeping with the vision of the Standards. Planning Area. Strive to minimize Consider candidate semi-rural roads adverse impacts and expand where curb and gutter improvements, alternative transportation options and no sidewalks, are appropriate. for all Planning Areas (Special Areas and Neighborhoods). Improvement standards shall also consider the urban, suburban and rural environments found within the city. CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I g2flel"a�p�all (COITIITIunity VISIOrI 2015 - 2040) M-2.2.3: Urban Road Improvement POLICY M-2.5: PUBLIC ACCESSIBILITY Standards. Ensure all new pub�ic and private Develop urban improvement streets are publicly accessible to standards for arterials such improve walkability and reduce as Stevens Creek and De Anza impacts on existing streets. Boulevards. In these areas, standards pOLICY M-2.6:TRAFFIC CALMING may include wide sidewalks, tree Consider the implementation of best wells, seating, bike racks and practices on streets to reduce speeds appropriate street furniture. and make them user-friendly for M-2.2.4:Suburban Road Improvement alternative modes of transportation, Standards. including pedestrians and bicyclists. Develop suburban road improvement standards for all streets not designated as rural, semi-rura� or in the Crossroads Area. POLICY M-2.3:CONNECTIVITY Promote pedestrian and bicycle improvements that improve connectivity between planning areas, neighborhoods and services, and foster a sense of community. POLICY M-2.4:COMMUNITY IMPACTS Reduce traffic impacts and support alternative modes of transportation rather than constructing barriers to mobility. Do not close streets unless there is a demonstrated safety or over-whe�ming through traffic problem and there are no acceptab�e alternatives since street closures move the problem from one street to another. CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I gellEl"a� p�all (COIT111lUlllty VI51011 2 01 5 -2040) a " (�:'/�` , �.,r , �������i� � � '�� y � �.,� �; � � � • • • . . - • - • - . . • • - - - - . • • - • • - • . . • - . • . • - WALKABILITY AND BIKEABILITY Wa�kability and bikeability policies encourage a livable, healthy, sustainab�e and connected city with a safe and comfortable pedestrian network among its various neighborhoods, parks, trails, employment centers, community facilities, neighborhood centers and commercial centers. POLICY M-3.1: BICYCLE AND POLICY M-3.3: PEDESTRIAN AND PEDESTRIAN MASTER PLAN BICYCLE CROSSINGS Adopt and maintain a Bicycle and Enhance pedestrian and bicycle Pedestrian master plan, which outlines crossings and pathways at key policies and improvements to streets, locations across physical barriers such extension of trails, and pathways to as creeks, highways and road barriers. create a safe way for people of all ages pOLICY M-3.4:STREET WIDTHS to bike and walk on a dai�y basis, and Preserve and enhance citywide as shown in Figure M-1. pedestrian and bike connectivity by POLICY M-3.2: DEVELOPMENT limiting street widening purely for Require new development and automobiles as a means of improving redevelopment to increase traffic flow. connectivity through direct and safe pOLICY M-3.5:CURB CUTS pedestrian connections to public Minimize the number and the width of amenities, neighborhoods, shopping driveway openings. and employment destinations throughout the city. CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I g2rlel"al p�all (COITIITIunity VISIOrI 2015 - 2040) STRATEGIES: POLICY M-3.9: OUTREACH M-3.5.1:Shared DrivewayAccess. Actively engage the community in Encourage property owners to promoting walking and bicycling use shared driveway access and through education, encouragement interconnected roads within blocks, and outreach on improvement projects where feasible. Require driveway and programs. access closures, consolidations or pOLICY M-3.10: PROACTIVE both when a site is remodeled or ENFORCEMENT redeveloped. Prioritize enforcement of traffic M-3.5.2: Direct Access from Secondary speeds and regulations on all streets Streets. with bike �anes, bike routes, and Encourage property with frontages around schools. on major and secondary streets to provide direct access to driveways from the secondary street. POLICY M-3.6:SAFE SPACES FOR PEDESTRIANS Require parking lots to include clearly defined paths for pedestrians to provide a safe path to building entrances. POLICY M-3.7: CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM P�an for improvements to pedestrian and bicycle facilities and eliminate gaps along the pedestrian and bicycle network as part of the City's Capita� Improvement Program. POLICY M-3.8: BICYCLE PARKING Require new development and redeve�opment to provide public and private bicycle parking. CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I g21121"a� p�all (C0111111ulllty VISIOII 201 5 -2040) f d /�� �� � =N1�. � �'� L,� i `� � � � • • ' • . . • ' • • . . . ' ' � � ' . • • ' ' . • ' • � . • . TRANSIT Transit policies encourage p�anning and coordination of regional and local transit services, both public and private, to accommodate diverse community needs and to make transit a safe, comfortable and efficient option POLICY M-4.1:TRANSIT AGENCIES POLICY M-4.3: CONNECTING SPECIAL Coordinate with VTA to improve AREAS transportation service, infrastructure Identify and implement new or and access in the city, and to connect enhanced transit services to connect to transportation facilities such as all Special Areas as identified in Caltrain and VTA light rail stations. Figure PA-1 (Chapter 2: Planning POLICY M-4.2: LOCAL TRANSPORTATION Areas). SERVICES POLICY M-4.4:TRANSIT FACILITIES Create or partner with transit WITH NEW DEVELOPMENT providers, employers, educationa� Work with VTA and/or major institutions, and major commercial developments to ensure all new entities to minimize gaps within �ocal deve�opment projects inc�ude transportation services. amenities to support public transit including bus stop shelters, space for transit vehic�es as appropriate and attractive amenities such as trash receptacles, signage, seating and lighting. CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I g2rlel"al p�all (COITIITIunity VISIOrI 2015 - 2040) POLICY M-4.5:ACCE55 TO TRANSIT SERVICES Support right-of-way design and amenities consistent with �ocal transit goals to improve transit as a viab�e alternative to driving. POLICY M-4.6: BUS AND SHUTTLE PROGRAMS Work with large regional employers and private commuter bus/shuttle programs to provide safe pick-up, drop-off, and park and rides in order to reduce single occupancy vehicle trips. POLICY M-4.7:VALLCO SHOPPING DISTRICT TRANSFER STATION Work with VTA and/or other transportation service organizations to study and develop a transit transfer station that incorporates a hub for alternative transportation services such as, car sharing, bike sharing and/ or other services. , s - � . , .. �'3r CHAPTER 5:MOBILITYELEMENT � � �i d���dn �cu�u�uuni�y visiun �u i o-��- � w � � I� . } � .h�` �. � ��� ``' � � �' ,t ��'�a.* � �I ,� � � �� r � ���� _ � � ,� . � _ ' , � —� ,� -, 1 � ' . ' . • ' ' • ' • ' . . • • ' . ' • • • ' • • • ' • ' • • ' . ' • • • ' • SAFE ROUTES TO SCHOOL Safe routes to schools policies protect the safety of school children and promote health, environmental sustainability and social interaction.They leverage local, regional and national Safe Routes to Schools Program resources to support increased walking and bicycling to schools. POLICY M-5.1:SAFE ROUTES TO M-5.1.2.Teen Commission. SCHOOLS Encourage the Teen Commission to Promote Safe Routes to Schools work with schoo�s to encourage year- programs for all schools serving the round programs to incentivize walking city. and biking to school. STRATEGIES: POLICY M-5.2: PRIORITIZING PROJECTS M-5.1.1.Coordination with School Ensure that bicycle and pedestrian Districts. safety improvements include projects Coordinate with the School Districts to enhance safe accessibility to to develop p�ans and programs that schools. encourage car/van-pooling, stagger pOLICY M-5.3: CONNECTIONS TO TRAILS hours of adjacent schoo�s, establish Connect schools to the citywide trail drop-off locations, and encourage system. wa�king and bicycling to schoo�. POLICY M-5.4: EDUCATION Support education programs that promote safe walking and bicycling to schools. CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I CI21lEl"d�p�all (COf71f71Ulllty VISIOII 2O�5 - 2040) � / l /�� i -._,� �'���e f����If1�Pt1I���`� _��= .�+'� � i,� h �— �-� �— � , I �! � {" _ — P` — � � � .r��11��..—� ' I � ^J�� ' � q � � �� � � • � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � . . � � � � � � � � . . � � � VEHICLE PARKING Vehicle parking policies encourage efficient and adequate parking, avoid negative effects on the pedestrian environment or surrounding neighborhoods, and support the City's goals for Complete Streets, walkability, bikeability and effective transit. POLICY M-6.1: PARKING CODES POLICY M-6.2: OFF-STREET PARKING Maintain efficient and updated parking Ensure new off-street parking is standards to ensure that development properly designed and efficiently used. provides adequate parking, both on- street and off-street depending on the characteristics of the development, while also reducing reliance on the automobi�e. w CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT � +' � � L I � � Y. E" � � /: ✓ F' � �[E-:; =;`-_..�_ / � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � TRANSPORTATION IMPACT ANALY515 Transportation Impact Analysis po�icies enable effective, informed transportation planning by using a more balanced system of indicators, data and monitoring to evaluate the city's mu�ti-modal transportation system and optimize trave� by all transportation modes. POLICY M-7.1: MULTI-MODAL Priority Development Areas (PDAs) TRANSPORTATION IMPACTANALYSIS and other areas where non-vehicular Follow guidelines set by the VTA transportation is a key consideration, related to transportation impact such as, near shopping districts, analyses, whi�e conforming to State schools, parks and senior citizen goals for multi-modal performance developments. targets. POLICY M-7.2: PROTECTED INTERSECTIONS Consider adopting a Protected Intersection policy, which would identify intersections where improvements would not be considered, which would degrade levels of service for non-vehicular modes of transportation. Potential locations include intersections in s �� : 6.,��Gi !',�., ``� f� +. .� _. 7 �, h � - � CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT � C�21le1"al platl (COI71171UIllty VISIOII ZU1 b-LU4U) ��.� � i -_ A a _.. .. ,- ._ . ..._:.. '� _. i"��� _ �. 1 i. tr_� � ' � j \ 1 / � • � � � � � � � � � � � . . � . � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS AND AIR QUALITY Greenhouse gas emissions and air quality policies in this Element work in tandem with other Genera� P�an po�icies to reduce municipal and community-wide greenhouse gas emissions and improve air quality throughout Cupertino. POLICY M-8.1:GREENHOUSE GAS POLICY M-8.3:TRANSPORTATION EMISSIONS SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT(TSM) Promote transportation policies PROGRAMS that help to reduce greenhouse gas Employ TSM strategies to improve emissions. efficiency of the transportation POLICY M-8.2: LAND USE infrastructure including strategic Support development and right-of-way improvements, transportation improvements that help intelligent transportation systems reduce greenhouse gas emissions and optimization of signal timing to by reducing per capita Vehicle Miles coordinate traffic flow. Traveled (VMT), reducing impacts POLICY M-8.4:TRANSPORTATION on the City's transportation network DEMAND MANAGEMENT(TDM) and maintaining the desired levels of PROGRAMS service for all modes of transportation. Require large employers, including colleges and schools, to develop and maintain TDM programs to reduce vehicle trips generated by their employees and students and develop a tracking method to monitor resu�ts. CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I gellEl"al p�all (COIT111lulllty VISI011 201 5 -2040) POLICY M-8.5: DESIGN OF NEW DEVELOPMENTS Encourage new commercial developments to provide shared office facilities, cafeterias, daycare facilities, lunchrooms, showers, bicycle parking, home offices, shuttle buses to transit facilities and other amenities that encourage the use of transit, bicycling or walking as commute modes to work. Provide pedestrian pathways and orient buildings to the street to encourage pedestrian activity. POLICY M-8.6:ALTERNATIVE FUEL CHARGING STATIONS Develop a city-wide strategy to encourage the construction of a network of public and private alternative fuel vehicle charging/ fueling stations. �J �'� CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COfTllTlunity VISIOn 2015 - 2040) :,_ i1.� ���-»�«__.._. r ��~ . _�'` ���'� � � � i � � . � � � - - - - � � - - - � - . • • . • ' • . • - - ROADWAY SYSTEM EFFICIENCY Roadway system efficiency policies make effective use of roadway capacity by encouraging strategic roadway improvements and complementary policies promoting transit, walking, bicycling and complete streets. POLICY M-9.1: EFFICIENT AUTOMOBILE STRATEGIES: INFRASTRUCTURE M-9.3.1.Wolfe Road Overcrossing. Strive to maximize the efficiency of Consider alternate designs for the existing infrastructure by locating Wolfe Road/I-280 Interchange (e.g., appropriate land uses along from partial cloverleaf design to roadways and retrofitting streets diamond design) when eva�uating to be accessible for a�� modes of the need to widen the freeway transportation. overcrossing. POLICY M-9.2: REDUCED TRAVEL M-9.3.2.Streetscape Design. DEMAND When reviewing the widening of an Promote effective TDM programs for existing street, consider aesthetically existing and new development. pleasing enhancements and amenities POLICY M-9.3:STREET WIDTH to improve the safe movement of Except as required by environmental pedestrians and bicyclists in keeping review for new developments, limit With the vision of the Planning Area. widening of streets as a means of improving traffic efficiency and focus instead on operational improvements to preserve community character. CHAPTER 5:MOBILITY ELEMENT I gell2l"a� p�all (C0111111ulllty VISIOII 201 5 -2040) _ — _ �r _ �-� � ..< �- ' � �, 1 � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE Transportation infrastructure policies promote safe, attractive and well- maintained faci�ities for walking, bicyc�ing, transit and automobiles. POLICY M-10.1:TRANSPORTATION pedestrian and bicycle improvements IMPROVEMENT PLAN at the same time as improvements Develop and implement an updated for vehicular circulation to enable citywide transportation improvement travelers to transition from one mode plan necessary to accommodate of transportation to another (e.g., vehicu�ar, pedestrian and bicycle bicycle to bus). transportation improvements to meet pOLICY M-10.4: ROADWAY the City's needs. MAINTENANCE FUNDING POLICY M-10.2:TRANSPORTATION Identify and secure new funding IMPACT FEE sources to fund the on-going routine Ensure sustainable funding levels for maintenance of roadways. the Transportation Improvement Plan by enacting a transportation impact fee for new development. POLICY M-10.3: MULTI-MODAL IMPROVEMENTS Integrate the financing, design and construction of pedestrian and bicycle facilities with street projects. 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' .�.�` � � � I. .� + ,7'r ��`" �, �' , .� ■ , � ;� `�� �`'� • F .. � � �• r.. •� �•a • �� Y Lz� �/ ;� Si . � Y . :� i �� , i � an sys emica y priori ize ways ecause uman ac ivi y as suc a arge impact on the environment,cities need to identify ways to protect and restore natural ecosystems through land use decisions, building designs and resource i conservation.This entails that community guardians and planners apply the principals of sustainability, only achieved by embedding social equity, economic and the environmental considerations throughout the development � 'a process, including mobility, infrastructure,water and energy use, buildings, streetscape and landscape,and land use planning. i t� - This Element includes goals, policies and strategies that help Cupertino think TENTS: ES-2 Introduction ES-12 Looking Forward ES-3 Context ES-13 G d Policies � Buildings Air Quality Natura� Resources Urban and Rural Ecosystems Mineral Resources Mineral Resources Water Water CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) CONTEXT CLIMATE CHANGE In 2006, the California Legislature and Governor took significant steps to address climate change concerns with the passage of the Globa�Warming Solutions Act (AB 32). The law set a target to reduce California's greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by year 2020. In addition, the Governor also signed Executive Order S-3-05 that required California to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) by 80 percent below the 1990 levels by year 2050. Many initiatives at the State, regional and local levels are being implemented to help achieve these goals.These include: • The Sustainable Communities and Climate Protection Act of 2008 (SB 375) supports the State's climate action goals to reduce GHG emissions through coordinated transportation and land use planning. Each of California's Metropolitan Planning Organizations must prepare a Sustainable Communities Strategy (SCS) as an integral part of its Regional Transportation P�an (RTP) to achieve these targets. For the nine-county Bay Area, the Association of Bay Area Governments (ABAG) and the Metropolitan Transportation Commission (MTC) have prepared the One Bay Area Plan as its SCS.This plan contains �and use, housing and transportation strategies that allow the region to meet its GHG reduction targets. • The One Bay Area Grant (OBAG) program, which implements transportation funding in coordination with the strategies in the One Bay Area P�an. • The City is in the process of completing its Climate Action Plan (CAP), which aims to address GHG reductions per the targets set in AB 32 and S-3-05.The CAP is based on 2040 growth projections for Cupertino. It aims to capture the shortfa�l projected from State initiatives by identifying policies and strategies to reduce GHG at a municipal and community-wide level. CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�p�an (community vision 2015-2040) AIR QUALITY Clean air is a basic need for human and environmental health. Air pollution comes from both mobile sources (e.g., cars, trucks, airplanes) and stationary sources (e.g., agricu�tural and industria� uses). Air quality standards are established by both the State Air Resources Board and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.The Bay Area Air Quality Management District (BAAQMD) has the responsibility to create strategies and monitor the targets set by State and Federal standards for the Bay Area. Due to air quality planning efforts, regional air quality has improved significantly over the past several decades, even though the population, traffic and industrialization have increased. BAAQMD's 2010 Clean Air Plan works in tandem with the One Bay Area Plan and identifies strategies to address four categories of pollutants including ground-level ozone, particu�ate matter, air toxics and GHG. The City's CAP aims to capture the shortfall projected from State initiatives to reduce GHG at a municipal and community-wide level.While standards are a key component in improving air quality, the City's approach towards land use, mobility, infrastructure and operations can have a huge impact. ENERGY Energy consumption in the United States and in Cupertino is mainly fossil- fuel based (e.g., coal, oil, natural gas, etc.).The continuously rising cost of energy production, together with diminishing non-renewable fossil fuels, has necessitated a change towards reduction and efficient use of fossil fuels, and identifying and increasing the use of alternative, renewable energy sources. Energy providers are also looking to move their portfolio towards alternative energy sources including wind turbine, nuclear and solar generation.The diminishing cost of installing smaller solar power generation systems is encouraging the increased use of such facilities by consumers. Additionally, strides in automobile technology utilizing electric batteries and improvements to the network of charging stations allows users confidence in the use of electric cars. Finally, rising energy costs and Federal and State standards on energy usage are encouraging more people to replace existing appliances and other equipment with more energy efficient equipment. CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) Cupertino has continued to express its commitment to conserving energy by improving municipal operations in order to reduce energy use (e.g., retrofitting or replacing street equipment, vehicles and facilities), and providing resources and information to professionals, residents, businesses and schools to achieve energy and associated cost savings. BUILDINGS The 2010 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory for Cupertino indicates that buildings account for about 55 percent of GHG emissions in the city.This means that State and local efforts towards energy conservation in buildings can significantly affect the community's air quality. While green building strategies can effective�y target GHG, they also improve the hea�th of occupants, preserve habitat and natural landscapes, reduce water pollution and conserve other natural resources. State and local efforts to encourage green buildings include the following: • The State routinely updates building code standards to include new energy conservation and green building concepts.The 2013 CalGreen Building Code outlines mandatory and voluntary measures to encourage sustainable practices in a�� aspects of construction such as p�anning and design; energy and water efficiency and conservation; material conservation; resource efficiency; and environmental quality. • Cupertino has adopted a Green Building Ordinance that ensures that new buildings and renovations exceed the sustainability and eco�ogical standards set by the State. NATURAL RESOURCES BIODIVERSITY Biodiversity refers to the diversity, or variety, of plants and animals in a particular ecosystem, area or region. Cupertino's commitment to sustainability includes sustaining the diversity of species in each ecosystem as we plan for human activities that affect the use of land and natura� resources. Cupertino's ecosystem ranges from the urban environment in the flatlands to semi-rural and rural environment in the western foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains. CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�p�an (community vision 2015-2040) The City has always recognized the importance of sustaining biodiversity in the foothills and along riparian corridors. However, a commitment to sustainability will require a different way of thinking about the urban ecosystem.The City has already preserved an 18-acre site and restored creek habitat right in the city to maintain biodiversity and ecological integrity of our local natural systems. The City is now looking at opportunities in the built and natural environment to sustain and enhance biodiversity. URBAN ECOSYSTEMS While an urban environment can be stressful for some species due to pollution and habitat fragmentation, others may thrive in this environment because humans create favorable microhabitats or abundant resources for them. Modified habitats including greenhouses, basements, compost piles and green roofs can help certain plant and animal species thrive better than in natural environments. As Cupertino continues to change and grow, the City is committed to enhancing the urban ecosystem in the form of urban forestry management, integration of green infrastructure, treatment of parks and open space, �andscape and building requirements. RURAL ECOSYSTEMS Cupertino's rural plant and animal resources are located in the relatively undeveloped western foothills and mountains, near the Rancho San Antonio Open Space Preserve and along Stevens Creek. Each ecosystem of vegetation provides food and shelter to support a variety of wi�dlife.The diversity of plant and animal life supported in different ecosystems is identified in Table ES-1 and Figure ES-1. CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) . . � � � Riparian • Stevens Creek • Willow Relatively undisturbed riparian • Grows along stream • Permanente Creek • California Buckeye areas support a wide variety of courses • Regnart Creek • Coast Live Oak wildlife species including: • Valuable habitat for • Heney Creek • Coyote Brush • Amphibians wildlife due to presence of • Calabazas Creek • Poison Oak • Reptiles water,lush vegetation and • California blackberry • Birds high insect populations • Mammals Grasslands • Occur on lower slopes of • Wild oat Reptilian and mammal species • Composed primarily of western foothills • Clover adapted to dry conditions non-native grasses • Scattered locations on • Rye grass including: • Formerly used as pasture higher elevations in • Vetch • Western Fence Lizard Montebello Ridge system • Spring wild flower bloom • Western Rattlesnake (such as California Poppy, • Common King Snake Plantago or Owl Clover) • Burrowing rodents(such as Meadow mice or California ground squirrel Brushlands • Found on dry,rocky and • Coyote brush • Mule deer • Scrubby,dense vegetation steep slopes • Poison oak • Brush rabbit that often integrates with • California sage • Bobcat Woodlands • Ceanothus • Coyote Foothill Woodlands and • Foothills • Oak trees • Insect/seed eating birds Forests • Higher elevations • Mixed Hardwood trees and mammals • Scattered Oak trees with • Evergreens including • Raptors,including owls an undergrowth in some redwoods • Large mammals including areas of plants deer,coyote • Large trees CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�p�an (community vision 2015-2040) . � Los Altos Sunnyvale HOMESTEAD ROAp, Y �,- � ( N 1 I�I ands .�n ' ,��I` - -_ lowing ` Deciduous Forest Riparian � Intermitant — — �sa�ta C�ara � STEVENS CREEK BLV . � Riparian Ripa an QUaffy Intermitant _ Wet oil / I j McCLELLAN Roao Riparian . £ Foothill Rowing 1 aowNe a ao j�� Grassland Deciduous Forest/Chaparral Woodland - � � � San Jose Q�� Ripa ian . /�� Inter itant � RAINBOW IVE -� ^ � Quarry Riparian Gressland PRosPecr ao' Grassland Permane t ' S�e�e�s C�eek Saratoga RPSef°°�� Foothill Coniferous Mixed Woodland ° - Forest Evergreen Forest Chaparral ��e,�'a,, Grassland ' Grassland Legend City Boundary Urban Forest - Urban Service Area Boundary Sphere oflnfluence — Boundary Agreement Line Unincorporated Areas N 0 0.5 1 Mile � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet 1�� 0 500 1000 Meters CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) MINERAL RESOURCES The State of California, recognizing the va�ue of preserving mineral deposits to achieve a more sustainable future, enacted the Surface Mining and Reclamation Act (SMARA) in 1975.The objective of SMARA is to assist local governments in conserving mineral deposits for future use. There are several mineral resource areas located both in Cupertino's sphere of influence and within the city limit.These mineral resource areas are shown in Figure ES-2.The figure identifies natural resource areas that will be conserved for future extraction, which are outside of the city limits. Two quarries within the city's sphere of influence, Hanson Permanente and Stevens Creek, have been designated by the State as having mineral deposits of regional or state significance.These quarries are located in the unincorporated area outside city limits, and therefore, Santa Clara County has regulatory jurisdiction.The County's mineral resource policies are directed toward preserving existing resource areas and, where feasible, designating new areas and expanding existing sites. The McDonald-Dorsa quarry, which used to operate south of the Deep Cliff Golf Course and Linda Vista Park, was closed in the 1970s and is not a current source of minera�s.The site has since been designated as residential, while the portion that is now Linda Vista Park is designated for parks and open space. However, since it was closed prior to SMARA, redevelopment in the area should address soils stabilization and reclamation issues. CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�p�an (community vision 2015-2040) '1 � Sunnyvale � Los Altos � � HOMESTEA ROAD I — �i � ea I �� ._{ � � � , � � ; � . �� ♦ 'm I S5 ° m � 3 � � �' N � � Santa Clara '� ' � � 3 = Q ' � � . o ,� � o � o � � , ST CREEK BLVD / � I I// A� ,, , �� , ��—�` � � ♦ � � � � � � � � I� � i , ■ � Urban/Suburban ', ♦ > ` i • •� � Developed- ROAo N r i ` �—� Low Density ■ �� Unsuitable � r—JI s ' � Hillside- •� I for � �� , - ,� Incompatible ' � Extraction � t I Bo�uN�e Ro with � � � ������ / Z � Extraction �� �,���� • � � � � sa��ose . 3 , � • • . 2� � ♦ Depleted � ■ , � � . RA�NB W oR��E L e g e n d � 2 + � � � City Boundary �--_J�� � �i�F� ���■ ■ ■ ■ � • • • • • Hedrt Of the City Boundary �/ se�,so-� � ■ r �� � aosPea eoa Urban Service Area Boundary J ; �� Sphere of Influence / i 5aratoqa Boundary Agreement Line 3 — Unincorporated Areas �� MineralResource Areas Unincorporated A�ea Outslde the Source:State of California ■ � . � Urban/Low Density Hillside Boundary Urban Service Area Resources Agency. is Appropriate Department of Conservation. � MRZ-2 Areas where adequate fOr ConserVatlon information indicates that significant mineral deposits are present,or and Future where it is judged that a high ExtrdCtion likelihood for their presence exists. 3 MRZ-3 Areas containing mineral deposits the significance of which cannot be evaluated from available � �� ��� data. N 0 0.5 1 Mile � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet � 0 500 1000 Meters � CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) WATER Cupertino's sustainable future is, in part, dependent upon the supply and use of water as well as the effective management of natural watershed resources. In recent years, water resource management has moved away from supply side efforts (e.g., creation of dams and reservoirs) to managing how water is used. In particular, this includes emphasizing conservation, stormwater treatment and efficiency in infrastructure p�anning, design and construction of buildings, and land use planning.The following is a list of existing State, regional and local efforts towards water conservation. • The Santa Clara Valley Water District is the groundwater management agency in Santa Clara County.The Santa Clara Valley Groundwater sub-basin provides approximately half of the total county water demands.The District works to maximize water supply, protect the basins from contamination and ensure that groundwater supply is sustained. • The San Francisco Bay Regional Water Quality Control Board (RWQCB) implements the Clean Water Act for the Bay Area region including the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Municipal Storm Water permit which regulates both point source and non-point source pollutants to improve ground water resources and reduce pollution in the bay.This program is discussed in detail in the Infrastructure Element. • Senate Bill X7-7 was enacted in November 2009, requiring all water suppliers to increase water use efficiency and sets a goal of reducing per capita urban water use by 20 percent by 2020.The bill includes a short-term target of a 10 percent reduction in per capita urban water use by 2015. • The City of Cupertino has adopted a Water Efficient Landscape Ordinance and Green Building Ordinance to ensure that the city can meet State and regional targets. CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�p�an (community vision 2015-2040) LOOKING FORWARD Future growth and change in Cupertino provides both a challenge and an opportunity for the City and community. Cupertino is blessed with an abundance of natural and urban ecosystems. In the past, the City has relied on a limited toolkit of policies to ensure that growth and development do not negatively impact natural resources. Great strides have been made in the last decade to promote sustainability, and community support for these initiatives has been growing. In response, the City has created a suite of services and policies, to ensure our community's growth and achievement of its development potential enhances, not hinders, natura� resources and bolsters, not impacts, human health.The City now has a much larger array of resources to manage growth, including sustainability practices, new planning and development tools, and performance measures to maintain or enhance natural resources and overall environmental health. � REGIONAL COOPERATION. Federal, State and regional agencies have been at the forefront of legislation related to sustainability and environmental health.The City should strive to exceed these requirements in areas that are of priority to the community and strengthen regional partnerships to bring in resources for implementing new policies and programs. � ECOSYSTEMS. In recent years, cities have begun to realize that urban and suburban areas can provide habitat for many plant and animal species.The City will focus policies on a citywide approach (urban and natural environments) towards sustaining and improving urban and suburban ecosystems. � SUSTAINABILITY BEST PRACTICES. The City will use sustainability princip�es, striving always to balance social equity with economic and environmental health, when evaluating all aspects of new development; mobility and infrastructure improvements; building design and operation; streetscapes and landscaping; and citywide �and use planning. � COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT. The City will encourage community participation in the planning and implementation of sustainabi�ity-related programs. f � a`=''� �q:, CHAPTER b:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT �ral plan (communit��vision in15- iii40) .� -- � _ .i „ - , :� ' �� - ;�.. ...:,;3 � �. � .:' ��9�� �� ',� !� ��_ �-:� a � � ,'�: / � � � � � � I � / / / PLANNING AND REGIONAL COORDINATION The City seeks to coordinate its loca� sustainability and greenhouse gas reduction planning efforts with Federal, State and regional plans and programs to ensure a consistent, integrated and efficient approach to a sustainab�e future. POLICY ES-1.1: PRINCIPLES OF stream�ining and wi�� identify SUSTAINABILITY measures to: Incorporate the principles of Reduce energy use through sustainabi�ity into Cupertino's • conservation and efficiency; planning, infrastructure and development process in order to • Reduce fossil fuel use through improve the environment, reduce multi-modal and alternative greenhouse gas emissions and meet transportation; the needs of the community without • Maximize use of and, where compromising the needs of future feasible, install renewab�e energy generations. resources; STRATEGIES: • Increase citywide water ES-1.1.1:Climate Action Plan (CAP). conservation and recycled water Adopt, implement and maintain use; a Climate Action Plan to attain . Acce�erate Resource Recovery greenhouse gas emission targets through expanded recycling, consistent with state law and composting, extended producer regional requirements.This qualified responsibility and procurement greenhouse gas emissions reduction practices; and plan, by BAAQMD's definition, will allow for future project CEQA ' Promote and incentivize each of those efforts to maximize CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�p�an (community vision 2015-2040) community participation and POLICY ES-1.2: REGIONAL GROWTH AND impacts; TRANSPORTATION COORDINATION • Integrate mu�tiple benefits of Coordinate with local and regional green infrastructure with climate agencies to prepare updates to resiliency and adaptation. regional growth plans and strategies, ES-1.1.2:CAP and Sustainability including the Regional Housing Strategies Implementation. Allocation Needs Allocation (RHNA), Periodically review and report on the One Bay Area Plan, Regional effectiveness of the measures outlined Transportation Plan (RTP) and in the CAP and the strategies in this Sustainable Communities Element. Institutionalize sustainability Strategy (SCS). by developing a methodo�ogy to ensure STRATEGY: all environmental, social and lifecycle ES-1.2.1: Local Plan Consistency with costs are considered in project, Regional Plans. program, po�icy and budget decisions. Update and maintain local plans and ES-1.1.3:Climate Adaptation and strategies so they are consistent Resiliency. with One Bay Area Plan to qualify for Conduct a c�imate vulnerability State transportation and project CEQA assessment and set preparedness streamlining. goals and strategies to safeguard human health and community assets susceptib�e to the impacts of a changing climate (e.g., increased drought, wildfires, flooding). Incorporate these into al� relevant plans, including the Emergency Preparedness Plan, Local Hazard Mitigation Plan, Dam Failure P�an, Climate Action Plan,Watershed Protection Plan, and Energy Assuredness Plan. �'�s '�'��"� CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT ��i�siiiis e n e ra� la n y �ni �� ����lo-� g p (communit vision 2015-2040) f����� ����e�� rse-- � �f=e,,�-������� r ��� � 's/"e, . %��� � `.,:: _ � � � >,%:-, �� �y� ��� ����,!+►�v��.�•��� � .�.o.�•�o.`o���� ����,��v�w��� � �' ���e"o � ♦ ""'�'�'�a�ti�, I� � � .;, ��� �' �, i¢'ir..:.,.'- . �+,n .-� ' ' ,.. Y�' "� F NJ�V,',�`i P f � N •.� � ������y,p�i',' �. � A ....e.. �sirufE9Wi�,a,�i�� _.n'y.:�t�..�� / • � � � � � � � � � � � , � , � ENERGY SUSTAINABILITY Since energy consumption is the largest contributor to GHG emissions, the City seeks to conserve energy to reach state and regional emissions targets. POLICY ES-2.1:CONSERVATION AND facilities and equipment to achieve the EFFICIENT USE OF ENERGY RESOURCES energy goals established in the City's Encourage the maximum feasib�e Climate Action Plan.Track the City's conservation and efficient use of energy use and report findings as part electrical power and natural gas of the Climate Action Plan reporting resources for new and existing schedule. Embed this plan into the residences, businesses, industrial and City's Environmentally Preferable public uses. Procurement Policy to ensure STRATEGIES: measures are achieved through a�l ES-2.1.1:Coordination. future procurement and construction Continue to evaluate, and revise as practices. necessary, applicable City plans, ES-2.1.3: Energy Efficient Replacements. codes and procedures for inclusion Continue to use �ife cycle cost ana�ysis of Federal, State and regional to identify City assets for replacement requirements and conservation with more energy efficient technology. targets. Utilize available tools to benchmark ES-2.1.2:Comprehensive Energy and showcase city energy efficiency Management. achievements (i.e. EPA Portfolio Prepare and implement a Manager, statewide Green Business comprehensive energy management Program). plan for all applicable municipal CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�p�an (community vision 2015-2040) ES-2.1.4: Incentive Program. and city faci�ities, and recommend Consider incentive programs for improvements that lead to energy projects that exceed mandatory and cost savings opportunities for requirements and promote incentives participants and encourage adoption from state, county and federa� of alternative energy technologies. governments for improving energy Encourage energy audits to include efficiency and expanding renewable emerging online and application-based energy insta��ations. energy analytics and diagnostic tools. ES-2.1.5: Urban Forest. Share residential and commercial Encourage the inclusion of additional energy efficiency and renewable shade trees, vegetated stormwater energy financing tools through treatment and landscaping to reduce outreach events and civic media the "heat island effect" in development assets. projects. ES-2.1.9: Energy Efficient Transportation ES-2.1.6:Alternate Energy Sources. Modes. Promote and increase the use of Continue to encourage fuel-efficient alternate and renewable energy transportation modes such as resources for the entire community alternative fuel vehicles, driverless through effective policies, programs vehicles, public transit, car and van- and incentives. pooling, community and regional shuttle systems, car and bike sharing ES-2.1.7: Energy Co-generation Systems. programs, safe routes to schools, Encourage the use of energy co- commuter benefits, and pedestrian and generation systems through the bicycle paths through infrastructure provision of an awareness program investment, development incentives, targeting the larger commercial and and community education. industrial users and public facilities. ES-2.1.10: Community Choice Energy. ES-2.1.8: Energy Audits and Financing. Collaborate with regional partners to Continue to offer and leverage regional evaluate feasibility for development of partners' programs to conduct energy a Community Choice Energy Program. audits and/or subvention programs for homes, commercial, industrial �_�.,.� � �-_. .ic INO L�bu;..,. 1 '_ � CHAPTER b:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT > I i. I i r � � � � � r � � � _.��_ �^��� i��w .1_ - �. � . �k. � �� � � L / • • • , • . � � � / / • � / SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS The City seeks to improve building efficiency from planning, construction and operations to help improve indoor air quality and conserve materia�s and natural resources. POLICY ES-3.1: GREEN BUILDING DESIGN ES-3.1.2:Staff Training. Set standards for the design and Continue to train appropriate City construction of energy and resource staff in the design principles, costs conserving/efficient building. and benefits of sustainable building STRATEGIES: and landscape design. Encourage ES-3.1.1:Green Building Program. City staff to attend external trainings Periodical�y review and revise the on these topics and attain re�evant City's Green Building ordinance to program certifications (e.g., Green ensure alignment with CALGreen Point Rater, Leadership in Energy requirements for a�l major private and & Environmenta� Design (LEED) pub�ic projects that ensure reduction Accredited Professional). in energy and water use for new development through site selection and building design. CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�p�an (community vision 2015-2040) ES-3.1.3:Green Buildings Informational Seminars. Conduct and/or participate in Green Building informational seminars and workshops for members of the design and construction industry, land development, real estate sales, lending institutions, �andscaping and design, the building maintenance industry and prospective project applicants. ES-3.1.4:Green Building Demonstration. Pursue municipal facility retrofits, through a Green Capital Improvement Program (CIP), and new construction projects that exceed CalGreen and achieve third-party certification criteria (e.g., LEED, Living Building Challenge, Zero Net Energy) as a means of creating demonstration spaces for developer and community enrichment. CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT ���_���� general plan (community vision 2015-2040) ..}" II .yi_• +A � .;^rf�� �' . � '� �� i�� cr�ir r' i'r ? r �� �'� i � �� _ r:�,.-:; ,... .�, A ; 2 , '��'. �.", ` ��: " ������. . �� `V {r F�. ` a � � � '`r/ � �M1 s� � r ,� ���1� ```.�-,,. ,� �. � „!j� � -�w r�� .i' � r /,1 1•' yP . �- - �t,.�- . .. +a.�� . ' , _ ��i� ,..,�- ... � ... ._. -r'�_���r V "t..-�,'�.-..-.� . ._ . .� ;.�, 1 1 � � � � � � � � � AIR QUALITY The City seeks to identify ways to improve air quality in order to reduce emissions and improve overall community health. POLICY ES-4.1: NEW DEVELOPMENT ES-4.1.3: Planning. Minimize the air quality impacts Ensure that land use and of new development projects and transportation plans support air air quality impacts that affect new quality goals. development. POLICY ES-4.2:EXISTING DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES: Minimize the air quality impacts of ES-4.1.1:Toxic Air Contaminants. existing development. Continue to review projects for STRATEGIES: potential generation of toxic air ES-4.2.1: Public Education Program. contaminants at the time of approval Establish a citywide public education and confer with Bay Area Air Quality program providing information Management District on contro�s on ways to reduce and control needed if impacts are uncertain. emissions; and continue to provide ES-4.1.2: Dust Control. information about alternative Continue to require water application commutes, carpooling and restricting to non-polluting dust control measures exacerbating activities on "Spare the during demolition and the duration of Air" high-emissions days. the construction period. CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�p�an (community vision 2015-2040) ES-4.2.2: Home Occupations. POLICY ES-4.3: USE OF OPEN FIRES AND Review and consider expanding the FIREPLACES allowable home-based businesses Discourage high pollution fireplace in residentially zoned properties to use. reduce the need to commute to work. STRATEGIES: ES-4.2.3:Tree Planting in Private ES-4.3.1: Education. Development. Continue to make BAAQMD literature Review and enhance the City's tree on reducing pollution from fireplace planting and landscaping program and use avai�able. requirements for private development ES-4.3.2: Fireplaces. to reduce air pollution levels. Continue to prohibit new wood-burning ES-4.2.4: Fuel-efficient Vehicles and Use. fireplaces, except EPA certified wood Prioritize the purchase, replacement stoves as allowed by the Building Code. and ongoing use of fuel-efficient and �ow polluting City f�eet vehicles. Update applicable policies and programs to require life cycle cost analyses and include a�ternative fueling infrastructure review and related funding allocations. Update the Vehic�e Use Policy and pursue fleet management best practices to support fuel conservation, scheduled maintenance and fleet fuel tracking. Pursue available grant funding to offset the cost of implementing these programs. ES-4.2.5: Point Sources of Emissions. Continue to seek the cooperation of the BAAQMD to monitor emissions from identified point sources that impact the community. In addition, for sources not within the regulatory jurisdiction of the City, seek cooperation from the applicable regu�atory authority to encourage reduction of emissions and dust from the point source. CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT � genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) _ �,,,- -�_.,� - .� il , , �; , < � . - �,4 • �`��� ;`�: � � � • � ' • . . • . � . URBAN AND RURAL ECOSYSTEMS Protecting Cupertino's natura� and urban ecosystems supports the City commitment to protect ecosystems and improve sustainability. POLICY ES-5.1: URBAN ECOSYSTEM stormwater treatment and p�anting of Manage the pub�ic and private native, drought tolerant landscaping development to ensure the protection that is beneficial to the environment. and enhancement of its urban pOLICY ES-5.2: DEVELOPMENT NEAR ecosystem. SENSITIVE AREAS STRATEGIES: Encourage the clustering of new ES-5.1.1: Landscaping. development away from sensitive Ensure that the City's tree planting, areas such as riparian corridors, �andscaping and open space policies wildlife habitat and corridors, public enhance the urban ecosystem by open space preserves and ridgelines. encouraging medians, pedestrian- New developments in these areas crossing curb-extensions planting must have a harmonious landscaping that is native, drought-tolerant, treats plan approved prior to development. stormwater and enhances urban plant, aquatic and animal resources in both, private and public development. ES-5.1.2: Built Environment. Ensure that sustainable landscaping design is incorporated in the development of City facilities, parks and private projects with the inclusion of ineasures such as tree protection, CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�p�an (community vision 2015-2040) STRATEGY: POLICY ES-5.5: RECREATION AND ES-5.2.1: Riparian Corridor Protection. NATURAL VEGETATION Require the protection of riparian Limit recreation in natural areas to corridors through the development activities compatible and appropriate approva� process. with preserving natura� vegetation, POLICY ES-5.3: LANDSCAPING IN AND such as hiking, horseback riding, NEARNATURALVEGETATION mountain biking and camping. Preserve and enhance existing natural POLICY ES-5.6: RECREATION AND vegetation, landscape features and WILDLIFE open space when new development Provide open space linkages within is proposed within existing natura� and between properties for both areas. When development is proposed recreational and wildlife activities, near natural vegetation, encourage most specifically for the benefit of the landscaping to be consistent with wildlife that is threatened, endangered the palate of vegetation found in the or designated as species of special natural vegetation. concern. STRATEGIES: STRATEGIES: ES-5.3.1: Native Plants. ES-5.6.1: Creek and Water Course Continue to emphasize the planting of Identification. native, drought tolerant, pest resistant, Require identification of creeks, non-invasive, climate appropriate water courses and riparian areas on plants and ground covers, particularly site plans and require that they be for erosion control and to prevent protected from adjacent development. disturbance of the natural terrain ES-5.6.2:Trail Easements. ES-5.3.2: Hillsides. Consider requiring easements for trail Minimize lawn area in the hillsides. linkages if analysis determines that POLICY ES-5.4: HILLSIDE WILDLIFE they are needed. MIGRATION Confine fencing on hi��side property to the area around a building, rather than around an entire site, to allow for migration of wi�d animals. " '�' _ � • CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT �' general p�an (community vision 2015-2040) - ���� n • •I - ��'� ��{�� . ;� � t� �}�� �'���� � �'. �� . i `. _ ,�,��rY;�� ' �rr :.�a .,v.�� . �, t � � —a ,.,� 1 � .��F�':r i'_ . . - .. �r � � �' � .. .�- x- - • •'� - •, _���.��:� �' �� � �#. ,�� ,'L �� r� 1 � • � � � � � � � � MINERAL RESOURCES The City seeks to minimize the impacts of mineral resource operations on the community. POLICY ES-6.1: MINERAL RESOURCE ES-6.1.2: Recreation in Depleted Mining AREAS Areas. Cooperatively work with Santa Clara Consider designating abandoned County to ensure that plans for quarries for passive recreation to restoration and mining operations at enhance plant and wi�dlife habitat and Lehigh Hanson and Stevens Creek rehabilitate the land. quarries consider environmental impacts and mitigations. STRATEGIES: ES-6.1.1: Public Participation. Encourage Santa Clara County to engage with the affected neighborhoods when considering changes to restoration plans and mineral extraction activity. M1 . 1 1 '.$..4t . ': . `� ' '\ y `,#�f ],y' �+� - - :�cc: �`_,- 5;-:. ,.. f ;�` ' f . - .[.-ti'•'�°'��t'!�' .".;�*i`�';'_- �� ; �� 4 ,,,. �' .t , �:�3ek. +c :ys � r!.� '' ' �i...'���'..��,�f, ���ys� '�.y'�.-'.� ^��'.^��- ".��h�;�.,..:�^.a' . CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT . 1 . � -'- � '�ba:�- � ' i.� .' r' ,�'..:'. '��'...� �e.��r ti '.' � S���Y;. `.' � ti � � .. �.U�_�7'����'� -{� � '..A.%� . .,..',.::.�„ �P���'�n ,. . .�; . ,.:G�_:�.�� _:� r.REd';'.����'.;7�'1 ,:.. tiiZ.i`' ..�J�F�r�y.. :i.�� Sr ?L'.�.:,':1 . . 'if;.., . YF.... ,.."5:�� . y��� �5�:"Y� ` - . - 1.�� ��Y-1::.• �� �'r� . ���',. ..�'�- .. ���c�:�����. .� � ' ~_ -_ �_ n - `:'.:_:'i��: , ..`,�� ,�.,�: � •�-•'� ���`a.� �`:'°, - ;'_�.:�Y�#�:^;"V� �,�;-� : `" :._,. g y, i� � �=::-Y..�. - �,i'�± .��--` '�: ,ti r;=�: : - . . .� � . '� �,r a�1 .. ,. . � . _ . �4'�• . � �,. -�� �.; k'", },.�� ��?.'�r �:. •��a. £ . ��. �ri=;; y . �. . �,4. ., f� "�`�_'1�_,�:�--' ���� 5 4�.� r..,�., ..:�,. ,r'•;•�` d���.. r� �'-� •=,�.= , • s ,fr . �.l'�3fs._.�'�..ti i. . �:p.. . ��� �; �� � � � � , / � WATER The City seeks to ensure that current and future water supplies are adequate by reducing water demand and protecting sources of water. POLICY ES-7.1: NATURAL WATER BODIES POLICY ES-7.2: REDUCTION OF AND DRAINAGE SYSTEMS IMPERVIOUS SURFACES In public and private development, Minimize stormwater runoff and use Low Impact Development (LID) erosion impacts resulting from principles to manage stormwater development and use low impact by mimicking natural hydro�ogy, development (LID) designs to treat minimizing grading and protecting or stormwater or recharge groundwater restoring natural drainage systems. STRATEGIES: STRATEGIES: ES-7.2.1: Lot Coverage. ES-7.1.1: Development Plans. Consider updating lot coverage Continue to require topographical requirements to include paved information; identification of creeks, surfaces such as driveways and on- streams and drainage areas; and grade impervious patios to incentivize grading plans for both public and the construction of pervious surfaces. private development proposals to ES-7.2.2: Pervious Walkways and ensure protection and efficient use of Driveways. water resources. Encourage the use of pervious materials for walkways and driveways. If used on pub�ic or quasi-pub�ic property, mobi�ity and access for the disabled should take precedence. CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) ES-7.2.3: Maximize Infiltration. ES-7.4.2:Watershed Management Plans. Minimize impervious surface areas, Work with other agencies to develop and maximize on-site filtration and the broader Watershed Management use of on-site retention facilities. Plans to model and control the City's POLICY ES-7.3: POLLUTION AND FLOW hydro�ogy. IMPACTS ES-7.4.3: Development. Ensure that surface and groundwater Review development plans to ensure quality impacts are reduced through that projects are examined in the development review and vo�untary context of impacts on the entire efforts. watershed, in order to comply with STRATEGIES: the City's non-point source Municipal ES-7.3.1: Development Review. Regional Permit. Require LID designs such as vegetated POLICY ES-7.5: GROUNDWATER stormwater treatment systems and RECHARGE SITES green infrastructure to mitigate Support the Santa Clara Valley pollutant loads and flows. Water District efforts to find and ES-7.3.2:Creek Clean Up. develop groundwater recharge sites Encourage volunteer organizations Within Cupertino and provide public to help clean creek beds to reduce recreation where possible. pollution and help return waterways to POLICY ES-7.6:OTHER WATER SOURCES their natural state. Encourage the research of other water POLICY ES-7.4:WATERSHED BASED sources, including water rec�amation. PLANNING Review long-term plans and development projects to ensure good stewardship of watersheds. STRATEGIES: ES-7.4.1:Storm Drainage Master Plan. Develop and maintain a Storm Drainage Master P�an which identifies facilities needed to prevent "10-year" event street flooding and "100-year" event structure flooding and integrate green infrastructure to meet water quality protection needs in a cost effective manner. CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�p�an (community vision 2015-2040) POLICY ES-7.7: INDUSTRIAL WATER POLICY ES-7.9: INTER-AGENCY RECYCLING COORDINATION FOR WATER Encourage industrial projects, in CONSERVATION cooperation with the Cupertino Continue to coordinate citywide water Sanitary District, to have �ong-term conservation and regiona� water conservation measures, including supply problem solving efforts with recycling equipment for manufacturing the Santa Clara Valley Water District and water supp�ies in the p�ant. (SCVWD), San Jose Water Company POLICY ES-7.8: NATURAL WATER and California Water Company. COURSES STRATEGY: Retain and restore creek beds, ES-7.9.1:Water Conservation Measures. riparian corridors, watercourses and Implement water conservation associated vegetation in their natural measures and encourage the state to protect wi�dlife habitat and implementation of voluntary water recreation potential and assist in conservation measures from the City's groundwater percolation. Encourage water retailers and SCVWD. �and acquisition or dedication of such pOLICY ES-7.10: PUBLIC EDUCATION areas. REGARDING RESOURCE CONSERVATION STRATEGY: Provide public information regarding ES-7.8.1: Inter-Agency Coordination. resource conservation. Work with the Santa Clara Va�ley Water STRATEGIES: District and other relevant regional ES-7.10.1: Outreach. agencies to enhance riparian corridors Continue to send educationa� and provide adequate flood control information and notices to households by use of flow increase mitigation and businesses with water measures, such as hydromodification prohibitions, water allocations and controls as established by the conservation tips. Continue to offer Municipal Regional Permit. featured artic�es in the Cupertino Scene and Cupertino Courier. Consider providing Public Service Announcements on the City's Channe� and Cupertino Radio. CHAPTER 6:ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES AND SUSTAINABILITY ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) ES-7.10.2: Demonstration Gardens. ES-7.11.3: Recycled Water System. Consider including water-wise Continue to work with water retailers demonstration gardens in some to promote and expand the availability parks where feasible as they are re- of recycled water in the City for public landscaped or improved using drought and private use. tolerant native and non-invasive, and ES-7.11.4: Recycled Water in Projects. non-native plants. Encourage and promote the use of POLICY ES-7.11:WATER CONSERVATION recycled water in public and private AND DEMAND REDUCTION MEASURES buildings, open space and streetscape Promote efficient use of water planting. throughout the City in order to meet ES-7.11.5: On-site Recycled Water. State and regional water use reduction Encourage on-site water recyc�ing targets. including rainwater harvesting and STRATEGIES: gray water use. ES-7.11.1: Urban Water Management ES-7.11.6:Water Conservation Plan. Programs. Collaborate with water retailers Benchmark and continue to track the serving the City in the preparation City's public and private municipal of their Urban Water Management Water use to ensure ongoing Plan, including water conservation accountability and as a means of strategies and programs. informing prioritization of future ES-7.11.2:Water Conservation agency water conservation projects. Standards. ES-7.11.7: Green Business Certification Comply with State water conservation and Water Conservation. standards by either adopting the State Continue to support the City's Green standards or alternate standards that gusiness Certification goals of long- are equally efficient. term water conservation within City facilities, vegetated stormwater infiltration systems, parks and medians, inc�uding installation of low-flow toilets and showers, parks, installation of automatic shut-off valves in lavatories and sinks and water efficient outdoor irrigation. 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' � 'ti �'�`i�� + ^'.�'� .41� � ��� ��;#� _ � �`����� ��- � ` 1� _ . � �si__ '"s: r '� , +����!���'�`1-�'a 1rr, �'!M s::a�'.' -�� 'be/F'.��r3�i 't:�"'�i:�*sr .'�,�_ti'f. :. r .. . �. : Introduction Community health and public safety responsibilities have to evolve to address the community's growth and changing needs.The City is committed to maintaining a high level of preparedness to protect the community from risks to life, property and the environment associated with both natural and human- hazardous materials and improved disaster planning. This Element includes goals, policies and strategies that address the potential risks associated with these hazards, actions the City can take to reduce , ��' ��� these risks,and ways the City and community can take more sustainable � ` ` _ . ' � approaches for preventing or minimizing injuries to life and damages to ���. ��� ;� � . - , property. . _ .,. L :��� ; �` + - .+_ -� +L+� _ y � ' S .� � � � CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEllEl"a�p�all (COIY1f71UIlIfyVI51011ZO�5-ZO4O) CONTEXT EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS Emergencies can severely impact the health of a community and a city or agency's ability to provide needed services. Emergencies can include natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods and forest fires, or others events such as infrastructure disruptions, security incidents or hazardous spills. Emergency preparedness includes activities that are undertaken before an emergency occurs so there is an effective and coordinated response. Emergency preparedness requires the integration of the following elements into each of the City's functions: emergency planning, coordination, mitigation, training and public education.The City, its contributing agencies, and the community are partners in ensuring that emergency planning is effectively implemented. CUPERTINO EMERGENCY PLAN State law requires cities to prepare an emergency plan in order to effectively respond to natural or human-caused disasters that threaten lives, the natural environment or property.The Cupertino Emergency Plan establishes an organizational framework to enable the City to manage its emergency response activities and to coordinate with County, State and Federal agencies. The Emergency Plan was prepared in accordance with the National Incident Management System (NIMS) and is used in conjunction with the State Emergency Plan, the Santa Clara Operational Disaster Response and Recovery Area Interim Agreement, Santa Clara County Emergency Plan, as well as plans and Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) of contract agencies and special districts. Support personnel such as City staff, special districts and vo�unteer groups are trained to perform specific functions in the Emergency Operations Center.The plan is reviewed annually and tested through periodic emergency disaster dri��s. CHAPTER 7:HEALTH ANDSAFETYELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTER The City's Emergency Operations Center (EOC) is �ocated on the first floor of City Hall, with an alternative location in the Service Center on Mary Avenue.The EOC has the ability to be fully functional within 30 minutes of activation. Capabilities include emergency backup power, computer network and internet access, and telephone and radio communications to City and County sites.While the staffing and duties are actively managed through the Emergency Plan, there may be additional physical and seismic improvements required to City Hall to ensure that it can continue to meet the requirements of an EOC. Additional communication support is provided by volunteers from Cupertino Amateur Radio Emergency Service (CARES). CARES volunteers coordinate extensive citywide communications capabilities, including helping to connect neighbors, public safety officials, special districts, City and County Departments. DISASTER SERVICE WORKERS During emergencies, all City emp�oyees are designated Disaster Service Workers under Section 3100 of the California Government Code. They are required to remain at work as long as they are needed, and receive specific training in personal and home preparedness, First Aid, CPR, NIMS and Terrorism Awareness. Volunteer groups a�so play an important role in the City's Emergency Plan. The City is part of a countywide volunteer services plan and is working with the Emergency Volunteer Center, Blockleaders, and Neighborhood Watch to develop a plan for coordinating and deploying volunteers. Citizen Corps members (CARES, CERT and MRC) continue to receive appropriate training and equipment to rapidly respond throughout the City and augment professiona� first responders. Unregistered and untrained volunteers may be utilized and trained, as needed during a disaster. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEllEl"a�p�all (COIY1f71UIlIfyVI51011ZO�5-ZO4O) FIRE SAFETY Fire fighting and emergency medical services are provided to the City by the Santa Clara County Fire Department (SCCFD). SCCFD is a full service department that provides similar services to seven other West Val�ey cities and adjacent county areas. Mutual aid agreements with the neighboring jurisdictions augment SCCFD's fire response capabilities. In addition to fire protection, SCCFD also conducts fire prevention inspections and educational programs, including those on Community Emergency Response Team (CERT) training, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and first aid certification. Due to Cupertino's geographical location, it is exposed to hazards from both wildland and urban fires.There are approximately 16 square miles of hillsides included in and around the boundary of the city. In 2009, based on vegetation data, topography and potential fire behavior, the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection (CalFire) identified approximately three acres of the City to be in the High and Very High Fire Hazard Severity Zone.The City adopted this area as its Wildand-Urban Interface Fire Area (WUIFA). Properties in the WUIFA are subject to building and property maintenance standards intended to prevent and manage community safety due to brush and forest fires (Figure HS-1). Planning for such areas also requires attention to the availability of access roads and water for firefighting and evacuation efforts. Santa Clara County lists the Montebello Road/Stevens Canyon area as the fourth highest risk in the county.The road linking Montebello and the Palo Alto Sphere of Influence to the bottom of Stevens Canyon has been improved to acceptable standards for a fire access road. A fire trail extends from Skyline Boulevard on Charcoal Road to Stevens Canyon.The City requires that all emergency roads be constructed with an all weather surface. It a�so requires a private emergency access connection between public streets within Lindy Canyon and Regnart Canyon areas. Presently, there are no water systems serving the Montebello Road and upper Stevens Canyon area, with the exception of Stevens Creek itself. Because there is no water service to these areas, the County requires homes to provide individual water tanks and fire sprinkler systems (Figure HS-2). CHAPTER 7:HEALTH ANDSAFETYELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) The urbanized portions of Cupertino are not exposed to a high risk of fire. The City is served by a well-managed fire protection service as well as a fire prevention program. Bui�dings in the City are re�atively new and there is a strong code enforcement program, an adequate water supply and a well- maintained delivery system. State, regional and local standards also ensure that new buildings and faci�ities adequately address issues of fire safety, access, evacuation and fire-fighting requirements. Response time is one metric for measuring level of service for fighting fire and emergency services. It is the policy of SCCFD to respond to 90 percent of emergency calls not requiring a paramedic in under seven minutes. For situations where emergency medical services are required, it is the policy that paramedics arrive in less than seven minutes at least 90 percent of the time. An increase in calls for fire service and traffic congestion may affect SCCFD's critical response time, and the District may need to adjust or expand staff, and equipment in areas of high service demand in the future. Figure HS-3 shows the location of fire stations and their service areas in Cupertino. STATE AND LOCAL PROGRAMS The City regu�ates bui�ding construction and site planning through the Uniform Fire Code and the California Building Code.The City and the SCCFD inspect commercial and industrial buildings for compliance with the applicable codes. In addition, the County Fire Marsha� and the Fire Department regulate activities, including weed abatement and brush clearance, in the Wildland Urban Interface Fire Area (WUFIA). PUBLIC SAFETY The City, and a number of surrounding jurisdictions, contracts with the Santa Clara County Sheriff's Office,West Valley Division, for law enforcement services. Law enforcement services include police patro�s, criminal investigations, traffic enforcement, accident investigation and tactical teams.The City's commitment to public safety encompasses two broad areas of responsibilities: (1) provide public safety services and the planning necessary for the prevention of crime; and (2) plan for a safe environment in which the public is not exposed to unnecessary risks to life and property. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEllEl"a�p�all (COIY1f71UIlIfyVI51011ZO�5-ZO4O) � � � �� LosAltos Sunnyvale HOM6TFAD fd7AD �.�—�y II �� f � � � �� � / 85 � � � � � Q � � 53ni3 Cl3fd � � � LL �i � � � � � srEvws crm< e�w i� ( ��_� � ' moaaiaN a ���� e � i � Q � a — � � � ���� � � � ����N� � � .. � San Jose I r Legend — � �_ wUNaow oPo�E Unincorporated Areas within Urban Service Area ��� � � � � City Boundary � s�e�e�sc�ee. ��� �s�r�o UrbanServiceAreaBoundary ee�ervo�� _ - J i Sphere of Influence / _ saratoga Boundary Agreement Line � ( Unincorporated Areas � � ` Urban Wildland Interface N 0 0.5 1 Mile � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet � 0 500 1000 Meters 0 CHAPTER 7:HEALTH ANDSAFETYELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) Cupertino Municipal Water System California Water ,* (Leased to San Jose Water Company) . Los Altos Sunnyvale t I� \\ HOMESTEAO I ROFD I� II tA \ �: �+� J � .` 80 I I , � C �` ������� �.■ � --r� �� � ' I � 85 • o i�� o � o > � � � I m m o J � � ����,� � � z LL . Santa Clara F I W a o I� � � 0 3 0 I ��� , LL STEVENS CREEK BLVO II� � / I�I /� ' ���� ���� y � �_z� i � i - ■ � ���� ti■ � c � McCLELLAN � ROA� �J—� ��� £ I 1 • � � . � I — � ' . ' BOLLINGER RO I 1���� m ���■ � � San Jose � \ .. ..... • . 1-'����������� � San Jose Water Company --- � -=—_ 1�� RniNe oRive � � � Legend � ��� • __�J ��J� _ � j City Boundary I L � s�e�e�sc,eek � _____ PaosaecT Rono Urban Service Area Boundar aese��o�� 7 � Y \ / J �.� Saracoga Sphere oflnfluence �� /" j � � Boundary Agreement Line — Unincorporated Areas ���i Water Company Service Areas N o a.s i Mue � o i000 zaao 3000 Feet � 0 500 1000 Me[ers ��� CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEllEl"a�p�all (COIY1f71UIlIfyVI51011ZO�5-ZO4O) j ; � � Sunnyvale �j �� Los Altos I . .. II HOMesrEao Raao , d � ��� �� _ � � .. I �� 85 _ � - Cupertino � Santa Clara Fire Station 3 —� STEVENS CREEK BLVD � Monta Vista Fire Station �' McCLELLAN ROA� � �����' '.; � ,� I � I i�. gOLLIN6ER RD 9 ���. m � ��\ � \ \ San Jose � ��J!�, � ,����.�� � I �% 1 � Legend _ RAINBOW RIVE � /� City Boundary � ��� � � Seven � � � Springs Urban Service Area Boundary ,� ��,�� ; '� Fire Station j Sphere of Influence �� � ___.__.1 PaosvEcl Rono � � � � Boundary Agreement Line � % � \ � � ��� saracoqa � Unincorporated Areas ��� I � / `;\ / � 3/4 Mile Serivce Area � � � � 1-1/2 Miles Service Area � 2 Miles Service Area N 0 0.5 1 Mile � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet � 0 500 1000 Meters � CHAPTER 7:HEALTH ANDSAFETYELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) HAZARDOUS MATERIALS Hazardous materials are a part of our everyday life in the form of batteries, light bulbs, and household chemicals such as pesticides, motor oil, cleaners and paints.They are also used in many commercial and industrial operations. The use, storage and disposal of hazardous materials, including management of contaminated soils and groundwater, is regulated by Federal, State and loca� laws.The City has adopted a Hazardous Materia�s Storage Ordinance that regulates the storage of these materials in solid and liquid form.The City's Regulation of Facilities Where Materials Which Are Or May Become Toxic Gases Are Found Ordinance regulates the storage of hazardous materials in gaseous form. Figure HS-4 identifies potential sites within the city that may contain hazardous materials. Since 1990, State law has required that hazardous waste be properly disposed of in approved hazardous waste treatment or disposal facilities. To accomp�ish this, new treatment methods and facilities have been developed and approved to pre-treat hazardous waste before its final disposal. Under authority of the 1986 "Tanner" Bill (AB 2948), Cupertino, a�ong with 13 other cities,joined the County to develop a comprehensive and coordinated planning approach to hazardous waste disposal. In 1990, a countywide Household Hazardous Waste (HHW) Program was created. In order to supp�ement the County HHW Program and make the collection of HHW more convenient for residents, the City currently provides a door-to-door hazardous waste retrieval service through its solid waste franchise agreement. ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS Electromagnetic fields are a physical field produced by electrically charged objects, such has high transmission power lines.The potential health effects of the very low frequency EMFs surrounding power lines and electrical devices are the subject of on-going research and a significant amount of public debate. The US National Institute for Occupationa� Safety and Health (NIOSH) has issued some cautionary advisories but stresses that the data is currently too limited to draw good conclusions. Currently, electromagnetic fields from transmission lines, electrical and wireless facilities, and appliances are heavily regulated through Federal and State requirements. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEllEl"a�p�all (COIY1f71UIlIfyVI51011ZO�5-ZO4O) I � Los Altos I Sunnyvale � HOMESTEA� OHD I II �' � `_ 80 � � �-� �� - . �� � � �-. �� �� I _ . � --� . `� I �,. .... 85 0 �� m � � o Santa Clara � � � � ♦ � " a ♦ � � ^' " x � a � i o � � i o �, o � I ��� , LL � � STEVENS CREEK BLVO � I �� '� � �� I�' ' � I 1 I ��� � �, � � �` 1 �� � �` w `' ` ��� i McCLELLAN ¢p � , f .__ ROHO . w ¢ � z w F < � z � � � � 0 ������ ' o m � �- I � m {t_ I ' m 1 BOLIINGER � �". , ����� � � �-, � San Jose � \'� � `1 ..... , I � � � Legend � --- ��_�� r RAINB RIVE � � � City Boundary � � � f' � f __J Urban Service Area Boundary � � � /� � ti `�C- � � 1 � �` Sphere of Influence I StevensCreek � PROSPECT ROAD J RCSe"°'� �' 1 \ Boundary Agreement Line i / �.�,� Saratoya Unincorporated Areas � Potential Sites N 0 0.5 1 Mile � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet cr� 0 500 1000 Melers � CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEll2fa� p�afl (COITIIIIUIII[yVISI0112O�5- ZO4O) GEOLOGIC AND SEISMIC HAZARDS Cupertino is located in the seismica<<y active San Francisco Bay region, which has several active seismic faults. The San Andreas fault, one of the longest and most active faults in the world, is located west of Cupertino. Two additiona� faults closely associated with the San Andreas fault, the Sargent-Berrocal and Monta Vista-Shannon fault systems, also cross the western portion of the city. Movement on the San Andreas fau�t is predominantly right-lateral strike-slip, where the earth ruptures in a horizontal fashion, with the opposite sides of the fault moving to the right with respect to each other. Movement on the Sargent- Berroca� and Monta Vista-Shannon faults is more variable in style. Both of these faults are characterized by "thrust" faulting, where a significant amount of vertical "up-down" (so called dip-slip) displacement occurs on an inclined plane, and one side of the fault is elevated (i.e., thrust over) the other side. Primary geologic hazards in Cupertino are re�ated to lands�ides and seismic impacts. Seismically induced ground shaking, surface fault rupture, and various forms of earthquake-triggered ground failure are anticipated within the city during large earthquakes.These geologic hazards present potentia� impacts to property and public safety.Tables HS-1 through HS-4 briefly explain seismic hazards, magnitude and occurrence, acceptable exposure rise, and technical investigations required based on acceptable risk. Figure HS-5 identifies the areas in Cupertino susceptible to the greatest risk. Also see Technical Appendix E for additional information on geologic and seismic hazards and risks. Following the 1983 Coalinga and 1994 Northridge earthquakes, scientists became increasing�y aware of earthquakes generated by faults not previously observed at the earth's surface.These types of faults are called "blind faults;' and represent a type of thrust fault that does not rupture completely to the surface. It is possible that one or more "blind faults" are present in the Monta Vista-Shannon fau�t system. A.SanAndreasFault B.Sargent-BerrocalFault Faults within the HorizontalOffset Cupertino planning of the Ground Surface Horizontally VerticallyElevatedBlock area are characterized Shifted Blo<k , t1 # by(A) Horizontal and -� -_ ��` °'' (B) Uertical displace- __ ,_ _ •,�.. _ -— _ _�,. �°'-" - — - _ �%,-� - - —� %'' �_�;� �_as.-�� ments. - -- � - - } - - , � `-_-- — — ' �� ,�I- ��-; -�� i ��a - ' — _ �o� �\-- -, FaultType: Riqht Lateral FaultType: Thrust(Dip-Slip)Fault (Strike-Slip)Fault DisplacemenT. Vertical Displawment: Horizontal CHAPTER 7:HEALTH AND SAFETY ELEMENT i � � /� Los Altos Sunnyvale / HowEsrEno aono � r � , e ��———�—--�—-- ♦ H '— S V � � o � Santa Clara i — 'l�� �/ LL � o STEVENS CREEK BLV� 3 � '� I _ F� � °h� ��d G. V �—_. � _ s� L y McCLELLAN � J ROAD � I! �L � � �� L m � � Lti j/ / I � m � BOLLIN6ER RD a / l /' O � � I �,� I � d � San Jose �,� �/ �% ,I ��H � i`'� F � �-' J j ' - \ `� aaiNaow oaivE __--_ � _, � � , � I ` ` SlevensCreek PROSPELT RD I Reservoir � —I_ ` `rd d Saratoga � L/ i .9 f 7 / .� � dP H �'� � ds d F Legend � °% � ` Fault Rupture � / /�� `�/r _ Slope Instability �ouoy � � .. � ry � � _, � � Hillside _ � � _ �_ � Inundation/Liquefaction CValley Floor _ Known Fault Inferred Fault ���I1��� ConcealedFault Urban Service Area Boundary Boundary Agreement Line N 0 0.5 1 Mile � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet � 0 500 1000 Meters � CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEll2fa� p�afl (COITIIIIUIII[yVISI0112O�5- ZO4O) � � � � - � � . � (F)— Fau�t Rupture Area of potential surface fault rupture hazard within 300 feet east and 600 feet west of the Monta Vista and Berroca� fau�ts, and within 600 feet of the San Andreas fau�t. Area includes all recognized landslide deposits, and steep walls of Stevens Creek canyon, with a (S)— Slope Instabi�ity moderate to high landslide potential under static or seismic conditions. Area also reflects the mapped zone of potential earthquake-induced �ands�iding prepared by the California Geologica� Survey (2002). (H)— Hi��side Area contains moderate to steep slope conditions not included in the above categories, with an unde- termined potential for slope instabl�ity. (L)— Liquefaction / Area where local geological, geotechnical and groundwater conditions indicate a potentia� for �ique- Inundation faction under seismic conditions. Much of this area also has the potential for periodic flood inundation The Liquefaction/Inundation Zone is stippled where covered by an overlaying Fault Zone. Area mc�udes all relative�y level va�ley floor terrain not included in the above categories with relativel (V)—Va��ey low levels of geologic hazard risk. � . . . - . � - . � . . . � - . . . . - . - � � San Andreas 5.5 miles 7.9 7.9 220 years San Andreas Hayward (South) 10 mi�es 7.0 7.0 236 years System Ca�veras (Central) 14 mi�es 6.3 7.0 374 years Sargent-Berroca� 3.5 miles 3.7-5.0 6.8 330 years Sargent-Berrocal System Monta Vista- Shannon 2 mi�es 2.0-3.0 6.8 2400 years CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT � g2flel"a�p�all (C01"IllllUllltyVl510n2O�5-ZO4O) _ � - � _ � � � � - � � � � - � . � - � - � • - • . � - . . . . - � ' . � - . . � - - - Vulnerable structures (nuclear reactors, Group 1 large dams, plants manufacturing/ stor- As required for maximum attainable safety ing hazardous materials) Vital public utilities (electrical trans- Group 2 mission interties/substations, regional Design as needed to remain functional after water pipelines, treatment plants, gas max. prob.earthquake on local faults mains) Communication/transportation (airports, telephones, bridges, freeways, evac. 5% to 25% of project cost routes) Extremely Low Small water retention structures Group 3 Emergency Centers (hospitals, fire/ police stations, post-earthquake aide Design as needed to remain functional after stations, schools, City Hall and Service max. prob earthquake on local faults Center, De Anza College) Involuntary occupancy facilities (schools, prisons, convalescent and nursing Group 4 homes) Design as needed to remain functional after High occupancy buildings (theaters, max. prob. earthquake on local faults hotels, large office/apartment bldgsJ Public utilities (electrical feeder routes, water supply turnout lines, sewage 5% to 25% of project cost lines) Moderately Low Group 5 Design to minimize injury, loss of life during Facilities important to local economy maximum probable earthquake on local faults; need not design to remain functional Minor transportation (arterials and park- ways) Group 6 Low-moderate occupancy buildings 2% of project cost; to 10% project cost in (small apartment bldgs., single-fam. extreme cases resid., motels, small commercial/office Ordinary Risk bldgs.) Level Very low occupancy buildings Design to resist minor earthquakes (ware- houses, farm structures) w/o damage; resist mod. Earthquakes w/o struc. damage,with Group 7 Open space and recreation (farm land, some nonstruct. damage; resist major earth- landfills, wildlife areas) quake (max. prob. on local faults w/o collapse, allowing some struc. & non-struc. damage CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEll21"a� p�all (COIT11T1UIll[y VI51011 ZO�S-ZO4O) . � . . � - � - � � . - � � � - � . � � 1 - . - . - � . - . - � UBC UBC Groups 1 to 4 Soils Soils Geology Seismic Hazard Seismic Hazard UBC UBC Groups 5 to 7 Soils Geology Descriptions of Technical Evaluations: UBC Current, adopted version of the California Building Code Soils Soils and foundation investigation to determine ability of local soil conditions to support structures Geology Determine subsidence potential, faulting hazard, slope stability (See Geologic Map for additional detail) Seismic Detailed Soils/Structural evaluation to certify adequacy Hazard of normal UBC earthquake regulations or to recommend more stringent measures CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I g2flel"al plall (COITllllurllty VISIOrI 2015 - 2040) FLOOD HAZARDS The City participates in the Community Rating System (CRS) program which is a voluntary incentive program that recognizes and encourages community floodplain management activities that exceed minimum NFIP requirements. Flood insurance premium rates for property owners within the city may be discounted to reflect the reduced flood risk resulting from community actions meeting the three goals of the CRS, which are to: (1) reduce flood damage to insurable property; (2) strengthen and support the insurance aspects of the NFIP; and (3) encourage a comprehensive approach to floodplain management. Floods are surface hydrological hazards that can have a significant, and sometimes, long lasting effect on a community. Floods can originate from various sources including heavy rainstorms, landslides and/or dam failure. Sediment deposits a�so increase f�ood risks because they clog the drainage system and may induce upstream f�ooding. Rain related floods are the most common type of floods, and usually occur during periods of extended heavy rainfall. The largest body of water within the area is the Stevens Creek Reservoir. Stevens Creek Dam meets current dam safety standards and the probability of its failure is minima� (Figure HS-6). The watersheds in the Santa Cruz Mountain Range feed into four major streambeds that traverse the City: Permanente Creek, Stevens Creek, Regnart Creek, and Calabazas Creek (Figure HS-7). Stevens Creek and its streamside are among the natural elements that have the most influence on Cupertino's character. These creeks collect surface runoff and channel it to the Bay. However, they also pose potential f�ooding risks if water levels exceed the top of bank as a result of heavy runoff. The City and the Santa Clara Valley Water District are actively involved in programs to minimize the risk of flooding.The City developed an approach to land use for the non-urbanized flood plain of Stevens Creek south of Stevens Creek Boulevard in the Land Use Element.This ensures the preservation of the 100-year flood plain and the protection of the riparian corridor along this portion of Stevens Creek.The City and the Water District also developed a flood management program for the flood plain of Stevens Creek between Interstate 280 and Stevens Creek Boulevard while preserving the natura� environment of Stevens Creek. Structural improvements, while not preferred, may be necessary, to protect properties from a 100-year flood. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEll2fa� p�afl (COITIIIIUIII[yVISI0112O�5- ZO4O) Sunnyvale i Los Altos � — �� - --� HOMESTEWD OA � � —J I � \� J � J , I � l 80 � ����� _� ' • J �_ _ --� ��` Cristo Rey Tank ,� � � � — 0+30 Min. ' `2 Mil.Gal. � / � Proposed Tanko Mann Drive Tank o i I 61.3 Acre Feet m � 1 Mil.Gal. ; m � � �� � � = a I Santa Clara 20 Mil.Gal.� a � e5 w " �i' _ � o V � � 0 3 I �� �--� �\ STEVENS CREEK BLVD � � .'�� ' Voss Ave.Pond � �0+15 Min. � 8-10 Acre Feet � ' �� � \ i� Mercedes Tanks � � � \ M<«E��AN � P (2)2 Mil.Gal. � ROA� � 12.2 Acre Feet ol m E � i 4 Mil.Gal. - I .. m . �II eouiNcea eo � „ San Jose I � \ Regnart Tanks �- 20 MiL GaL � I RegnartCanyonTank • Legend - - 0.1 6 MI�.Cid�. � RAi"B°w oaive �� ��/� � RainbowsEnd CityBoundary � Tank \ � � 0.30 Mil.Gal. Urban Service Area Boundary � J� \ \ Sphere oflnfluence � Stevens Creek � \PaosaEa aono J Reservoir Regnart Heights Tank � Boundary Agreement Line /' 3700 Acre Feet 0.14 MiL GaL Sararo a ` 1 BiL 200 MiL Gal 9 Unincorporated Areas �� — Flood Limit / _ NaturalorMan-Made Water Course Note: Flood inundation area for failure of Stevens Creek Reservoir is based upon maximum 3700 acre feet storage capacity. N 0 0.5 1 Mile � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet 0 500 1000 Meters ��� CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I g2flel"al plall (COITllllurllty VISIOrI 2015 - 2040) Los Altos Sunnyvale J � HOMESTEA� ROA� J� I � \ � : , .. ` __—'— 80 . � �� r J 85 100-Year Flood �, Contained In o � p Santa Clara � < - Channel LL p ��L � � V � 0 3 � \ 2 r---—� � LL STEVENS CREEI( BLV❑ c <� �� �r . Q� ; _ � -- �i � M«�E��AN P ' aoao � ----- i � m Ct�e � � I ' �I �__— m � ' BOLLINGER RD � � �,� �, �— ���� San Jose I �.,''i , �, tia`' 100-Year Flood � ' i �, Contained In Channel ! at RA�Na�,W a� --- - � �� ��� oR��E � � Legend < � / �' City Boundary sre sc�eek Paosaecr Roao � Re�efV��� I j -- Urban Service Area Boundary J I � / �.� Saretoga Sphere of Influence ,.-' Boundary Agreement Line � � � % � � Unincorporated Areas � Flood Limit Naturel or Man-Made Water Course Highway Major Road N 0 0.5 1 Mile � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet � 0 500 1000 Meters CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEll21"a� p�all (COIT11T1UIll[y VI51011 ZO�S-ZO4O) NOISE The noise environment is an accumulation of many different sources, ranging from human voices to major sources such as freeway traffic.The degree to which noise becomes an annoyance depends on a variety of factors including noise level, time of day, background sounds, and surrounding land use. COMMUNITY NOISE FUNDAMENTALS The three elements of community noise are noise level, noise spectrum, and variation in noise �evel with time. Noise leve� is measured in decibels (dB). Noise is composed of various frequencies within a noise spectrum that define the character of the noise. Since human hearing is more sensitive to the higher speech frequencies, the A-weighted frequency network is applied, in accordance with national and international standards, to adjust the measured noise level to more closely relate to human perception of loudness. Noise environments have different characteristics that vary with duration and time of day; for instance a freeway may emit a fairly constant noise level for long periods while an airport may emit many short-term high level noise events punctuated by extended periods of quiet.To provide a standard measure for community noise exposure that takes into account the time-varying characteristics, the State of California adopted the Community Noise Equivalent Level (CNEL) as the standard metric.The CNEL is a 24-hour energy average metric that pena�izes evening and nighttime noise, and provides a uniform measure for time-varying noise environments. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I g2flel"al plall (COITllllurllty VISIOrI 2015 - 2040) NOISE ENVIRONMENT The noise environment can generally be divided into two categories: transportation-related and non-transportation related noise.Traffic noise is the greatest contributor to noise pollution in Cupertino and one of the most difficu�t to control through local effort.Two major freeways (Interstate 280 and Highway 85) and four major corridors (Stevens Creek Boulevard, De Anza Boulevard, Homestead Road, and Foothill Boulevard ) cross Cupertino.These roadways are utilized not only by local residents and employees, but also by commuters to destinations beyond Cupertino. Heavy-duty trucking operations to and from the Hanson Permanente Cement Plant and Stevens Creek Quarry located in the western foothills near Stevens Creek Boulevard and Foothill Boulevard are also a significant transportation-related noise contributor. Cupertino receives some aircraft noise from facilities within the region including San Jose International Airport, Moffett Federal Airfield and Palo Alto Airport; however, the Cupertino city limit does not fall within the identified noise contours of any airport. One railroad line passes through the Monta Vista neighborhood and connects with the Hanson Permanente Cement Plant.This freight rai�way operates at very low frequencies, with approximately three train trips in each direction per week, usually during the daytime or early evening. Non-transportation noise varies from stationary equipment (e.g., air conditioning units) to construction activity. Regulation to minimize excessive noise from non- transportation sources includes compliance with the City's noise standards that limit certain noise-generating activity during evening and early morning, when ambient noise leve�s tend to be lower. Advancements in technology to muffle sound also reduce noise from construction equipment and stationary equipment such as compressors and generators. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEll21"a� p�all (COIT11T1UIll[y VI51011 ZO�S-ZO4O) LAND USE COMPATIBILITY The Cupertino Municipal Code,Title 10, outlines the maximum noise levels on receiving properties based upon land use types (Figure HS-8). Land use deci- sions and the development review process play a �arge role in minimizing noise impacts on sensitive land uses. Noise compatibility may be achieved by avoiding the location of conflicting land uses adjacent to one another and incorporating buffers and noise contro� techniques inc�uding setbacks, landscaping, building transitions, site design, and building construction techniques. Selection of the appropriate noise control technique will vary depending on the level of noise that needs to be reduced as well as the location and intended land use. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANOSAFETYELEMENT � y�����u, i,�u�� ���������������y ����.,�� ��� , ��T�, r � . � Land Use Category Community Noise Exposure O (Ld„or CNEL,dB) Normally Acceptable 55 60 65 70 75 80 Specified land use is satisfactory, Residential-Low Density based upon the assumption that any (Single Family,Duplex, buildings involved are of normal conventional construction,without Mobile Homes) any special noise insulation requirements. Residential-Multi Family O Transient Lodging ConditionallyAcceptable (Motels,Hotels) New construction or development should be undertaken only after a detailed analysis of the noise Schools,Libraries,Churches, reduction requirements is made and Hospitals,Nursing Homes needed noise reduction features induded in the design.Conventional Auditoriums,Concert Halls, construction,but with closed windows Amphitheaters and fresh air supply systems or air conditioning will normally suffice. Sports Arena,Outdoor Spectator Sports 0 Normally Unacceptable Playgrounds, New construction or development Neighborhood Parks should generally be discouraged.If new construction or development Golf Courses,Riding Stables, does proceed,a detailed analysis of Water Recreation,Cemeteries the noise reduction requirements must be made and needed noise Office Buildings,Commercial insulation features included in the design. and Professional Centers � Industrial,Manufacturing, Clearly Unacceptable Utilities,Agriculture New construction or development should generally not be undertaken. Representative Sounds and Sound Levels 7qp Permanent Hearing Damage I�� , Community 130 I Home or (Outdoar) 'I�lo �Threshold of Pain Industry I'I (Indoar) Amphitheater rock music(100') ��0 Riveting machine Ambulanw siren(100') 7Ip� Coal-fired power plant Motorcyde(25') 9�0 Booiler room Locomotive(50') $�p Food blender 7Ip_ Aitlinepassengercompartment Rail cars(100') 'I Vacuum deaner(3') Large air conditioning unit(100') bp Data processing center I�I Large transformer(200') —i 0— �� Open plan business office 40 I�I Privateoffice Insects —II Quiet bedroom at night �0_ Mosquito(3') Ipl OI Threshold of Hearing A-Weighted Sound Pressure Level, Jl in decibels(d6) ��� CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEll21"a� p�all (COIT11T1UIll[y VI51011 ZO�S-ZO4O) LOOKING FORWARD As Cupertino's resident and emp�oyee population grows, the City must identify ways to ensure public safety and support the community's high quality of life. Innovative site design and construction techniques are needed to reduce noise in developments near major corridors and where uses are mixed to ensure compatibility. Fire protection and public safety should be enhanced in a manner that provides a high quality of service while continuing to be fiscally responsible. The fol�owing are ways the City will address key chal�enges and opportunities facing Cupertino: � NOISE. As State, regional and local policies encourage mixed-use development near corridors, the City should look to ways to reduce noise impacts on residences near and in such developments through site design, landscaping and construction techniques. Additionally, the City should review locations and site design for sensitive uses including schools, childcare facilities and hospitals to ensure that they are not negatively impacted by noise. � PROJECT DESIGN AND OPERATIONS. Measures such as project and building design, emergency access, operations and maintenance of property, can help developments promote public and fire safety. Such measures will also allow the providers to maintain a high service level, while accommodating future growth. � COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION. The City and service providers should enhance community participation through new and existing programs such as neighborhood watch, emergency preparedness and schoo� programs. � SHARED RESOURCES. The City can enhance emergency, fire safety and public safety services by coordinating programs with service providers and neighboring cities through shared services, mutual aid and agreements. ~� �Fq X �t :c��, i :.�. �. �� � ..r ' t �'' �' �' ��,�, CHAPTER 7:HEALTH AND SAFETY ELEMENT � ' �� . , �� ' Ift �Y c�pG k, CGR�,,�__ i € _.�ir..� �_ ���E� � � � ' • ' . . • � • � • • . • • • . • . • • . • • . • REGIONAL COORDINATION The City seeks to coordinate its local requirements and emergency planning efforts with Federa�, State and regiona� resources to ensure a consistent, integrated and efficient approach to emergency planning. POLICY HS-1.1: REGIONAL HAZARD RISK the Capital Improvement Program and REDUCTION PLANNING provide adequate budget for on-going Coordinate with Santa Clara County programs and department operations. and local agencies to implement the HS-1.1.2.Mitigation Incorporation. Multi-Jurisdictional Local Hazard Ensure that mitigation actions Mitigation Plan (LHMP) for Santa Clara identified in the LHMP are being County. incorporated into upcoming STRATEGIES: City sponsored projects, where HS-1.1.1.Monitoring and Budgeting. appropriate. Monitor and eva�uate the success of HS-1.1.3.Hazard Mitigation Plan the LHMP, including local strategies Amendments and Updates. provided in the Cupertino Annex Support Santa Clara County in its role (Section 11).Working with Santa Clara as the lead agency that prepares and County, ensure that strategies are updates the Local Hazard Mitigation prioritized and implemented through Plan. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEll21"a� p�all (COIT11T1UIll[y VI51011 ZO�S-ZO4O) POLICY HS-1.2:SEA LEVEL RISE PROTECTION Ensure all areas in Cupertino are adequately protected for the anticipated effects of sea level rise. STRATEGIES: HS-1.2.1.Monitor Rising Sea Level. Regularly coordinate with regional, state, and federal agencies on rising sea �evels in the San Francisco Bay and major tributaries to determine if additional adaptation strategies should be implemented to address flooding hazards.This inc�udes monitoring FEMA flood map updates to identify areas in the city susceptible to sea level rise, addressing changes to state and regional sea and bay level rise estimates, and coordinating with adjacent municipalities on flood control improvements as appropriate. HS-1.2.2.Flood Insurance Rate Maps. Provide to the public, as available, up-to-date Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRM) that identify rising sea levels and changing flood conditions. ` � CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) ` � , s���ar.. 1 � � � • � � . � � • � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � / � � � EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS The City seeks to focus on planning and education to prepare and enlist the community in the management of disasters and emergencies. POLICY HS-2.1: PROMOTE EMERGENCY POLICY HS-2.2: EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS OPERATIONS AND TRAINING Distribute multi-hazard emergency Ensure ongoing training of identified preparedness information for all City staff on their functions/ threats identified in the emergency responsibilities in the EOC and in plan. Information will be provided disaster preparedness, first aid and through Cardiopulmonary CPR. Resuscitation (CPR), First Aid and STRATEGIES: Community Emergency Response HS-2.2.1: Emergency Operations Team (CERT) training, lectures Center(EOC). and seminars on emergency Review options to provide functional preparedness, publication of monthly and seismic upgrades to the EOC safety articles in the Cupertino facility at City Hal� or explore Scene, posting of information on the alternative locations for the EOC. Emergency Preparedness website and coordination of video and printed information at the library. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEll21"a� p�all (COIT11T1UIll[y VI51011 ZO�S-ZO4O) HS-2.2.2: Employee Training. HS-2.3.3:American Red Cross. Conduct regular exercises and Continue to implement the American participate in regional exercises to Red Cross agreements under the ensure that employees are adequately direction of the Director of Emergency trained. Services during a disaster. POLICY HS-2.3:VOLUNTEER GROUPS HS-2.3.4:Shelter Providers. Continue to encourage the ongoing Continue the agreement with use of volunteer groups to augment designated shelter sites to provide emergency services, and clearly space for emergency supply define responsibilities during a local containers. emergency. HS-2.3.5:Amateur Radio Operators. STRATEGIES: Continue to support training and HS-2.3.1:Cupertino Citizens Corps. cooperation between the City and Continue to support the Cupertino Cupertino Amateur Radio Emergency Amateur Radio Emergency Services Service (CARES) to prepare for (CARES), Community Emergency emergency communications needs. Response Team (CERT) and Medical pOLICY HS-2.4: EMERGENCY PUBLIC Reserve Corp (MRC) programs INFORMATION to ensure the development of Maintain an Emergency Public neighborhood based emergency Information program to be used preparedness throughout the City. during emergency situations. Encourage ongoing cooperation with CERTs in other cities. STRATEGIES: HS-2.4.1:Communication Methods. HS-2.3.2:Community Groups. Use the local TV channel, Cupertino Continue pre-disaster agreements Alert System (CAS), the Internet and with appropriate community groups other communication methods to to provide specified post-disaster transmit information to the citizenry. assistance, through the Emergency Services Coordinator and with the HS-2.4.2: Public Information Office. advice of the City Attorney. Activate the Pub�ic Information in coordination with the Sheriff and the Fire Department to provide accurate information to the public as needed. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I g2flel"al plall (COITllllurllty VISIOrI 2015 - 2040) POLICY HS-2.5: DISASTER MEDICAL RESPONSE Continue to coordinate with the appropriate County agencies and local emergency c�inics to ensure preparedness and provide disaster medical response. Coordinate with the CERT members throughout the City to ensure that they are prepared to provide emergency support and first aid at the neighborhood level. STRATEGY: HS-2.5.1: Memorandum of Understanding(MOU). Develop a MOU with local emergency clinics.The County's role and involvement in emergencies should be considered in development of the MOU. POLICY HS-2.6: MILITARY FACILITIES AND READINESS Consider the impact of development on neighboring military facilities and maintain military airspace to ensure military readiness. �i ;� ��..� ;, - � •�. '� � .iu. �� d CHAPTER 7:HEALTH ANDSAFETYELEMENT � gell2l a�p�afl (COITIfIIUfllty VISIOII ZO�5-ZO4O) �� �� c ■ BOMB 5 5QUA0 i HER/FF �t `� --- - � �,i - Ni � t� '� I�� � �'� �- ', � :� � _ _, � _� ' 1 � � • - - • • . . • . • . ' • • . • . • • . ' FIRE SAFETY The City seeks to provide direction to the Santa Clara County Fire Department (SCCFD) on ways to better protect the community from natural and human-made fire disasters, and implement local policies to improve building and site design. POLICY HS-3.1: REGIONAL POLICY HS-3.3: EMERGENCY ACCESS COORDINATION Ensure adequate emergency access Coordinate wi�dland fire prevention is provided for all new hillside efforts with adjacent jurisdictions. development. Encourage the County and the STRATEGIES: Midpeninsu�a Open Space District HS-3.3.1: Roadway Design. to implement measures to reduce Create an al�-weather emergency road fire hazards, including putting into system to serve rural areas. effect the fire reduction policies of the County Public Safety Element, HS-3.3.2: Dead-End Street Access. continuing efforts in fuel management, Allow pub�ic use of private roadways and considering the use of "green" fire during an emergency for hillside break uses for open space lands. subdivisions that have dead-end public streets longer than 1,000 feet or find a POLICY HS-3.2: EARLY PROJECT REVIEW secondary means of access. Involve the Fire Department in the early design stage of all projects HS-3.3.3: Hillside Access Routes. requiring public review to assure Fire Require new hillside development to Department input and modifications as have frequent grade breaks in access needed. routes to ensure a timely response from fire personnel. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I g2flel"al plall (COITllllurllty VISIOrI 2015 - 2040) HS-3.3.4: Hillside Road Upgrades. POLICY HS-3.7: MULTI-STORY Require new hillside development to BUILDINGS upgrade existing access roads to meet Ensure that adequate fire protection Fire Code and City standards. is bui�t into the design of mu�ti-story POLICY HS-3.4: PRIVATE RESIDENTIAL buildings and require on-site fire ELECTRONIC SECURITY GATES suppression materials and equipment. Discourage the use of private POLICY HS-3.8: EXTENSION OF WATER residentia� e�ectronic security gates SERVICE that act as a barrier to emergency Encourage the water companies to personnel. extend water service into the hillside STRATEGIES: and canyon areas and encourage HS-3.4.1: Location. cooperation between water utility Require a fence exception for companies and the Fire Department in electronic security gates in certain order to keep water systems in pace areas. with growth and firefighting service needs. HS-3.4.2:Access to Gates. Where electronic security gates are allowed, require the instal�ation of an approved key switch to be accessed by the Fire District. POLICY HS-3.5: COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL FIRE PROTECTION GUIDELINES Coordinate with the Fire Department to develop new guidelines for fire protection for commercial and industrial land uses. POLICY HS-3.6: FIRE PREVENTION AND EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS Promote fire prevention and emergency preparedness through city-initiated pub�ic education programs, the government television channel, the Internet, and the Cupertino Scene. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEll21"a� p�all (COIT11T1UIll[y VI51011 20�5- 2040) r�� �� � i 1 � 1—— — 3 � .� � � . . , . . . . . - . . . . . . . . , - - . PUBLIC SAFETY The City seeks to support public safety through improved police services and better site design. POLICY HS-4.1: NEIGHBORHOOD STRATEGIES: AWARENE55 PROGRAMS HS-4.2.1: Perimeter Roads for Parks. Continue to support the Neighborhood Encircle neighborhood parks with Watch Program and other similar a public road to provide visual programs intended to help accessibility whenever possible. neighborhoods prevent crime through HS-4.2.2: Development Review. social interaction. Continue to request County Sheriff POLICY HS-4.2: CRIME PREVENTION review and comment on development THROUGH BUILDING AND SITE DESIGN applications for security and public Consider appropriate design safety measures. techniques to reduce crime and pOLICY HS-4.3: FISCAL IMPACTS vandalism when designing public Recognize fiscal impacts to the County spaces and reviewing development Sheriff and City of Cupertino when proposals. approving various land use mixes. F,_,� `c' � �, �' ' ' � �� � ''.�-'fi,d',r � CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I g2flel"al pllll (COITllllulllty VISIOn 2015 - 2040) ��. �� :�� 11 C�' -= �Y c� p, �� t ti � I,, c / _ ��';, , V� Qt �"!11�,�'� - II r R �" � ; -- 1' I=_ ; �' x :. � �i �it; �: 4 x� / � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � . � GEOLOGIC AND SEISMIC HAZARDS POLICY HS-5.1:SEISMIC AND GEOLOGIC HS-5.1.2: Residential Upgrades. REVIEW PROCESS Require that any residential facility, Eva�uate new deve�opment proposa�s that is being increased more than 50 within mapped potential hazard zones percent assessed value or physical using a formal seismic/geologic size, conform to all provisions of the review process. Use Table HS-3 of current bui�ding code throughout the this Element to determine the level of entire structure. Owners of residential review required. buildings with known structural STRATEGIES: defects, such as un-reinforced HS-5.1.1: Geotechnical and Structural 9arage openings, "soft first story" Analysis. construction, unbolted foundations, Require any site with a slope or inadequate sheer wa��s are exceeding 10 percent to reference encouraged to take steps to remedy the Landslide Hazard Potential Zone the problem and bring their buildings maps of the State of California for all up to the current bui�ding code. required geotechnical and structural analysis. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEll21"a� p�all (COIT11T1UIll[y VI51011 ZO�S-ZO4O) HS-5.1.3:Geologic Review. neighborhood preparation activities, Continue to implement and update and advising residents to maintain geologic review procedures for an emergency supply kit containing Geologic Reports required by first-aid supplies, food, drinking the Municipal Code through the water and battery operated radios development review process. and flashlights. POLICY HS-5.2: PUBLIC EDUCATION HS-5.2.3: Neighborhood Response ON SEISMIC SAFETY Groups. Reinforce the existing public Encourage participation in education programs to help Community Emergency Response residents minimize hazards Team (CERT) training.Train resulting from earthquakes. neighborhood groups to care for STRATEGIES: themselves during disasters. HS-5.2.1: Covenant on Seismic Risk. Actively assist in neighborhood Require developers to record a drills and safety exercises to covenant to tell future residents in increase participation and build high-risk areas about the risk and community support. inform them that more information HS-5.2.4: Dependent Populations. is in City Hall records.This is in As part of community-wide efforts, addition to the State requirement actively cooperate with State that information on the geological agencies that oversee facilities report is recorded on the face of for persons with disabilities and subdivision maps. those with access and functional HS-5.2.2: Emergency Preparedness. needs, to ensure that such facilities Publish and promote emergency conform to all health and safety preparedness activities and drills. requirements, including emergency Use the City social media, and planning, training, exercises and the website to provide safety tips employee education. that may include identifying and HS-5.2.5: Foreign Language correcting household hazards, Emergency Information. knowing how and when to turn off Obtain trans�ated emergency utilities, helping family members preparedness materials and make protect themselves during and after them available to appropriate an earthquake, recommending foreign language populations. ��NT CHAPTER 7:HEALTH AND SAFETY ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) s�wa q.�RA COUNTY � III�T'A ___ STA�f� C� _ � ; : ,� , . . - . - . - . . - . . . . . - . - . • . - • . . • • . - . . � - • • - • - - • . • - - • HAZARDOUS MATERIALS The City is committed to protecting its citizens from hazardous materia�s through improved disposal practices, better site design and more public education. POLICY HS-6.1: HAZARDOUS MATERIALS Do not allow residential development STORAGE AND DISPOSAL or sensitive populations if such Require the proper storage and hazardous conditions cannot be disposal of hazardous materials to mitigated to an acceptable leve� of risk. prevent leakage, potential explosions, pOLICY HS-6.3: ELECTROMAGNETIC fire or the release of harmful fumes. FIELDS(EMF) Maintain information channels to the Ensure that projects meet Federal and residential and business communities State standards for EMF emissions about the illegality and danger of through development review. dumping hazardous material and waste in the storm drain system or in POLICY HS-6.4: EDUCATIONAL creeks. PROGRAMS Continue to encourage residents and POLICY HS-6.2: PROXIMITY OF businesses to use non- and less- RESIDENTS TO HAZARDOUS MATERIALS hazardous products, especially less Assess future residents' exposure toxic pest control products, to slow the to hazardous materials when new generation of new reduce hazardous residential deve�opment or sensitive Waste requiring disposal through the populations are proposed in existing county-wide program. industrial and manufacturing areas. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEll21"a� p�all (COIT11T1UIll[y VI51011 ZO�S-ZO4O) POLICY HS-6.5: HAZARDOUS WASTE DISPOSALS Continue to support and facilitate, for residences and businesses, a convenient opportunity to properly dispose of hazardous waste. STRATEGIES: HS-6.5.1: Partner on Hazardous Waste Collection and Disposal. Continue to explore efficient, economical and convenient ways to offer Household Hazardous Waste co��ection for residents in partnership with the So�id Waste contractor or the County. HS-6.5.2: Educational Materials. Publish educationa� materials about the program in the Cupertino Scene, City website, and brochures that are distributed throughout the community. ��'+� i,�'� CHAPTER 7:HEALTH AND SAFETY ELEMENT ' 'uu', ___• =J� :�"" �� - �� � � � ' *� pG YIB''��'c�+t,: � _,- s��y. j`, .'�` �� .M1;�,: ._�Y Ps „t; . . �i° ""`+�+� M �'.. . �= . -y �'�'.., . .'. \ ' _ ,\ . - .. \ . rs� ...sin�;.- �����.��--..�i _ � � ��:: � .... . .. / � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � FLOODING The City seeks to ensure community protection from floods through the design of projects, municipal operations and public education. POLICY HS-7.1: EVACUATION MAP HS-7.2.2: Inter-agency Cooperation. Prepare and update periodically an Continue to coordinate dam-related evacuation map for the f�ood hazard evacuation plans and alert/notification areas and distribute it to the general systems with the City of Sunnyvale, public. the Santa Clara Valley Water District POLICY HS-7.2: EMERGENCY RESPONSE and Santa Clara County to ensure TO DAM FAILURE that traffic management between Ensure that Cupertino is prepared to the agencies facilitates life safety. respond to a potential dam failure. Also work with other neighboring cities to enhance communication and STRATEGIES: coordination during a dam-related HS-7.2.1: Emergency and Evacuation emergency. Plan. Maintain and update a Stevens Creek POLICY HS-7.3: EXISTING NON- Dam Failure Plan, including a�ert, RESIDENTIAL USES IN THE FLOOD PLAIN warning and notification systems and Allow commercial and recreational appropriate signage. uses that are now exc�usively within the flood plain to remain in their present use or to be used for agricu�ture, provided it doesn't conflict with Federal, State and regional requirements. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEll21"a� p�all (COIT11T1UIll[y VI51011 ZO�S-ZO4O) POLICY HS-7.4: CONSTRUCTION IN POLICY HS-7.5: HILLSIDE GRADING FLOOD PLAINS Restrict the extent and timing Continue to implement land use, of hillside grading operations to zoning and building code regulations April through October except as limiting new construction in the otherwise allowed by the City. already urbanized flood hazard areas Require performance bonds during recognized by the Federa� Flood the remaining time to guarantee the Insurance Administrator. repair of any erosion damage. Require STRATEGIES: planting of graded slopes as soon as HS-7.4.1: Dwellings in Flood Plains. practica� after grading is comp�ete. Discourage new residential POLICY HS-7.6:STABILITY OF EXISTING development in regulated flood plains. WATER STORAGE FACILITIES Regulate all types of redevelopment Assure the structural integrity of in natural f�ood plains.This inc�udes water storage facilities. discouraging fill materials and STRATEGY: obstructions that may increase HS-7.6.1:Coordination with other f�ood potential or modify the natura� Agencies. riparian corridors. Work closely with the San Jose HS-7.4.2: Description of Flood Zone Water Company and owners of Regulation. other water storage facilities to Continue to maintain and update a develop and implement a program map of potential flood hazard areas to monitor the stability of all existing and a description of flood zone water storage facilities and related regulations on the City's website. improvements, such as: distribution HS-7.4.3: National Flood Insurance lines, connections and other system- Program Community Rating System. components. Continue to participate in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) Community Rating System (CRS). :.. .. � � �:.;� ...;.:..;. -• CHAPTER 7:HEALTH AND SAFETY ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) "s�• �.�' - m �� ' :.�Y �` ' _ , d�� . � // i'� �_, �. .. ..'' . � / ,. �',\ „'.�., ` , —_ . __ — . _�. ___ J ' . • • • , � • . � � � � � / � I � / � • • � . � , � • � NOISE The City seeks to ensure that the community continues to enjoy a high quality of life through reduce noise pollution, effective project design and noise management operations. POLICY HS-8.1: LAND USE DECISION HS-8.2.2: Noise Control Techniques. EVALUATION Require analysis and implementation Use the Land Use Compatibility for of techniques to control the effects Community Noise Environments chart, of noise from industrial equipment the Future Noise Contour Map (see and processes for projects near low- Figure D-1 in Appendix D) and the City intensity residentia� uses. Municipal Code to evaluate land use HS-8.2.3:Sound Wall Requirements. decisions. Exercise discretion in requiring POLICY HS-8.2: BUILDING AND SITE sound walls to be sure that all other DESIGN measures of noise control have Minimize noise impacts through been explored and that the sound appropriate building and site design. wall blends with the neighborhood. STRATEGIES: Sound wa��s shou�d be designed and HS-8.2.1: Commercial DeliveryAreas. �andscaped to fit into the environment. Locate delivery areas for new commercia� and industrial developments away from existing or planned homes. CHAPTER7:HEALTHANDSAFETYELEMENT I gEll21"a� p�all (COIT11T1UIll[y VI51011 ZO�S-ZO4O) POLICY HS-8.3:CONSTRUCTION AND POLICY HS-8.7: REDUCTION OF NOISE MAINTENANCE ACTIVITIES FROM TRUCKING OPERATIONS Regulate construction and Work to carry out noise mitigation maintenance activities. Estab�ish measures to diminish noise along and enforce reasonable allowable Foothill and Stevens Creek Boulevards periods of the day, during weekdays, from the quarry and cement plant weekends and holidays for trucking operations.These measures construction activities. Require include regu�ation of truck speed, the construction contractors to use the volume of truck activity, and trucking best available technology to minimize activity hours to avoid late evening excessive noise and vibration from and early morning. Alternatives to construction equipment such as pile truck transport, specifically rail, are drivers,jack hammers, and vibratory strongly encouraged when feasib�e. rollers. STRATEGIES: POLICY HS-8.4: FREEWAY DESIGN AND HS-8.7.1: Restrictions in the County's NEIGHBORHOOD NOISE Use Permit. Ensure that roads and development Coordinate with the County to restrict along Highway 85 and Interstate 280 the number of trucks, their speed are designed and improved in a way and noise levels along Foothill and that minimizes neighborhood noise. Stevens Creek Boulevards, to the POLICY HS-8.5: NEIGHBORHOODS extent allowed in the Use Permit. Review residents' needs for Ensure that restrictions are monitored convenience and safety and prioritize and enforced by the County. them over the convenient movement HS-8.7.2: Road Improvements to Reduce of commute or through traffic where Truck Impacts. practical. Consider road improvements such POLICY HS-8.6:TRAFFIC CALMING as medians, landscaping, noise SOLUTIONS TO STREET NOISE attenuating asphalt, and other Evaluate solutions to discourage methods to reduce quarry truck through traffic in neighborhoods impacts. through enhanced paving and modified street design. STRATEGY: HS-8.6.1: Local Improvement. 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Introduction / Cupertino's public infrastructure works in tandem with the built and natural environments to contribute to the exceptional qua�ity of �ife enjoyed by �ocal residents,visitors and workers.The city's public and private infrastructure —water,storm drains,telecommunications and solid waste—are vital to supporting the community's everyday activities. This Element includes goals, policies and strategies for the development and maintenance of an exceptional system of high-quality and adequate infrastructure to support community needs and development anticipated in Community Vision 2040. It also ensures that the City's existing infrastructure is maintained, upgraded, replaced and expanded when needed.The City's commitment to environmental sustainability provides direction for innovative strategies to help the City conserve water and energy use, reduce waste, improve water and air quality, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. CONTENTS: INF-2 Introduction INF-7 Looking Forward INF-3 Context INF-9 Goals and Policies Water Citywide Infrastructure Wastewater Rights-of-Way ,`` , Stormwater Water � Telecommunications Stormwater . � Solid Waste and Recycling Waste Water � � Telecommunications � ! P � , Solid Waste � � Reduce, Reuse and Recycle � ` � �/� ` `� _�..`.. � CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT I general plan(community vision 2015-2040) CONTEXT The City regularly prepares a Five-Year Capital Improvement Program (CIP) to identify capital projects and options for financing them. It is the City's primary mechanism for building and maintaining citywide infrastructure such as streets, medians and stormwater systems, and City-owned facilities, parks, trails and bridges. Much of the City's infrastructure was bui�t between the 1950s and 1970s when it was first incorporated and developed. Other areas that were later annexed into the city typically have older and/or outdated infrastructure. Planning for replacement and upgrades to these facilities wil� be important to ensure that all residents and businesses have access to excellent services. Identifying sustainable funding sources is also important to ensure that infrastructure improvements can be built in a timely manner and effective�y maintained to meet community needs.The following is a summary of key infrastructure systems that currently exist in Cupertino. WATER Cupertino has two major water suppliers: the California Water Company and the San Jose Water Company. Both retailers purchase their water supply from the Santa Clara Valley Water District, which receives water from the Rinconada Treatment Plant and wells fed by groundwater. The Santa Clara Valley Water District, which is the groundwater management agency in Santa Clara County, manages groundwater recharge through percolation ponds and in-stream recharge of creeks.The McClellan Pond recharge facility (located in Cupertino) and the Stevens Creek Reservoir (located outside the city on its southwest boundary) also contribute to Cupertino's water supply. In addition to the potab�e water supply, there is a potential recycled water system planned for the North Vallco Park Special Area as part of the Apple Campus 2.The City anticipates that recycled water will be used for groundwater recharge, irrigation, and will help to offset potab�e water use in areas served. The recycled water system can be potentially extended to serve other areas of the city in the future as capacity and demand increases and new distribution �ines can be built. CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) WASTEWATER Wastewater collection and treatment are provided to the City by the Cupertino Sanitary District and the City of Sunnyvale.The majority of the City is served by the Cupertino Sanitary District, while the City of Sunnyvale serves only a small portion of the Cupertino Urban Service area within the Rancho Rinconada area. The Cupertino Sanitary District was formed in 1956 and is currently in the process of updating its 1964 Master Plan.The District collects and transports waste water col�ected in Cupertino to the San Jose/Santa Clara Water Pollution Control Plant located in North San Jose.The District maintains approximately one million linear feet of sewer lines and 500,000 linear feet of sewer laterals and 17 pump stations.While the physical condition of the infrastructure appears to be in relatively good condition, there are issues with the carrying capacity of a number of lines in the system. The lines serving the City Center development, Stevens Creek Boulevard between Randy Lane and Wolfe Road, Wolfe Road south of Interstate 280, Stelling Road and Foothill Boulevard are running either at capacity or over capacity. In order to accommodate future development, lines would have to be upgraded. Any necessary improvements are expected to be coordinated with development review, with new projects bearing their share of the cost or partnering with the Sanitary District to provide improvements needed to increase capacity. The City of Sunnyvale provides wastewater treatment service for Cupertino's commercial properties along Stevens Creek Boulevard, east of Finch Avenue, and a portion of the Rancho Rinconada neighborhood.While the City of Sunnyvale has adequate capacity to serve anticipated growth and can continue to provide treatment capacity for future growth in its Cupertino service area, there may need to be improvements to the distribution network to address future growth on the east side. Any necessary improvements are expected to be coordinated with development review, with new projects bearing their share of the cost or partnering with the City of Sunnyva�e to provide improvements needed to increase capacity. CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT I general plan(community vision 2015-2040) STORMWATER Comprehensive stormwater management can reduce pollution and erosion, prevent flooding, recharge aquifers with clean water, and prevent Bay pollution. While efforts in early years focused on expanding storm drain capacity and wastewater treatment, the approach today is to reduce and filter runoff through project design and management. Cupertino's storm drain system currently operates adequately, with some targeted upgrades or improvements likely over the next 25 years.There is only loca�ized flooding in the storm drain system, �imited primari�y to unimproved streets.The City continues to update its infrastructure planning to ensure that future improvements include best practices for stormwater management. The City, a�ong with 76 other agencies throughout the Bay Area, is regulated by the Municipal Regional Stormwater National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit (MRP).The MRP, which is issued by the California Regional Water Qua�ity Contro� Board, requires the City to carry out a comprehensive stormwater pollution prevention program. In order to comply with these requirements, the City joined with 15 other adjoining agencies to form the Santa Clara Valley Urban Runoff Pollution Prevention Program (SCVURPP). SCVURPP works with the participating agencies and the Regional Board to develop solutions to control urban runoff quality. In addition, the City is required to prepare a city-specific Urban Runoff Management Plan.This plan identifies stormwater po��ution control measures such as design, construction and operation best practices, inspections and water-quality monitoring.The regulations are expected to evolve and become more stringent in the future. TELECOMMUNICATIONS Cupertino is located in Silicon Valley, which is home to the world's greatest technology companies, and is known for its forward-thinking and innovation. In order to ensure that the City can continue being an exceptional place to work and live, efforts will be made to expand access to telecommunications services.The City does not directly supply te�ecommunications utilities; however, it plays an important role by coordinating with providers, allowing access to pub�ic rights- of-way, and ensuring that proposed improvements or changes in service meet community expectations and are integrated in a compatible manner. CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) SOLID WASTE AND RECYCLING Nearly every human activity leaves behind some kind of waste. Households create ordinary garbage whi�e industrial and manufacturing processes create solid and hazardous waste. Waste uses up limited landfi�� space, releases toxins and creates greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change.The City uses recycling, reuse and reducing consumption as an effective way to manage solid waste. The Air Resources Board, as a means to implement AB 32, identifies in its Scoping Plan mandatory commercial recycling as one of the measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Subsequent�y, AB 341 sets a goal of 75 percent residential and commercial recycling by 2020. Recology currently provides garbage pickup and recycling services in Cupertino. City residents and businesses served by Recology have achieved a 69 percent diversion rate in 2012.The City is currently working with Recology to develop programs to boost that diversion rate even higher, reduce contamination, and boost organics composting by residents and businesses. With the proposed changes, the City hopes to achieve the 75 percent diversion rate by 2015. To meet its future solid waste disposal needs, the City also executed a contract with Browning and Ferris to provide landfill capacity at Newby Island in Milpitas. The term of the agreement is 35 years and ends in 2023, or at the time the specified tonnage in the contract is reached. CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT I general plan(community vision 2015-2040) LOOKING FORWARD As the City continues to grow and develop, it will have to look at strategies for replacing and expanding the City's aging infrastructure to meet community needs. Whereas strategies in the past focused on expansion of facilities,the focus in the future will be looking for ways to reduce demand on infrastructure through sustainable measures and balancing modes of transportation. A key strategy moving forward will be finding new ways to fund infrastructure improvements and ongoing maintenance through new development, partnerships or other methods. The following are ways the City will address key cha�lenges and opportunities facing Cupertino: � SUSTAINABLE METHODS. The City will reduce the demand on infrastructure and services by exploring ways to expand water and energy conservation and waste diversion efforts. � ACCESS. The City will ensure that the entire community has access to all services. This will include identifying areas where access is not available and looking for strategies to retrofit and partner in the construction of necessary improvements. � ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH. The City will prioritize methods that improve environmental and community health when exploring strategies to reduce demand and construct facilities. � NEW TECHNOLOGIES. The City will utilize technology to deliver services efficiently and effectively.This includes supporting emerging technologies in information services and infrastructure to better serve the business and resident community. � COORDINATION. The City will work with service providers to ensure that their infrastructure planning and maintenance goals meet community needs. CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) � COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT. The City wi�� enlist the community in programs to achieve goals including recycling and conservation programs. � FUNDING. The City will ensure a sustainable source of funding for construction, operation and maintenance of infrastructure. ..-��: __ � � -w^�@� - �. � � �'_��. ��_���-..�..�����_.'� r � ��� � . � _ w„� , �G`,�I ..�, � � �" � r � � CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT � �;:, "'�� L:_� ° ,�,�.�, "1�. � ��� � �� � ��,� � �;y,:�� � s= � ik � 3 -Y 5T $ ' -F � 7 .ab��,,; w- �% . a:��� '�� 3' - 1.' !'' ;. � �'�: P �� ` ■� ` +. � � .�� ,� �'� •�� � � �� ���'���. $.��.� -� ,�-��; .�. � �`^� ���:.�� � ..� - �; '�,,.:��, �,� °`�� �r,� � ��� � `� � -� ' .."�`�.r�- ��-� � , � - �i '' � � �� �5 � �. ,,��,v. •�, 1 � . . . . . ' . ' • . • . . ' • • • • • ' • • ' ' • • ' . • � • . . ' • • • ' . ' CITYWIDE INFRASTRUCTURE The City seeks to coordinate its municipal services with those of other service providers in order to build and maintain infrastructure that fully serves the current and future needs of the Cupertino community. POLICY INF-1.1: INFRASTRUCTURE INF-1.1.3: Coordination. PLANNING Require coordination of construction Upgrade and enhance the City's activity between various providers, infrastructure through the City's Capital particularly in City facilities and rights- Improvement Program (CIP) and of-way, to ensure that the community requirements for development. is not unnecessarily inconvenienced. STRATEGIES: Require that providers maintain INF-1.1.1: Capital Improvement adequate space for all utilities when Program. planning and constructing their Ensure that CIP projects reflect infrastructure. the goals and policies identified in POLICY INF-1.2: MAINTENANCE Community Vision 2040. Ensure that existing facilities are INF-1.1.2: Design Capacity. maintained to meet the community's Ensure that public infrastructure is needs. designed to meet planned needs and to avoid the need for future upsizing. Maintain a balance between meeting future growth needs and over-sizing of infrastructure to avoid fiscal impacts or impacts to other goals. CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) POLICY INF-1.3: COORDINATION Coordinate with uti�ity and service providers to ensure that their planning and operations meet the City's service standards and future growth. POLICY INF-1.4: FUNDING Explore various strategies and opportunities to fund existing and future infrastructure needs. STRATEGIES: INF-1.4.1: Existing Infrastructure. Require developers to expand or upgrade existing infrastructure to increase capacity, or pay their fair share, as appropriate. INF-1.4.2: Future Infrastructure Needs. For new infrastructure, require new development to pay its fair share of, or to extend or construct, improvements to accommodate growth without impacting service levels. INF-1.4.3: Economic Development. Prioritize funding of infrastructure to stimulate economic deve�opment and job creation in order to increase opportunities for municipal revenue. � , .� - _ ._��;:�h '�y,�. . CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT r�i �, � �, Y�_. � � t� � �•i � ��",�' � � ` ;4�. g�� -�:.a t *,,rt E ��:a � r f�- e1f��a '�` '_� �. � x c � ��w ja�fa i -�, =,a� �' ; � ��� � � � �� ,��� . . ,. _ � ., .._ ��,� �, � � ,, �� i __ �: � � .#.. � � - . • • . . - • • - - • • • • . • - - . • - . - • . . • - - . - - • • • - RIGHTS-OF-WAY The City will ensure that public, City-owned rights-of-way are protected in order to support future infrastructure needs and enhanced with sustainable features when possible, and that new infrastructure is placed underground as feasib�e. POLICY INF-2.1: MAINTENANCE POLICY INF-2.4: UNDERGROUNDING Maintain the City's right-of-way and UTILITIES traffic operations systems. Explore undergrounding of utilities POLICY INF-2.2: MULTIMODAL SYSTEMS through providers, public projects, Ensure that City rights-of-way are private development and agency planned for a variety of transportation funding programs and grants. alternatives including pedestrian, STRATEGIES: bicycle, automobile, as well as new INF-2.4.1: Public and Provider Generated technologies such as driverless Projects. Require undergrounding cars, etc. of all new infrastructure projects POLICY INF-2.3:GREEN STREETS constructed by public agencies and Explore the development of a "green providers.Work with providers to streets" program to minimize underground existing overhead lines. stormwater runoff in City rights-of- INF-2.4.2: Development. way. Require undergrounding of all utility lines in new deve�opments and highly encourage undergrounding in remodels or redevelopment of major projects. CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) POLICY INF-2.5: RECYCLED WATER INFRASTRUCTURE Plan for citywide access to recycled water and encourage its use. STRATEGIES: INF-2.5.1:Availability. Expand the availability of a recycled water system through pub�ic infrastructure projects and development review. INF-2.5.2: Use. Encourage private and public projects to incorporate the use of recycled water for landscaping and other uses. INF-2.5.3:City Facilities. Design and retrofit City bui�dings, facilities and landscaping to use recycled water, to the extent feasible. � CHAPTER8:INFRASTRUCTUREELEMENT I general plan(community vision 2015-2040) �� -.i _ ,�� ��.- _ ``.. �. �,'�• � �-,�4:...�_:°s��" �•�: ` ra -.�.Y=.�. .- • � �� .: �•.�i �..� " J a r. ; .Y o- ��;er�� � :''• _�; �+,.a. > r - ,.�;�: •°,►� �,'1��r a ..,,�':+; s� �� - . i�. .�'_ .'� Y'�'�`r• �!• - . � y: J• :�Il ' .�� .. / � � � � � • 1 1 � , � 1 � � , � , . � � I , � , � , � 1 I • • � • WATER The City will seek to identify ways to improve water availabi�ity, access and quality in order to maintain the long-term health of the Cupertino water system. POLICY INF-3.1: COORDINATION WITH POLICY INF-3.2: REGIONAL PROVIDERS COORDINATION Coordinate with water providers Coordinate with State and regional and agencies in their planning and agencies to ensure that policies and infrastructure process to ensure that programs related to water provision the City continues to have adequate and conservation meet City goals. supply for current needs and future Note: additional water conservation growth. policies are discussed in detail in STRATEGY: the Environmental Resources and INF-3.1.1: Maintenance. Sustainability Element. Coordinate with providers to ensure that water and recycled water de�ivery systems are maintained in good condition. �K 1, �� ._ . � � I �ida.l ,.� 1� � ��1� -�S -- l � �,��� _a�_ � ; CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT � ^M � � � �4'��'x` ^�-.�: „'.:.. � +1 r . �;-."r"+$. ,� - ,�< � > �� �� _ _ ��: E �o— �,<.a.._�. . , , � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � / � / � � � � � � � � � � � STORMWATER The City wil� seek to implement best practices in stormwater management in order to reduce demand on the drainage system, and reduce sediment and pollution impacts on the Bay. POLICY INF-4.1: PLANNING AND INF-4.1.3: Maintenance. MANAGEMENT Ensure that City's storm drain Create plans and operational policies infrastructure is appropriately to deve�op and maintain an effective maintained to reduce flood hazards and efficient stormwater system. through implementation of best STRATEGIES: practices. INF-4.1.1: Management. POLICY INF-4.2: FUNDING Reduce the demand on storm drain Develop permanent sources of capacity through implementation of funding storm water infrastructure programs that meet and even exceed construction and maintenance. on-site drainage requirements. STRATEGY: INF-4.1.2: Infrastructure. INF-4.2.1: Ongoing Operations. Develop a Capital Improvement Review other funding strategies to Program (CIP) for the City's storm pay for the ongoing operations and drain infrastructure that meets the maintenance of the storm drain current and future needs of the system per State and regional community. requirements. Note: additional policies that meet State and regional runoff reduction are described in the Environmental Resources and Sustainabi�ity Element. � ' CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT I general plan(community vision 2015-2040) r�4 ��` ' . �a� -� �. - ��. �-�.- ��� - _ - - �� i � ; � � : . • . . . . . . . . WASTEWATER The City will ensure that there is adequate and well-maintained waste water capacity through infrastructure enhancements and policies that reduce impact on sanitary sewer system, and that pollution in reservoirs and the Bay is minimized. POLICY INF-5.1: INFRASTRUCTURE INF-5.1.2: Development. Ensure that the infrastructure plans Require developers to pay their fair for Cupertino's waste water system share of costs for, or in some cases providers continue to meet the City's construct, infrastructure upgrades to current and future needs. ensure that service levels are met. STRATEGIES: POLICY INF-5.2: DEMAND INF-5.1.1: Coordination. Look for ways to reduce demand on Coordinate with the Cupertino Sanitary the City's wastewater system through District on their Master Plan and the implementation of water conservation Sunnyva�e Treatment Plant to develop measures. a comprehensive capital improvement program to ensure adequate capacity for future development anticipated with General Plan buildout. _ �. CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) �� 3 ; .a t_m.1..,, '��it. - x :;�1.,..m -::�� u,;�.: k °"-� :, , �'��°y p�`' `r��' � - :�: ..r;� . �;:�� �f� . , ��� - �-� 1, ,. � 1; .'� '���+�: `� 1 � . • . • � • . ' ' • • • ' . • • . • ' . • • • ' - - - - - � � - - . � - � - TELECOMMUNICATIONS The City will promote expansion of a citywide telecommunications system that provides excellent services to businesses and residents, and encourages innovative technologies for the future. POLICY INF-6.1:TELECOMMUNICATIONS STRATEGIES: MASTER PLAN INF-6.2.1: Facility Upgrades. Maintain and update a When possible, require service Telecommunications Master Plan with providers to upgrade existing facilities regulations and guidelines for wire�ess as part of permit or lease renewals. and emerging technologies. Encourage use of newer technologies POLICY INF-6.2:COORDINATION that allow the facility components Coordinate with providers to improve to be reduced in size or improve access and delivery of services to screening or camouflaging. businesses and homes. INF-6.2.2: Improved Access. Work with providers to expand service to areas that are not served by telecommunications technologies. CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT I general plan(community vision 2015-2040) INF-6.2.3:City Facilities. POLICY INF-6.3: EMERGING Encourage leasing of City sites to TECHNOLOGIES expand access to telecommunications Encourage new and innovative services. Develop standards for the technologies and partner with incorporation of telecommunications providers to provide the community systems and public use. with access to these services. INF-6.2.4:Agency and Private Facilities. STRATEGY: Encourage the installation of INF-6.3.1:Strategic Technology Plan. communications infrastructure Create and update a Strategic in faci�ities owned by other public Techno�ogy Plan for the City to improve agencies and private development. service efficiency. INF-6.2.5:Communications Infrastructure. Support the extension and access to telecommunications infrastructure such as fiber optic cables. 4 l`e ,, _74''w� , �-�`. ..:� .3;,E K �y� .... > .�� �•�� -s+�Af.:. � .,. ��._ . ��1°� ..c. a �''-��. �.�.a�"""���, - CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT ���. `�"'� "'���-,�� �1�� ��� ��`� , �' �t F � x� '1 - � � � t. ,�� � � ��,-� � T I, � i� �1 ' I� � ''.. _ �1� _ . . _ / . - � �4�<<. �, ,.�. � �a !��� -��� Y �� y �f .� . ii � / � � � , � • � / • , • � 1 � � � � � � � � � _ � f SOLID WASTE The City seeks to reduce solid waste and demands on landfills, reduce the release of toxins in the air (including greenhouse gas emissions) and improve community health. POLICY INF-7.1: PROVIDERS STRATEGY: Coordinate with solid waste system INF-7.3.1:City Facilities and Events. providers to uti�ize the latest Design new City faci�ities and retrofit technology and best practices to existing facilities and event venues encourage waste reduction and meet, with recycling and trash collection and even, exceed State targets. bins to facilitate easy disposal of POLICY INF-7.2: FACILITIES recyclable and compostable waste by Ensure that public and private staff and the public. developments build new and on-site POLICY INF-7.4: PRODUCT faci�ities and/or retrofit existing on- STEWARDSHIP site facilities to meet the City's waste Per the City's Extended Producer diversion requirements. Responsibility (EPR) policy, support POLICY INF-7.3:OPERATIONS statewide and regional EPR initiatives Encourage public agencies and and legislation to reduce waste and private property owners to design toxins in products, processes and their operations to exceed regulatory Packaging. waste diversion requirements. ��� I �. _ .� - � � � ` " CHAPTERS:INFRASTRUCTUREELEMENT — . . � • Y�� ^I .. � �- .. V . : .:....... . .. .:::::':::::::: . �:::::::: :::.: ';Compost�bles = `�� � ; ���� .� �. _� Tr�sl , � U M i: V �,�� �, � � : � ' ' � • . • ' . ' • • � . . ' • ' - - . � - - . - REDUCE, REUSE AND RECYCLE The City seeks to find additional ways to promote reductions in waste generation and increases in reuse and recycling. POLICY INF-8.1: REDUCING WASTE INF-8.1.4: Reuse. Meet or exceed Federal, State and Encourage reuse of materials and regional requirements for solid waste reusable products. Develop a program diversion through implementation of for reuse of materials and reusable programs. products in City facilities and outreach STRATEGIES: programs for community-wide INF-8.1.1:Outreach. participation by promoting community- Conduct and enhance programs that Wide garage sales and online venues. promote waste reduction through INF-8.1.5:Collaboration. partnerships with schools, institutions, Collaborate with agencies and large businesses and homes. businesses or projects to enhance INF-8.1.2: Hazardous Waste. opportunities for community-wide Work with providers and businesses recycling, reuse and reduction to provide convenient hazardous and programs. e-waste facilities for the community. INF-8.1.3: Preferential Purchasing. Maintain and update a City preferential purchasing policy to products that reduce packaging waste, greenhouse gas emissions, toxic contaminants and are reusable. CHAPTER 8:INFRASTRUCTURE ELEMENT I general plan (community vision 2015-2040) INF-8.1.6:Construction Waste. Encourage recycling and reuse of building materials during demolition and construction of City, agency and private projects. INF-8.1.7: Recycled Materials. Encourage the use of recycled materials and sustainably harvested materials in City, agency and private projects. � ; �.,;� , : - IIIMlER toi �y�:i��, ��i' �J 'V��t gyrJ e .(�'Ca`�n. (���` � t �.1' ''1� H, I " � 4 �r( !�E��� �. F �M� ��_ ,.�.�. �l' f.tw �' ��.7�� `,� ,� - •�1 � �'��'g Kfi`� �Y' ,�t� � �. .� .•��N�. "� � � �' ��1! ��, •f� � � � Y ' � Y�p� ♦ �_ '��n ��'+�' � � i " � � ; � � - + � �;Y„ �� " y ,�i ' '� �'�� � � ..�� +� '� ,'r, � , , �'� � ,,�' "'"�s . �1i ;_ �� ,�! �, , � �y , F .. ., •� .'r� \.., ' l'�, .. � ���'�� �Jlr� ... � ,� !. �-�'� } :�..' 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' A 'r, � � � �-`-- ���� . �_�`.�._.�� �� -� � I :. r .. . �. : Introduction Cupertino's parks, recreation programs and community services complement the built and natural environments and enhance the community.They enliven our Neighborhoods and Special Areas and help promote health, interactions and community-building. This Element includes goals, policies and strategies for the development and time,the city's parks and recreation programs will have to adapt to meet changing needs.This Element ensures that the City will continue to provide high-quality parks and recreation programs, improve the distribution and access to these facilities,work with other community service providers,and , ��' ��� � =`• _ A . protect open space. ���. ��� � . _ r" • ; ' CONTENTS: _ .,. L ..�1 ; �ti..�� � ' � -2 Introduction RPC-18 Looking Forward + - .+_ -� ' +L+� _ y � ' S .� � � � CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) CONTEXT � � � PARKS AND OPEN SPACE � - Cupertino currently has approximately 165 acres of City-owned public parks and ' ' ' ' open space areas.The City's park system is supplemented by a network of over 220 acres of local and regional interconnected trails that stretch from local open J � I,� ,�� �- tL�,u��,��� space preserves to the San Francisco Bay. In addition, there are many acres of �'� � �,,-I;�� ' open space preserves surrounding the city that are operated and maintained by � � �� T ���� ��� regional agencies and districts, including over 40 acres of open space negotiated � �� ��� through public access agreements. Figures RPC-1 and RPC-2 show the � � � ,� �,� � �ocations of open space areas within and near Cupertino. � � ��� F�'fi�<' � �-��� Local residents, visitors and employees also enjoy a wide range of community � M CLELLAN RD � � ' M���e�� " I� ` services provided by the City and other agencies and districts. Looking towards � �� Pa�kh,''� "'� � the future, the City will have to manage its resources effectively and coordinate �� ��l� ���� � with other agency providers to ensure that the community's growing and ( Deep � �� ��� �'�o,t� changing needs are met. The following is a summary of the future direction for � � � `�l�� co�rsei , � ' :� the City's approach to planning, designing and managing open space to ensuring �N; �� � � the community's continued hea�th and quality of �ife. � Linda Vlsta 1 � �p,�, � 1 c' City Park �� , '�� � REGIONAL RESOURCES ��' —� � � Several public agencies share the task of acquiring and maintaining open space ste�e�s v. `���k "�'� � � � � ' ` � ""' for the enjoyment within Cupertino and neighboring cities. Cupertino's land uses �o��tY „` - Park G ( — , , � ,,� � in and around these areas typically inc�ude low-intensity residential uses, which ��, � � ��� are consistent with protecting open space areas. Legend MIDPENINSULA REGIONAL OPEN SPACE DISTRICT The Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District was created in 1972 and Existing City/County Public manages about 62,000 acres of mountainous, foothill and bayland open space Open Space in 26 open space preserves. Preserves adjacent to Cupertino are �ocated to the ExistingPrivateOpenSpace south and west around the foothills, and include Rancho San Antonio, Pichetti � ■ Proposed Open Space Linkage Ranch and Fremont Older. (Based on the September 23,2002 Stevens Creek Trail Feasibility Study) N 0 0.5 1 Mile � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet � 0 500 1000 Meters CHAPTER 9:RECREATION.PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT genei a���u�� �community vision �u i o- �u4u� Monte Bello , �,��,�:;�. Rancho San Antonio Rancho Open Space '`�;;'r.^,�v',�`� Open Space Preserve San Antonio `�'J Count Preserve �'� � "„�' , y Park ` i.�r,�g�a r r �r�, ' \ s���v�a�e � I n -I �r^�r,���r�i LosAltos � HOMEsiEqo RaAo ,71�y�✓'�I+�-LI',/�.,. ..i1��`r��L�������1 ��- I I . !;�yr^ �� �i:'�.' i -; �� - I r �r���,,T?�v r';. r i ' r IC i �� p ��� ��.� w '�''-- i , - � : SaNa��a�a n , r �Lr 3 v�I�'��� I � STEVENS CREEN BLVO ^r I I^`, V�. ` � . �r�C { � > �n �.-��. ' /%� ` a J rr� _ McCLELLAN Q L 7n1. . .I /i� ..._. ; '1rVl\� I.. II � n` � ROA� £ :V/�L••`l.', �_�__ � � . ���,5,.;, � I 1 � I� ♦ BOLLINGE RD � / 0 0 rv'- p r �;�,r,, .� I � � . Linda Vista c �' I _ - �`'-'' / Park,,°� =RA�Naow � sa��ose J � s r��� �nL�*, ._i i1 ;��7�,`,5" '� �- � oaivE 1� � ��1F',� Monte Bello ,.� �;L`1? . Open Space\ �-��,� �� �° � ` i Preserve � � - PROSPECT M PICChettl 1� � ( Ro L �� RanchArea �i'" sa�a�oga � R ; �-- � _ � '�, . k` , �., �� �L , , � Legend �. ; � "�"' City Boundary �\��%_ T . . . . . Heart of the City Boundary <;, Urban Service Area Boundary �; e, Sphere of Influence Stevens Creek Fremont Older Boundary Agreement Line County Park Open Space Unincorporeted Areas Preserve Long Ridge Upper Saratoga Gap Proposed Existing County Parks Open Space Stevens Creek Open Space Stevens Creek Existing MidPeninsula Regional Preserve County Park Preserve TrailCorridor Open Space Preserve �--�� Proposed Expansion of There are over 13,000 acres(over 20 square miles)of public open space �--- Regional Open Space Lands in Cupertino's boundary agreement area and contiguous jurisdictions. � Public Access to Open Space Preserves �, � Proposed Open Space Linkages N 0 0.5 1 Mile � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet � 0 500 1000 Meters � CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) SANTA CLARA COUNTY PARKS The Santa Clara County park program was a voter-approved measure to acquire and develop a regional park system. County parks adjacent to Cupertino are located near the southwestern boundary of the city.The County Park plan emphasizes completing Upper Stevens Creek Park and its connection to Stevens Creek near Cupertino. Because the upper portions of Stevens Canyon are environmentally important, the County Parks and Recreation Department has made a commitment to purchase lands to connect these two parks. In 1997, as part of the development of a portion of the San Jose Diocese's St. Joseph's Seminary property, the County was able to acquire 133 acres of open space to add to its original holdings in the Rancho San Antonio County Park (which is now managed by the Mid-Peninsula Open Space District). SANTA CLARA VALLEY WATER DISTRICT OPEN SPACE AREAS Trails along creeks owned and managed by the Santa Clara Valley Water District supplement Cupertino's overall open space and park system. The District helped with the acquisition of open space lands within McClellan Ranch Park. The District works with cities and the county to provide access to creekside trails and parks for recreational opportunities. CITY COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD PARKS The City has an excellent system of community and neighborhood parks that provide a place for community gathering, recreation and healthy programs. All existing parks and open space areas are shown in Figure RPC-3 and listed in Table RPC-1. Community parks include Memorial Park and the Stevens Creek corridor area. Memorial Park is an urban park and facility venue for festivals located in the Heart of the City Special Area.The Sports Center, located at the intersection of Stevens Creek Boulevard and Stelling Road, provides a gym and tennis facilities. The Sports Center also has a small facility where teens can gather and play indoor sports. A Senior Center is located at the intersection of Stevens Creek Boulevard and Mary Avenue, which runs programs for seniors in Cupertino.The Quinlan Community Center, located on Stelling Road, runs the bulk of the art, dance, music and other community programs. All of these facilities are located around Memorial Park. CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT general p�an (community vislon 2015 -2040) Sommerset Franco Park Y+�/�� Square Park � ` Sunnyvale _� � � Los Altos ��� It HOMESTEAD ROAD , � •Little��� ♦_ q - I Rancho��� -�; 1 I � F-� L- I � JPark -► ��' - 1 p ^,� � Garden Gate ___� LL ��� � 1 � Stevens �85' Elemj ' m 3 1 r �� � j � Creek Mary Ave - .P.Collins � Santa Clara � �� � Can on Oak � Elem.�_ �� � �Dog Park � �-`� �-� E ementary I Main Street � � Park / � E-1 �� j G Memorial '_ Field� ParkEasem nt i ,� Park I � � Main Street '�f Varian j A_1 i Sports ortal i �TownSquare I ► Park i,� =i Center Park I ❑ _ ���� / e�o � Easement � � ' � ❑Cali Plaza � �—�- �,��� � Blackberr � Faria El . Civic I K � Monta Vista y � Center City Cen r � - ��_ � � � Park Farm Q-� � Park Easeme t i_�y�ilso J-� � 4 � � E-2 McClellan � H_� Civic ` -%Park�_ __ i Sterling � Center i Barnhart � Cupertino Hi Is Ranch Park M�c�E��nN ROAD Librar P�aza Creekside �-z Q Park\� � Swim&Rac uet / Y Park �� � u Field � � �-� � Rancho t �___ A� � Club '� Lincoln Elem. ' n-� '� I-� J a Rinconada � I V _ Eaton I � • Jollyman I� Recreation � � Deep liff ■Kennedy Elem. Hyde Jr.HS� I � Golf ourse Jr.H.S. _ Park 80L�,N�ER R0 &Park�� 1 0 I____ Linda Vista a � I ' -�, p O � San Jose � I� ♦� � �Park p m '� r I � ��� �_` � m �� i ��� P-1 Le end � � � Regnart Elem � ' g � � L � 3 Oaks — — � ean�aow � Paf k. oame City Boundary ♦ � � I , — � — � � ` � . . . . Heart of the City Boundary � , � P-2 ����� Hoover : ----- UPban Service Area Boundary --------�`Park -�I�_ T � s�e�e�sc�eek � ��� � osPecr aono ��-� S here of Influence � � Raservoir I 1� T 1 J ' �' � i � Boundary Agreement Line / � �. � � Saratoga Unincorporated Areas � / I �! � Mini Parks �` /' i I_� � � � Cupertino Neighborhood Parks i I � Community Park 0 Schools — Private Recreation — Community Pool N 0 0.5 1 Mile � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet � 0 500 1000Meters �� CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) . � . � � � . . - � � A-1 McClellan Ranch 16.0 Stocklmeir Ranch 5.0 McClellan Ranch West(Simms 3.0 A-2 Blesch Parcel 0.6 Property) Stevens Creek Trail 2.4 Blackberry Farm Park 21.5 Blackberry Farm Golf Course 16.5 Monta Vista HS 10.0* Cupertino Hills Swim Kennedy Jr.HS 9.0 B and Racquet Club"' 2.98 Linda Vista 11.0 Lincoln Elem. 3.0 Regnant Elem. 3.0 C E-1 Varian Park 6.0 Stevens Ck.Elem 3.0 E-2 Monta Vista 6.0 F-1 Forge Apts 0.5* Villa Serra 0.61 Franco Park 0.61 Homestead HS 10.0` F_2 Memorial Park 20.0 Garden Gate Elem. 3.0 Sports Center 6.2 � Sommerset Z� Mary Avenue Dog Park 0.5 Square H-1 Faria Elem. 3.0 H-2 Jollyman 11.5 Cali Mill Plaza Park" 1.0 City Center Wilson Park 8.0 Civic Center Park** 0.7 I-1 Amphitheater 1'39� Library Field 3.0 Library Plaza 1.0 Eaton Elem. 3.0 Civic Center Plaza 0.5 I-2 Creekside 13.0 J-1 Cupertino HS 10.0* �_Z Hyde Jr.HS 6.0 Sedgewick Elem. 4.0* K Rancho Rinconada 2.0 Sterling Barnhart 0.6 Swim Rec Facility'" L-1 L-2 Portal Park 4.0 Collins Elem. 3.0 Portal Elem. 1.71` M Hampton Apt �•5� Main Street Park Easement .75 Arioso Apts �5. Town Square Easement 0.8 N Oak Valley(2) 0.94 Little Rancho Park 0.34 Canyon Oak Park 0.4 0 P-1 Three Oaks 3.0 P-2 Hoover 6.0 Total by Park Type 14.32 74.71 89.4 36 Total All Types 214.43 Notes:*Not included in park acreage,**Privately owned,public access,***Privately owned CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT general p�an (community vislon 2015 -2040) The Civic Center complex, located in the central part of the city, provides an additiona� community venue for gathering and programs. It consists of City Hall, Community Hall and Library Field, which offers indoor and outdoor venues for meetings, functions and outdoor recreation.The Cupertino Library, a facility owned by the City but operated by the County Library District, is a�so located in the Civic Center complex. The Stevens Creek Corridor, located in the Monta Vista Planning Area, has a natural environment with trails, swimming facilities, group picnic areas, historic orchard (Stocklmeir), historic ranch (McClellan Ranch), a nine-hole golf course (Blackberry Farm Golf Course) and related support facilities. Blackberry Farm Recreational area's swimming facilities, recreation programs and reserved picnic areas are on�y availab�e in the summer, although access to the Stevens Creek Corridor trails is available year round.The City is in the process of preparing a Stevens Creek Corridor Master Plan to review the design and planning of facilities and programs throughout the Stevens Creek corridor. City objectives for the plan include accommodating year-around use of the facilities in the corridor; reviewing and revising the plans for the golf course, McClellan Ranch, Stocklmeir, McClellan Ranch West (Simms) and B�esch properties; incorporating the trail system; restoring Stevens Creek; and addressing neighborhood issues. In addition to these community facilities, the City also has a system of neighborhood parks of varying sizes and types that are located throughout Cupertino. Each neighborhood park offers a variety of opportunities for passive and active recreation for adjacent neighborhoods and recreational programs for the community. Lastly, the City a�so has agreements with the school districts to maintain school fields in return for allowing the community to use the fields, when they are not in use by the schools. PRIVATE AND SEMI-PUBLIC OPEN SPACE RESOURCES There are several private, open space and recreational activity businesses in Cupertino that support the recreational needs of the community.They include the Deep Cliff Golf Course and the Cupertino Hills Swim and Racquet Club in the Monta Vista Planning Area, as well as riding stables in the foothills.The Rancho CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) Rinconada Recreation Center, a swim and recreational facility operated by a separate District, is available publicly to residents of the Rancho Rinconada Area.These facilities are va�uable to the community because they often provide services that are not traditionally provided by the public sector on City or regional parklands. Several hillside and urban subdivisions, and apartment complexes, offer both natural and built recreational facilities for their residents. Private open spaces that are accessible to the public include Cali Mill Plaza at the intersection of Stevens Creek and De Anza Bou�evards, Civic Park in the Town Center development across from the Civic Center, and the park at the Main Street development along Stevens Creek Boulevard east of Wolfe Road. Lastly, utility power line corridors in the city's foothills provide public paths and trails through open space areas. TRAILS Trails and paths connect people to each other, create access to open space areas and parks, and provide an a�ternative to driving from place to p�ace. Promoting more trails and connectivity along creeks, hillsides and through neighborhoods is a major objective of the General Plan. Providing access to open space and parks is not completely dependent on trai�s. Sidewa�ks and streets can also connect pedestrians to their destinations. However, occasional barriers often pose an issue when they break the continuity. Future plans for these areas should enhance connectivity to neighborhoods and other parts of the city. Each major trail corridor in Cupertino is discussed in greater detail below. In addition to these trail corridors, the City also seeks to expand access to other trails through grants and development review. Figure RPC-4 identifies major trail linkages in Cupertino. STEVENS CREEK The 65 acre Stevens Creek corridor is Cupertino's most prominent urban open space/trai� resource.The �and is designated for recreation, park�ands and farming, and provides flood plain area for the creek. Adjoining properties are zoned for low-density residential use.The Stevens Creek Corridor Plan retains CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT general p�an (community vislon 2015 -2040) ' Los Altos � Sunnyvale � �'�. ,. �.I�� � HOMesrea❑ aono � � II ��'�` —�'��'�I`"_ ���- � � O - I, ���� � � '� ,1 � �4�� ec i �oo —_ � � I � � ����_ �7 i I �� � - � : ��� ��� I �� G��., :� ��I���,� '' ��� �Calabazas Rancho � � <5 �r���, ��� Creek San Antonio � ♦ �� Trail Park � ��' — W �� Santa Clara �♦ � 0 3 �� � - � srEVENs caEEK e�vo � �� � ♦ � � � 1 �� -_ � � 1 . - � • -- -_ •�� m�aeunN _- / > v ' ♦ ' � R°"° -_` I San Tomas t_ � ��� m � � Aquino • � � � Trail I � I aowNCEa ao � � _t I, i I � Linda � '�I�\��'_ ��'° _ � SanJose � �\ Vista � __ --- � �� 'J Park i �1 � �� Legend P �` � � RAINB DRIVE I I � � � l � — � � ��i � City Boundary � � % ,�,, r � � - • • • • Heart of the City Boundary �`����� . ' 1 � Urban Service Area Boundary sm�e�sc,eek � `��� � J paosaecT eono � � ReSBfVO1f �� II r ' � Sphere of Influence �- �/� �� � I Saretoga � Boundary Agreement Line a � � `� _/� � Unincorporated Areas / �� i� � Existing or Proposed ����1 Trail Linkages � ■ �Future Trail Linkages Potential Alternative Trail Alignment Potential Trails N 0 0.5 1 Mlle � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet � 0 500 1000 Melers 0 CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) the open space character of the Stevens Creek greenbelt between the Stevens Creek reservoir and Stevens Creek Boulevard, and offers historical significance relating to the Juan Bautista De Anza Trail designation. The City is participating with the Santa Clara Va��ey Water District and adjacent cities including Sunnyvale, Los Altos and Mountain View in a Four Cities Coordinated Stevens Creek Trail Feasibility Study to explore connections for a trail following Stevens Creek, extending to the San Francisco Bay.The study is currently in progress and is expected to be completed in 2015.The City will implement recommendations from the study endorsed by the City Council.The City's acquisition of Linda Vista Park, McClellan Ranch, Blackberry Farm, and the McClellan Ranch West (Simms), Stocklmeir properties, and more recently, the Blesch property support these planning efforts. The 2002 Stevens Creek Trail Feasibility study concluded that it is feasible to construct 7.7 miles of separated and on-street multi-use paths connecting to Rancho San Antonio and Stevens Creek County parks.To complete the trail, a public trail easement through the approximately 150 acre former quarry property south of Linda Vista Park wi�� be established when the property is proposed for development.The former quarry haul road connects Linda Vista Park to McClellan Road. It is under the same ownership as the quarry and is necessary to link these properties. Full build out of the Stevens Creek trai� is expected to take about 10 to 15 years. CALABAZAS CREEK There is an opportunity for a trail along Calabazas Creek that would connect the South Vallco Planning Area to Cupertino High School and Creekside Park. SAN TOMAS-AQUINO/SARATOGA CREEK Cupertino's section of the 12 mile San Tomas-Aquino Trail crosses into the city from Santa Clara on Pruneridge Avenue, extends to bicycle lanes on Bollinger Road, and further extends north-south along the city limit between San Jose and Cupertino.The City has explored the potential to create a linear Lawrence-Mitty Park along the creek with the cooperation of Santa Clara County, neighboring jurisdictions and the Santa Clara Valley Water District. Discussions on trail options in this area are ongoing. CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT general p�an (community vislon 2015 -2040) UNION PACIFIC RAILROAD The 8.7 mile proposed Union Pacific Rail Trail corridor extends through the cities of Cupertino, Saratoga, Campbell and the town of Los Gatos.The trail would link to the Los Gatos Creek Trail, connecting the two most heavily used parks in Santa Clara County: Rancho San Antonio County Park and Vasona County Park. A feasibility study found that this project is not feasible at this time. Acquisition of right-of-way or easements is anticipated if the Railroad goes out of service or if it is able to relinquish right-of-way.The corridor is designated as a proposed trail on the Trail Linkages diagram. Should the rai�road corridor use change, provision for a continuous trail through the corridor must be included as a project component. DON BURNETT BICYCLE-PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE The Don Burnett Bicycle-Pedestrian Bridge (formerly known as the Mary Avenue Bicycle Footbridge) links the Sunnyvale and north side of I-280 to De Anza College, Memorial Park and the Oaks Shopping Center. It was opened in 2009 and is enjoyed by pedestrians, bicyclists and school children. Its unique design creates a gateway into Cupertino and a landmark for the area. INTERSTATE 280 TRAIL This is a potential trail along the drainage channel on the south side of I-280. The trail has the potential of connecting several significant nodes in the city starting from the Calabazas Creek connection across from the Main Street development to Vallco Shopping District, and ending at De Anza Boulevard.The trail could be potential�y extended west of De Anza Boulevard in a later phase. A number of development projects have contributed to a study and potential improvements to implement the trail.The timing of the study is expected to be coordinated with the redevelopment of the Vallco Shopping District and other developments in the area.The City will have to coordinate with the Santa Clara County Va��ey Water District on the project since it owns the drainage channel. CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) Little Rancho Park Sommerset Franco Park Square Park Sunnyvale Los Altos I HowEsrEno Roao � p . II � — � � 85 � — — � I �� � Mary Ave Santa Clara � � Dog Park .Collins Main Street � �� � � � E ementary � rk Ease ent � � � Varian \ Q Memorial G � Field ; Main Street Canyo Oak P rk Parkn �, Park Portal3 �'/ �� � Sports Town Square / Park Easement .� --- I �� --= u Center s,E�E ❑ - _ �����' Blackberr Civic C CitPlCent rcRCE o - - � Farm Y \ Parkef �Easemen �Wilso � Monta Park 0 0,Civic I � Vista Li rary❑P�aZar Sterling � Park Creekside� � �� McCL LLAN ROAD P zd / Park � McClellan Library Barnhart �____� ' Par Field Park I Jollyman � I � Pa�K BOL�INGERR I � �. � ��'., Linda Vista San lose � \'� � Park I 3 Pa^kk Legend RAI BOW DRIVE " I � 1 City Boundary � � �J� \ Hoover Urban Service Area Boundary L �J �� Park � �' � \ � Sphere of Influence I Stevens Creek � �� PROSPECT ROA� ReSef°°'� j Boundary Agreement Line � �� > � �� � � Saratoga Unincorporated Areas � 1/2 Mile Access Range From Park Sites � Existing Park Site N 0 0.5 1 Mile � 0 1000 2000 3000 Feet � 0 500 1000 Me[ers CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT general p�an (community vislon 2015 -2040) PARK STANDARDS A well-planned park program incorporates a variety of facilities and programs to meet the community's needs.The program must also be flexible so that it can be updated as the community grows and changes in the future.The City is proposing a Parks and Recreation Master Plan that responds to these issues. Key e�ements of such a master plan will include parks performance standards, a classification system of park type and a recreation program for the community. The master plan wi�� also identify locations where additional capacity is needed to meet the current and future needs of its residents and workers and strategies to bridge the gaps. The City is fortunate to have access to a multitude of trails and regional park resources within Cupertino, which, a�ong with the City's inventory of availab�e parkland, provides approximately 430 acres of park and recreation area for city residents (or approximately 7.37 acres of park�and per 1,000 residents). The City's inventory of available park�and, which includes community and neighborhood parks as well as publicly accessible parks through agreements, is approximately 210 acres (or approximately 3.6 acres per 1,000 residents). If the amount of parkland accessible due to agreements with the Cupertino Union School District is excluded, the available parkland is 174 acres (or approximately 2.98 acres per 1,000 residents). The City's standard current�y specifies three acres of parkland per 1,000 residents. However, the City should continue to explore raising the parkland standard to five acres per 1,000 residents for its parks acquisition program. PARK ACCESSIBILITY One of the City's key objectives in planning for neighborhoods is to distribute parks and open space within the community so that all residents can safely walk or bike to a recreation faci�ity.This has the advantage of improving neighborhood identity, social interactions and the overa�l health of the community. Figure RPC-5 shows the neighborhoods and the 1/2 mile service area radius for neighborhood parks.The service area map includes walking and biking impediments due to physical barriers, such as freeways, railroad tracks or stream beds. In addition, busy streets may discourage some people, especially CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) . � . � . - � � . . 1 � - � . � . . - � . . � � � A-1 A-2 65 5.59 Reuse Blackberry Farm for 33.00 Community Park B 28.98 C E-1 9.0 E-2 6.0 F-1 1.22 3.5 G 29.2 Memorial Park contains Neighborhood Facilities H-1 2.5 H-2 3.0 I-1 11.5 I-2 17.2 J-1 13 J-2 Neighborhood Park K 6.0 L-1 2.6 3.5 Neighborhood Park L-2 Neighborhood Park M 7 N 1.55 3.5 Neighborhood Park 0 1.68 P-1 P-2 3.0 Total Existing Park 6.0 Lands 214.43 Total Prop Parks Land 49.09 Total All Park Lands 263.52 CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT general p�an (community vislon 2015 -2040) young children, from visiting nearby parks.The Complete Streets policies in the Mobility Element will work in tandem with parks planning to ensure that key intersections connecting neighborhoods to services are improved for pedestrian and bicycle connections. Table RPC-2 shows the park and open space acreage proposed by area. Acquisition strategies wi�� include agreements to a�lowing community use of school sites, expanding and making modifications to existing parks, leveraging State and regional funding, and park dedication requirements for major new developments. RECREATION PROGRAMS The City offers a variety of recreation programs for residents ranging from pre-school age chi�dren to its seniors.These inc�ude sports, arts, educational programs, teen programs, senior programs and services, special festivals and events and other activities. As the community profile changes, these programs will have to evolve to address their specific needs.The City is continuously working to refine and revise its programs to serve its population, while ensuring that the programs can be mostly maintained by fees charged. Programs such as environmental education, hea�th and we��ness, after school programs, art and cultural diversity programs, science and math camps, and adventure programs are examples of programs that are growing in need and popularity. SCHOOLS Cupertino is served by exce��ent institutions of public education. Cupertino Union School District, Fremont Union High School District and Foothill-De Anza Community College District provide nationally acclaimed elementary, secondary and post-secondary education.This group of school districts is one of the primary attractions of Cupertino for home buyers, particularly families with school-age children.While the City is not directly involved in the provision of education, it does control growth and development that can affect schools by increasing student enrollment beyond the means of schools to service them. In turn, it is crucial for the City to continue working direct�y with the school districts to maintain their current high quality. CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) In addition, the City should continue to coordinate with schools to partner on open space and cultural opportunities for community use.The City is already implementing, and hopes to expand, the fie�d maintenance agreements with schools to allow community use when these facilities are not in use by schools. The City will also explore partnerships with De Anza College and the school districts to make avai�able their theater, tennis courts and community meeting spaces for use by community groups. LIBRARY The Cupertino Library, operated by the Santa Clara County Library under the Joint Powers Authority Agreement, is an important community resource.The City continues to contribute to the library's annual operating costs, which are necessary to imp�ement and enhance services provided by the County Library. In addition, the City bui�t a new 54,000 square foot library in 2004, which replaced an outdated 23,000 square foot library.This new facility was needed to accommodate the needs of the growing community. Cupertino Library is now a key community destination in the Civic Center and runs a variety of reading programs and other community activities. A Civic Center Master Plan is currently being developed to meet the facility and parking needs of the various site elements, including the Library, Library Fie�d, City Ha�l, Community Ha��, and the plaza. CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT general p�an (community vislon 2015 -2040) LOOKING FORWARD As the Cupertino community grows and changes in age, diversity and ability, the City's parks and recreation programs will have to adjust to meet those needs. In cases where needed services are not provided by the City,the City will partner with other providers to ensure that community goals and expectations are met. The City will also have to look for ways to expand and deliver services in a manner that is fiscally-responsible by partnering with public agencies, service providers and private development, and looking for grants to supplement funding for projects.The City will also have to continually update its portfolio of faci�ities and recreation services to prioritize programs that are most needed and can serve the community in an equitable manner.The City should a�so explore ways to take advantage of sustainable practices to reduce facility maintenance costs. The following are ways the City will address key challenges and opportunities facing Cupertino: � EXPAND RECREATION FACILITIES. As the City realizes added growth anticipated in Community Vision 2040 it will have to look at expanding facilities and programs.These can be achieved through careful master p�anning, imp�ementation of a Capital Improvement Program (CIP), and partnering with agencies and private deve�opers to increase park and open space. � EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION AND ACCESS. In the future, the City should �ook to balancing its recreation facilities so that each neighborhood and special area has easy access to parks and recreation services. Strategies to achieve this inc�ude removing physica� barriers and improving pedestrian and bicycle paths to such facilities, prioritizing areas that are deficient in park space, retrofitting facilities and revising programs to meet community needs. CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) � COLLABORATION. The City wi�� rely heavily on partnerships and collaboration with other service providers in sharing facilities and services, and ensuring that City plans meet the community's current and future needs. This will allow the City to deliver services in a manner that is efficient and fiscally responsible. � SUSTAINABILITY. The City should explore ways to redevelop, build and maintain facilities and parks in an environmentally sustainable manner. Such practices will allow the City to reduce maintenance costs for buildings and �andscaping, while also improving community health. � FUNDING. The City should continue to explore ways to deliver services in a fiscally responsible manner by identifying new sources of funding through grants, working with developers to expand facilities and services, sharing facilities with other agencies and school districts, and reviewing recreation programs to ensure that they meet demand. CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT general p�an (community vislon 2015 -2040) G ALS AND POLICIES Th goals and policies in this section provide guidance on how the City can co inue to serve the needs of the community through the growth and change in th orizon of Community Vision 2040. �r '��. ,��,��� � �I''� � . CHAPTER 9:RECREATION PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT � ��I� ��il�i '"',.� '�I'; ��� i�I`� �.., � f ,�+.I �� � ��1 general p�an (community vision 2015-2040) ,.x��. a=� * ; � �`�� � t .'�;. ' ���r ,6���, ,.�, , I �u�� � - � — — / �! — -,�, � � � . . ' . ' . . • ' • • . . • ' ' . • . ' • ' . • • - - - � � - � - PARKS AND OPEN SPACE Parks and open space policies out�ine acquisition, development, distribution, access and maintenance of parkland in Cupertino in order to ensure that all residents enjoy easy access to these areas. POLICY RPC-1.1: PARKS AND RECREATION The plan should address a fiscally MASTER PLAN sustainable strategy that allows year- Prepare a citywide Parks and round community use of the park Recreation Master Plan that out�ines system, while preserving the areas po�icies and strategies to p�an for natural resources and addressing the communities open space and neighborhood issues including recreational needs. connectivity and buffers. STRATEGIES: RPC-1.1.2: Civic Center Master Plan. RPC-1.1.1:Stevens Creek Corridor Master Prepare a master plan that addresses Plan. the needs of the elements in the Prepare a master plan for the park Civic Center area inc�uding City Hall, and open space corridor along Stevens Community Hall, Library Fie�d, Library Creek including McClellan Ranch, programming, function and meeting McClellan Ranch West, Blackberry space and community gathering space Farm, the Blackberry Farm golf course, and parking needs. Stocklmeir and Blesch properties and the Nathan Hal�Tank House area. CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT general p�an (community vislon 2015 -2040) POLICY RPC-1.2: PARKLAND STANDARDS. Continue to implement a parkland acquisition and implementation program that provides a minimum of three acres per 1,000 residents. STRATEGIES: RPC-1.2.1: Park Size. Require target for parks based on function and activity supported as part of the Parks and Recreation Master Plan. While the preferred size for most neighborhood parks is about 3.5 acres for flexibi�ity of use, smaller size parks may be considered based on opportunities and circumstances. RPC-1.2.2:Amend Parkland Standard. Explore increasing the parkland standard to five acres per 1,000 residents as part of the citywide Parks and Recreation Master Plan. POLICY RPC-1.3:CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM (CIP) Ensure that CIP projects reflect the goals and policies identified in Community Vision 2040, establishing a criteria for ranking CIP proposals for the highest and best selection of community projects. ,,.• _. —',r � .a � . CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT �� genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) +��`'#i' ' S ,� � ~a 4 . ..`,�� -(... ,�� i� � �� �. � - r' : ; * . --. _r. -�, l, . _ '�r i� - , � � � � • ' • . . • • • ' • . ' • • • ' • . • • • • - - - . • . ' . • ' . . ' • . ' • ' . • • ' POLICY RPC-2.1: PARKLAND STRATEGIES: ACQUISITION RPC-2.1.1: Dedication of Parkland. The City's park�and acquisition New deve�opments, in areas where strategy should be based upon three parkland deficiencies have been broad objectives: identified, should be required to • Distributing parks equitably dedicate park�and rather than paying throughout the City; in-lieu fees. • Connecting and providing access RPC-2.1.2: Public Use of School Sites. by providing paths, improved Zone all public school sites for public pedestrian and bike connectivity use to allow for the public to use sites, and signage; and when not in use by schools, through shared arrangements. • Obtaining creek lands and restoring creeks and other natural RPC-2.1.3:Acquisition of Surplus open space areas, inc�uding strips Properties. of land adjacent to creeks that may Explore acquisition of surplus school be utilized in creating buffer areas, and agency properties for parkland. trails and trail amenities. Take advantage of the Naylor Act to purchase surplus school sites. CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT general p�an (community vislon 2015 -2040) POLICY RPC-2.2: PRIVATE OPEN SPACE POLICY RPC-2.3: PARKLAND AND RECREATION FACILITIES DISTRIBUTION Encourage the continued existence Strive for an equitable distribution and profitabi�ity of private open space of parks and recreationa� facilities and recreation facilities through throughout the City. Park acquisition incentives and development controls. should be based on the following STRATEGIES: priority list. Accessibility to parks RPC-2.2.1: Existing Facilities. should be a component of the Encourage the continued existence of acquisition plan. private recreational facilities through • High Priority: Parks in land use zoning and incentives. neighborhoods or areas that have RPC-2.2.2: New Facilities. few or no park and recreational • Require major developments to areas. incorporate private open space • Medium Priority: Parks in and recreational facilities, and neighborhoods that have other seek their cooperation in making agency facilities such as school the spaces public�y accessible. fields and district facilities, but no • Where feasible, ensure park space City parks. is publicly accessible (as opposed • Low Priority: Neighborhoods to private space). and areas that have park and • Encourage active areas to serve recreationa� areas which may community needs. However, a be slightly less than the adopted combination of active and passive City's parkland standard. areas can be provided based on • Private Development: Consider the setting. pocket parks in new and renovated • Integrate park facilities into the projects to provide opportunities surroundings. for publicly-accessible park areas. • If public parkland is not dedicated, POLICY RPC-2.4: CONNECTIVITYAND require park fees based on a ACCESS formula that considers the extent Ensure that each home is within a to which the publicly-accessible half-mi�e walk of a neighborhood park facilities meet community need. or community park with neighborhood facilities; ensure that walking and CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) biking routes are reasonably free of RPC-2.5.2: Recreational Facilities. physical barriers, including streets Explore the possibility of providing with heavy traffic; provide pedestrian additional access to existing facilities �inks between parks, wherever such as gymnasiums, swimming pools possible; and provide adequate and tennis courts. directiona� and site signage to identify RPC-2.5.3: Community Gardens. public parks. Encourage community gardens, which STRATEGIES: provide a more livable environment RPC-2.4.1: Pedestrian and Bike Planning. by controlling physical factors such as Implement recommendations in the temperature, noise, and pollution. Bicycle and Pedestrian Plans to link employment and special areas, and neighborhood to services including parks, schools and neighborhood shopping. RPC-2.4.2:Signage. Adopt and maintain a master signage plan for all public parks to ensure adequate and consistent signage is provided to identify pub�ic recreationa� areas. POLICY RPC-2.5: RANGE OF PARK AMENITIES Provide parks and recreational facilities for a variety of recreational activities. STRATEGIES: RPC-2.5.1:Special Needs. Extend recreational opportunities for special needs groups (seniors, disabled, visually-challenged, etc.) by making improvements to existing facilities and trails. � ' � �. �. �.r� 1 �. �� �� �nff. t i �K .,�. . ,t CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT �• 5� ' ,}_ l �:. � 3S general p�an (community vislon 2015 -2040) '� ' � ,��-; .:�' �, ��>` .� ; - �;� *. . - -� .,���°��' .:� - :....r?�..-.: 'i�... ..�I f" � � � � � L � � • _ � • • _ • • � � � �. POLICY RPC-3.1: PRESERVATION OF NATURALAREAS Design parks to utilize natural features and the topography of the site in order to protect natural features and keep maintenance costs low. STRATEGIES: RPC-3.1.1: Native Planting. Maximize the use of native p�ants and drought-tolerant planting. RPC-3.1.2: Natural Habitat. Where possible, restore and provide access to creeks and riparian habitat. RPC-3.1.3: Nature Play Areas. Where appropriate, consider establishing Nature P�ay Areas in lieu of the more conventional play equipment. � � �� � CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT � � iera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) ■ � ■ � � � F;; I' t . f!: ' 1 � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � POLICY RPC-4.1: RECREATIONAL INTENSITY Design parks appropriate�y to address the facility and recreational programming required by each special area and neighborhood based on current and future plans for the areas. POLICY RPC-4.2: PARK SAFETY Design parks to enhance pub�ic safety by providing visibility to the street and access for public safety responders. CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT general p�an (community vislon 2015 -2040) • T .� �. i�l .,s _ .,r� „ + il, � "r'�i�.qi.�.. . i� i I� . . ii�,- �,��5� ,s i 11 I�1;, ,_ i' �h� � � �,+!� i y .}�l'�� ,��,� . ������ � .. q'--a - h- i� . rs_.H���+Yas 4�.�r'�.�i���"f: s� � .':��.n -�� Sr+, ' � � ■ � � � � � � � � � � � � � I � , I / � � � / • / / � � � � / • TRAI LS Trai�s policies encourage the provision of a system of linear connections a�ong creeks, utility rights-of-way and other corridors in order to provide recreational opportunities, improve pedestrian and bicycle access throughout the city, improve safety, and preserve natural resources. POLICY RPC-5.1: OPEN SPACE AND RPC-5.1.2:Trail Projects. TRAIL LINKAGES Implement trail projects described Dedicate or acquire open space land in this Element; evaluate any safety, along creeks and utility through security and privacy impacts and regional cooperation, grants and mitigations associated with trail private development review. development; and work with affected STRATEGIES: neighbors in locating trails to ensure RPC-5.1.1: Pedestrian and Bike Planning. that their concerns are appropriately Implement recommendations in addressed. the Bicycle and Pedestrian P�an that link trails and open space to neighborhoods and special areas. CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) RPC-5.1.3: Dedicated Trail Easements. POLICY RPC-5.2: PEDESTRIAN AND Require dedication or easements for BICYCLE PATHS trai�s, as well as their implementation, Develop a citywide network of as part of the development review pedestrian and bicycle pathways process, where appropriate. to connect employment centers, RPC-5.1.4:Joint Use Agreement. shopping areas and neighborhoods Establish a Joint Use Agreement with to services including parks, schools, the Santa Clara Valley Water District libraries and neighborhood centers. that enhances the implementation of a trai� program which increases the use of, and sets standards and measures for, creek trails. � `:����I�i �,�, -�f i -- CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT � �' ` general p�an (community vislon 2015 -2040) Z ~ � ' F� ��r /� � �� 1.: j.�� , f�,S %�{. ���� ._��ty/ ,�� . .'y:. "� ��_ ° � � � ` a �': 1 , � �,���� ` ��� :�r ' �''3_ ' � � � � � • � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � � / � � � � RECREATION PROGRAMS AND SERVICES Recreation programs and services policies provide guidance for the implementation of programs that serve the changing and growing needs of the community in order to ensure an exceptiona� quality of life. POLICY RPC-6.1: DIVERSE PROGRAMS POLICY RPC-6.3:ART AND CULTURE Ensure that the City continues to offer Utilize parks as locations of art and a wide range of programs to serve culture and to educate the community diverse populations of all ages and about the City's history, and exp�ore abilities. the potential to use art in facilities and POLICY RPC-6.2: PARTNERSHIPS utilities when located in parks. Enhance the city's recreational POLICY RPC-6.4: LIBRARY SERVICE programs and �ibrary service through Encourage the �ibrary to continue partnerships with other agencies and to improve service levels by non-profit organizations. Maintain and incorporating new technology and strengthen existing agreements with expanding the library co��ections and agencies and non-profit organizations, services. including the Library District, to ensure progressive exce��ence in the faci�ities, programs, and services provided to the diverse and growing Cupertino popu�ation. CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT genera�plan (community vision 2015-2040) �:-:;:_. -� '�� r QO��`7�L��� C��IMl3NITY CENTER =.f�� ., ' ��- -. �. - — _ �... _. � � I�� �,,-�,._ , �-- Y_.. ��ti • _:�._ ._� .<. ..-�. � � . . � • • ' • • . ' • ' . • ' . . ' • • . . � . . ' . � • " • • ' • . • . ' . • ' • • • ' POLICY RPC-7.1:SUSTAINABLE DESIGN Ensure that City facilities are sustainab�y designed to minimize impacts on the environment. POLICY RPC-7.2: FLEXIBILITY Design facilities to be flexib�e to address changing community needs. POLICY RPC-7.3: MAINTENANCE Design facilities to reduce maintenance, and ensure that facilities are maintained and upgraded adequately. _.,,� , ::� - -„ CHAPTER 9:RECREATION,PARKS AND COMMUNITY SERVICES ELEMENT �� � general p�an (community vislon 2015-2040) � i � � i _ , l / � / / � ' . ' • � - - - - - - -- - - � � COMMUNITY SERVICES Community services policies seek to enhance the quality of community services through partnerships and information sharing with providers. POLICY RPC-8.1:SCHOOL DISTRICTS RPC-8.1.2:School Expansion. Partner with school districts to a��ow Encourage schools to meet their community use of their sports fields expansion needs without reducing the and facilities. size of their sports fields. STRATEGIES: RPC-8.1.3:School Facility Needs. RPC-8.1.1:Shared Facilities. 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' APPENDIXA:LANDUSEDEFINITIONS I gellEl'a� p�all (COIT11T1UIll[y VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) INTRODUCTION The Land Use Map (Figure A-1) of Community Vision 2040 illustrates the policies in this element and in other elements that play a major role in guiding urban development.The map cannot be used alone because it illustrates the text, which shou�d be used along with it. The Land Use Map illustrates the general form of Cupertino in terms of land use patterns and intensity of land use activities. In contrast, the Municipal Zoning Map divides the city into very precisely drawn land use categories. Zoning districts have precisely written standards governing permitted activities and development forms. A series of po�icy statements accompany the planning text to guide the public and government officials in establishing precise zoning boundaries and pinpoint permitted activities. California law requires that the zoning map and zoning regulations be consistent with the Land Use Map and text.The zoning map and regulations must be brought into conformity with Community Vision 2040 within a reasonable period after it is adopted. LAND USE CATEGORIES Patterns and symbols, defined on the map legend, are used on the Land Use Map to identify land use categories, the road system, major land features and significant public and private faci�ities. The following is a description of each �and use category: RESIDENTIAL Areas suitab�e for dwellings, divided into five sub-categories based on dwelling unit density and expressed as the number of dwel�ings permitted on each acre. Maximum residential yield is calculated by multiplying the maximum dwelling unit density by the size of the �ot in acres, excluding any public rights-of-way. Community Vision 2040 does not define whether the dwel�ings are to be owned or rented by their inhabitants or whether they are to be attached or detached. APPENDIXA:LANDUSEDEFINITIONS I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) Very Low Density: Intensity is based on applying one of four slope-density formu�a—Foothill Modified, Foothi�� Modified l/2 Acre, Semi-Rural 5 acre or Foothill 5-20 acre.This classification is intended to protect environmentally sensitive areas from extensive development and to protect human life from hazards related to flood, fire and unstable terrain. Low Density: 1-5 and 1-6 units on each acre.This category is intended to promote a suburban lifestyle of detached single-family homes. Planned residentia� communities can be incorporated into this category if the development form is compatible with adjoining residential development. Low/Medium Density: 5-10 units per acre.This category accommodates more intensive forms of residential development while still being compatible with the predominant single-fami�y detached residential neighborhood.This development can be successfully incorporated into a single-family environment. Medium Density: 10-20 units per acre.This category provides greater opportunity for multiple-family residentia� developments in a planned environment.This range usually results in traffic vo�umes and buildings that are not compatible with single-family residential neighborhoods. These developments should be located on the edges of single-family residential communities where uti�ity services and street networks are adequate to serve increased densities. Medium/High Density: 20-35 units per acre. This promotes a wide range of housing choices in multiple-family dwellings.The intensity requires that the category be used in corridors with access to services and transit. The development may result in structures with three or four levels and underground parking.This category offers opportunity for housing choice, especially for people who want a more urban environment. High Density: Greater than 35 units per acre.This promotes a wide range of housing choices in multiple-family dwellings.The intensity requires that the category be used only at locations with adequate utility services or transit or both.The development may resu�t in structures with three or four levels and underground parking.This category offers maximum opportunity for housing choice, especially for people who want a city environment. APPENDIXA:LANDUSEDEFINITIONS I gellEl'a� p�all (COIT11T1UIll[y VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) COMMERCIAL/RESIDENTIAL This designation allows primarily commercial uses and secondarily residential uses or a compatible combination of the two. Commercial use means retail sales, businesses, limited professional offices, and service establishments with direct contact with customers.This applies to commercial activities ranging from neighborhood convenience stores to regionally oriented specialty stores. Retail stores that would be a nuisance for adjoining neighborhoods or harmfu�to the community identity would be regulated by the commercial zoning ordinance and use permit procedure. Smaller commercial parcels in existing residential areas may be needed to provide local neighborhood serving retail; otherwise they may be redeve�oped at residential densities compatible with the surroundings. Residential development is subject to the numerical caps and other po�icies described in the development priorities tables. NEIGHBORHOOD COMMERCIAL/RESIDENTIAL Neighborhood Commercial is a subset of the Commercial land use designation. This category inc�udes retai� activities, persona� services and limited commercial offices that serve primarily the residents of adjacent neighborhoods. Residential living units may only be allowed as upper f�oor uses. OFFICE This designation encompasses all office uses referenced in the City's Administrative and Professional Office Zone including administrative, professional and research and development activities. Prototype research and development is permitted if it is conducted along with the office functions of a business. Prototype R&D is defined as research and development activities that lead to the development of a new product or a new manufacturing and assembly process. Products deve�oped, manufactured or assembled here are not intended to be mass-produced for sale at this location. Guidelines for Prototype Research and Development: The type, use and storage of hazardous material for prototype R&D or assembly is regulated by the Uniform Building Code, the Uniform Fire Code and any new ordinance or other regulation that controls hazardous materials. APPENDIXA:LANDUSEDEFINITIONS I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) The building must not present the appearance that a prototype R&D or assembly process is in place. There will be no exterior storage and receiving faci�ities wi�� be small. Generally, no more than 25 percent of the total space occupied by the firm will be devoted to this activity. COMMERCIAL/OFFICE/RESIDENTIAL This designation app�ies to the mixed-use areas that are predominantly commercial and office uses. Supporting residential uses may be allowed to offset job growth, better balance the citywide jobs to housing ratio and when they are compatible with the primari�y non-residential character of the area. Residential development is subject to the numerical caps and other policies (described in the Land Use and Community Design element). INDUSTRIAL/RESIDENTIAL This designation allows primarily industrial uses and secondarily residential uses or a compatible combination of the two. Industrial use refers to manufacturing, assembly and research and deve�opment. Administrative offices that support manufacturing and wholesaling are included. Housing may be allowed to offset job growth and better balance citywide jobs to housing ratio. Residential development is subject to the numerica� caps and other policies (described in the Land Use and Community Design E�ement). INDUSTRIAL/COMMERCIAL/RESIDENTIAL This designation allows primarily industrial uses and secondarily commercia� uses or a compatible combination of the two. Industria� use refers to manufacturing, assembly and research and development. Administrative offices that support manufacturing and wholesaling are included. Housing may be allowed to offset job growth and better balance citywide jobs to housing ratio. Residential development is subject to the numerical caps and other policies (described in the Land Use and Community Design Element). APPENDIXA:LANDUSEDEFINITIONS I gellEl'a� p�all (COIT11T1UIll[y VISIOII ZO�S- ZO4O) OFFICE/INDUSTRIAL/COMMERCIAL/RESIDENTIAL This designation applies to areas that are primarily office uses and industrial uses. Commercial uses shou�d be anci�lary and supportive of the office and industrial base with the exception of larger parcels, which may be used for regionally oriented stores. Residential development is subject to the numerical caps and other policies (described in the Land Use and Community Design Element). QUA51-PUBLIC/INSTITUTIONAL This designation applies to privately owned land involving activities such as a private utility, a profit or non-profit facility giving continuous patient care, an educational facility or a re�igious facility. PARKS AND OPEN SPACE This designation applies to land owned by the public and used for recreation. It is also applied to private open space and recreational lands. RIPARIAN CORRIDOR This designation applies to creek corridors if they are not part of a �arger park or residentia� property. PUBLIC FACILITIES This designation applies to land used or planned to be used by a governmenta� entity for a pub�ic purpose. TRANSPORTATION This designation applies to streets, highways and rail corridors. MONTA VISTA NEIGHBORHOOD LAND USE DESIGNATION Residential: The Monta Vista neighborhood has three density ranges, which allow single family, duplex and multi-family housing types. Non-residential: The non-residential designations are the same as the rest of Cupertino. u.� 1 ��(l ��n�, . �' ,* '�• e,�r� , 1��l�?�1a, , :,,�,�i:� ;jl rw �r1,�� � , �.�� '/� � �, � � � �� .� tF�F 'lf, kA�� 1 m\�. 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' � P`c�..m_: �� 'i �;f�' d__:_ : ' r.1.11'r � k �-�-�� � �� �:.._�►.���� �� a� '' •�"` � _�v, - s.�� � � ����r��7�����'�"��� .��'.� � �� s� c�'s f� .���'" �K �r r.c�, �;h. .. .��,'� ,,�.�;,. F��.a✓' "�„�Y�,vY"r��- ���� �`�y�,k'°���'�?'%."��g��,�A..'�u�'�°�' �s: � ��, ��.3 �.%1�;` �,� �,��� �j�r�q �+�'u a " k �����'.��ik,��'�. . � . . . - ... �i I • APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) INTRODUCTION Cupertino is a unique community with a high qua�ity of �ife, a renowned school system, and a robust high-technology economy.The long-term vitality of Cupertino and the local economy depend upon the availability of all types of housing to meet the community's diverse housing needs. As Cupertino looks towards the future, increasing the range and diversity of housing options will be integral to the City's success. Consistent with the goal of being a balanced community, this Housing Element continues the City's commitment to ensuring new opportunities for residential development, as well as for preserving and enhancing our existing neighborhoods. The Housing Element Technical Report describes the City of Cupertino's procedures and Municipa� Code as of 2014.This Report does not �imit the City's ability to amend or repeal the procedures or ordinances so long as these changes are not inconsistent with the policies in this Report. 1.1 ROLE AND CONTENT OF HOUSING ELEMENT This Housing Element is a comprehensive eight-year plan to address the housing needs in Cupertino.The Housing E�ement is the City's primary po�icy document regarding the development, rehabilitation, and preservation of housing for all economic segments of the population. Per State Housing Element law, the document must be periodically updated to: • Out�ine the community's housing production objectives consistent with State and regional growth projections • Describe goals, policies and implementation strategies to achieve local housing objectives • Examine the �oca� need for housing with a focus on special needs populations • Identify adequate sites for the production of housing serving various income levels • Analyze potential constraints to new housing production • Evaluate the Housing Element for consistency with other Genera� P�an elements Housing element law continually evolves.This element for the 2014-2022 planning period addresses all laws adopted since the element was last updated in 2010. SB 812 requires that the City assess the housing needs of developmentally disabled persons. SB 244, which does not pertain to the housing APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) element per se but is triggered by a housing element update, requires that cities and counties address the infrastructure needs of disadvantaged unincorporated communities within the jurisdiction's designated sphere of influence. According to data from the California Department of Water Resources, Cupertino contains no disadvantaged communities within its sphere of influence. This updated Housing Element focuses on housing needs from January 31, 2015 through January 31, 2023, in accordance with the housing element planning period for San Francisco Bay Area jurisdictions established by State law. RELATIONSHIP TO THE GENERAL PLAN State law requires that a General Plan and its constituent elements "comprise an integrated, internally consistent and compatible statement of policies:' This imp�ies that all elements have equal legal status; no one element is subordinate to any other element.This Housing Element must be consistent with the policies and proposals set forth by the General Plan, including the Land Use and Circulation Elements. Additiona��y, environmental constraints identified in the Health and Safety Element and the Environmental Resources/Sustainability Element are recognized in the Housing E�ement. When an element in the General Plan is amended, the Housing Element will be reviewed and modified as necessary to ensure continued consistency among the various elements.The City will ensure that updates to these elements achieve internal consistency with the Housing Element as well. 1.2 PUBLIC PARTICIPATION This Housing Element has been developed with extensive participation from members of the Cupertino community.The public participation process described below engaged a diverse set of community stakeholders in a productive dia�ogue on housing issues. Participants included community members, property owners, housing developers, service providers, school districts, and the business community. Meeting and workshop announcements and agendas, as well as presentation materials and web cast archives of a�� stakeholder and community meetings, were posted on the City's website. A postcard advertising meetings (February 19, March 4, March 11, and Apri� 1) was direct mailed to all Cupertino addresses to ensure that all economic segments of the community were invited to participate. Email notification for all meetings was sent to persons requesting information APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) about the General Plan Update (over 300 persons).The paragraphs below summarize the outreach activities and meetings in more detail. STAKEHOLDER INTERVIEWS To inform the Cupertino Housing Element update and identify key housing needs, issues, and opportunities, the update team interviewed approximately 25 stakeho�ders. Most of the stakeho�ders were interviewed in small groups organized by interest, including community advocates, economic development, service providers, school districts, and property owners/developers.The team conducted six group interviews and one individua� interview.To ensure that the concerns of low- and moderate-income and special needs residents were addressed, agencies and organizations that serve the low- and moderate-income and special needs community were invited to participate in the stakeho�der interviews. Section 7 includes a list of invited and interviewed parties as well as a summary of key themes and findings. JOINT PLANNING COMMISSION/HOUSING COMMISSION WORKSHOP On January 23, 2014 the Planning Commission and Housing Commission hosted a joint workshop to begin discussion on potential housing sites. Eleven participants broke into small groups and identified potential future sites and the criteria for increasing density in certain areas. HOUSING COMMISSION WORKSHOP On February 12, 2014, the Housing Commission hosted a workshop to continue the sites discussion and prioritize sites for inc�usion in the Housing Element. Following a project update presentation, the 15 participants broke into groups to prioritize potential housing sites, with the goal of showing adequate capacity to achieve a housing production goal of 1,064 units, consistent with Cupertino's Regional Housing Needs Allocation (RHNA) for 2014-2022. PLANNING COMMISSION OPEN HOUSE AND STUDY SESSION On February 19, 2014, the Planning Commission hosted an open house and study session to provide a public forum to continue the Housing Element sites discussion. A public hearing was conducted on the item and the Planning Commission recommended criteria to focus the sites selection. Specifically, the Commission recommended removing sites that were viewed as inviable (successful shopping centers, sites with existing established institutional uses, APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) and small sites with �ow yield or no property owner interest).The Planning Commission recommended including sites that would further three goals: • Distribute housing throughout the city • Encourage development along the Priority Development Area designated by the One Bay Area p�an • Minimize impacts to schoo�s CITY COUNCIL STUDY SESSION On March 4, 2014 the City Council held a study session to discuss the potential housing sites that would be analyzed in the environmental document to be prepared for the Housing Element update and parallel amendments to the Land Use and Circulation Elements. A public hearing was conducted and community members had the opportunity to comment on the Housing Element and housing sites. HOUSING COMMISSION MEETING ON HOUSING POLICY On March 19, 2014, the Housing Commission held a study session to discuss revisions to housing goals, policies, and strategies associated with the Housing Element update. A public hearing was conducted on the item and five community members attended. JOINT CITY COUNCIL/PLANNING COMMISSION MEETING ON HOUSING POLICY On April 1, 2014, the Planning Commission and City Counci� held a joint study session to discuss revisions to housing goa�s, policies, and strategies included in the Housing Plan section of the 2014-2022 Housing Element. A public hearing was conducted on the item and community members had the opportunity to comment on the Housing Element Housing Plan. COMMUNITY WORKSHOPS A community open house was held on September 16, 2014 to review goa�s, policies, and strategies outlined in the Housing Element and General Plan Amendment. In response to community concerns regarding housing and development, the City hosted a community workshop on November 20, 2014 to answer questions regarding the Housing Element and State Law requirements. At the workshop, the community was invited to participate in a discussion regarding the Housing Element requirements and the General P�an. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) DRAFT HOUSING ELEMENT HEARINGS On August 28, 2014, the Housing Commission reviewed the Draft Housing Element. On October 14 and 20, the Planning Commission reviewed and commented on the Draft Housing Element. On November 10, December 2, and December 3, 2014, the City Council reviewed the Draft Housing E�ement and authorized staff to forward the draft to the State Department of Housing and Community Development for their review. 1.3 INCORPORATION OF COMMUNITY FEEDBACK At the February 19, 2014 Planning Commission open house and study session, participants emphasized that future development should reflect the character of the City and neighborhoods in which they are located.They also expressed the need to distribute housing throughout Cupertino and for smaller unit affordable rental housing. In response, the range of residential sites inventory studied in included sites outside the City's core as a means to distribute housing production citywide.The Housing Element also includes Policy HE-2.2: Range of Housing Types, which encourages the development of diverse housing stock that provides a range of housing types (including smaller, moderate cost housing) and affordability levels. A concern about the viability of mixed use was also expressed during the community outreach activities. Participants and decision makers noted that developers are interested in developing the residential portion of a project and do not include substantial commercial uses.To reflect this concern, the site suitability analysis—conducted to identify appropriate sites for inclusion in the Housing Element—used locational criteria to select sites that could best facilitate mixed use development, especially at corner properties where commercial uses are most viab�e. Participants at the March 19, 2014 Housing Commission Study Session suggested that energy conservation mechanisms can provide cost savings and result in more affordable housing costs. Existing goals and policies support energy conservation for a�� residential construction. In addition, the City will evaluate the potential to provide incentives for affordab�e development to exceed the minimum requirements of the California Green Building Code. Community members and property owners were particularly involved in the site inventory.The inventory of residential opportunity sites was developed in consultation with the Housing Commission, Planning Commission, City Council, APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) and members of the public. At numerous meetings, commissioners and council members, as well as members of the public, discussed the inventory. During these discussions, several sites were removed and new sites were added based on input from stakeho�ders. Decisions to add or remove sites were based on realistic expectations for sites to be redeveloped within the planning period. School impacts were a common theme during the site selection process. Staff explained to participants and decision makers that impact to schools may not be a goal of the site selection exercise since Government Code Section 65995 preempts this issue.This law states that school impact mitigation fees are presumed to fully mitigate any school impacts associated with development. To ensure the long-term sustainability of the schools in tandem with the preservation and development of vibrant residential areas, Strategy HE-7.3.1 in the Housing Plan directs the City to continue to coordinate with the Cupertino Union School District (CUSD), Fremont Union High School District (FUHSD), and Santa Clara Unified School District (SCUSD). 1.4 ORGANIZATION OF HOUSING ELEMENT Following this introduction, the Housing Element includes the following components: • An analysis of the City's current and future housing needs • An analysis of governmental and non-governmenta� constraints to housing production • An inventory and analysis of housing resources • A housing plan setting forth goals, policies, strategies, and quantified objectives to address the City's housing needs Included at the end of this appendix is a thematic summary of the stakeholder interviews, a review of the prior (2007-2014) Housing Element, and a parcel- specific residential sites inventory. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) 2. HOUSING NEEDS ASSESSMENT The Housing Needs Assessment describes the housing, economic, and demographic conditions in Cupertino; assesses the demand for housing for households at all income levels; and documents the demand for housing to serve special needs populations.The Housing Needs Assessment is intended to assist Cupertino in developing housing goals and formu�ating policies and strategies that address local housing needs. To facilitate an understanding of how the characteristics of Cupertino are similar to, or different from, other nearby communities, this Housing Needs Assessment presents data for Cupertino alongside comparable data for all of Santa Clara County and, where appropriate, for the San Francisco Bay Area and the state of California. This Needs Assessment incorporates data from numerous sources, including: • United States Census Bureau and American Community Surveys (ACS) • Association of Bay Area Governments (ABAG) • State of California Department of Housing and Community Development (HCD) • State of California Departments of Finance • State of California Employment and Development Department • State of Ca�ifornia Department of Social Services • State of Ca�ifornia Department of Public Health • United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy (CHAS) • Housing Authority of the County of Santa Clara • Santa Clara County Homeless Census • Veronica Tam and Associates (Housing Element Consultant) • City of Cupertino Community Development Department (CDD) • 211 Santa Clara County • Craigslist.org • Zillow.com • DQNews.com Specific data sources are identified in each tab�e or figure. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) 2.1 REGIONAL CONTEXT Cupertino is a suburban city of 10.9 square mi�es located in Santa Clara County. The City incorporated in 1955 and grew from a small agricu�tural community into a suburban place during the expansion of Silicon Valley. The cities of Los Altos and Sunnyvale limit any potential of expansion of Cupertino to the north, the cities of Santa Clara and San Jose abut Cupertino to the east, and Saratoga is to the immediate west. Unincorporated areas of Santa Clara County form the southern and western boundaries of the City. Cupertino's built environment is dominated by single-fami�y subdivisions, with distinctive commercial and employment centers separated from the surrounding residential areas. Because of the suburban pattern, the city has a largely automobile-based land use and transportation system. Highway 85 functions as the main north/south traffic route through the city, and Interstate 280 is a major east/west route. 2.2 POPULATION & HOUSEHOLD TRENDS POPULATION As presented in Table 2.1, between 2000 and 2010 the City of Cupertino's population increased by 15.3 percent, which is at a higher rate than Santa Clara County at 5.9 percent, San Francisco Bay area as a whole at 5.4 percent, and the State of California at 10 percent. During this period, Cupertino grew from 50,546 to 58,302 persons. An increase of 15.3 percent, this growth was much more significant than the growth experienced by the region overall. However, a portion of this population growth can be attributed to the City's annexation of 168 acres of land between 2000 and 2008. Cupertino's annexation of Garden Gate, Monta Vista, and scattered County "islands" added 1,600 new residents. After removing the population increases from these annexations, the City of Cupertino experienced a 12-percent increase in its population during the previous decade. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEllel"a�p�all (C01T111lUlllty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) . � - ' � � � � � � � � I 1 I 1 I I iii i � i - - - - �ii i i i�i i City of Cupertino Population 50,546 58,302 7,756 15.3% Households 18,204 20,181 1,977 10.9% Average Household Size(a) 2.75 2.83 Household Type(a) Families 74.8% 77.4% Non-Families 25.2% 22.6% Tenure Owner 63.6% 62.6% Renter 36.4% 37.4% Santa Clara County Population 1,682,585 1,781,642 99,057 5.9% Households 565,863 604,204 38,341 6.8% Average Household Size(a) 2.92 2.89 Household Type(a) Families 69.9% 70.8% Non-Families 30.1% 29.2% Tenure Owner 59.8% 57.6% Renter 40.2% 42.4% Bay Area(b) Population 6,783,760 7,150,739 366,979 5.4% Households 2,466,019 2,608,023 142,004 5.8% Average Household Size(a) 2.69 2.69 Household Type(a) Families 64.7% 64.8% Non-Families 35.3% 35.2% Tenure Owner 57.7% 56.2% Renter 42.3% 43.8% California Population 33,871,648 37,253,956 3,382,308 10.0% Households 11,502,870 12,577,498 1,074,628 9.3% Average Household Size(a) 2.87 2.91 Household Type(a) Families 68.9% 68.6% Non-Families 31.1% 31.4% Tenure Owner 56.9% 55.9% Renter 43.1% 44.1% Notes: (a)Ave�age household size and househo(d type figu�es f�om American Community Survey(ACS),2007-207 7. (bl Alameda,Contra Costa Marin,Napa,San Francisco,San Mateo,Santa Clara,Solano,and Sonoma Counties. Source:Association of Bay Area Governments(ABAG),Housing Element Data Profiles,December 2013. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) HOUSEHOLDS A household is defined as a person or group of persons �iving in a housing unit, as opposed to persons living in group quarters, such as dormitories, convalescent homes, or prisons. According to the American Community Survey (ACS), there were 20,181 households in Cupertino in 2010 (see Table 2.1).The City added approximately 2,000 new househo�ds between 2000 and 2010, an increase of 11 percent. Approximately 600 of these households, however, resulted from annexations. After adjusting for househo�d increases due to annexation, the number of households in Cupertino grew by only eight percent between 2000 and 2010. During the same time period, the number of households increased by 6.8 percent in Santa Clara County, 5.8 percent in the Bay Area as a whole and 9.3 percent in the State of Ca�ifornia. AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD SIZE Average household size is a function of the number of people living in households divided by the number of occupied housing units in a given area. In Cupertino, the average household size in 201 1 was 2.83, s�ight�y higher than the Bay Area as a whole at 2.69, but slightly lower than Santa Clara County at 2.89 and the State of California at 2.91 (see Table 2.1). Because population growth has outpaced the increase in households in Cupertino, the average household size has increased since 2000.The contrary is true for the County. HOUSEHOLD TYPE Households are divided into two different types, depending on their composition. Family households are those consisting of two or more related persons living together. Non-family households include persons who live alone or in groups of unrelated individuals. As shown in Table 2.1, Cupertino has a �arge proportion of family households. In 201 1, family households comprised 77.4 percent of all households in the city. Cupertino's family househo�ds figure is higher than Santa Clara County's family households figure at 70.8 percent and the Bay Area as a whole at 64.8 percent and the State of California at 68.6 percent. As of 2011, Cupertino's non-family households comprised of 22.6 percent of all households in the city. Cupertino's 22.6 percent is lower than Santa Clara County at 29.2 percent and the Bay Area as a whole at 35.2 percent and State of California at 31.4 percent. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEllel"aI p�all (C01"I111lUlllty VI5101� ZO�S - ZO4O) HOUSEHOLD TENURE Househo�ds in Cupertino are more like�y to own than rent their homes. According to Table 2.1, 62.6 percent of Cupertino households owned their homes in 2010, a minimal decrease from 2000. Comparing the City of Cupertino with otherjurisdictions, as of 2010, 57.6 percent owned their home in Santa Clara County, 56.2 percent in the Bay Area as a whole and 55.9 percent in the State of California. As of 2010, renter households comprised 37.4 percent of a�l households in Cupertino, 42.4 percent in Santa Clara County, 43.8 percent in the Bay Area as a whole and 44.1 percent in the State of California. AGE DISTRIBUTION Cupertino's age distribution, shown in Table 2.2, is relatively similar to that of Santa Clara County, with a few notable exceptions. In both Cupertino and Santa . � - � . - � . � iii i i � • � 1 5 to 1 7 4.3% 5.1% 3.9% 3.9% 21 to 24 2.7% 2.8% 5.4% 5.1% 35 to 44 21.0% 18.2% 17.6% 1 5.6% 55 to 64 8.7% 10.2% 8.0% 10.4% 75 to 84 3.8% 4.0% 3.3% 3.5% Median Age 37.9 39.9 34.0 36.2 APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) Clara County, persons under 20 years old make up over a quarter of the overall population. In the City, the number and proportion of persons in this age group have increased slightly since 2000. However, compared to the County as a whole, Cupertino has a lower proportion of younger adults in the 25 to 34 age range but a higher proportion of older adults (persons 45 to 54 years old). In fact, from 2000 to 2010, the fastest growing segment of the Cupertino community was older adults in the 45 to 54 year old age category, which increased from 15.4 to 17.3 percent of the total population. In contrast, the proportion of other adults (those in the 25 to 44 age cohort) showed the sharpest decline between 2000 and 2010. In addition, Cupertino's elderly population, residents age 65 and above, increased from 1 1 percent to 13 percent between 2000 and 2010. In 2010, the median age in Cupertino was 39.9, an increase from 37.9 in 2000. Santa Clara County experienced a similar aging of its population during this time period, as evidenced by an increase in the median age from 34.0 to 36.2 years. HOUSEHOLD INCOME According to American Community Survey (ACS) estimates, the median household income in Cupertino in 2011 was $124,825.This figure is significantly higher than the estimated median household income of $89,064 for Santa Clara County.3 Furthermore, 62.3 percent of Cupertino households earned more than $100,000 in 2011, whereas only 45.0 percent of Santa Clara households and 39.0 percent of Bay Area households fall into this income category. On a per capita basis, Cupertino is also wealthier than Santa Clara County. In 201 1, the per capita income in Cupertino was $51,965, compared to $40,698 in the County.Table 2.3 summarizes the distribution of household incomes for Cupertino, Santa Clara County, and the Bay Area. The Housing Element law establishes five income categories according to Area Median Income (AMI) for purposes of evaluating housing assistance needs: • Extremely Low Income (0-30 percent AMI) • Very Low Income (31-50 percent AMI) • Low Income (51-80 percent AMI) • Moderate Income (81-120 percent AMI) • Above Moderate Income (>120 percent AMI) 3 Median household income and per capita income data are calculated fields by the Census Bureau based on raw tlata from the American Community Surveys.Without access to the raw data,median and per capita income cannot be calculated for customized region not identified as a Census Designated Place. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) _ � � � � � 1 � � I Less than$24,999 1,844 9.1% 79,057 13.2% 404,254 15.7% $25,000 to$49,999 1,933 9.6% 90,027 15.0% 440,575 17.1% $50,000 to$74,999 1,965 9.7% 84,594 14.1% 403,087 15.6% $75,000 to$99,999 1,874 9.3% 75,974 12.7% 324,123 12.6% $100,000 or more 12,560 62.3% 269,998 45.0% 1,005,441 39.0% Total 20,176 100.0% 599,652 100.0% 2,577,480 100.0% Median Household Income $124,825 $89,064 (b) Per Capita Income $51,965 $40,698 (b) Notes: (a)Alameda,Contra Costa,Marin,Napa,San Francisco,San Mateo,Santa Clara,Solano,and Sonoma Counties. (b)Median income data cannot be calculated from the ACS for Bay Area. Source:Association of Bay Area Govemments(ABAG),Housing Element Data Profiles,December 2073. _ � - � - � � � � - - . � 1 I Extremely Low (30%or less) 1,485 7.6% 75,395 12.6% Very Low(31 to 50%) 1,320 6.7% 61,830 10.4% Low(51 to 80%) 1,260 6.4% 56,325 9.4% Moderate or Above(over 80%) 15,515 79.2% 403.195 67.6% Total 19,580 100.0% 596,745 100.0% Source:Department of Housing and Urban Development(HUD),Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy(CHASJ,based on American Community Survey(ACSI,2006-2010.Note:Data sources differ in Tables 2.3 and 2.4 resulting in slight deviations in totals. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) The State and Federa� governments classify household income into various groups based upon its relationship to the County AMI and adjusted for household size. In 2010, 79.2 percent of Cupertino households earned moderate or above- moderate incomes, and only 20.8 percent of households earned lower incomes (see Table 2.4)``. In comparison, 67.6 percent of County households earned moderate or above-moderate incomes and 32.4 percent earned lower incomes, including 12.6 percent who earned extremely low incomes. 2.3 EMPLOYMENT TRENDS & JOBS/HOUSING BALANCE LOCAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES Since 2000 there has been a net increase of over 1,200 jobs held by Cupertino residents, for a total of 25,200 employed residents in 2011. As shown in Table 2.5, the number of jobs held by Cupertino residents grew by 5.2 percent between 2000 and 201 1. The City of Cupertino job growth percentage was far greater than the growth experienced by Santa Clara County as a whole at 0.8 percent between 2000 and 201 1. Despite this overall growth, most industry sectors experienced a decline in the number of jobs available. Between 2000 and 2011 the largest job losses in employment occurred in the manufacturing and retail trade sectors.These decreases were offset by growth in the professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services industry, which added 1,748 jobs, and the educational, health, and social services industry, which added 1,144 jobs. Even with the recent changes to employment sectors during the previous decade, manufacturing remains the largest job sector for residents of both Cupertino and Santa Clara County. As of 2011, manufacturing jobs comprise 28.1 percent of all jobs held by Cupertino residents and 19.6 percent of jobs held by residents of Santa Clara County overall.The manufacturing sector includes the production of computer, electronic, and communication equipment, with such major employers as Apple and Hewlett-Packard. 4 Data were obtained from the Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy(CHAS) prepared for HUD by the Census Bureau using 2006-2010 American Community Survey(ACS)data. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) . � . . � . I11 1 iii i - iii i - ���������� Agriculture,forestry, fishing and hunting,and 76 0.3% 36 0.1% -52.6% 4,364 0.5°/o 4,425 0.5% 1.4% mining Construction 642 2.7% 420 1.7% -34.6% 42,232 5.0°/a 47,005 5.5% 11.3% Manufacturing 7,952 33.2% 7,077 28.1% -11.0% 231,784 27.5% 167,034 19.6% -27.9% Wholesale trade 628 2.6% 545 2.2% -13.2% 25,515 3.0% 20,252 2.4% -20.6% Retail trade 2,056 8.6% 1,540 6.1% -25.1% 83,369 9.9°/o 81,918 9.6% -1.7% Transportation and warehousing,and 383 1.6% 425 1.7% 11.0% 23,546 2.8% 23,578 2.8% 0.1% utilities Information 1,462 6.1% 1,370 5.4% -6.3% 39,098 4.6°/o 32,627 3.8% -16.6% Finance,insurance,real estate.and rental and 1,246 5.2% 1,368 5.4% 9.8% 38,715 4.6% 44,015 5.2% 13.7% leasing Professional,scientific, management, administrative,and 4,667 19.5% 6,415 25.5% 37.5% 131,015 15.5°/o 152,960 18.0% 16.7% waste management services Educational,health,and 3,063 12.8% 4,207 16.7% 37.3% 123,890 14.7°/a 157,349 18.5% 27.0% social services Arts,entertainment. recreation, g32 3.5% 734 2.9% -11.8% 49,186 5.8°/o 60,638 7.1% 23.3% accommodation,and food services Other services(except 590 2.5% 715 2.8% 21.2% 29,987 3.6°/a 36,330 4.3% 21.2% public administration) Public administration 362 1.5% 351 1.4% -3.0% 21,211 2.5% 22,421 2.6% 5.7% Total 23,959 100.0% 25,203 100.0% 5.2% 843,912 100.0% 850,552 100.0% 0.8% Source:Association of BayArea Governments(ABAGJ,Housing Element Data Profiles,December 2013. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) With the 2008-2012 collapse of the financial and credit markets and the worldwide recession, Cupertino and the broader Silicon Valley region lost some of the gains in key sectors that were achieved between 2003 and 2007.The impacts of the economic downturn, although serious, were somewhat localized to particular sectors and industries such as construction, manufacturing, and retai�/wholesale trade. Fortunately for Cupertino, high-tech employment did not decline at the same rate as the rest of the economy, and long-term prospects for this sector remain strong. UNEMPLOYMENT According to unemployment data provided by the State of California Employment Deve�opment Department, as of February 2014, the City of Cupertino had an unemployment rate of approximately 3.9 percent.The unemployment rate for the City was less than that of the County as a who�e (6.1 percent). Since 2008, the unemp�oyment rate has remained stable in both the City and the County, which had unemployment rates of 3.8 percent and 6.0 percent, respectively, at that time. LONG-TERM PROJECTIONS Table 2.6 presents population, household, and job growth projections for Cupertino, Santa C�ara County, and the nine-county Bay Area region between 2010 and 2040. The figures represent the analysis conducted by the Association of Bay Area Governments (ABAG) using 2010 Census data and a variety of local sources. Cupertino's population is expected to grow by 12,898 residents—from 58,302 in 2010 to 71,200 in 2040.This translates into an increase of 22 percent over 30 years. ABAG projects both Santa Clara County and the ABAG region to experience much larger growth (36 percent and 31 percent over 30 years, respectively). Specifically, communities with lower housing costs have been experiencing influxes of residents in search of comparative affordable housing. As a community with high costs of housing, Cupertino has not experienced an influx of residents. Instead, Cupertino's job growth is expected to continue to outpace population and household growth in Cupertino between 2010 and 2020, compounding the "jobs rich" nature of the City, resu�ting in a jobs-to-housing APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) . � - ' � � � � � � � � � ' � - � I I 1 I � �� � City of Cupertino Population 58,302 62,100 66,300 71,200 6.5% 6.8% 7.4% Households 20,181 21,460 22,750 24,040 6.3% 6.0% 5.7% Jobs 26,090 29,960 31,220 33,110 14.8% 4.2% 6.1% Santa Clara County Population 1,781,642 1,977,900 2,188,500 2,423,500 11.0% 10.6% 10.7% Households 604,204 675,670 747,070 818,400 11.8% 10.6% 9.5% Jobs 926,270 1,091,270 1,147,020 1,229,520 17.8% 5.1% 7.2% Bay Area(a) Population 6,432,288 7,011,700 7,660,700 8,394,700 9.0% 9.3% 9.6% Households 2,350,186 2,560,480 2,776,640 2,992,990 8.9% 8.4% 7.8% Jobs 3,040,110 3.579,600 3,775,080 4,060,160 17.7% 5.5% 7.6% Notes: (a)Alameda,Contra Costa,Marin,Napa,San F�ancisco,San Mateo,Santa Clara,Solano,and Sonoma Counties.Sou�ce:Association of BayArea Governments(ABAG),Housing Element Data Profiles,December 2013. ratio of 1.40 by 2020 (up from 1.29 in 2010) but mirroring the regional average of 1.40. Furthermore,job growth is projected to level off after 2020 to a comparable pace with population and househo�d growth. Simi�ar trends are also projected for the County and the ABAG region as a whole. 2.4 HOUSING STOCK CHARACTERISTICS HOUSING STOCK CONDITIONS The age of the housing stock in Cupertino is similar to that of Santa Clara County. As shown in Table 2.7, the largest proportion of homes in the city (26.7 percent) was built between 1960 and 1969. In both Cupertino and Santa Clara County, 1972 is the median year housing structures were built. Typically, un�ess carefully maintained, older housing can create health, safety, and welfare problems for its occupants. Even with normal maintenance, dwe��ings over 40 years of age can deteriorate and require significant rehabilitation. However, while Cupertino's housing stock is older, most homes remain in relatively good condition, a testament to the relative wealth of the community and pride of home ownership. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gErlel"a� p�afl (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) . � � • � - � 1 '� �- �lar�a�fcr•r-� �� :- �lar����rr•[-� Built 2000 to Later 1,638 7.8% 59,880 9.5% Built 1990 to 1999 2,520 12.0% 63,429 10.1% Built 1980 to 1989 2,920 13.9% 79,409 12.6% Built 1970 to 1979 4,374 20.8% 143,847 22.9% Built 1960 to 1969 5,619 26.7% 121,349 19.3% Built 1950 to 1959 3,216 15.3% 100,795 16.0% Built 1940 to 1949 539 2.6% 27,495 4.4% Built 1939 or earlier 232 1.1% 33,244 5.3% Total 21,058 100.0% 629,448 100.0% Median Year Built 1972 1972 Sou�ce:Association of BayArea Governments(ABAG),Housing Element Data Profiles,December 2073. Data on the number of units which lack complete plumbing and kitchen facilities are often used to assess the condition of a jurisdiction's housing stock. As Table 2.8 indicates, virtually all housing units contain complete plumbing and kitchen facilities. The 2007-201 1 ACS indicates that less than one percent of the units lack these facilities. To characterize the physical conditions of Cupertino's stock of older residential structures, a windshield survey was performed in 2009-2010 (inspecting exterior building components visible from the public right-of-way only).The windshield survey was conducted for the Rancho Rinconada residentia� neighborhood in the eastern part of Cupertino.This neighborhood, which is bordered by Lawrence Expressway, Bollinger Road, Miller Avenue, and Stevens Creek Boulevard, is one of the city's older neighborhoods, with many small, single-story homes built in the 1950s.The windshield survey reported on the exterior condition of the housing units in this neighborhood, including a review of each unit's foundation, roofing, siding and/or stucco, and windows.The survey concluded that over half of the several dozen homes surveyed had shing�es missing from the roof, while nearly all had siding or stucco that needed to be patched and repainted. Many of the homes surveyed were characterized by a lack of maintenance, APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) with overgrown yards or garbage and debris on the property. No significant changes in the market conditions have occurred since the survey in 2009-2010 to have impacted the housing conditions in this neighborhood.The City offers rehabilitation assistance to lower and moderate income households to make necessary repairs and improvements. The City a�so operates a Code Enforcement program that is primarily comp�aint/ response driven. Between 2009 and 2014, Code Enforcement staff investigated _ � - � . � � � � - � i Plumbing Facilities Owners Complete Plumbing Facilities 12,900 63.9% Lacking Complete Plumbing Facilities 61 0.3% Renters Complete Plumbing Facilities 7,215 35.8% Lacking Complete Plumbing Facilities 0 0.0% Total 20,176 100.0% Kitchen Facilities Owners Complete Kitchen Facilities 12,923 64.1% Lacking Complete Kitchen Facilities 38 0.2% Renters Complete Kitchen Facilities 7,132 35.3% Lacking Complete Kitchen Facilities 83 0.4% Total 20,176 100.0% Source:Association of Bay Area Governments(ABAG),Housing Element Data Profiles,December 2073. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) over 1,200 code violations. During investigation of complaints, Code Enforcement officers assess the primary complaint as well as other visible code violations. Based on recent statistics on code enforcement activities, typical code violations in the City include dilapidated structures, trash and debris, hazardous vegetation, and exterior storage. Most violations are able to be resolved within a relatively short timeframe. Depending on the type of code violations, Code Enforcement officers would refer homeowners to the City's rehabi�itation programs for assistance. Households are not displaced due to code enforcement activities unless there is a critical health and safety issue present. Since 2007, an estimated three residentia� units have been deemed unsafe due to health and safety issues. DISTRIBUTION OF UNITS BY STRUCTURE TYPE As shown in Table 2.9, a majority of housing units in Cupertino are single-family detached homes. As of 2013, 57.3 percent of total units in the City of Cupertino were sing�e-family detached dwelling units (a decrease from the 61 percent recorded in 2000). As of 2013, the proportion of single-family homes in the City of Cupertino is still greater than Santa Clara County as a whole (54.1 percent) and the Bay Area as a whole at 53.6 percent. Large multi-family bui�dings (defined as units in structures containing five or more dwellings) represent the second largest housing category at 21.0 percent of the total number of units in Cupertino as of 2013. As of 2013, multi-family housing (5+ units) represented 25.5 percent of housing units in Santa Clara County and 25.1 percent in the Bay Area as a whole. Single-family attached homes comprised the third largest housing category in Cupertino, at 12.2 percent in 2013. By comparison, these homes made up 9.7 percent of the housing stock in all of Santa Clara County and 9.2 percent in the Bay Area as a whole. As of 2013, small multi-family homes (defined as units in structures containing 2 to 4 dwellings) represented 9.5 percent in the City of Cupertino, 7.7 percent in Santa Clara County and 9.9 percent in the Bay Area as a whole. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2llel"a�p�all (C01T111lUlllty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) . . � . . . - 111 1 � City of Cupertino Single Family Detached 11,425 61.1% 12,056 57.3% 5.5% Single Family Attached 2,028 10.8% 2,561 12.2% 26.3% Multi-family 2-4 units 1,663 8.9% 2,002 9.5% 20.4% Multi-family 5+units 3.576 19.1% 4,422 21.0% 23.7% Mobile Homes 9 0.0% 0 0.0% -100.0% Total 18,701 100.0% 21,041 100.0% 12.5% Santa Clara County Single Family Detached 323,913 55.9% 346,145 54.1% 6.9% Single Family Attached 52.739 9.1% 62,201 9.7% 17.9% Multi-family 2-4 units 46,371 8.0% 48,923 7.7% 5.5% Multi-family 5+units 136.628 23.6% 163,124 25.5% 19.4% Mobile Homes 19.678 3.4% 19,053 3.0% -3.2°/a Total 579,329 100.0% 639,446 100.0% 10.4% Bay Area Single Family Detached 1,376,861 53.9% 1,505,153 53.6% 9.3°/a Single Family Attached 224.824 8.8% 258,633 9.2% 15.0% Multi-family 2-4 units 266.320 10.4% 278,450 9.9% 4.6% Multi-family 5+units 623.388 24.4% 705,899 25.1% 13.2% Mobile Homes 61,011 2.4% 59,673 2.1% -2.2°/a Total 2,552,404 100.0% 2,807,808 100.0% 10.0% Source:Association of Bay Area Govemments(ABAGJ,Housing E(ement Data Profiles,Decembe�2073. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gErlel"a� p�afl (COIT1IT1uIllty VI51011 201 5- 2 040) _ � - I 1 - � � - � � - � � I � � - - Cupertino 1.51 or more persons per room(Severely 39 0.3% 73 1.0% 112 0.6% Overcrowded) 1.01 to 1.50(Overcrowded) 246 1.9% 700 9.7% 946 4.7% 1.00 or Less 12,676 97.8% 6,442 89.3% 19,118 94.8% Total 12,961 100.0% 7,215 100.0% 20,176 100.0% %Overcrowded by Tenure 2.2% 10.7% 5.2% Santa Clara County 1.51 or more persons per room(Severely 2,755 0.8% 11,799 4.8% 14,554 2.4% Overcrowded) 1.01 to 1.50(Overcrowded) 9,136 2.6% 19,213 7.8% 28,349 4.7% 1.00 or Less 340,006 96.6% 216,743 87.5% 556,749 92.8% Total 351,897 100.0% 247,755 100.0% 599,652 100.0% %Overcrowded by Tenure 3.4% 12.5% 7.2% ABAG Region 1.51 or more persons per room(Severely 9,620 0.7% 40,161 3.6% 49,781 1.9% Overcrowded) 1.01 to 1.50(Overcrowded) 32,632 2.2% 63,188 5.7% 95,820 3.7% 1.00orLess 1,434,779 97.1% 997,100 90.6% 2,431,879 94.4% Total 1,477,031 100.0°/a 1,100,449 100.0% 2,577.480 100.0% %Overcrowded by Tenure 2.9% 9.4% 5.6% Notes: (aJ State HCD defines an overcrowded unit as one occupied by 7.07 pe�sons or more(excluding bath�ooms and kitchen).Units with more than 7.5 persons per room are considered severely overcrowded. (b)rhe 2070 Census does not contain detailed data on household conditions.Overcrowding data in this table are based on the American Community Survey(ACS), which is comprised of a series of small su�veys for jurisdictions taken at different intervals based on population size. The 2000 Census overcrowding data were developed based on the 700 percent survey Therefore,the significant changes between the 2000 Census and ACS may due in part to actual changes in overcrowding conditions,and in part to different survey methodologies. Sources:U.S.Census,American Community Survey(ACS),2007-207 7. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) OVERCROWDING Overcrowding refers to a household with an average of more than one person per room (including bedrooms and dining rooms but not kitchens or bathrooms). Units with more than 1.5 persons per room are considered to be severely overcrowded. As shown in Table 2.10, as of 2011 the total percentage of overcrowding by tenure represented 5.2 percent for Cupertino households, which is slightly lower compared to 7.2 percent in Santa Clara County. Overcrowding was much more common in Cupertino's renter- occupied households, with 10.7 percent of these households considered to be overcrowded. By comparison, only 2.2 percent of owner-occupied households in the city were overcrowded. In Santa Clara County, 3.4 percent of owner-occupied households experienced overcrowding versus 12.5 percent of renter-households. Overcrowding conditions in Cupertino approximate regional averages, with a slightly higher level of overcrowding among renter-households than in the region. 2.5 MARKET CONDITIONS & INCOME RELATED TO HOUSING COSTS This section of the Needs Assessment provides information on market conditions for housing in Cupertino.This information is important because it reveals the extent to which the private housing market is providing for the needs of various economic segments of the local population. Available data on housing market conditions are combined with information on the demographics of the local population to identify those segments of the population that may face difficulties in securing affordable housing in Cupertino. RENTAL MARKET CHARACTERISTICS AND TRENDS A review of rental market conditions in Cupertino was conducted for this Housing E�ement by reviewing advertised apartment listings. As shown in Table 2.11, a total of 170 units were listed, the majority of which were one- and two- bedroom units. The survey found that market-rate rents averaged: • $1,608 per month for studio units • $2,237 per month for one-bedroom units • $2,886 per month for two-bedroom units • $3,652 per month for three-bedroom units APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gErlel"a� p�afl (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) Rental prices in Cupertino ranged from $1,400 for a studio unit to $5,895 for a five-bedroom unit. As can be expected, smaller units are more affordable than larger units.The overa�l median rental price for all unit sizes was $2,830, and the average price was $2,919. HOME SALE TRENDS While other areas of the state and nation have experienced downturns in the housing market recently, Cupertino home values have continued to grow. During the depth of the housing market crash (between 2008 and 2010), median home price in Cupertino he�d steady at around $1,000,000. Since 2011, home prices in Cupertino have increased substantially. According to DQNews, the median sales price for single-family residences and condos increased by 28.6 percent from $933,000 in 2011 to $1,200,000 in 2013. As shown in Table 2.12, this increase was one of the highest in the region. Median home prices in Santa Clara County as a whole increased even more dramatically (by 36.5 percent) during the same time period. Figure B-1 shows that the City of Cupertino had the second highest median home sales price in the region during 2013 at $1,200,000, behind only the City of Saratoga at $1,600,000.The 2013 median home sales price of $1,200,000 in Cupertino was a�so nearly double that of the County median price ($645,000). Most recent sales data reported by DQNews.com compare sales records in the month of March 2014 with those in March 2013. Prices in Santa Clara County experienced a 15 percent increase over that one-year period, while Milpitas and Cupertino registered the largest . . � . � . � - . i Studio 5 $1,559 $1,608 $1,400-$1,800 One-Bedroom 44 $2,274 $2,237 $1,845-$2,567 Two-Bedroom 80 $2,844 $2,886 $1,950-$3,820 Three-Bedroom 33 $3,500 $3,652 $2,600-$4,595 Four-Bedroom b $4,999 $4,683 $3,700-$5,300 Five-Bedroom 2 $5,198 $5,198 $4,500-$5,895 Total 170 $2,830 $2,919 $1,400-$5,895 Note: (a)Search pe�fo�med on Craigslist.org and Zillowcom of listings dated February 12 to March 7,2094.Sources:Craigslist.org,2074; Zillowcom,2014. � APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) increases in the County at 36 percent and 31 percent, respectively.Throughout 2014, Cupertino's median home sale price has continued on this upward trend—as of June 2014, the median single-family home price in Cupertino was $1,550,000 and a townhome/condominium was selling for $822,500. While home prices in the city steadily increased, the number of homes being sold declined slightly between 2012 and 2013, from 530 units to 512 units (Figure B-2). Neighboring jurisdictions a�so experienced simi�ar declines in sales volume, with the largest decrease occurring in Mountain View. Overall, the number of units sold in the County decreased slightly from 20,940 units in 2012 to 20,700 units in 2013, according to DQNews.com. VACANCY RATES AND TRENDS The 2010 Census data as reported in ABAG's Housing Element Data Profiles indicate an overall vacancy rate of 4.0 percent in the City, which was slightly lower than the Santa Clara County vacancy rate of 4.4 percent (see Table 2.13). Specifica��y, Cupertino's rental vacancy rate was reported at 4.7 percent, compared to a vacancy rate of less than one percent (0.8 percent) for ownership _ � - � � i i Campbell $569,000 $625,000 $701,000 9.8% 12.2% 23.2% Cupertino $933,000 $1,045,750 $1,200,000 12.1% 14.8% 28.6% Mountain View $678,500 $769,250 $800,000 13.4% 4.0% 17.9% Santa Clara $500,000 $540,000 $635,000 8.0% 17.6% 27.0% Saratoga $1,377,500 $1,527,500 $1,600,000 10.9% 4.7% 16.2% Sunnyvale $570,000 $645,000 $767,500 13.2% 19.0% 34.6% Santa Clara County $472,500 $525,000 $645,000 11.1% 22.9% 36.5% Sou�ce:DQNews.com,2074. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT � y�����u�N,u�� ���������u����y .������ ���., ����, � $1,600,000 $1,400,000 $1,200,000 $1,000,000 Santa Clara County:$645,000 $800,000 $1,600,000 $600,000 $1,200,000 $400,000 $�01,000 $$00,000 $767,500 $635,000 $200,000 $0 Campbell Cupertino Nbuntain Santa Clara Saratoga Sunnyvale 1,500 1,000 500 0 Campbell Cupertino M°untain Santa Clara Saratoga Sunnyvale V iew ■2012 555 530 849 1,176 480 1,208 �7()�� FFd F'I'7 7FQ 1 7'Id ddR 'I '�'7F APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) housing.While the rental vacancy rate increased notably from the 1.8 percent reported by the 2000 Census, the homeowner vacancy rate stayed essentially the same. Despite the increase, the local vacancy rates were still below optimum. Typically, industry standards consider a rental vacancy rate of five to six percent and a vacancy rate for ownership housing of one to two percent to be adequate to facilitate mobility. HOUSING AFFORDABILITY According to the federal government, housing is considered "affordable" if it costs no more than 30 percent of a household's gross income. Often, affordable housing is discussed in the context of affordability to households with different income levels. Households are categorized as extremely low income, very low income, low income, median income, moderate income, or above moderate income based on percentages of the AMI established annually by the California Department of Housing and Community Development. Income limits also vary by househo�d size.Table 2.14 provides the maximum income limits for a four- person household in Santa Clara County in 2014. Extremely low-, very low- and low-income households are eligible for federal, state, and local affordable housing programs. Moderate-income househo�ds are eligible for some state and local housing programs.These income categories are also used by ABAG in the Regional Housing Needs Allocation, or RHNA, process. In Cupertino, the Below Market Rate (BMR) Ordinance establishes an additiona� income range: median income (81 -100 percent of AMI). Another way to think of the household income categories is to consider what types of jobs people in these different categories might have. Figure B-3 provides representative households in Santa Clara County, along with hypothetical jobs and family compositions. ABILITY TO PURCHASE/RENT HOMES BY HOUSEHOLD INCOME Table 2.15 shows affordability scenarios by income and household size for Santa Clara County.The following analysis compares the maximum affordable housing costs for various households to the renta� survey and median home sales price data for Cupertino shown earlier.The maximum affordable sales price was calculated using household income limits published by the California Department of Housing and Community Deve�opment, conventional financing terms, and assuming that households spend 30-35 percent of gross income on mortgage payments, taxes, and insurance. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gErlel"a� p�afl (COIT1IT1uIllty VI51011 201 5- 2 040) . � . . 1 � . . 1 I � .. Occupied Housing z0,181 96.0% 604,204 95.6% 12,577,498 91.9% Units Vacant 846 4.0% 27,716 4.4% 1,102,583 8.1% For Rent 373 1.8% 11,519 1.8% 374.610 2.7% For Sale Only 108 0.5% 5,067 0.8% 154,775 1.1% Rented Or Sold,Not �b 0.4% 2,222 0.4% 54,635 0.4% Occupied For Seasonal, Recreational,or 125 0.6% 3,000 0.5% 302,815 2.2% Occasional Use For Migrant Workers 3 0.0% 50 0.0% 2,100 0.0% OtherVacant(a) 161 0.8% 5,858 0.9% 213,648 1.6% Total 21,027 100.0% 631,920 100.0% 13,680,081 100.0% HomeownerVacancy 0.8°/a 1.4% 2.1% Rate Rental Vacancy Rate 4.7% 4.3% 6.3% APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT _�ieia� ��dn �cuininuuiryvi5iuii �uio-�u4u� . � � � � � � 1 Extremely Low Income 0%to 30% $31,850 Very Low Income 31%to 50% $53,050 Low Income 51%to 80% $84,900 Moderate Income 81%to 120% $126,600 Santa Clara Median Income 100% $105,500 Nates: (a)Based on HCD 2014 Household lncome Limits for households of four persons in Santa Clara County Source:California Department of Housing and Community Development 2074. . . . . . � Moderate Income Household(80°/a—120%AMI) • • Estimated Annual Income: � � $84,900-$126,000 �� Dad works as a paralegal,mom works as a home health aide;they have two children. Low Income Household(50%—80%AMI) • • Estimated Annual Income: � � $53,050-$84,900 �T Dad works as a security guard,mom lI works as a teaching assistant;they have two children. Very Low Income Household(Up to 50%AMI) , , Estimated Annual Income: � � Up to$42,050 �m Mom works as a file clerk and is the only n source of financial support in her family; II she has one child. Sources:California Employment and Development Department,2014;and California Department of Housing and Community Development,2014. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gErlel a� plal� (COIT1IT1urllty VI510r1 2015- 2040) When comparing the home prices and rents shown ear�ier in Table 2.11 and Table 2.12 with the maximum affordable housing costs presented in Table 2.15, it is evident that extremely low- and very low-income households in Cupertino have no affordable housing options. For example, a four-person very low income household could afford $1,084 a month for rent, but the average rent for a two-bedroom unit was $2,886, more than double what this household could afford. Even for low- and moderate-income households, adequately sized and affordable rental housing options are very limited. A four-person moderate income household could afford $2,928 monthly for rent, barely above the average rent of a two-bedroom unit. Homeownership is generally beyond the reach of most lower- and moderate-income households. As shown in Table 2.15, a four-person moderate income household could afford a home of approximate�y $625,800,just about half the price of a median-priced home in Cupertino. To augment this analysis, the househo�d incomes of select occupations were analyzed to evaluate these workers' ability to rent or purchase homes in Cupertino. Figure B-4 shows the average annual wages for a range of occupations in Santa Clara County, based on 2013 State Employment Development Department occupational employment and wage data. In general, �ow-paying occupations in the hea�th care support and food preparation industries do not pay sa�aries high enough to allow their workers to afford . � � � � � � � - � � � � � • � � $300,000 Income Needed to Buy a Home ($299,555) $250,000 $20Q000 $152,925 $15Q000 �� $106,995 Income Needed to Rent an Apt. $100,000 ($135,840) $59,719 $55,000 $54,296 $50,000 $36,000 $23,795 $0 Management Engineering Education Protective Sales Healthcare Food Prep Services Support APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEllel"a�p�all (C01T111lUlllty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) . � � � . � � . � � 1 J - ' ' � � - � ��� Extremely Low Income(0-30%AMI) 1-Person $22,300 $558 $558 $137 $149 $195 $421 $41,840 2-Person $25,500 $638 $638 $160 $173 $223 $478 $47,330 3-Person $28,650 $716 $716 $182 $198 $251 $534 $52,465 4 Person $31,850 $796 $796 $242 $265 $279 $554 $49,524 5 Person $34,400 $860 $860 $290 $316 $301 $570 $47,649 Very Low Income(31-50%AMI) 1-Person $37,150 $929 $929 $137 $149 $325 $792 $89,158 2-Person $42,450 $1,061 $1,061 $160 $173 $371 $901 $101,340 3-Person $47,750 $1,194 $1,194 $182 $198 $418 $1,012 $113,325 4 Person $53,050 $1,326 $1,326 $242 $265 $464 $1,084 $117,076 5 Person $57,300 $1,433 $1,433 $290 $316 $501 1,143 $120,617 Low Income(51-80%AMI) 1-Person $59,400 $1,108 $1,292 $137 $149 $452 $973 $135,504 2-Person $67,900 $1,266 $1,477 $160 $173 $517 $1,106 $154,329 3-Person $76,400 $1,424 $1,662 $182 $198 $582 $1,242 $172,959 4 Person $84,900 $1,583 $1,846 $242 $265 $646 $1,341 $183,353 5 Person $91,650 $1,709 $1,994 $290 $316 $698 $1,419 $192,177 Median Income(81-100%AMI) 1-Person $73,850 $1,662 $1,939 $137 $149 $678 $1,525 $217,864 2-Person $84,400 $1,899 $2,216 $160 $173 $775 $1,739 $248,456 3-Person $94.950 $2,136 $2,492 $182 $198 $872 $1,954 $278,851 4 Person $105,500 $2,374 $2,769 $242 $265 $969 $2,132 $301,010 5 Person $113,950 $2,564 $2,991 $290 $316 $1,047 $2,274 $319,248 Moderate Income(101-120%AMI) 1-Person $88.600 $2,031 $2,369 $137 $149 $829 $1,894 $272,771 2-Person $101,300 $2,321 $2,708 $160 $173 $948 $2,161 $311,206 3-Person $113,950 $2,611 $3,046 $182 $198 $1,066 $2,429 $349,445 4 Person $126,600 $2,901 $3,385 $242 $265 $1,185 $2,659 $379,449 5 Person $136,750 $3,133 $3,656 $290 $316 $1,279 $2,843 $403,961 Notes: (a)This table is intended for genera!information purposes only Any proposed BMR unit initial sales prices shal!be determined by the City based on Health and Safety Code requirements and available interest rates/conditions at the time of sale.(b)Assumptions for renta!scenarios:2074 HCD income limits;affordable housing costs pursuant to California Health&Safety Code Section 50053(b)(7)(2)(3)(4);utilities based on Housinq Autho�ity of Santa Clara 2013 County Utility Allowance(c)Assumptions for ownership scenarios:2074 HCD income limits;affordable housing costs pursuant to California Health&Safety Code Section 500525(b)(7)(2)(3)(4);35%of monthly affordable cost for taxes,insurance,monthly mortgage insurance and HOA dues;5%downpayment,5%interest rate; conventional30 year fixed rate mo�tgage loan;uti(ities based on Housing Authority of5anta Clara 2073 County UtilityA!lowance.5ources:Califomia Department of Housing and Community Development,2074;California Health&Safety Code,2014;Housing Authority of the County of Santa Clara,2073;I/eronica Tam and Associates,2074. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gErlel a� plafl (COIT1IT1urllty VI510r1 2015- 2040) � � . � � - � � � � � � • � - � I 1 ������� Extremely Low(0-30%) 300 310 10 820 370 10 665 1,485 With any housing 61.7% 69.4% 100.0% o 0 0 0 0 problem 64.6/0 55.4/0 100.0% 61.7/0 63.3/0 With cost burden>30% 61.7% 69.4% 100.0% 64.6% 55.4% 100.0% 61.7% 63.3% With cost burden>50% 45.0°/a 62.9% 100.0% 56.1% 27.0% 100.0% 44.4% 50.8% Very Low(31-50%) 75 300 25 485 555 40 835 1,320 With any housing 100.0% 70.0% 100.0% 81.4% 35.1% 100.0% 44.9% 58.3% problem With cost burden>30% 100.0% 70.0% 40.0% 79.4% 36.0% 100.0% 45.5% 58.0% With cost burden>50% 60.0% 30.0% 40.0% 43.3% 27.9% 100.0% 32.9% 36.7% Low(51-80%) 55 150 55 450 500 30 810 1,260 With any housing 100.0% 76.7% 100.0% 76.7% 31.0% 0.0% 45.7% 56.7% problem With tost burden>30% 100.0% 66.7% 90.9% 72.2% 31.0% 0.0% 42.6% 53.2% With cost burden>50% 100.0% 43.3% 72.7% 46.7% 21.0% 0.0% 30.2% 36.1% Moderate/Above 265 3,515 385 5,170 1,990 1,025 10,345 15,515 Moderate(>80%) With any housing 47.2% 24.9% 66.2% 28.7% 22.9% 40.0% 35.5% 33.3% problem With cost burden>30% 47.2% 12.8% 0.0% 15.6% 21.4% 33.2% 33.7% 27.7% With cost burden>50% 11.3% 0.0% 0.0% 0.6% 7.0% 2.4% 7.5% 5.2% TotalHouseholds 695 4,275 475 6,925 3,415 1,105 12,655 19,580 With any housing 63.3% 33.1% 72.6% ° ° ° ° ° problem 39.8/0 29.6/0 41.6/0 38.2/0 38.7/0 With cost burden>30% 63.3% 22.8% 14.7% 29.5% 28.8% 35.3°/a 36.5% 34.0% With cost burden>50% 38.1% 8.2% 12.6% 13.1% 14.6% 6.8% 12.6% 12.8% Notes: (a)Data presented in this table are based on specia!tabulations from 2006-2070 American Community Survey(ACS)data.Due to the small sample size,the margins for error can be significant.lnterpretations of these data should focus on the proportion of households in need of assistance rather than on precise numbers. Source:HUD Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy(CHAS),based on the 2006-2010 ACS. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) housing in Cupertino. In addition, while those employed in higher-paying occupations may earn more, they may still have difficulty purchasing an adequately sized home. OVERPAYMENT(COST BURDEN) According to Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) standards, a household is considered to be "cost-burdened" (i.e., overpaying for housing) if it spends more than 30 percent of gross income on housing-re�ated costs. Households are "severely cost burdened" if they pay more than 50 percent of their income on housing cost. According to special data developed by the ACS for HUD, approximately 30 percent of renters and 37 percent of homeowners in Cupertino were overpaying for housing in 2010. By contrast, overpayment was much more common in Santa Clara County as a whole, with 42 percent of renters and 39 percent of homeowners classified as cost-burdened in 2010. Housing cost burden was particularly pronounced for extremely low- and very low-income households in Cupertino. In 2010, 51 percent of Cupertino's extremely low-income renters and 37 percent of its very low-income renters were severely cost burdened.This finding is consistent with the analysis of the local housing market, which revealed a significant gap between home prices and rents and the income of lower income households. 2.6. ASSISTED HOUSING AT RISK OF CONVERSION State law requires local housing elements to include an inventory of affordable housing developments that cou�d be at risk of conversion to market rates during the 10-year period that follows the adoption of the element. For those units found to be at risk of conversion, the element must estimate the cost to preserve or replace the at-risk units, to identify the resources avai�ab�e to he�p in the preservation or replacement of those units, and to identify those organizations that could assist in these efforts. INVENTORY OF EXISTING AFFORDABLE UNITS Table 2.17 presents the inventory of affordable housing units in Cupertino and indicates the earliest dates of termination of affordability restrictions for each project. In 2011, the 10 below market rate (BMR) units in the Chateau Cupertino development expired. However, the City is committed to maintaining the long- term affordability of current BMR units. As such, in 2005 the City increased the APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gErlel"a� p�afl (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) minimum affordability term for BMR units in new developments to 99 years. Since 2010, 17 new units at the Markham Apartments have been added to the BMR inventory. UNITS AT RISK OF CONVERSION DURING NEXT TEN YEARS The affordable housing developments at risk of conversion to market rate during the next 10 years include those units whose affordability restrictions are set to expire January 31, 2025 or earlier. As presented in . � � � � � . . � - � . �- Affordable Developments SunnyView West22449 100 100 0 HUD202/811 3/31/2031 Cupertino Rd. Stevens Creek Village 19140 Stevens Creek 40 40 0 CHFA,HUD&HOME b/30/2035 Blvd. Le Beaulieu Apartments 2035 10092 Bianchi Way Z� 27 0 CaIFHA/CDBG g/12/2015 WVCS Transitional Housing 4 4 0 CDBG 7/14/2026 10311-10321 Greenwood Ct. Beardon Drive 10192-10194 g g 0 CDBG 12/21/2024 Beardon Dr. Senior Housing Solutions 1 1 0 CDBG 6/24/2066 19935 Price Avenue Maitri Transitional Housing 4 4 0 CDBG 3/16/2064 Undisclosed Location Total 184 184 0 APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEllel"a�p�all (C01T111lUlllty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) _ � � � � � � _ � � . 1 1 � _ �- Affordable Developments Biltmore Apartments 10159 South Blaney z z 0 BMR 6/30/2029 Ave. Park Center Apartments 4 4 0 BMR 7/8/2026 20380 Stevens Creek Blvd. The Hamptons 19500 Pruneridge Ave. 34 34 0 BMR 10/20/2027 Arioso Apartments 19608 Pruneridge 20 20 0 BMR 1/29/2028 Ave. Forge-Homestead Apartments 15 15 0 BMR 1/16/2027 20691 Forge Way Aviare Apartments 20 20 0 BMR 7/8/2026 20415 Via Paviso The Markham Apartments 17 17 0 BMR 2039 20800 Homestead Road Lake Biltmore 19500 Pruneridge 2 2 0 BMR 2029 Ave. Vista Village 101 144 Vista Drive 24 24 0 BMR 11/29/2056 Total 138 138 0 Below Market Rate(BMR)For-Sale Units Total(a) 122 0 1 22 BMR APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) Table 2.17, the affordability restrictions for the eight-unit Beardon Drive project will expire in December 2024. In addition, certain affordability restrictions for Le Beaulieu Apartments are also set to expire during the next 10 years. Cupertino Community Housing originally developed Le Beaulieu in 1984 and utilized HUD project-based Section 8 assistance. Mid-Peninsula Housing Coalition, a nonprofit organization, acquired and rehabilitated the project in 1998. Le Beaulieu contains 27 one- and two-bedroom units for adults with physical disabilities who are able to live independently. A�l units are handicap accessible and affordable to very low-income households (less than 50 percent of AMI). The Le Beaulieu development is not considered to be at risk of converting to market rate because there are other funding sources tied to the property such as the City's CDBG (30-year agreement) and CaIHFA loan agreement. In addition, Mid-Peninsula Housing Coalition is committed to maintaining the property as affordable. Discussions with Mid-Peninsula Housing Coalition staff in early 2014 confirmed the organization is in the process of applying for a 20-year extension of the Section 8 contract. Renewal of Section 8 funding for senior and disabled housing has been prioritized by HUD and Mid-Peninsula Housing fully expects to be able to extend the Section 8 assistance. Furthermore, other affordability covenants on the project would require the project to remain as affordable housing well beyond this Housing Element planning period. One property has been identified with expiring affordability restriction during this planning period — the Beardon Drive development. In 1994, Community Housing Developers Inc., a nonprofit housing provider, received a loan from the City's CDBG program for the acquisition of the Beardon Drive property.The loan agreement restricts the eight units for very low-income use for 30 years. As such, income restriction for this project wou�d expire in 2024. As Beardon Drive is owned by a nonprofit housing provider, it is considered to be at low risk of converting to market-rate housing. Nevertheless, for the purpose of this Housing Element, options and costs to preserve these units are discussed below. PRESERVATION AND REPLACEMENT OPTIONS Typically, transferring the at-risk projects to nonprofit ownership would ensure the long-term affordability of the units. However, the Beardon Drive project is already owned by a nonprofit organization. Beardon Drive does not rely APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) on ongoing rent subsidies (such as Section 8) to maintain affordable rents. A strategy to preserving this project as affordable housing is to ensure the financial status of the project (i.e., net operating income and reserve) is adequate to maintain the affordable rents. The City has included a strategy in the Housing P�an to provide rehabilitation assistance to affordable housing projects to upkeep the housing quality standards and to reduce ongoing maintenance and operating expenses.The City may also choose to extend the loan repayment schedule in exchange for an extended affordability covenant. Another strategy is to provide ongoing rental subsidies to the project.The estimated total amount needed to subsidize rents for existing tenants is shown in Table 2.18. Given the unit mix of all eight at-risk units, the total cost of subsidizing the rents for these units is estimated at $61,152 annually. For a 10- year affordability covenant, a total subsidy of more than $600,000 would be needed. CONSTRUCTION OF REPLACEMENT UNITS In the unlikely event that Community Housing Developers, Inc. chooses to convert Beardon Drive from an affordab�e housing project to market-rate housing, the construction of new affordable housing units as a means of replacing the currently at-risk units may be an option for Cupertino.The cost of developing housing depends upon a variety of factors including the density and size of the units (i.e. square footage and number of bedrooms), location, land costs, and type of construction. Based on genera� assumptions for average construction costs, it would cost approximately $940,000 to construct eight affordable replacement � � � - � - � � � � � Very Low Income(50%AMI) 2-Bedroom/3-person 8 $1,649 $47,750 $1,012 $637 $5,096.00 household Total Annual Subsidy $61,152 Notes: (a)Fair Ma�ket Rent(FMR)is determined by HUD. These calculations use the 2014 HUD FMR fo�Santa Cla�a County (b)Rents are restricted to 50%AMl for this development, which puts residents in the Very Low lncome Category,set by the California Department of Housing and Community Development(HCD),2014. (c)The affordable housing cost is calculated based on 30%of the AMI,minus utilities for rentals. (d)The monthly subsidy covers the gap between the FMR and the affordable housing cost Source:Veronica Tam and Associates,2074. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) units, excluding land costs and other soft costs (such as architecture and engineering), as shown in Table 2.19. When considering these additional costs, especially given the high cost of land in Cupertino, the total costs to develop replacement units wou�d be significantly higher. . � - � � � � � - 2 Bedroom 8 807 7,747 $941,963 Average Per Unit Cost: $117,745 Notes: (C)_(AJ x(B)x 7.20(i.e.20%inflation to account for ha(lways and other common areasl.(D)_(C)x$97.27(per square foot construction costs)x 7.25(i.e.25%inflation to account for parking and landscaping costs).Source: Veronica Tam and Associates,2074 FINANCIAL RESOURCES AVAILABLE TO THE CITY TO ASSIST IN PRESERVATION Clearly, the costs of preserving or replacing affordable housing units are substantial. In light of this challenge, the City must consider what resources are available to help preserve or replace those units so that lower-income tenants are not disp�aced in the event that affordable units convert to market rate. The City has access to a range of different funds that could potentially assist in a preservation effort, including: • City Below Market Rate (BMR) Affordable Housing Fund (AHF) (approximately $6 million unencumbered as of 2014) • CDBG Entitlement Funds (approximately $150,000 unencumbered as of 2014) • Santa Clara County HOME Consortium Funds (available through a competitive app�ication process after the City joins the Consortium in 2014) • Mortgage Revenue Bonds • State Grant Programs • Federal Grant Programs • Low Income Housing Tax Credits • HUD Section 8 "Mark to Market" Program APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) Once the City becomes aware of an impending conversion, staff will begin exploring the availability of funding from various sources. In many cases, the City wi�� find it advantageous to collaborate with private affordable housing developers or managers to develop and implement a viab�e plan to preserve affordable housing units. Private developers can often bring additional expertise and access to funding, such as tax credits.The State Department of Housing and Community Development maintains a list of affordable housing developers and property managers who have expressed an interest in working with local communities to preserve affordable housing projects.This database lists organizations that are interested in working in any county within the State of California, including well-known affordable housing providers such as Mercy Housing, EAH, MidPen Housing, etc.The database also lists numerous organizations that have expressed interest in working on preservation projects in Santa Clara County in particular, including organizations such as BRIDGE Housing Corporation and Eden Housing.The organizations listed above are but a few of those listed in the HCD database that the City of Cupertino could consider as potential partners in the event that it becomes necessary to assemble a team to preserve an affordable housing project. 2.7. SPECIAL HOUSING NEEDS This section of the needs assessment profiles populations with special housing needs, inc�uding seniors, large households, single parent househo�ds, persons with disabilities (including persons with developmental disabilities), farm workers, persons living in poverty, and homeless persons.Table 2.20 summarizes the special needs groups in Cupertino SENIORS Many senior residents face a unique set of housing needs, largely due to physical limitations, fixed incomes, and health care costs. Affordable housing cost, unit sizes and accessibility to transit, family, health care, and other services are important housing concerns for the seniors. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) As Table 2.21 shows, in 2010, 19.7 percent of Cupertino householders were 65 years old or older, comparable to the proportion of senior households in Santa Clara County (18.5 percent). A large majority of these senior househo�ds owned their homes (80.3 percent). In Cupertino, homeownership is much more common among seniors than for any other age group. Just 58.2 percent of householders under 64 years old owned their homes. Comprehensive Housing Affordability Strategy (CHAS) data shown in Table 2.16 indicates that among Cupertino's senior households, renters were more like�y to be lower income than homeowners. Nearly 62 percent of senior renter- households earned less than 80 percent of the median family income compared to only 42 percent of senior homeowners. Seniors across the country are often required to dedicate a larger portion of their income to housing costs. Among all of the renter-households in Cupertino, the proportion of seniors overpaying for housing in 2010 was more than double the proportion for the general population: 63 percent versus 30 percent, respectively (see Table 2.16). For homeowners, however, the proportion of senior owner-households overpaying for housing was much more on par with the general population (29 percent versus 34 percent, respectively). During the community outreach process for developing the Housing Element, the need for senior housing options in Cupertino was highlighted by many residents. RESOURCES AVAILABLE Cupertino offers a number of resources for seniors. As shown in Table 2.22, there are five residential care facilities for the elderly and three skilled nursing faci�ities in the city. Residential care facilities for the elder�y (RCFEs), also known as "assisted living" or "board and care" facilities, provide assistance with some activities of daily living while still allowing residents to be more independent than in most nursing homes. Ski��ed nursing faci�ities—also known as nursing homes—offer a higher level of care, with registered nurses on staff 24 hours a day. In addition to assisted living facilities, there are two subsidized independent senior housing developments in the city. As shown in Table 2.22, there are a total of 100 units of affordable senior housing in Cupertino. Furthermore in 2011, the City utilized CDBG funds to rehabilitate a home that provides accommodation APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) to five low-income seniors. Demand for these subsidized units is high. Staff at Sunny View estimate that over 700 people are on the waiting list, and the turnover rate for available units is about 10 to 15 per year. The Cupertino Senior Center also serves as an excel�ent resource for seniors. The many different services at the center help seniors to obtain resources in the community that will assist them to continue to remain independent and safe in their own homes. Available programs include various social and recreation activities, special events, travel programs, transportation discounts, drop-in consultation, case management, medical, and social services. _ . i . - - � . � i i i Senior-Headed Households 3,983 785(19.7%) 3,198(80.3%) 19.7% Households with a Senior 5,069 n/a n/a 25.1% Member Seniors Living Alone 1,612 516(32.0%) 1,096(68.0%) 8.0% Large Households 1,883 619(32.9%) 1,264(67.1%) 9.3% Single-Parent Households 883 n/a n/a 4.4% Female Single-Parent 667 n/a n/a 6.9% Households Persons with Disabilities(a) 3,445 n/a n/a 5.9% Agricultural Workers(b) 36 n/a n/a <1% Persons living in Poverty(b) 2,330 n/a n/a 4.0% Homeless(c) 112 n/a n/a <1% Nates: (al 2070 Census data not available for persons with disabilities.Estimate is from the 2008-2072 ACS.Estimate is for persons 5 years of age and older. (b)2070 Census data not available.Estimate is from the 2007-207 J ACS./ (c)2070 Census data not available.Estimate is from 2013 Santa Clara County Nomeless Point-ln-rime Census and Survey Comprehensive Report.Of the 172 homeless persons counted in Cupertino in 2073, 92 persons were unsheltered and 20 were sheltered. Sources:Association of Bay Area Governments(ABAG),Housing E(ement Data Profiles,December 2073;U.S.Census,American Community Survey(ACS),2008-2072;2073 Santa Clara County Homeless Point-ln-Time Census and Survey Comprehensive Report. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) Additionally, the Senior Adult Day Care (Cupertino Center) provides frail, dependent, low-income Cupertino seniors with specialized programs of recreation, mental stimulation, exercise, companionship and nutritious meals during the day.This facility is operated by Live Oak Adult Day Care a local non- profit organization. In addition, the City supports a number of programs with Community Development Block Grant (CDBG), General Fund Human Service Grants (HSG) and Below Market-Rate (BMR) Affordable Housing Fund (AHF) funds that provide services specifically for seniors in the community.The Long-Term Care Ombudsman Program, operated by Catholic Charities, provides advocacy for Cupertino seniors in long-term care facilities to ensure they have a voice in their own care and treatment.The program receives, investigates and resolves any complaints associated with the care of long-term care facility residents. A legal assistance program for seniors is provided by Senior Adults Lega�Assistance (SALA) which provides free legal services to low- and very low-income seniors at the Cupertino Senior Center. Legal services provided are in the area of consumer complaints, housing, e�der abuse, and simple wills.The Live Oak Adu�t Day Care receives partial financial assistance to help operate the Senior Adult Day Care (Cupertino Center). LARGE HOUSEHOLDS Large households are defined as those with five or more members. Large households are identified as a special needs group because of limited opportunities for adequately sized and affordable housing. Cupertino has a smaller proportion of large households than Santa Clara County as a whole. As shown in Table 2.23, 9.3 percent of all households in Cupertino were comprised of five or more persons in 2010. In Santa Clara County, about 14.8 percent of households were considered large. Large households were more likely to be homeowners (1,264 households, 67 percent) than renters (619 households, 33 percent). While Cupertino has a smaller proportion of large households than Santa Clara County, its housing stock is comprised of a larger proportion of homes with three or more bedrooms. As shown in Table 2.24, about 64 percent of the housing units in Cupertino had three or more bedrooms whi�e only 59 percent of Santa Clara County homes had three or more bedrooms. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEllel"a�p�all (C01T111lUlllty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) . � � - � � � � � � � - 1 I Under 64 Years Old Owner 9,429 58.2% 265,727 54.0% Renter 6,769 41.8% 226,517 46.0% Total 16,198 100.0% 492,244 100.0% 65 Plus Years Old Owner 3,198 80.3% 82,571 73.8% Renter 785 19.7% 29,389 26.2% Total 3,983 100.0% 111,960 100.0% Total Households 20,181 604,204 Percent Householders 65 Plus 19.7% 18.5% Years Source:Association of BayA�ea Governments(ABAG),Nousing Element Data Profiles,Decembe�2093. . . � . . . . - The Forum at Rancho San Antonio 23500 Cristo Rey Drive 741 Paradise Manor 4 19161 Muriel Lane 6 Pleasant Manor of Cupertino 10718 Nathanson Avenue b Purglen of Cupertino 10366 Miller Avenue 12 Sunny View Manor(a) 22445 Cupertino Road 190 Total 955 Skilled Nursing Facilities Health Care Center at Forum at Rancho San 23600 Via Esplendor 48 Antonio Cupertino Healthcare&Wellness Center 22590 Voss Avenue 170 Sunny View Manor 22445 Cupertino Road 48 Total 266 Subsidized Independent Senior Rental Housing Sunny View West 22449 Cupertino Road 99 Senior Housing Solutions 19935 Price Avenue 1 Total 100 Adult Day Care Live Oak Adult Day Services 20920 McClellan Road 30 Cupertino Senior Center 21251 Stevens Creek N/A APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gErlel"a� p�afl (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) RESOURCES AVAILABLE Large households in Cupertino can benefit from the general housing programs and services offered by the City, such as the BMR Program and housing rehabilitation programs. Other programs include Mortgage Credit Certificates and Housing Choice Vouchers administered by the County, and homebuyer assistance offered by the Housing Trust Silicon Va�ley. SINGLE-PARENT HOUSEHOLDS Single-parent households often require special consideration and assistance because of their greater need for affordab�e housing and accessible day-care, health care, and other supportive services. Female-headed single-parent households with children, in particular, tend to have a higher need for affordable housing than other family househo�ds in genera�. In addition, these households are more likely to need childcare since the mother is often the sole source of income and the sole caregiver for the children in the household. In 2010, there were 667 female-headed single-parent households with children under 18 years of age in Cupertino, representing 3.3 percent of all households in the City (Table 2.25). A significant proportion of these households were living in poverty in 201 1 (21 percent).The U.S. Census Bureau sets poverty leve� thresholds each year and they are often used to establish eligibility for federal services. . . . . � . i i ������ Cupertino 1-4Persons 11,363 90.0% 6,935 91.8% 18,298 90.7% 5+Persons 1,264 10.0% 619 8.2% 1,883 9.3% Total 12,627 100.0% 7,554 100.0% 20,181 100.0% Santa Clara County 1-4 Persons 297,385 85.4% 217,578 85.0% 514,963 85.2% 5+Persons 50,913 14.6% 38,328 15.0% 89,241 14.8% Total 348,298 100.0% 255,906 100.0% 604,204 100.0% Source:Association of Bay Area Governments(ABAG),Housing Element Data Profiles,December 2073. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) . � • � � � � � - � - � � � I �� Cupertino No Bedroom 0 0.0% 208 2.9% 208 1.0% 1 Bedroom 468 3.6% 1,554 21.5% 2,022 10.0% 2 Bedrooms 1,530 11.8% 3,491 48.4% 5,021 24.9% 3 Bedrooms 4,782 36.9% 1,609 22.3% 6,391 31.7% 4 Bedrooms 4,785 36.9% 314 4.4% 5,099 25.3% 5 or More Bedrooms 1,396 10.8% 39 0.5% 1,435 7.1% TOtdl 12,961 100.0°/a 7,215 100.0% 20,176 100.0% Santa Clara County No Bedroom 1,091 0.3% 16,371 b.b°/a 17,462 2.9% 1 Bedroom 7,477 2.1% 74,195 29.9% 81,672 13.6% 2 Bedrooms 54,461 15.5% 94,453 38.1°/a 148,914 24.8% 3 Bedrooms 147,933 42.0% 45,456 18.3% 193,389 32.3% 4 Bedrooms 109,892 31.2% 13,875 5.6°/a 123,767 20.6% 5 or More Bedrooms 31,043 8.8% 3,405 1.4% 34,448 5.7% Total 351,897 100.0% 247,755 100.0% 599,652 100.0% Source:Association of BayArea Govemments(ABAGJ,Housing Element Data Profiles,December 2013. The number of female-headed single-parent households declined slightly from 2000, but these households continue to make up the same proportion of all households in the City. Compared to Santa Clara County, the City's proportion of female-headed single-parent households was lower (five percent versus three percent, respectively). RESOURCES AVAILABLE Sing�e-parent households in Cupertino can benefit from City programs and services that provide assistance to �ower income households in general, such as the BMR, CDBG and HSG Programs. Single-parent households can also benefit from supportive and childcare services avai�able to County residents through various organizations, inc�uding Catholic Charities of Santa Clara County, Choices for Children, Grail Family Services, InnVision Shelter Network, Second Harvest Food Bank, and West Valley Community Services, among others.3 3 David Rosen."Inclusionary Housing and Its Impact on Housing and Land Markets:' NHC Affordable Housing Policy Review 1(3).2004. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gErlel a� plafl (COIT1IT1urllty VI510r1 2015- 2040) . � � - � 1 1 � �� � 1-Person Household 3,544 17.6% Male Householder 1,472 7.3% Female Householder 2,072 10.3% 2 or More Person Household 16,637 82.4% Family Households: 15,776 78.2% Married-Couple Family 13,802 68.4% With Own Children Under 18 Years 8,392 41.6% Other Family; 1,974 9.8% Male Householder,no Wife Present 581 2.9% With Own Children Under 18 Years 216 1.1% Female Householder,no Wife Present 1,393 6.9% With Own Children Under 18 Years 667 3.3% Nonfamily Households: 4,405 21.8% Male Householder 1,472 7.3% Female Householder 2,072 10.3% Total Households 20,181 100.0% Source.U.S.Census,2070. PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES A disability is a physical or mental impairment that limits one or more major �ife activities. Persons with a disability generally have lower incomes and often face barriers to finding employment or adequate housing due to physical or structura� obstacles.This segment of the population often needs affordable housing that is located near public transportation, services, and shopping. Persons with disabi�ities may require units equipped with wheelchair accessibility or other special features that accommodate physical or sensory limitations. Depending on the severity of the disability, people may live independently with some assistance in their own homes, or may require assisted �iving and supportive services in special care facilities. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) According to the 2008-2012 ACS, about six percent of Cupertino residents and eight percent of Santa Clara County residents had one or more disabilities (Table 2.27). Hearing, ambulatory, and independent living difficu�ties were the most common disabilities among seniors, while cognitive difficulties were more common among persons aged 18 to 64 with disabilities. Overa��, ambulatory difficulties were the most prevalent (45.2 percent).Table 2.28 shows that among persons with disabilities aged 18 to 64, the majority (55.8 percent) in both the City and County were not in the labor force. About one-third of both City and County residents (aged 18 to 64) with disabilities were employed. PERSONS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES A recent change in State law requires that the Housing Element discuss the housing needs of persons with developmental disabilities. As defined by the Section 4512 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, "developmental disabi�ity" means "a disability that originates before an individual attains age 18 years, continues, or can be expected to continue, indefinitely, and constitutes a substantial disability for that individual. As defined by the Director of Developmental Services, in consultation with the Superintendent of Public Instruction, this term shall include mental retardation, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and autism. This term shall also include disabling conditions found to be closely re�ated to mental retardation or to require treatment similar to that required for individuals with mental retardation, but shall not include other handicapping conditions that are solely physical in nature.This definition also reflects the individual's need for a combination and sequence of specia�, interdisciplinary, or generic services, individualized supports, or other forms of assistance that are of lifelong or extended duration and are individually planned and coordinated. The Census does not record developmental disabilities. However, according to the U.S. Administration on Developmental Disabilities, an accepted estimate of the percentage of the population that can be defined as developmentally APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gErlel"a� p�afl (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) . � ' � � - � 1 � �� � Married-Couple Family 237 57.5% With Own Children Under 18 Years 115 27.9% Other Family Male Householder 26 6.3% With Own Children Under 18 Years 7 1.7% Female Householder 149 36.2% With Own Children Under 18 Years 87 21.1% Total Families Below Poverty Line 412 100.0% Sou�ce:U.S.Census,Ame�ican Community Su�vey(ACSJ,2007,207 7 disabled is 1.5 percent.This equates to approximately 875 persons with developmental disabilities residing in the City of Cupertino, based on the 2010 Census population. According to the State's Department of Developmental Services, as of September 2013, approximately 303 Cupertino residents with developmental disabilities were being assisted at the San Andreas Regional Center. Most of these individuals were residing in a private home with their parent or guardian, and 196 of these persons with developmental disabilities were under the age of 18. Many developmentally disabled persons can live and work independently within a conventiona� housing environment. More severely disabled individuals require a group living environment where supervision is provided.The most severely affected individuals may require an institutiona� environment where medical attention and physical therapy are provided. Because developmental disabilities exist before adulthood, the first issue in supportive housing for the developmenta��y disabled is the transition from the person's living situation as a child to an appropriate level of independence as an adult. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) . � � 1 . � � 1 . � � - 1 Cupertino With a hearing difficulty 17.8% 21.6% 55.3% 40.8% With a vision difficulty 5.3% 16.4% 10.9% 12.7% With a cognitive difficulty 36.2% 40.3% 21.9% 29.5% With an ambulatory difficulty 30.3% 32.1% 55.0% 45.2% With a self-care difficulty 57.9% 19.6% 20.0% 21.5% With an independent living difficulty -- 32.0% 46.0% 38.6% Total Persons with Disabilities(a) 152 1,313 1,980 3,445 %of Total Population 6% Santa Clara County With a hearing difficulty 11.8% 20.1% 41.4% 29.8% With a vision difficulty 14.6% 16.4% 17.4% 16.7% With a cognitive difficulty 69.4% 41.7% 28.0% 36.9% With an ambulatory difficulty 17.5% 42.3% 61.9% 50.1% With a self-care difficulty 28.5% 17.2% 26.9% 22.6% With an independent living difficulty -- 36.8% 51.4% 41.5% Total Persons with Disabilities(a) 8,691 62,221 65,554 136,466 %of Total Population 8% Note: (al Total does not include population under 5 years of age.Source:U.S.Bureau of the Census,American Community Survey (ACS),2008-2072. . � - � � � - � 1 . � � � � I Total Population Age 18-64 (a) 1,313 100.0% 62,221 100.0% Employed 480 36.6% 22,566 36.3% Unemployed 101 7.7% 4,932 7.9% Not in Labor Force 732 55.8% 34,723 55.8% Note: (al Tota!does not include population under 98 years of age or over 65 years.Source:US.Bureau of the Census,American Community Survey(AC51,2008-2072. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gErlel"a� p�afl (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) RESOURCES AVAILABLE Table 2.29 summarizes the licensed community care facilities in Cupertino that serve specia� needs groups. Adult residential facilities offer 24-hour non-medical care for adults, ages 18 to 59 years old, who are unable to provide for their daily needs due to physical or mental disabilities. Group homes, small residential facilities that serve children or adults with chronic disabilities, also provide 24- hour care by trained professionals. In addition, a 27-unit multi-family residential property (Le Beaulieu) offers affordable housing to very low-income persons with disabi�ities. FARMWORKERS Farmworkers are traditionally defined as persons whose primary incomes are earned through agricultural labor.They have special housing needs because of their relatively low income and also because of the often transient and seasonal nature of their jobs.The 2011 ACS reported that 36 Cupertino residents were employed in the agriculture, farming, fishing and forestry occupations, making up less than 0.1 percent of the City's population. RESOURCES AVAILABLE To the extent that farmworkers may want to live in Cupertino, their need for affordable housing would be similar to that of other lower income persons, and their housing needs can be addressed through general affordable housing programs for lower-income households, such as BMR, CDBG and HSG programs. . . . � - . i Paradise Manor 2 19133 Muriel Lane b Paradise Manor 3 19147 Muriel Lane b Total 12 Group Homes Pace-Morehouse 7576 Kirwin Lane 6 Pacific Autism Center for Education 19681 Drake Drive 6 Miracle House Tota l 12 Source:California Department of Social Services,Community Care Licensing Division Facility Search Form,2094 APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) RESIDENTS LIVING BELOW THE POVERTY LEVEL Families with incomes below the poverty level, specifically those with extremely low and very low incomes, are at the greatest risk of becoming homeless and often require assistance in meeting their rent and mortgage obligations in order to prevent homelessness. The 2007-201 1 ACS found that four percent of all Cupertino residents were living below the poverty level. Specifically, about three percent of family households and two percent of families with children were living below the poverty level.These households may require specific housing solutions such as deeper income targeting for subsidies, housing with supportive services, single-room occupancy units, or rent subsidies and vouchers. RESOURCES AVAILABLE Persons living with incomes below the poverty level can benefit from City programs and services that provide assistance to lower-income households in general, such as BMR, CDBG and HSG programs. Households with incomes below the poverty level can also benefit from supportive services available to County residents through various organizations, inc�uding Catho�ic Charities of Santa Clara County, Choices for Children, InnVision Shelter Network, Second Harvest Food Bank, and West Valley Community Services, among others. HOMELE55 Demand for emergency and transitional shelter in Cupertino is difficult to determine given the episodic nature of homelessness. Genera��y, episodes of homelessness among families or individuals can occur as a single event or periodically.The 2013 Santa Clara County Homeless Census & Survey reported a point-in-time count of 7,631 homeless people on the streets and in emergency shelters, transitional housing, and domestic violence shelters.This estimate includes 1 12 homeless individuals in the City of Cupertino.The count, however, should be considered conservative because many unsheltered home�ess individuals may not be visible at street locations, even with the most thorough methodology. There is no data presently available documenting the increased level of demand for shelter in Santa Clara County or Cupertino during particu�ar times of the year. Due to the relatively mild climate, the only time of year when increased demand appears to be a factor is during the winter months (November to March).The annual homeless count always takes place in the last week of January, a period when demand for shelter typically is at its highest. Since the year-round need APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gErlel"a� p�afl (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) described above is based on the annual count, the need for emergency shelter either year-round or seasonally is not likely to be greater than that found during the annual home�ess count. . � i � � � i Cupertino Unsheltered(b) 92 82.1% Sheltered(c) 20 17.9°/a Total 112 100.0% Santa Clara County Unsheltered(b) 5,674 74.4% Sheltered(c) 1,957 25.6°/a Total 7,631 100.0% Notes: (al This Homeless Census and Survey was conducted over a two day period from January 29 to January 30,2073 rhis survey,per HUD new�equirements,does not include people in�ehabilitation facilities,hospitals or jails due to more narrow HUD definition of point-in-time homelessness. (b)lndividuals found(iving on the streets,in parks, encampments,vehicles,or other places not meant for humanhabitation. (cJ lndividuals who are living in emergency shelters or transitiona!housing programs.Source:2073 Santa ClaraCounty Homeless Point-ln-Time Census&Survey,Comprehensive Report. RESOURCES AVAILABLE Table 2.31 lists faci�ities within Santa C�ara County that serve the needs of homeless. Emergency shelters provide temporary shelter for individuals and families while transitiona� shelters serve fami�ies making a transition from home�essness to permanent housing. In Cupertino,West Valley Community Services (WVCS) offers supportive services and the Transitional Housing Program (THP) through its Haven to Home Program.The Haven to Home Program helps homeless individuals and families work towards stability by providing access to resources such as food, transportation, toiletries and other such items.The program has the capacity to provide housing for 12 single men and six sing�e mothers with one child under the age of six. Residents of THP sign a six-month lease, which may be renewed depending on the resident's case plan and progress. For supportive services, a case manager is available to provide intensive case management for up to 21 homeless households at a time.The THP typically has a waiting list of 10 to 30 households, while the waiting list for APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) supportive services generally has five to 20 households. Given the increase in requests for emergency shelter over the past few years,WVCS staff believes that there is a need for additional emergency shelter services in Cupertino.This need is particularly high for families with children. Additionally, Faith in Action Silicon Valley Rotating Shelter operates a rotating shelter program which accommodates up to 15 homeless men.The shelter rotates locations, which include various Cupertino congregation and community partner locations. Additional services offered by the program include case management, meals, shower facilities, bus passes,job development and counseling, and other supportive services. 2.8. NEEDS ASSESSMENT SUMMARY • Cupertino grew faster than Santa Clara County and the Bay Area between 2000 and 2010.The local population increased by 15 percent from 50,600 people to 58,300. However, some of this growth was due to the annexation of 168 acres of unincorporated land in Santa Clara County between 2000 and 2008. • ABAG projects Cupertino will grow to 71,200 residents by 2040. Cupertino and Santa Clara County are anticipated to experience the same rate of population increase (nearly 21 percent) between 2010 and 2040; the Bay Area's population is expected to increase by 28 percent during the same time. • Cupertino has an aging population.The median age in Cupertino rose from 37.9 years old in 2000 to 39.9 years old in 2010.The percent of e�derly residents, aged 65 years old and older, increased from 1 1 percent to 13 percent. • The City has a high percentage of family households; in 2010, family households comprised 77 percent of all households in Cupertino, compared with 71 percent of Santa Clara County households and 65 percent of Bay Area households. • Large households comprised 9.3 percent of the City's total households, the majority of which were owner-households. Overall, the proportion of large APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gErlel"a� p�afl (COIT1IT1uIllty VI51011 201 5- 2 040) . � - � � I EHC LifeBuilders Transitional(Families With Boccardo Family Living Center 13545 26 Units Children) Monterey Road San Martin,CA 95046 EHC LifeBuilders Transitional(Veterans) Boccardo Regional Reception Center 2011 20 Beds Little Orchard St.San Jose,CA 95125 EHC LifeBuilders Transitional(Youth) Sobrato House Youth Center 496 S.Third 9 Units Street San Jose,CA 95112 Family Supportive Housing Transitional(Families) Scattered Sites in Santa Clara County Not available InnVision Transitional Montgomery Street Inn 358 N.Montgomery g5 Persons Street San Jose,CA 95110 InnVision Transitional(Women and Villa 184 South 11th Street San Jose,CA 55 Persons Children) 95112 Next Door Solutions to Domestic Transitional(Victims of The HomeSafes in San Jose and Santa Clara Violence Domestic Violence-Women (a) 48 Units and Children) Transitional(Men and Single 10311-10321 Greenwood Ct.Cupertino,CA 12 Single Men and 6 Single West Valley Community Services Mothers) 95014 Mothers Maitri Transitional(Women and N/A(address is confidential) 9 Beds Children) Note: (a)Location is confidentiaL Source:211 Santa Clara County,2014. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEllel"a�p�all (C01T111lUlllty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) . � � � I � 1 Asian Americans For Community Emergency(Victims of Asian Women's Home 2400 Moorpark Involvement of Santa Clara Domestic Violence-Women Avenue,Suite 300 12 persons County,Inc. and Children) San Jose,95128 Boccardo Reception Center(BRC)2011 Little 200 Persons(Year Round)250 EHC LifeBuilders Emergency Orchard Persons(December 2 to March San Jose,95125 31) Sunnyvale National Guard Armory 620 E. EHC LifeBuilders Emergency Maude 125 Persons Sunnyvale,94086 Boccardo Reception Center(BRC)2011 Little 40 Persons(December 2 to EHC LifeBuilders Emergency(Veterans) Orchard March 31) San Jose,95125 Sobrato House Youth Center 496 S.Third EHC LifeBuilders Emergency(Youth) Street 10 beds San Jose,CA 95112 San Jose Family Shelter 692 North King Family Supportive Housing Emergency(Families) Road 35 Families San Jose,CA,95133-1667 Faith In Action Silicon Valley Faith In Action Silicon Valley Rotating Shelter Rotating Shelter Emergency 1669-2 Hollenbeck Ave.#220 15 Persons Sunnyvale,CA 94087 Julian Street Inn InnVision Emergency 546 West Julian Street 70 Beds San Jose,CA,95110 Emergency(Women and Z60 Commercial Street InnVision Children) San Jose.CA,95112 55 Persons Next Door Solutions to Domestic Emergency(Victims of The Shelter Next DoorSanta Clara County(a) Violence Domestic Violence-Women 20 Persons and Children) APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) households in the City was lower than countywide average. • Approximately 3.3 percent of all households in the City were sing�e-parent households, with 21 percent living below the poverty leveL However, the proportion of single-parent households in the City has declined since 2000. • About six percent of the City's popu�ation aged five and above had one or more disabi�ities, �ower than the countywide average of eight percent. According to the State Department of Developmental Services, 303 residents were being assisted at the San Andreas Regional Center. • Cupertino, along with Santa C�ara County, is becoming an increasingly jobs- rich city. ABAG projects the number of jobs in Cupertino will increase by 25 percent between 2010 and 2040, resulting in a jobs-to-household ratio of 1.38 by 2040, up from the ratio of 1.29 in 2010. • The local housing stock is dominated by sing�e-family detached homes; 57 percent of homes were single-family detached dwellings in 2013. Although the number of multi-fami�y housing units experienced the most rapid growth between 2000 and 2013, Cupertino still has a sma��er proportion of multi-family housing units than Santa Clara County (28 percent in the city versus 32 percent in the County overall). One affordable housing project — Beardon Drive (eight units) — is considered at risk of converting to market- rate housing during the next ten years. • Housing costs continue to rise in Cupertino. Median home sales prices rose by approximately 29 percent between 2011 and 2013, after p�ateauing between 2008 and 2010 during the depth of the housing market crisis. Homeownership in Cupertino is generally out of reach for most except the highest-earning househo�ds. • Affordab�e renta� housing is equally difficult to obtain.The current median market rent rate of $3,500 for a three-bedroom unit exceeds the maximum affordable monthly rent for lower- and moderate-income households. • In 2010, 30 percent of renters and 37 percent of homeowners were overpaying for housing in Cupertino. • In 2010, 63 percent of elder�y renter-households were overpaying for housing, the highest rate among any household type regardless of tenure. • The 2013 Santa Clara County Homeless Survey reported a point-in-time count of 7,631 homeless people on the streets and in emergency shelters, transitional housing, and domestic violence shelters, including 1 12 individuals in the City of Cupertino. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) 3. REGIONAL HOUSING NEEDS DETERMINATION 2014-2022 This section discusses the projected housing needs for the current planning period, which runs from January 1, 2014 through October 31, 2022. 3.1. REGIONAL HOUSING NEEDS ALLOCATION (RHNA) Pursuant to California Government Code Section 65584, the state, regional councils of government (in this case, ABAG), and local governments must co��ective�y determine each locality's share of regional housing need. In conjunction with the state-mandated housing element update cycle that requires Bay Area jurisdictions to update their elements by January 31, 2015, ABAG has allocated housing unit production needs for each jurisdiction within the Bay Area.These allocations set housing production goals for the planning period that runs from January 1, 2014 through October 31, 2022. The following summarizes ABAG's housing need allocation for Cupertino, along with housing production data for the 2014-2022 time period. The City of Cupertino may count housing units constructed, approved, or proposed since January 1, 2014 toward satisfying its RHNA goals for this planning period.Table 3.1 presents a summary of ABAG's housing needs allocation for Cupertino for 2014 to 2022. 3.2 HOUSING NEEDS FOR EXTREMELY LOW-INCOME HOUSEHOLDS State law requires housing elements to quantify and analyze the existing and projected housing needs of extremely low-income households. HUD defines an extremely low-income household as one earning less than 30 percent of AMI. These households encounter a unique set of housing situations and needs, and may often include special needs populations or represent families and individuals receiving public assistance, such as socia� security insurance (SSI) or disability insurance. As discussed in the Needs Assessment section, approximately eight percent of all Cupertino households earned less than 30 percent of AMI in 2010. Extremely �ow-income households represented 12 percent of all renter-househo�ds and five percent of all owner-households. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gErlel"a� p�afl (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) . � � - � I I Extremely Low/Very Low(0-50%of AMI) 356 33.5% Low(51-80%of AMI) 207 19.5% Moderate(81-120°/o of AMI) 231 21.7% Above Moderate(over 120%AMI) 270 25.4% Total Units ,064 100.0% Source:ABAG Regional Housing Needs Assessment,2074. To estimate the projected housing need for extremely low income households, state law allows either assuming 50 percent of the very low-income households as extremely low income, or to apportion the very low-income households based on Census-documented distribution. Using the allowable even split, 50 percent of Cupertino's 356 very low-income RHNA units are assumed to serve extremely low-income households. Based on this methodology, the city has a projected need of 178 units for extremely low-income households. Extremely low-income households often rely on supportive or subsidized housing as a means of transitioning into stable, more productive lives. Supportive housing combines housing with supportive services such as job training, life skills training, substance abuse programs, and case management services. Subsidized housing can include programs such as the Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher Program or tenant-based rental assistance (TBRA) which ensures that the tenant does not pay more than 30 percent of their gross income on housing by paying a portion of the tenants rent. Efficiency studios and BMR rental units can also provide affordable housing opportunities for extremely �ow-income households. 4. HOUSING CONSTRAINTS Section 65583(a)(4) of the California Government Code states that the housing element must analyze "potential and actual governmental constraints upon APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) the maintenance, improvement, or development of housing for all income levels, including land use controls, building codes and their enforcement, site improvements, fees and other exactions required of developers, and local processing and permit procedures." In addition to government constraints, this section assesses other factors that may constrain the production of affordab�e housing in Cupertino.These include infrastructure availability, environmental features, economic and financing constraints, market conditions and community acceptance of different housing types and densities. Recent court rulings have removed some of the mechanisms local government traditionally has used to require developers to provide affordable housing, thus exacerbating the difficulty of ineeting the number of units determined necessary by the regional housing needs assessment. 4.1. GOVERNMENT CONSTRAINTS Government regulations can affect housing costs by limiting the supply of buildable land, setting standards and allowable densities for development, and exacting fees for the use of land or the construction of homes.The increased costs associated with such requirements are often passed on to consumers in the form of higher home prices and rents. Potential regulatory constraints include local land use policies (as defined in a community's general plan), zoning regulations and their accompanying development standards, subdivision regulations, growth control ordinances or urban limit lines, and development impact and building permit fees. Lengthy approval and processing times also may be regulatory constraints. GENERALPLAN The General Plan provides the policy and program direction necessary to guide land use decisions in the first two decades of the 21 st century.The existing General Plan is current and legally adequate and is not considered an impediment to housing production. As required by state law, the General P�an includes a land use map indicating the allowable uses and densities at various locations in the city.The Land Use/ Community Design section identifies five categories of residential uses based on dwelling unit density, expressed as the number of dwelling units permitted per gross acre. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) • The "Very Low Density" classification, intended to protect environmentally sensitive areas from extensive development and to protect human �ife from hazards associated with floods, fires, and unstable terrain, applies one of four slope-density formulas to determine allowable residential density. • The "Low Density" and "Low/Medium Density" categories promote traditional single-family development, allowing densities of one to five units per gross acre, and five to 10 units per gross acre, respective�y. • The "Medium/High Density" and the "High Density" categories provide for a wide range of multi-family housing opportunities at densities of 10 to 20 units per gross acre and 20 to 35 units per gross acre, respectively. In addition to the five residential categories, the General Plan allows for residentia� uses in the "Industrial/Residential," "Office/Commercia�/Residential;' "Commercial/Residential" and "Neighborhood Commercial/Residential" land use categories. None of the City's General Plan policies have been identified as housing constraints.The General P�an does not define whether residential units are to be rented or owned or whether they are to be attached or detached.The General Plan's �and use policies incorporate housing goa�s, including the following: POLICY LU-1.1: LAND USE AND TRANSPORTATION Focus higher land use intensities and densities within a half-mile of public transit service, and along major corridors. POLICY LU-1.3: LAND USE IN ALL CITYWIDE MIXED-USE DISTRICTS Encourage land uses that support the activity and character of mixed-use districts and economic goals. POLICY LU-5.2: MIXED-USE VILLAGES Where housing is allowed along major corridors or neighborhood commercial areas, development should promote mixed-use villages with active ground- floor uses and public space.The development should help create an inviting pedestrian environment and activity center that can serve adjoining neighborhoods and businesses. POLICY LU-8.3: INCENTIVES FOR REINVESTMENT Provide incentives for reinvestment in existing, older commercial areas. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) POLICY LU-13.3: PARCEL ASSEMBLY Heart of the City Special Area: Encourage the assembly of parcels to foster new development projects that can provide high-quality development with adequate buffers for neighborhoods. POLICY LU-19.1:VALLCO SHOPPING DISTRICT SPECIFIC PLAN Create a Vallco Shopping District Specific P�an prior to any development on the site that lays out the land uses, design standards and guidelines, and infrastructure improvements required. The General Plan contains very few policies addressing the siting of housing, other than those pertaining to hillside and other sensitive areas. Land use policies limit development in hillside areas to protect hillside resources but allows for low-intensity residential development in the foothills.The General P�an a�so encourages the clustering of new development away from sensitive areas such as riparian corridors, wildlife habitat and corridors, public open space preserves and ridgelines. Thus, even in hillside and sensitive areas, the General Plan creates opportunities for housing production. ZONING ORDINANCE The Cupertino Zoning Ordinance establishes development standards and densities for new housing in the City.These regu�ations include minimum lot sizes, maximum number of dwelling units per acre, lot width, setbacks, lot coverage, maximum building height, and minimum parking requirements.These standards are summarized in Table 4.1. As required by state law, the Zoning Map is consistent with the General Plan. The residential zoning districts and their respective permitted densities and development standards are summarized below. Residential development is permitted by right in residential zones. R-1 SINGLE FAMILY RESIDENTIAL The R-1 District is intended to create, preserve, and enhance areas suitable for detached single-family dwel�ings.The R-1 District includes sub-areas with varying minimum lot size requirements. Residential structures in the R-1 District APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) are limited in size by a maximum lot coverage of 45 percent and a maximum floor area ratio of 45 percent. Setbacks are 20 feet in the front and rear yards and a combined 15 feet of side yards, with no one side yard setback less than 5 feet.The maximum building height of 28 feet allows for a wide range of single family housing types on flat terrain. Structures in R-1 Districts with an "i" designation at the end are limited to one story (18 feet). Two-story structures in the R-1 District require a Two-Story Residential Permit. The Director of Community Development may approve, conditionally approve, or deny applications for a two-story residential permit. Projects must be "harmonious in scale and design with the general neighborhood." R-2 RESIDENTIAL DUPLEX The R-2 District is intended to allow a second dwelling unit under the same ownership as the initial dwelling unit on a site.The residential duplex district is intended to increase the variety of housing opportunities within the community while maintaining the existing neighborhood character. Minimum �ot area is 8,500 square feet; building heights in this district cannot exceed 30 feet.The R-2 District limits lot coverage by all buildings to 40 percent of net lot area. Setbacks are 20 feet in the front yard and the greater of 20 feet and 20 percent of �ot depth in the rear yard; the minimum side yard setback is 20 percent of the lot width. Structures in R-2 Districts with an "i" designation at the end are limited to one story (18 feet). The development standards for the R-2 District do not constrain the development of duplexes.The 30-foot height limit is appropriate because many R-2 zoned areas abut single-family residential development. Furthermore, 30 feet in height is sufficient for duplex development.The 40 percent maximum lot coverage has also not constrained the development of duplexes in Cupertino. None of the residential opportunity sites included in this Housing Element fall within the R-2 zone. R-3 MULTI-FAMILY RESIDENTIAL The R-3 District permits multi-family residential development.This District requires a minimum lot area of 9,300 square feet for a development with three dwelling units and an additional 2,000 square feet for every additiona� dwelling APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) unit.The minimum lot width in the R-3 District is 70 feet, and lot coverage may not exceed 40 percent of net lot area. For single-story structures, required setbacks are 20 feet in the front yard, six feet in the side yard, and the greater of 20 feet or 20 percent of lot depth in the rear yard; the minimum side yard setback for two-story structures is nine feet.The maximum height any building is two stories and may not exceed 30 feet.This height limit is used because many R-3 districts abut single-family residential neighborhoods. Basements (fully submerged below grade except for lightwells required for light, ventilation and emergency egress, which may have a maximum exterior wall height of two feet between natural grade and ceiling) are permitted and are not counted towards the height requirements. For these reasons, the height standards in the R-3 district are not considered a constraint to housing production. Furthermore, the development standards for the R-3 District are on par with standards present in neighboring jurisdictions. The development standards for the R-3 District do not unreasonably constrain the development of multi-family housing. Multi-family residential uses are permitted uses in the R-3 District without the need for a Use Permit. Developments are able to achieve close to the maximum allowable densities under existing development standards, including the height limit and maximum lot coverage.This can be demonstrated by a back-of-the-envelope calculation of the number of developable units on a one-acre parcel. As shown in Table 4.2, the maximum density allowed on a one-acre parcel is 20 units.With a maximum lot coverage of 40 percent and assuming two stories of residential development, approximately 35,000 square feet of residential development can be achieved. Using conservative assumptions of 20 percent common area space and �arge unit sizes of 1,400 square feet, 20 units can be deve�oped under this scenario. This analysis demonstrates that projects would be able to achieve the maximum allowable density in the R-3 District under the development standards. This Housing Element includes a strategy to monitor the development standards to facilitate a range of housing options (Strategy HE-1.3.1 - See General Plan Chapter 4: Housing E�ement). APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) RHS RESIDENTIAL HILLSIDE The RHS District regulates development in the hillsides to balance residential uses with the need to preserve the natura� setting and protect life and property from natural hazards. Dwelling unit density is determined by the slope-density standards outlined in the General Plan. Minimum lot size ranges from 20,000 square feet to 400,000 square feet.The minimum lot width in the RHS District is 70 feet, with an exception for lots served by a private driveway and which do not adjoin a public street. Development applications in the RHS District must include topographical information, inc�uding whether the proposed structure is on or in the site line of a prominent ridgeline.The City has estab�ished a process to allow for exceptions to development requirements in the RHS zone if certain stated findings can be made. R-1 C RESIDENTIAL SINGLE FAMILY CLUSTER The purpose of the R-1 C District is to provide a means for reducing the amount of street improvements and public utilities required in residential development, to conserve natural resources, and encourage more creative development and efficient use of space.The owner of a property within Cupertino may submit an application for single-family residential cluster zoning or rezoning to the Planning Commission. Alternatively, the Planning Commission and/or the City Council may initiate a public hearing to rezone specific properties to the R-1 C District. The allowable density on a parcel is determined by the existing land use designations in place prior to the rezoning. Density ranges are determined based on the re�ationship with and impacts to surrounding neighborhoods, streets, infrastructure and natural areas as well as the quality of design and relationship to adopted Housing Element goals.While the maximum height in the district is 30 feet, a height increase may be permitted if the City Council or Planning Commission determines that it would not have an adverse impact on the immediate�y adjacent neighborhood.The R-1 C District also regulates site design and private streets within the c�uster. Deve�opment requirements for proposed R-1 C developments can be waived or modified, if the Planning Commission and City Council find that the site is constrained but substantially meets the zoning standards or if the proposa� provides for low-moderate income and senior citizen housing. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) . � � � . � . � ����� A 18-28 50-60 30 20 25 215,000 N/A A-1 20-28 200 30 20 20-25 43,000-215,000 40% R-1 28 60 20-25 10-15 20 5,000-20,000 45% R-2 15-30 60-70 20 6-12 ZO ft./20%lot depth, 8,500-15,000 40% whichever is greater R-3 30 70 20 6-18 ZO ft./20%lot depth, 9,300 40% whichever is greater. RHS 30 70 20-25 10-15 25 20,000-400,000 45% R-1C 30 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Note:(aJ Maximum numbe�of units cannot exceed that allowed by the General Plan,pursuant to the Zoning Ordinance.Sou�ce:Cupertino Municipa!Code, 2014. _ � 1 I - � � � - Parcel Size(Sq.Ft.) 43,560 9,300 sq.ft.of lot area for 3 units, Maximum Density 20.13 2,000 sq.ft.for each additional unit. Parking and circulation(sq.ft.) 19,602 Parking and circulation 45%of lot area Open space(sq.ft.) 6,534 Open space 15%of lot area Lot Coverage(sq.ft.) 17,424 Lot Coverage% 40%of lot area Residential Sq.Ft. 34,848 Stories of Residential 2 Less Common Area(hallways,stairs) (6.970) Common Area% 20%of total building area Sq.Ft.for Units 27,878 Number of Units 20 Unit Size(Sq.Ft.) 1,400 Source:City of Cupertino,2014. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) PLANNED DEVELOPMENT The planned development district (P district) is intended to provide a means for guiding land development that is uniquely suited for planned coordination of land uses and to provide for a greater flexibility of �and use intensity and design.The planned development zoning district is specifically intended to encourage variety in the development pattern of the community; to promote a more desirable living environment; to encourage creative approaches in land development; to provide a means of reducing the amount of improvements required in development through better design and land planning, to conserve natural features, to facilitate a more aesthetic and efficient use of open spaces, and to encourage the creation of public or private common open space. All P districts are identified on the zoning map with the letter P followed by a specific reference to the type of use allowed in the particular planned development district. For example, a P(Res) district a��ows for residential uses. Developments within a P district are generally required to comply with the height and density regulations associated with the underlying use. Additionally, the P District contains specific provisions allowing the densities shown on sites designated as Priority Housing Sites. Beyond density and height regulations, the P district allows for a greater degree of flexibility around other development standards.The increased flexibility in the P zones allow a project to be designed to the special characteristics of a site (such as corner parcels, proximity to a creek or open space, etc.) without requiring variances or exceptions. Such sites can include a combination of multiple housing types, open space and a mix of uses in a single area. Examples include the Main Street Cupertino and Rose Bowl mixed use developments. A majority of the housing sites proposed to accommodate the RHNA are located in the P district, which specifically a��ows the densities shown on these sites. The majority of the P districts are governed by a Specific or Conceptual Plan which provides additional guidance to facilitate development review and provide more certainty regarding community expectations. For example, the Heart of the City Specific Plan provides detailed guidelines for residential and mixed-use developments (including orientation, design, setbacks, landscaping, buffers, and transitions to neighboring properties). Prior to development within a P (Res/R3) district, applicants must submit a definitive development plan to the Planning Commission or City Council. Upon recommendation of the P�anning Commission, the City Counci� reviews larger APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) developments, including those with eight or more residential units. Multi-family residential developments within a P(Res/R3) district are permitted uses by right. Development plans focus on site and architectural merits and typically take between two to four months to obtain approvals.The Municipal Code was amended in 2011 to clarify that the development plan for residential uses only requires a planned development permit and not a conditional use permit as residential developments are permitted uses within a P(Res) district. A AGRICULTURAL AND A-1 AGRICULTURAL-RESIDENTIAL Agricultural zones are intended to preserve agriculture or forestry activities in areas suited to that purpose, and to include incidental residentia� deve�opment of a rural or semi-rural character. Single-family dwellings and residences for farmworkers and their families are permitted in the A and A-1 Districts. Minimum lot area corresponds to the number (multiplied by one thousand square feet) following the A zoning symbo�. For example, A1-43 requires a minimum 43,000 square foot lot.The minimum lot size for the A District is 215,000 square feet (with or without incidental residential use) and 215,000 square feet for A-1 with no incidental residential use. Incidental residential uses require a minimum of 43,000 square feet per dwelling unit.The District requires setbacks of 30 feet in the front yard, 20 feet in the side yards, and 20-25 feet in the rear yard.The maximum building height of 28 feet allows for a wide range of single family housing types on flat terrain. Structures in the A District with an "i" designation at the end are �imited to one story (18 feet). OTHER DISTRICTS In addition to the districts discussed above, limited residentia� uses are allowed in other zoning districts. Often the housing in these non-residential districts is limited to housing for employees or caretakers. The permitted residential uses in non-residentia� districts are discussed below. ML LIGHT INDUSTRIAL Residential dwellings for caretakers or watchmen are permitted for those employed for the protection of the principal light industrial permitted use. The residential dwellings must be provided on the same lot as the principal permitted use. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) PR PARK AND RECREATION The PR District regulates publicly owned parks within the City. Single-family residences for the purpose of housing a caretaker for the park are permitted in this District. A caretaker is defined as a person who maintains survei<<ance of the park areas during and after the hours of park operation.The residence may take the form of a mobile home or a permanent residential structure. HEART OF THE CITY The Heart of the City Specific Plan provides specific development guidance for one of the most important commercial corridors in the City of Cupertino. This Specific Plan is intended to carefully guide development, with the purpose of creating a clear sense of place and community identity in Cupertino.The Specific Plan contains streetscape design, development standards and design guide�ines for multi-unit residential and commercial/office projects. Any new residential development within the Heart of the City Specific Plan area is required to include a nonresidential component (that is, horizontal or vertical mixed use is required if residential uses are proposed). For mixed use developments in the Heart of the City Specific Plan area, residential development density calculations are required to be based on net density, excluding parking and/or land areas devoted to the commercial portion of the deve�opment.This requirement can significantly reduce the number of units a proposed project may provide, and may constrain new development, although it wi�l forward City goals for balanced and complementary land uses. However, for sites designated as Priority Housing Sites in the Housing Element, the P District has been amended to allow the densities shown in the Housing Element as a permitted use. PARKING Excessive parking requirements may serve as a constraint of housing development by increasing development costs and reducing the amount of land available for project amenities or additional units. Off-street residential parking requirements vary by zone. As shown in Table 4.3, the parking ratio ranges from two parking spaces per dwelling unit to four spaces per dwelling unit. Cupertino's parking requirements are higher than many other jurisdictions, particular�y for single-family homes. Given the high cost of land and parking, the high parking standards may serve as a constraint to housing provision, although projects are able to attain the maximum permitted density even with these parking requirements.The Zoning Ordinance does not include parking APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) reductions for senior housing, affordable housing, or group homes, unless State Density Bonus law applies, in which case reductions are available for senior housing and projects that include affordable housing. Often, vehicle ownership among elderly and lower-income households is lower than other populations, making reductions in parking requirements appropriate. As established in Strategy HE-2.3.6 of this Housing Element, the City will offer a range of incentives to facilitate the development of affordable housing, including parking standards waivers. The Zoning Ordinance a�lows for shared parking in mixed-use developments. For example, residential projects with a retail or commercial component will have a lower parking requirement because residential users may use some retai� parking spaces in the evening. The Zoning Ordinance provides a formula for calculating the parking reduction in mixed-use developments. In addition, the Planning Commission or City Council may allow further reduction in the parking requirement as part of a use permit development p�an or parking exception based on shared parking arrangements, parking surveys, and parking demand management measures. According to interviews conducted as part of the Housing Element update in 2013, market-rate and non-profit developers perceive policies and regulations such as parking requirements, height limits, and variances for density as barriers to deve�oping and adding units to the market. One interviewee noted that Cupertino's parking requirements are relative�y stringent compared to other cities on the Peninsula that are moving towards more flexibility and lower requirements.To address this concern, the City offers reduced parking requirements as incentives to faci�itate affordable housing (Strategy 1 1) and has updated the Density Bonus Ordinance (Strategy 12) consistent with State law to allow for reduced parking and one to three regu�atory concessions that would result in identifiable cost reductions and which are needed to make proposed housing affordable. _ � - � - - . - � - - Single-Family R-1,RHS,A-1,P 4/DU(2 garage,2 open) Small Lot Single-Family,Townhouse P 2.8/DU(2 garage,0.8 open) Duplex R-2 3/DU(1.5 enclosed,1.5 open) High Density Multi-Family R-3,P 2/DU(1 covered,1 open) Source:Cupertino Zoning Ordinance,2014. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) PROVISIONS FOR A VARIETY OF HOUSING TYPES Housing element �aw specifies that jurisdictions must identify adequate sites through appropriate zoning and development standards to encourage the development of various types of housing.This includes single- and multi-family housing, homeless shelters, group homes, supportive and transitional housing, single-room occupancy (SROs), mobile and manufactured homes, among others. HOMELESS SHELTERS The Zoning Ordinance allows for permanent and rotating homeless shelters in the Quasi Public Bui�ding (BQ) zone. Rotating homeless she�ters are permitted within existing church structures in the BQ zone for up to 25 occupants. The operation period of rotating shelters cannot exceed two months in any one-year span at a single location. Permanent emergency shelter facilities are permitted in the BQ zone if the facility is limited to 25 occupants, provides a management plan, and if occupancy is limited to six months or fewer.The City included Strategy HE-5.1.1 in the Housing Element to ensure continued facilitation of housing opportunities for special needs persons through emergency housing options. GROUP HOMES AND TRANSITIONAL AND SUPPORTIVE HOUSING Pursuant to state law, licensed residential care facilities for six or fewer residents are permitted by right in a<< residential districts (including A, A-1, R-1, R-2, R-3, RHS, R-1 C). Licensed small group homes are not subject to special development requirements, policies, or procedures which would impede such uses from locating in a residential district. Furthermore, small group homes (with six or fewer persons) with continuous 24-hour care are permitted by right in all residentia� districts.Transitional and supportive housing is treated as a residential use and subject only to those restrictions that apply to other residential uses in the same zone. Large group homes (with more than six residents) are conditionally permitted uses in the R-1 District, subject to Planning Commission approval. SINGLE-ROOM OCCUPANCY UNITS (SROS) SRO units are one-room units intended for occupancy by a sing�e individual.They are distinct from a studio or efficiency unit, in that a studio is a one-room unit APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) that must contain a kitchen and bathroom. A�though SRO units are not required to have a kitchen or bathroom, many SROs have one or the other.The Cupertino Zoning Ordinance does not contain specific provisions for SRO units. SRO units are treated as a regu�ar multi-fami�y use, subject to the same restrictions that apply to other residential uses in the same zone. MANUFACTURED HOUSING Manufactured housing and mobile homes can be an affordable housing option for �ow- and moderate-income households. According to the Department of Finance, as of 2013, there are no mobile homes in Cupertino. Pursuant to State law, a mobile home built after June 15, 1976, certified under the National Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Act of 1974, and built on a permanent foundation may be located in any residential zone where a conventional single-family detached dwelling is permitted subject to the same restrictions on density and to the same property development regulations. FARMWORKER AND EMPLOYEE HOUSING Pursuant to the State Employee Housing Act, any emp�oyee housing consisting of no more than 36 beds in a group quarters or 12 units or spaces designed for use by a single family or household shall be deemed an agricultural land use. No conditional use permit (CUP), zoning variance, or other zoning clearance sha�l be required of this employee housing that is not required of any other agricultural activity in the same zone.The permitted occupancy in employee housing in a zone allowing agricultura� uses shall inc�ude agricultural employees who do not work on the property where the employee housing is located.The Employee Housing Act also specifies that housing for six or fewer employees be treated as a residential use. In 2014, the City amended the Zoning Ordinance to be consistent with the State Employee Housing Act, permitting employee housing for six or fewer residents in all residentia� zoning districts and employee group quarters in the A and A-1 districts, and in the RHS district with approval of an Administrative CUP. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) SECOND DWELLING UNITS A second dwelling unit is an attached or detached, self-contained unit on a single-family residentia� lot.These units are often affordable due to their smaller size.To promote the goal of affordab�e housing within the City, Cupertino's Zoning Ordinance permits second dwelling units on lots in Single-Family Residential (R-1), Residential Hillside (RHS), Agricultural (A), and Agricultural Residential (A-1) Districts. Second dwelling units on lots of 10,000 square feet or more may not exceed 800 square feet, while units on lots smaller than 10,000 square feet cannot exceed 640 square feet. Al� second dwelling units must have direct outside access without going through the principal dwelling. If the residential lot encompasses less than 10,000 square feet, the second dwelling unit must be attached to the principal dwelling unless otherwise approved by the Director of Community Development through Architectural Review. Second dwelling units are subject to an architectura� review by the Director of Community Development.The design and building materials of the proposed second unit must be consistent with the principa� dwelling. In addition, the second dwelling unit may not require excessive grading which is visible from a public street or adjoining private property.The architectural review is done at the ministerial (building permit) �evel and is intended to ensure that the second unit is consistent with the architecture, colors, and materials of the primary house. One additional off-street parking space must be provided if the principal dwelling unit has less than the minimum off-street parking spaces for the residentia� district in which it is located. Second dwe��ing units must also comp�y with the underlying site development regu�ations specified by the zoning district. DENSITY BONUS State law requires cities and counties to grant a density bonus of up to 35 percent and one to three incentives or concessions to housing projects which contain one of the following: • At least 5% of the housing units are restricted to very low income residents • At least 10% of the housing units are restricted to lower income residents • At least 10% of the housing units in a for-sale common interest development are restricted to moderate income residents APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) A density bonus, but no incentives or concessions, must be granted to projects that contain one of the following: • The project donates at least one acre of land to the city or county large enough for 40 very low income units, the land has the appropriate general plan designation, zoning, permits and approvals, and access to public facilities needed for such housing, funding has been identified, and other requirements are met • The project is a senior citizen housing development (no affordab�e units required) • The project is a mobile home park age restricted to senior citizens (no affordable units required) The City adopted amendments to the Municipal Code in 2014 to conform with State law. Strategy HE-2.3.7 in the Housing Plan commits the City to implementation of the Density Bonus Ordinance. SITE IMPROVEMENT REQUIREMENTS Residential developers are responsible for constructing road, water, sewer, and storm drainage improvements on new housing sites.Where a project has off-site impacts, such as increased runoff or added congestion at a nearby intersection, additional developer expenses may be necessary to mitigate impacts.These expenses may be passed on to consumers. Chapter 18 of the Cupertino Municipal Code (the Subdivision Ordinance) establishes the requirements for new subdivisions, including the provision of on- and off-site improvements.The ordinance requires that subdivisions comply with frontage requirements and stormwater runoff be co��ected and conveyed by an approved storm drain system. Furthermore, each unit or lot within the subdivision must be served by an approved sanitary sewer system, domestic water system, and gas, electric, te�ephone, and cab�evision facilities. All utilities within the subdivision and along peripheral streets must be placed underground. Common residential street widths in Cupertino range from 20 feet (for streets with no street parking) to 36 feet (for those with parking on both sides).The City works with developers to explore various street design options to meet their needs and satisfy public safety requirements. Developers are typically required APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) to insta�l curb, gutters, and sidewa�ks, however, there is a process where the City Council can waive the requirement.The City prefers detached sidewalks with a landscaped buffer in between the street and the pedestrian walk to enhance community aesthetics and improve pedestrian safety. However, the City does work with developers to explore various frontage improvement options depending on the project objectives, taking into consideration factors such as tree preservation, land/design constraints, pedestrian safety, and neighborhood pattern/compatibility.This is especially true in Planned Development projects, where the City works with the developer to achieve creative and flexible street and sidewa�k designs to maximize the project as well as community benefits. The Subdivision Ordinance also includes land dedication and fee standards for parkland.The formula for dedication of park land for residential development is based on a standard of three acres of parkland per 1,000 persons.The developer must dedicate parkland based on this formula or pay an in lieu fee based on the fair market value of the land. In addition to parkland dedication, the City Council may require a subdivider to dedicate lands to the school district(s) as a condition of approval of the final subdivision map. If school site dedication is required and the school district accepts the land within 30 days, the district must repay the subdivider the original cost of the dedicated land plus the cost of any improvements, taxes, and maintenance of the dedicated land. If the school district does not accept the offer, the dedication is terminated. The developer may also be required to reserve land for a park, recreationa� facility, fire station, library, or other public use if such a facility is shown on an adopted specific plan or adopted general plan. The public agency benefiting from the reserved land shall pay the developer the market value of the land at the time of the filing of the tentative map and any other costs incurred by the developer in the maintenance of the area.The ordinance states that the amount of land to be reserved shall not make development of the remaining land held by the developer economically unfeasible. The City of Cupertino's site improvement requirements for new subdivisions are consistent with those in surrounding jurisdictions and do not pose a significant constraint to new housing development. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) BUILDING CODES AND CODE ENFORCEMENT The City of Cupertino has adopted the 2013 Edition of the California Building Code, the 2013 California Electrical Code and Uniform Administrative Code Provisions, the International Association of Plumbing Officials Uniform Plumbing Code (2013 Edition), the Ca�ifornia Mechanical Code 2013 Edition, and the 2013 California Fire Code and the 2013 Green Building Standard Code. The City also enforces the 1997 Edition of the Uniform Housing Code, the 1998 Uniform Code for Bui�ding Conservation, and the 1997 Uniform Code for the Abatement of Dangerous Bui�dings Code. Cupertino has adopted several amendments to the 2013 California Building Code. The City requires sprinkler systems for new and expanded one- and two-fami�y dwellings and townhouses; underhanging appendages enc�osed with fire-resistant materials; roof coverings on new buildings and replacement roofs complying with the standards established for Class A roofing, the most fire resistant type of roof covering.The amendments a�so estab�ish minimum standards for building footings, seismic reinforcing on attached multi-family dwellings, and brace wall panel construction. These amendments apply more stringent requirements than the California Bui�ding Code.The Ca�ifornia Bui�ding Code and the City's amendments to it have been adopted to prevent unsafe or hazardous bui�ding conditions.The City's bui�ding codes are reasonable and would not adverse�y affect the ability to construct housing in Cupertino. The City's code enforcement program is an important tool for maintaining the housing stock and protecting residents from unsafe or unsightly conditions.The Code Enforcement Division is responsible for enforcing the provisions of the Cupertino Municipal Code and various other related codes and policies. Code Enforcement Division staff work to achieve compliance through intervention, education, and enforcement, partnering with the community to enforce neighborhood property maintenance standards. Code Enforcement staff investigate and enforce City codes and State statutes based on complaints received.Violation of a code regulation can result in a warning, citation, fine, or legal action. If a code violation involves a potential emergency, officers will respond immediately; otherwise, Code Enforcement staff responds to complaints through scheduled inspections.The City has had to declare only three units unfit for human occupancy since 2007 and most APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) complaints are resolved readi�y. Code Enforcement activities are not considered a constraint to development of housing in Cupertino. CONSTRAINTS FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES California Senate Bill 520 (SB 520), passed in October 2001, requires local housing elements to evaluate constraints for persons with disabilities and develop programs which accommodate the housing needs of disab�ed persons. PROCEDURES FOR ENSURING REASONABLE ACCOMMODATION Both the federal Fair Housing Act and the California Fair Emp�oyment and Housing Act impose an affirmative duty on cities and counties to make reasonable accommodations in their zoning and land use policies when such accommodations are necessary to provide equa� access to housing for persons with disabilities and do not impose significant administrative or financial burdens on �ocal government or undermine the fundamental purpose of the zoning law. Reasonable accommodations refer to modifications or exemptions to particular policies that facilitate equal access to housing. Examples include exemptions to setbacks for wheelchair access structures or to height limits to permit elevators. The City of Cupertino adopted an ordinance in April 2010 for people with disabilities to make a reasonable accommodations request. Chapter 19.25 provides a procedure to request reasonable accommodation for persons with disabilities seeking equal access to housing under the Federal Fair Housing Act, the Federal Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988, and the California Fair Employment and Housing Act. ZONING AND OTHER LAND USE REGULATIONS In conformance to state law, licensed residential care facilities for six or fewer residents are permitted by right in all residential districts (including A, A-1, R-1, R-2, R-3, RHS, R-1 C). Licensed small group homes are not subject to special development requirements, policies, or procedures which would impede such uses from locating in a residential district. Furthermore, small group homes (with six or fewer persons) with continuous 24-hour care are permitted by right in all residential districts, as are transitional and supportive housing. Large group homes (with more than six residents) are conditionally permitted uses in the R-1 District, subject to Planning Commission approval. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) The Zoning Ordinance contains a broad definition of family. A family means an individual or group of persons living together who constitute a bona fide single housekeeping unit in a dwelling unit. Families are distinguished from groups occupying a hotel, lodging club, fraternity or sorority house, or institution of any kind.This definition of family does not limit the number of people living together in a household and does not require them to be related. BUILDING CODES AND PERMITTING The City's Bui�ding Code does not include any amendments to the California Building Code that might diminish the ability to accommodate persons with disabilities. BELOW MARKET RATE MITIGATION PROGRAM The City's BMR Residential Mitigation Program requires all new residential developers to either provide be�ow market rate units or pay a mitigation fee, which is placed in the City's Below Market-Rate (BMR) Affordable Housing Fund (AHF).The BMR Mitigation Program is based on a nexus study prepared by the City that demonstrated that all new developments create a need for affordable housing. Under this program, developers of for-sale housing where units may be sold individually must sell at least 15 percent of units at a price affordable to median- and moderate-income househo�ds. Projects of seven or more units must provide on-site BMR units. Developers of projects of six units or fewer can either build a unit or provide pay the Housing Mitigation fee. To be consistent with recent court decisions and the State Costa-Hawkins Act regarding rent control, the City modified the BMR Mitigation Program so that developers of market-rate rental units, where the units cannot be sold individually, pay the Housing Mitigation fee to the Affordable Housing Trust Fund. In 2014, the fee was $3.00 per square foot on residential. The BMR Office and Industrial Mitigation Program also acknowledges housing needs created by the development of office and industrial projects and provide fees to support the development of affordable housing. In 2014, the fee was $6.00 per square foot on office/industrial, hotel, and retai�, and $3.00 per square foot in the Planned Industrial zone.`` 4 The housing mitigation fee is updated periodically.Developers should check with the Community Development Department for the most current fee amount. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) Although concerns exist that inclusionary housing programs like Cupertino's BMR Mitigation Program may constrain production of market rate homes, studies have shown evidence to the contrary.The cost of an inclusionary housing requirement must u�timately be borne by either: 1) developers through a lower return, 2) landowners through decreased land values, or 3) other homeowners through higher market rate sale prices. In fact, the cost of inclusionary housing and any other development fee "will always be split between all players in the development process."5 However, academics have pointed out that, over the long term, it is probab�e that landowners will bear most of the costs of inclusionary housing, not other homeowners or the developer.b In addition, a 2004 study on housing starts between 1981 and 2001 in communities throughout California with and without inclusionary housing programs evidences that inc�usionary housing programs do not lead to a decline in housing production. In fact, the study found that housing production actually increased after passage of local inclusionary housing ordinances in cities as diverse as San Diego, Carlsbad, and Sacramento.' Recognizing the need for a financially feasible program that does not constrain production, some jurisdictions allow developers to pay a fee for all units, regardless of project size. As discussed previously, Cupertino's BMR Mitigation Program requires large for-sale developments (with seven or more units) to provide units. A 2009 court case (Palmer v. the City of Los Angeles) has resulted in cities suspending or amending the portion of their Housing Mitigation program requiring affordable units to be included in market rate rental developments. There also have been a number of court cases related to affordable housing requirements (decided and those that are still being �itigated). Due to uncertainty regarding the legal standard applicable to affordable housing requirements, the Governor vetoed an Assembly Bill (AB 1229) which aimed to reverse the decision in the Palmer case. Currently pending in the California Supreme Court is a challenge to the City of San Jose's inclusionary ordinance.The Building Industry Association asserts that all programs requiring affordable housing, whether for sale or for rent, must be justified by a nexus study showing that the affordable 5 W.A.Watkins."Impact of Land Development Charges:' Lantl Economics 75(3). 1999. 6 Mallach,A:'Inclusionary Housing Programs: Policies and Practices." New Brunswick,NJ:Center for Urban Policy Research,Rutgers University.1984.Hagman,D."Taking Care of One's Own Through Inclusionary Zoning: Bootstrapping Low-and Motlerate-Income Housing by Local Government;'Urban Law antl Policy 5:169- 187. 1982.Ellickson,R. 1985."Inclusionary Zoning:Who Pays?" Planning 51(8):18-20. 7 David Rosen."Inclusionary Housing and Its Impact on Housing and Land Markets:'NHC Affordable Housing Policy Review 1(3).2004. :i APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) housing requirement is "reasonably related" to the impacts of the project on the need for affordable housing. In a previous California Supreme Court case, Sterling Park v. City of Palo Alto, the Court ruled that affordable housing requirements were a type of exaction that could be challenged under the protest provisions of the Mitigation Fee Act. The City of Cupertino has �ong justified its Housing Mitigation program as based on the impacts of market rate housing on the need for affordable housing and continues to require rental housing developments to pay a mitigation fee. However, the fee is based on an older nexus study.The City intends to update its nexus study on the BMR mitigation fees by the end of 2015 to determine appropriate housing mitigation fees (Strategy HE-2.3.3). PARK IMPACT FEES The City assesses park impact fees for new residential development.The fee ranges from $14,850 per unit of high density residential development (at 20 dwelling units per acre or more) and for apartments with ten or more units to $28,875 per single-family unit (where the density is 0 to 5 units per acre). Park impact fees for senior/e�derly housing is $4,500 per unit. Cupertino's park fees are comparable to or lower than similar requirements established in other Santa Clara Countyjurisdictions. Mountain View and San Jose require park land dedication or the payment of a park in-lieu fee.The in- �ieu fee in both cities is based on fair market value of the land. San Jose's park fees for single-family detached units ranged from approximately $15,000 to $38,550, depending on building square footage and the area of the city. Park fees for multi-family units in San Jose ranged from $7,650 to $35,600, depending on location and the size of the development. In Mountain View, park in-lieu fees are approximately $25,000 for each residentia� unit, depending on the value of the land.The City of Palo Alto's park dedication requirements vary depending on whether the project involves a subdivision or parcel map, and also depending on the size of the unit. Palo Alto collects $10,638-$15,885 per single-family unit and $3,521-$6,963 per multi-family unit. FEES AND EXACTIONS Like cities throughout California, Cupertino collects development fees to recover the capital costs of providing community services and the administrative costs associated with processing applications. New housing typically requires payment APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) of school impact fees, sewer and water connection fees, building permit fees, wastewater treatment plant fees, and a variety of handling and service charges. Typical fees collected are outlined in Table 4.4.The total cost of permits, city fees, and other professional services fees (such as project-specific architecture and engineering designs and schematics) has been estimated to equate to 20 percent of construction costs, or approximately 10 percent of total project costs. The Bay Area Cost of Development Survey 2010-201 1 conducted by the City of San Jose surveyed six jurisdictions in the region with sample development projects to determine associated entitlement, construction, and impact fees. For a multi-family development, total fees identified by this survey ranged from $4,841 per unit for the County of Santa Clara to $42,183 per unit for the City of Palo Alto.These fees have likely increased since the time of the survey, and therefore a conservative indication that Cupertino's fees (estimated at $30,851 for a similar building type) are consistent with, and often less than, fees in surrounding jurisdictions. PERMIT PROCESSING The entitlement process can impact housing production costs, with lengthy processing of deve�opment app�ications adding to financing costs, in particu�ar. PLANNING COMMISSION AND CITY COUNCIL APPROVALS The Planning Commission and City Council review applications for zoning amendments and subdivision approvals.The Planning Commission holds a public hearing about proposed zoning changes or subdivisions and makes a recommendation to the City Council to approve, conditionally approve, or deny the application. Upon receipt of the Planning Commission's recommendation, the City Council holds a public hearing before making a fina� decision on the proposed zoning change or subdivision. Local developers have noted that the entitlement process in Cupertino can be a time consuming and protracted process.While the active public may add complexity to the entitlement process, Cupertino va�ues pub�ic outreach and is committed to development of community leadership, local partnerships, an active populace and making government more accessible and visible to residents. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEllel"a�p�all (C01T111lUlllty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) _ � � � Sanitary Connection Permit $76 permit fee or$77.50 with backflow $376 $378 $378 (d) plus additional$300 inspection fee Water Main Existing Facilities Fees based on construction costs with Fee(e) large variation dependent on fire safety $7,000 $6,900 $2,300 requirements and size of water line. Parcel Map(1-4 lots)- $7,461 N/A N/A N/A Planning Fee Tract Map(>4 lots)- $15,974 $1,597 $1,597 N/A Planning Fee Residential Design Review/ Architectural and Site $2,400/$7,461 $2,400 $746 $149 Approval Development Permit Fee $15,974 $1,597 $1,597 $319 Parcel Map(1-4 lots)- $4,254 N/A N/A N/A Engineering Fee Tract Map(>4 lots)- $g,g31 $883 $883 N/A Engineering Fee Engineering Plan Review Fee $736 $368 $124 Grading Permit Fee $750 $350 $601 Master Storm Drainage Area Varies $906 $555 $378 Fee Storm Management Plan Fee $715 $71.50 $71.50 $71.50 Park Impact Fee Varies by density $28,875 $16,500 $14,850 Housing Mitigation In-Lieu $3.00/Sq.Ft. $6,000 $4,800 $4,200 Fee Cupertino Union School $2,02/Sq.Ft. $4,040 $3,232 $2,828 District Fee Fremont Union High School $1.34/Sq.Ft. $2,680 $2,144 $1,876 District Fee Plan Check and Inspection $655 $655 $655 $655 (Engineering) Building Permit Fee(f) Based on scope of project $7,409 $6,473 $2,121 Total(g) $65,976 $47,250 $30,851 Notes: (aJ Fees estimated for a 3,750 square foot 3 bedroom home in a 70 unit subdivision with 7,000 sq.ft.lots ove�2 acres. (b)Fees estimated for a 2,200 square foot,3 bedroom/2.5 bathroom townhouse in a 70 unit subdivision over one acre. (cl Fees estimated for a 50 unit apartment development with 7,680 gross square foot(7,400 net),2 bedroom apartment units over 2.2 acres (dJ Ave�aqe of fees cha�ged in the four Cupertino Sanitary District zones. (el Connectiom fee for San Jose Water, which serves the largest area of Cupertino.Cal Water and Cupertino Municipal also serve parts of the City (f)Mcludes all fees payable to the Building Department.lncludes Plan check and standard inspection fees,and Const�uction Tax. (g)Reflects 2074 adopted fees.Fees are subject to change. Sources:City of Cupertino,2074;San Jose Water,2074;Cupertino Sanitary District,2014;MlG 2074 APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) DESIGN REVIEW Cupertino has not adopted citywide residential design guidelines. However, all Planned Development Zoning Districts, the R1 District, RHS District, the Heart of the City Specific Plan Area, and the North De Anza Boulevard Conceptual Plan Area are subject to design guidelines.These design guidelines pertain to features such as landscaping, building and roof forms, building entrances, colors, outdoor lighting, and building materials.The design guidelines are intended to ensure development is consistent with the existing neighborhood character and are generally not considered significant constraints to housing production. The Heart of the City Specific Plan design guidelines are intended to promote high-quality private-sector development, enhance property values, and ensure that both private investment and public activity continues to be attracted to the Stevens Creek Boulevard Special Area. Design guide�ines promote retention and development viability of single-family residential sized lots in the transition area between Stevens Creek Boulevard fronting development and single-family neighborhoods. The City requires design review for certain residential developments to ensure that new development and changes to existing developments comply with City development requirements and policies.These include: • Variances in the R-1 District • Two-story residential developments in the R-1 District where second f�oor to first floor area ration is greater than 66 percent and/or where second story side yard setback(s) are less than 15 feet to a property line • Two-story addition, new two-story home, and/or second story deck in the R1-a zone • Any new development or modifications in planned development residential or mixed-use residential zoning districts • Single-family homes in a planned development residential zoning district • Modifications to buildings in the R1-C or R-2 zoning districts • Signs, landscaping, parking plans, and modifications to buildings in the R-3 zoning district The City has detailed Two-Story Design Principles incorporated in the R-1 District.These design principles help integrate new homes and additions to existing homes with existing neighborhoods by providing a framework for the APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) review and approval process.Two-story homes with a second story to first floor ratio greater than 66 percent and homes with second story side setbacks �ess than 15 feet must offset building massing with designs that encompass higher quality architectural features and materials. Design Review may occur at the Staff or Design Review Committee level, depending on the scope of the project. Staff and the Design Review Committee, consisting of the Planning Commission Vice Chair and one other Planning Commissioner, consider factors such as building scale in relation to existing buildings, comp�iance with adopted height limits, setbacks, architectural and landscape design guidelines, and design harmony between new and existing buildings to determine design compliance. PROCESSING TIME Table 4.5 presents the typical permit processing time for various approvals in Cupertino. As shown, actions requiring ministerial review are usually approved within two to four weeks. Other approvals have longer processing time frames. Developments requiring multip�e approvals involve joint applications and permits that are processed concurrently. All approvals for a particular project are reviewed in a single Planning Commission and/or City Council meeting.The typical permit processing times in Cupertino are similar to or lower than those in other jurisdictions and do not pose a major constraint to new development in the City. Cupertino is able to process applications in a timely manner because City staff works closely with applicants during a pre-application process.The pre-application is free of charge and its duration may vary depending on the completeness and/or the complexity of the project.Typical pre-application process may consist of the following: • Initial pre�iminary consultation with property owners/developers to go over project objectives and City development standards • Submittal and review of conceptual development plans • Preliminary consultations with relevant City departments (i.e., Fire, Building, Public Works) as deemed necessary • Submittal and review of pre-submittal materials and final plans APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gErlel"a� p�afl (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) _ � - � - � - . - Ministerial Review 2-4 weeks Two-Story Residential Permit 2-3 months Conditional Use Permit 2-4 months Zoning Change 4-b months General Plan Amendment 4-6 months Architectural and Site Review 2-4 months Design Review 2-3 months Tentative or Parcel Map 2-4 months Initial Environmental Study 2 months Negative Declaration 3-6 months Environmental Impact Report 9-15 months Notes: (a)Processing time accounts for time involved in the preliminary consultation and/or conceptual review phase Applications for multiple approval types may be processed concurrently.Processing time would depend on time required to prepare environmental documents.Sources:City of Cupertino,2014 Table 4.6 summarizes the typical approvals required for various housing types. One-story sing�e-family homes in proper�y zoned areas do not require approvals from the Community Deve�opment Department. However, two-story sing�e- family homes require a two-story permit, which are approved by the Director of the Community Development Department and take two to three months to process. Residential subdivisions require a tentative parcel map or tentative subdivision map, depending on the number of units in the development, and take two to four months to receive approvals. Mu�ti-family residential developments in R3 or Planned Development (PD) Districts are typically approved in two to four months. BUILDING PERMIT Standard plan check and building permit issuance for single-family dwellings in Cupertino takes approximately 10 business days. Plan checks for large additions, remodels, and major structural upgrades for single-family homes are also processed within 10 days. If a second review is necessary, the City will take approximately five business days to complete the review. Prior to the final building permit inspection for two-story additions and new two-story homes, applicants must submit a privacy protection plan, which illustrates how views into neighboring yards second story windows will be screened by new trees and/ or shrubs.The plan check process may take longer for projects which entail off- site street improvements. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEllel"a�p�all (C01T111lUlllty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) . � � � . � - � � � � - Single-Family One-Story (No Planning Permit required) Building Permit 2-4 weeks One-Story(Minor Residential or Minor Residential Permit/R1 Exception 1-2 months Exception Permit required) Two-Story Two-Story Permit 2-3 months Residential Hillside (no Exception) Building Permit 2-b weeks Residential Hillside (with Exception) Hillside Exception 2-3 months Subdivision <5 units Tentative Parcel Map 2-3 months >_5 units Tentative Subdivision Map 3-4 months Multi-Family—R2,R3 No re-zoning Development Permit,Architectural Site Approval 2-3 months <5 parcels Tentative Parcel Map 2-3 months >_5 parcels Tentative Subdivision Map 3-4 months Rezoning Application Development Permit,Architectural Site Approval Re-zoning 4-6 months Tentative or Parcel Map(depending on number of parcels) Multi-Family—PD Development Permit No re-zoning Architectural Site Approval 3-4 months Tentative or Parcel Map Zoning change Development Permit Re-zoning 4-6 months Architectural Site Approval Tentative or Parcel Map *May vary based on on level of Environmenta!Review required. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) Over-the-counter plan checks are available for small residential projects (250 square feet or less). Building Department staff typically review these projects in less than 30 minutes during normal business hours. In addition, an express plan check is offered for medium-sized residential projects (500 square feet or �ess) and takes approximate�y five days. Plan review can take from four weeks to several months for larger projects, depending on the size. Examples of this type of plan check include apartments and single-family residential subdivisions over 10 units. Cupertino's building permit procedures are reasonable and comparable to those in other California communities. TREE PRESERVATION The City of Cupertino has a Protected Tree Ordinance that is intended to preserve trees for their environmental, economic and aesthetic importance.The City seeks to retain as many trees as possible, consistent with the individual rights to develop, maintain, and enjoy their property. The ordinance protects heritage trees, which are identified as significant for their historic value or unique characteristics, and certain trees that have a minimum single-trunk diameter of 10 inches or a minimum multi-truck diameter of 20 inches when measured at 4.5 feet from natural grade.These trees include native oak tree species, California Buckeye, Big Leaf Maple, Deodar Cedar, Blue Atlas Cedar, Bay Laurel or California Bay, and Western Sycamore trees. Trees protected by this ordinance may not be removed from private or public property without first obtaining a tree removal permit. Applications for tree removal permits are reviewed by the Community Deve�opment Director.The Director may approve, conditionally approve, or deny applications. In some cases, the City may require tree replacement as a condition of permit approval. Because a large share of residential development in Cupertino involves infill development involving demolition and rep�acement, bui�ding footprints are often already in place and tree preservation issues do not often arise as a major concern to developers. 4.2 ECONOMIC AND MARKET CONSTRAINTS In addition to governmental constraints, non-governmental factors may constrain the production of new housing.These cou�d include economic and market re�ated conditions such as land and construction costs. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) AVAILABILITY OF FINANCING While the housing market has rebounded since the recession that began in 2008, many deve�opers stil� face difficulty securing project financing. In interviews completed as part of the Housing Element update process in 2013, it was stated that small developers in particular still have trouble, and some lenders do not understand how to finance mixed-use development. PROJECT FUNDING In stakeholder interviews in late 2013, affordable housing developers and service providers discussed the hardships caused by the dissolution of the Redevelopment Agencies.This action eliminated a major source of funding for affordable housing, and that these funds have not yet been replaced by other too�s. Federal and state funding sources (including Sections 202 and 811) have been eliminated or reduced so there is greater reliance on local sources. LAND AVAILABILITY AND COSTS Land costs in Cupertino are very high due to high demand and extremely limited supply of available land. Cupertino has seen a number of smaller detached infi�� housing projects where single-fami�y homes are constructed on remnant lots or lots that have previously been developed with older homes. Multi-family development often requires lot consolidation and/or removing existing uses. A review of avai�ab�e rea� estate listings indicated one residentially zoned vacant property for sa�e as of May 2014.This 0.22 acre property is zoned P(R-3) and had a listed price of $1,095,000. Based on this listing, an acre of residentially zoned land could be listed at close to $5 million. CONSTRUCTION COSTS Construction costs vary significantly depending on building materia�s and quality of finishes. Parking structures for multi-family developments represent another major variable in the development cost. In general, below-grade parking raises costs significantly. Soft costs (architectural and other professiona� fees, land carrying costs, transaction costs, construction period interest, etc.) comprise an additional 10 to 40 percent of the construction and land costs. Owner-occupied multi-family units have higher soft costs than renter-occupied units due to the increased need for construction defect liability insurance. Permanent debt financing, site preparation, off-site infrastructure, impact fees, and developer APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) profit add to the total development cost of a project. Construction costs run about $100 per square foot for Type 5 construction (wood and stucco over parking) for multi-family units and $1 10 per square foot for single family units.8 Residential developers indicate that construction costs in the Bay Area may far exceed these national averages, and can reach $200 per square foot for larger (four- to six-story) developments. Key construction costs have risen nationally in conjunction with economic recovery and associated gains in the residential real estate market. Figure B-5 illustrates construction cost trends for key materials based on the Producer Price Index, a series of indices published by the U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics that measures the sales price for specific commodities and products. Both steel and lumber prices have risen sharply since 2009, as have finished construction products. 4.3. ENVIRONMENTAL, INFRASTRUCTURE & PUBLIC SERVICE CONSTRAINTS ENVIRONMENTAL CONSTRAINTS The majority of Cupertino land area has been urbanized and now supports roadways, structures, other impervious surfaces, areas of turf, and ornamental �andscaping. In genera�, urbanized areas tend to have low to poor wildlife habitat value due to replacement of natural communities, fragmentation of remaining open space areas and parks, and intensive human disturbance.There are no significant wetland or environmental resource issues of concern that would constrain development in areas designated for residential deve�opment in Cupertino. ROADS Due to the urbanized nature of Cupertino, existing roads are in place to serve the potential infill residential development identified in this Housing Element. The amount of traffic or congestion on a roadway is measured in terms of Level of Service (LOS) ranging from A to F, with A representing intersections that experience little or no congestion and F representing intersections with long and unacceptable delays. Cupertino has established a policy of maintaining a minimum of LOS D for major intersections during the morning and afternoon peak traffic hours, with some exceptions.The LOS standard for the Stevens 8 International Code Council Bullding Valuation Data for Type V construction,February 2014 APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT ���u, N�u�� ���������..���.y v���„�� ���., �„T.,, � � ' 11 • 1 1 1 1 1 Producer Price Index: Steel and Lumber 240 !� 220 � 200 a180 —Steel �, 160 —Lumber � � 140 0 a 120 100 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Year Praducer Price Index: Canstructian Materials �os a x � �os.a � °; �oa a a Final demand d 1a2.0 Gonstruction U 7 � �oo.a � a 98.0 201 Q 2011 2012 2Q13 Year Source:U.S.Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics,2094;MIG,2074 APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) Creek and De Anza Boulevard intersection, the Stevens Creek and Stelling Road intersection, and the De Anza Boulevard and Bollinger Road intersection is LOS E+. The environmental assessment of individual residential projects considers any associated traffic impacts. If the study finds that the project could cause an intersection to deteriorate, mitigation may be required.This usual�y consists of improvements to adjacent roads and intersections, but may also include changes to the number of units in the project, or to site design and layout. However, SB 743, signed into �aw in 2013, started a process that could fundamenta��y change transportation impact analysis as part of CEQA compliance.These changes will include the elimination of auto delay, level of service (LOS), and other similar measures of vehicular capacity or traffic congestion as a basis for determining significant impacts in many parts of California (if not statewide). As such, potential costs to new development associated with roadway mitigation may be reduced or e�iminated. WATER Two water supp�iers provide service to the City: the California Water Company and the San Jose Water Company.The San Jose Water Company also has a lease agreement to operate and maintain the City of Cupertino's water system until 2022. Both of these providers derive the vast majority of their water from the Santa Clara Valley Water District. According to the 2014 General Plan Amendment and Housing Element EIR, California Water Company and San Jose Water Company have sufficient water supplies to accommodate increased growth associated with the GPA and Housing Element under normal, single dry, or multiple dry years. Future development associated with the Housing Element would be located within already deve�oped urban areas and would therefore connect to an existing water distribution system. No new water treatment facilities or the expansion of existing facilities would be required to accommodate the RHNA. WASTEWATER Cupertino Sanitary District (CSD) serves as the main provider of wastewater collection and treatment services for Cupertino, while the City of Sunnyvale serves a small portion of the Cupertino Urban Service area on the east side of the city.The City of Sunnyva�e Wastewater Treatment Plant has a daily treatment APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) capacity of 29 mgd capacity, of which approximately 15 mgd are being utilized in 2014.The CSD has a contractual treatment allocation with the San Jose/ Santa Clara Water Pollution Control Plant of 7.85 million gallon per day (mgd), on average. Current wastewater flow to San Jose/Santa Clara Water Pollution Control Plant is 5.3 mgd.The CSD prepared a flow capacity analysis in 2008 and determined that 0.6 mgd capacity remained for development beyond that previously allocated and planned for under the General P�an.The 2014 General Plan Amendment and Housing Element EIR identifies this as a significant and unavoidable impact, as the combined 2014 project would generate an estimated 1.45 mgd of wastewater flows upon buildout, resulting in a deficit of 0.85 mgd beyond the current contractually available treatment capacity. However, both the SJ/SCWPCP and City of Sunnyvale treatment plants have excess capacity that could potentially treat new wastewater flows associated with deve�opment pursuant to Housing Element policy. With regard to sewer capacity, some capacity deficiencies exist in certain areas of Cupertino, including sewer lines serving the City Center area and �ines on Stelling Road and Foothill Boulevard.To accommodate wastewater from major new developments, the lines running at or new capacity in these areas will have to be upgraded. Under current practice, the CSD requires deve�opers of substantial projects to demonstrate that adequate capacity exists, or to identify and fund the necessary mitigations. CSD is, as of 2014, performing a capacity analysis of their entire collection system. Improvements required to mitigate system deficiencies as well as to accommodate future development will be identified and added to their Capital Improvement Program (CIP). Capacity fees will then be developed to fund the CIP. New development that increases wastewater transmission and treatment demand would be required to contribute towards system capacity enhancement improvements through payment of the capacity fee. In this manner, CSD would be responsible for upgrading their system rather than placing the responsibility on the developers of the largest wastewater generators, as is currently the case. If and when this fee is developed and imp�emented, it will create a more re�iable and equitable mitigation for new development. STORM DRAINAGE Cupertino's storm drain system consists of underground pipe�ines that carry surface runoff from streets to prevent flooding. Runoff enters the system at APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) catch basins found along curbs near street intersections and is discharged into City creeks.The capacity of the storm drain facilities within Cupertino was evaluated and documented in the 1993 Storm Drain Master Plan, which identifies the areas within the system that do not have the capacity to handle runoff during the 10-year storm event, which is the City's design standard. The City requires that all new developments conform to this standard. OPEN SPACE Cupertino's General Plan outlines a policy of having parkland equal to three acres for every 1,000 residents. Currently, Cupertino has approximately 162 acres of parkland. Future development in Cupertino would increase the need for new park land.The General Plan identified an additional 49 acres of potential neighborhood and community parks, which would be more than enough to maintain the standard of three acres for every 1,000 residents. In addition, Cupertino's park impact fees of $8,100 to $15,750 per unit would generate funding for the City to purchase new parkland and maintain existing recreational resources. COMMUNITY ACCEPTANCE Other constraints to housing production in the City include community acceptance, specifically concerns about impacts on the schoo� districts, traffic, and parks. In particular, neighbors have indicated resistance to the development of buildings taller than two stories. Density and height are more acceptable if buildings are well designed and along corridors or adjacent to higher-density development. In 2013 interviews, many stakeholders indicated that multi-family projects tend to generate community opposition and that there is some general fear of growth and increased density in the City. Opposition from the community tends to increase with the size and height of the project, as well as the proximity to existing sing�e-family neighborhoods.To facilitate residentia� deve�opment and meet the RHNA for this fifth cycle update, the City conducted an extensive community outreach process to identify appropriate and feasible sites for residentia� and mixed use development over the next eight years. One of the objectives of this process is to address community concerns. SCHOOLS Cupertino Union School District (CUSD) and Fremont Union High School District APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) (FUHSD) are among the best in the state. In addition, a portion of the City, in the northeast corner, is also served by the Santa Clara Unified Schoo� District. Residents are particularly concerned about the impacts of new housing on schools. However, State law (Government Code Section 65995[3][h]) provides that payment of school impact fees fully mitigates impacts, and as such, the City's ability to require additional mitigation is �imited by State law. CUSD is a rapidly growing school district. Enrollment has increased every year during the last decade, increasing from 15,575 in the fall of 2001 to 19,058 in the fa�� of 2013. CUSD serves students from Cupertino and parts of San Jose, Sunnyvale, Saratoga, Santa Clara, and Los Altos at 20 elementary schools and five middle schools. Approximately 44 percent of CUSD's students reside in Cupertino. In total, 3,325 CUSD students (17 percent of total enrollment) attend schools other than the school of their attendance area. FUHSD served 10,657 students from Cupertino, most of Sunnyvale and parts of San Jose, Los Altos, Saratoga, and Santa Clara.The Santa Clara District is a medium size district; as a unified district its 15,394 students are spread from kindergarten through high school. OPERATING COSTS AND FINANCES Most of CUSD revenues are tied to the size of enrollment.The State Department of Education guarantees CUSD a certain �evel of operations funding known as the "revenue limit." The Revenue Limit is established annually by the State based on the District's average daily attendance (ADA). The revenue limit is composed of State funding and local property tax revenues. If the District's property tax revenue falls below the revenue �imit in any given year, the state will increase its contribution to make up the difference. CUSD therefore relies on gradual, steady increases in enrollment to maintain its financia� health over time. Because the revenue �imit makes up the majority of CUSD revenues, and this limit is tied directly to enrollment, the District needs predictab�e, ongoing student growth to keep up with costs. Declines in enrollment wou�d require the District to cut costs.The 2013-2014 school year operating budget was $155.6 million. With the total of 19,053 enrolled students districtwide, the operating cost per student for the school year was approximate�y $8,167. In contrast, FUHSD relies on property taxes for most of its revenue. FUHSD receives property taxes in excess of its revenue limit. FUHSD keeps these APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) additiona� revenues for operations. As a result, the state does not provide annual per-ADA funding.Therefore, FUHSD counts on a growing property tax base to keep up with costs and maintain per-student funding. New development helps promote a healthy tax base over time. Multi-family development can be particular�y beneficial to the tax base, generating higher revenues per acre than single-family homes.This translates into more revenue for FUHSD.The FUHSD's operating budget for the school year 2013-2014 was $1 15 million.With the total of 10,657 students enrolled, operating cost per student was approximately $10,800. Moreover, property taxes from new multi-family housing can exceed the cost to FUHSD to serve students. Table 4.8 i��ustrates this point, using previously built projects as examples. Nonetheless, FUHSD stresses that the impacts of new residential development should be evaluated on a case-by-case basis to mitigate any undue effects on the District. ENROLLMENT AND FACILITIES Each of the local school districts expects to continue growing over the next 10 years. CUSD and FUSD project that a total of 1,321 new housing units would be built in Cupertino in the years 2014 through 2023, and expects enro��ment to grow accordingly. It is important to note that this growth comes from the other cities that the districts serve, in addition to Cupertino. Cupertino-based students comprise about 60 percent of enrollment in each district. In addition to this housing growth, the recent surge in enrollment at CUSD has been primarily in the younger grades and these larger classes are now entering middle school. According�y, by 2020 high schoo� enrollment at FUSD is projected to increase by over 1,000 students. SCUSD anticipates a 13 percent increase in enrollment by 2023. The districts will continue to use their facilities efficiently to accommodate projected growth. CUSD and FUHSD report that their abi�ity to absorb new students is not unlimited, and rapid growth does pose a challenge. However, APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2flel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) _ � � � _ � � I � � • � - � Value per Unit(a) $822,500 $1,550,000 Density(Units/Acre) 20 5 Total Value/Acre $16,450,000 $7.750,000 Property Taxes to FUHSD per Acre(b) $27,965 $13,175 Notes: (a)Median sales prices from July 2013 to June 2074 (b)FUHSD receives approximately 97%of 9%of assessed value. Source:School House Services,2074. . � � . � � - � 1 - � � � � � . � • 1 � FUHSD REVENUE Assessed Value of Dev't $113,486,674 $38,480,698 $25,106,837 $65,788,586 $116,329,797 Property Tax Revenue(a) $252,958 $85,745 $57,086 $145,477 $258,480 FUHSD COSTS Number of Students in Dev't 7 17 2 6 13 Cost to Serve Students(b) $75,600 $183,600 $21,600 $64,800 $140,400 NET SURPLUS/(DEFICIT) $177,358 ($97,855) $34.486 $80,677 $118,080 Notes: (aJ Percentage of base 1.0 percent p�ope�ty tax FUHSD receives(after ERAF shiftJ in TRA 13-003: 17% (b)FUHSD Operating Cost per Student,FV 73-74:$7Q800 Sources:Santa Clara CountyAssesso�Enrolment Projections Consultants,School Nouse Se�vices,2014. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) they will strive to make space and maintain student-teacher ratios through creative solutions such as relocating special programs, adjusting schedules, selectively using modular classrooms, and other approaches. In addition, FUHSD is deve�oping a plan to dedicate the $198 mi��ion raised from Measure B (authorized in 2008) for facility improvements.These include athletic facilities, solar power, IT systems, infrastructure, classrooms, labs, and lecture halls. The districts also augment their facilities using impact fees from new development. CUSD receives $2.02 per square foot in fees from residential development. FUHSD receives $1.34 per square foot from new residential development. In addition to the development impact fee, voters have approved multiple bond measures for school faci�ity improvements.The districts can also address impacts on a case-by-case basis, establishing partnerships with home builders to construct new facilities or expand existing schools. Higher-density housing genera�ly generates fewer students per unit.Table 4.9 illustrates this trend among recently-built projects in Cupertino. On average, the school districts report that new single-family homes and townhouses generate 0.8 K-12 students per unit, while new multi-family homes generate 0.3 K-12 students per unit. In addition, most enrollment growth comes from existing homes that are either sold or rented to families with children, not new development. Nonethe�ess, the districts indicate that new housing will contribute to future demand for classroom space, which the districts must address through the strategies outlined above. A comprehensive analysis of school impacts was completed as part of the 2014 Genera� Plan Amendment and 2015-2023 Housing E�ement drafting. Four alternatives were analyzed, consistent with the Environmental Impact Report for the combined project.The existing General Plan and Alternative A would result in the same level of residential development. A�ternatives B and C change the General Plan designation and zoning for some sites to make more units possible. The analysis presented here pertains to the portion of residential development estimated to take place between 2015 and 2023 under each growth scenario, to be consistent with the Housing Element time period. The projections in Table 4.10 are based on the rates of generation of apartments built since 1995 in Cupertino, which have a relatively small number of middle and high school students in them.The largest numbers of potential units and APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) . � � - - � � - � I - � � Density(Units/Acre) 96 24 30 31 Students/Unit CUSD(a) 0.22 0.26 0.29 0.33 FHUSD(a) 0.03 0.04 0.06 0.10 Total 0.25 0.30 0.35 0.43 Nates: (a)Student enrollment data as of October 2013,provided by Enrolment Projection Consultants.Sources:City of Cupertino;EPC 2074. students are in the Garden Gate and Collins Elementary school attendance areas, in the Lawson Middle School area, and in the Cupertino and Monta Vista High School areas. Collins and Garden Gate Elementary Schools and Cupertino High are, or will be, among the schools with the greatest enrollment stress.The projected student enrollment from new units is a small fraction of the projected student enrollment from the existing units in the City. Capital costs to add capacity related to rising enrollment are significant, and development impact fees from residential deve�opment on�y cover a quarter of this cost. Table 4.11 indicates the estimated cost deficits related to needed capital improvements associated with increases in enrollment.This analysis does not include impact fee revenue from non-residential development; as such, cost deficits may be somewhat overstated. 4.4. OPPORTUNITIES FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION Maximizing energy efficiency and incorporating energy conservation and green bui�ding features can contribute to reduced housing costs for homeowners and renters. In addition, these efforts promote sustainable community design and reduced dependence on vehicles, and can significantly contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In addition to compliance with state regulations, the Environmental Resources and Sustainabi�ity, Land Use, and Circu�ation Elements of the Cupertino General Plan includes policies related to energy conservation APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) . � - 1 - � � - � � 1 1 By 2023 Number of Units Expected 1,140 1,140 1,060 1,993 CUSD Students Expected 365 365 339 638 FUHSD Students Expected 80 80 74 140 Total Students* 445 445 413 778 'SCUSD enrollment impacts are�elatively small,possibly either positive or negative. . � - - � . • - � . � By 2023 CUSD Net Capital Facilities $$�6 $8.76 $8.13 $15.31 Cost Deficit FUHSD Net Capital Facilities $4.02 $4.02 $3.71 $7.03 Cost Deficit *SCUSD receives large capital facilities and operating revenue benefits if development is significant. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEllel"a�p�all (C01T111lUlllty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) r��l��:����K�K��7��_�►i��1��:�. 25,000 20,000 �— 19,346 15,000 11,654 �CUSD 10,000 � �FUSD 5,000 0 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 and efficiency. In particular, the Land Use Element provides for higher-density housing in proximity to emp�oyment centers and transportation corridors and includes mixed use development where appropriate. In addition, the City is undertaking an effort to prepare a Climate Action Plan (CAP) by modifying the Regiona� Climate Action Plan to suit the City's needs in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.The CAP will meet the regulatory requirements of the California Global Warming Solutions Act, commonly known as AB 32. The Plan wil� include community-vetted measures to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the region and locally to foster a healthy and resilient Cupertino. Through extensive research and community input, the CAP will meet statewide emission mitigation targets and identify opportunities to reduce emissions that impact the local environment. The City adopted a Green Building Ordinance in 2012.The ordinance aligns with the California Green Building Standards Code (CALGreen) which sets APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) the threshold of building codes at a higher level by requiring development projects to incorporate green building practices. Cal Green requires every new building built after January 1, 2011 to meet a certain baseline of efficiency and sustainability standards.The ordinance aims to promote green practices (e.g., water, energy and resource conservation) through the design, construction and maintenance of new buildings and existing bui�dings undergoing major renovations.The City's Green Bui�ding Ordinance applies to all new residential and non-residential buildings and structures, additions, renovations, and tenant improvements where CalGreen and minimum green building measures are app�icable. For residential development the ordinance differentiates between smaller projects of nine or less units and large projects with more than nine units.The Ordinance requires larger development projects to earn certification per the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) or Green Point Rating (GPR) standards. Smaller developments must meet Cal Green's minimum thresholds as established by the state. Utility providers serving Cupertino also encourage energy and water conservation.The Santa Clara Va��ey Water District offers rebate programs that can help residents and businesses save both water and energy. Examples include rebates for high-efficiency toilets and clothes waters, converting high- water using landscape to low water using landscape, and connecting a clothes washer to a graywater irrigation system. Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) offers energy efficiency rebates to property owners and managers of multifamily dwellings that contain two or more units.The program encourages owners of existing properties to upgrade to qualifying energy-efficient products in individual tenant units and in the common areas of residential apartment buildings, mobile home parks and condominium complexes. The Housing Element contains policies and strategies to promote energy conservation. For example, the City will evaluate the potential to provide incentives, such as waiving or reducing fees, for energy conservation improvements at affordable housing projects (including both existing and new developments that have fewer than ten units) to exceed the minimum requirements of the California Green Building Code. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) 4.5. SUMMARY • Cupertino's General Plan and Zoning Ordinance are not development constraints to new housing production.The Land Use/Community Design Element of the General Plan identifies four categories of residential use and four mixed use categories, while the Zoning Ordinance permits residential development in seven districts, plus p�anned development districts. • The Zoning Ordinance allows rotating and permanent homeless shelters in the BQ Zone in comp�iance with State law. • The Zoning Ordinance permits employee housing for workers and their families in residentially zoned districts. • Site improvement, building code requirements, and permit processing time in Cupertino are comparable to surrounding communities and are not a development constraint. • Development fees in Cupertino are comparable to those in neighboring jurisdictions. • The lack of state and local funding sources for affordable housing and limited access to financing, in conjunction with the high cost and low supply of land, may constrain housing development in the near term. • A potential constraint to housing development is road capacity. Residential projects may be required to undertake mitigation measures if developments result in traffic impacts. • The stormwater drainage, water distribution, and water supply systems are adequate to accommodate anticipated growth in Cupertino and are not considered constraints to development.Wastewater treatment is reaching capacity in the area; however, existing plants have some excess capacity to treat new wastewater flows associated with development pursuant to Housing Element policy. Some sewer line capacity deficiencies also exist in certain areas of Cupertino—the Cupertino Sanitary District is in the process of assessing deficiencies and developing capacity fees intended to fund necessary improvements. • Capacity and fiscal impacts to the Cupertino Union School District, Fremont Union High School District and the Santa Clara Unified School District must APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) be evaluated on a case-by-case basis. State �aw provides that payment of school impact fees fully mitigates impacts, and as such, the City's ability to require additional mitigation is limited by State law. • Community acceptance may serve as a constraint to housing development. Over the past several years, multi-family projects have been successfully opposed by residents. 5. HOUSING RESOURCES 5.1. OVERVIEW OF AVAILABLE SITES FOR HOUSING The purpose of the adequate sites analysis is to demonstrate that the City of Cupertino has a sufficient supply of land to accommodate its fair share of the region's housing needs during the RHNA projections period (January 1, 2014 — October 31, 2022).The Government Code requires that the Housing Element include an "inventory of land suitable for residential development, including vacant sites and sites having the potential for redevelopment" (Section 65583(a) (3)). It further requires that the element analyze zoning and infrastructure on these sites to ensure housing development is feasible during the planning period. Demonstrating an adequate �and supply, however, is only part of the task.The City must a�so show that this supply is capable of accommodating housing demand from all economic segments of the community. High land costs in the Bay Area make it difficult to meet the demand for affordable housing on sites that are zoned at relatively low densities. Pursuant to Government Code Section 65583.2(c)(3)(B), local governments may utilize "default" density standards (e.g. the "Mullen Densities") to provide evidence that "appropriate zoning" is in place to accommodate the development of housing for very-low and low- income households .The purpose of this law is to provide a numerical density standard for local governments, resulting in greater certainty in the housing element review process. Specifically, if a �ocal government has adopted density standards that comply with the criteria provided in the law, no further analysis is required to establish the adequacy of the density standard.The default density standard for Cupertino and other suburban jurisdictions in Santa Clara County to demonstrate adequate capacity for low and very low income units is 20 dwelling units per acre or more. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) 5.2. PROGRESS TOWARDS THE REGIONAL HOUSING NEEDS ALLOCATION (RHNA) California General Plan law requires each city and county to have land zoned to accommodate its fair share of the regional housing need. Pursuant to California Government Code Section 65584, the state, regional councils of government (in this case, ABAG) and local governments must collectively determine each �oca�ity's share of regional housing need. The major goal of the RHNA is to ensure a fair distribution of housing among cities and counties in the State so that every community provides for a mix of housing for all economic segments. The housing al�ocation targets are not building requirements; rather, they are planning goals for each community to accommodate through appropriate planning policies and land use regulations. Allocation targets are intended to ensure that adequate sites and zoning are made availab�e to address anticipated housing demand during the planning period. The RHNA for the ABAG region was adopted in July 2013.This RHNA covers an 8.8-year projection period (January 1, 2014 through October 31, 2022)9 and is divided into four income categories: very low, low, moderate, and above moderate. As determined by ABAG, the City of Cupertino's fair share allocation is 1,064 new housing units during this planning cycle, with the units divided among the four income categories as shown in Table 5.1. Since the RHNA uses January 1, 2014 as the baseline for growth projections for the 2014-2022 projection period,jurisdictions may count toward the RHNA housing units developed, under construction, or approved since January 1, 2014. Between January 1 and May 31, 2014, building permits for 14 single-family housing units and three second units were approved in Cupertino. In addition, six single-family homes and seven apartments received Planning approvals (Table 5.1). Also included in the RHNA credits are 32 second units (also known as accessory dwelling units) projected to be developed within the planning period. As provided in Government Code Section 65583(c)(1), in addition to identifying vacant or underutilized land resources, the City can address a portion of the RHNA through an estimate of the number of second units that may be permitted during the planning period.The City approves an average of four second units per year. Considering this track record, the City estimates that 32 second units will be approved over eight-year planning period. Cupertino's Zoning Ordinance permits second dwelling units on lots in Single-Fami�y Residential (R-1), Residential 9 The Housing Element planning period differs from the RHNA projection period—the period for which hous- ing demand was calculated.The Housing Element covers the planning period of January 31,2015 through January 31,2023. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) . � . � � - � I I Various Single-Family Units(Building 14 14 Permits) Various Single-Family Units(Planning --- --- 6 6 Permits) Multi-Family Units(Planning Permits) --- --- --- 7 7 Second Units Permitted(Building 3* --- 3 Permits) Estimated Second Unit Production --- --- 32* --- 32 Total --- --- 35 27 62 2014-2022 RHNA 356 207 231 270 1,064 RHNA Credits --- --- 35 27 62 Remaining 2014-2022 RHNA 356 207 196 243 1,002 Source:ABAG Regional Nousing Needs Allocation,2074;City of Cupertino,2074 Notes: *These units do not have affordability restrictions.Market rate rents and sale prices for similar units fal!within levels affordable to the households earning mode�ate incomes(87-720%AMl)and are allocated as such. Hillside (RHS), Agricu�tural (A), and Agricultural Residential (A-1) Districts. Permit approval and architectural review are done at the ministerial (building permit) level. Consistent with Government Code Section 65583(c)(1) and HCD technical guidance documents, the City is applying the second unit estimate towards its moderate income RHNA. HCD has indicated that second unit affordability can be determined by examining market rates for reasonably comparable rental properties and applying these rates to estimate the anticipated affordabi�ity of second units. A review of rental market conditions in Cupertino conducted for this Housing Element found that the average cost of a studio apartment is $1,608 and the average cost of a one-bedroom apartment is $2,237.These rental rates are in the range of moderate income rents as determined by HUD (see Table APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) 2.15: Maximum Affordable Housing Costs, Santa Clara County, 2013). As these units are comparable in size and occupancy to second units, it is reasonable to assume that current rents for second units fall within affordability leve�s for one-person moderate-income households.Therefore, second units in the pipeline and the anticipated 32 second units are credited against the moderate income RHNA. Furthermore, recent research in the San Francisco Bay Area has found that a sizable fraction of secondary units are rented to acquaintances, friends or family, in some cases for free and in other cases, for reduced rents.�o This research suggests that second units may in fact be a source of affordable housing in the City at affordability levels lower than the moderate-income level they are credited against. Applying the projected 32 second units toward the moderate income category is a conservative approach, and is consistent with State law and HCD technical guidance documents. With these credits, the City has a remaining RHNA of 1,002 units: 356 extremely low/very low-income units, 207 low-income units, 196 moderate-income units, and 243 above moderate-income units.5.3. Residential Capacity Analysis 5.3. RESIDENTIAL CAPACITY ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY Like many cities in the Bay Area, Cupertino is largely built out. As a resu�t, opportunities for residential units will be realized through the redevelopment of sites with existing buildings. City staff undertook a deliberate site selection process to ensure that future residential development on the sites would: 1) have community support (see description of community process below), 2) achieve community goals of affordability and walkability, and 3) create a livable environment for new residents and neighbors. To ensure this, sites were selected based on the following criteria: • Proximity to transportation corridors • Proximity (preferably within walking distance) to amenities such as schools, neighborhood services, restaurants and retail • Ability to provide sma��er, more affordable units; sites were selected in higher density areas to achieve this • Create a �ivable community with the least impact on neighborhoods; sites that had the most in common with successfully developed sites were selected 10 Chapple,Karen and Jake Wegmann.Understanding the Market for Secondary Units in the East Bay.UC Berkeley Institute of Urban and Regional DevelopmentaL Oct 201 2. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) • Corner lot location; such parce�s provide the most flexibility to accommodate mixed-use developments and avoid impeding parking and connectivity between mid-block parce�s In addition to the state-wide criteria that HCD uses to determine site suitability, the Sustainable Communities Strategy/One Bay Area Plan contributed additional criteria regarding what makes a desirable housing site in the ABAG region. The One Bay Area P�an is a long-range integrated transportation and land-use/ housing strategy through 2040 for the San Francisco Bay Area.The plan focuses development in Priority Development Areas (PDAs) which are locally designated areas within existing communities that have been identified and approved by local cities or counties for future growth.These areas are typically accessible to public transit,jobs, recreation, shopping and other services, and absorb much of the growth anticipated in the region. In Cupertino, a PDA is located along Stevens Creek Boulevard between Highway 85 and the City of Santa C�ara and along De Anza Boulevard between Stevens Creek Boulevard and Highway 280. Key criteria in the Sustainable Communities Strategy/One Bay Area Plan include: • Location along major transportation routes with access to transit or within YZ mile of a Valley Transit Authority-designate PDA • Proximity to employment and activity centers • Proximity to amenities With the selection criteria in mind, City staff conducted a thorough study evaluating underutilized land in Cupertino.These parcels included residentially zoned land as well as other designations such as commercial and mixed use. COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT To ensure that both community members and property owners support of the Housing Element—and sites inventory in particular—City staff engaged in an in- depth community involvement process. The inventory of residential opportunity sites was developed in consultation with the Housing Commission, Planning Commission, City Council, and members of the public. The Housing Element and sites inventory were discussed at 12 workshops, study sessions, and hearings in 2014. At each meeting, commissioners and council members, as well as members of the public, discussed the inventory. During these discussions, �: APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) several sites were removed and new sites were added based on input from these various stakeholders. Decisions to add or remove sites were based on realistic expectations for sites to be redeve�oped within the planning period. In addition to consultation with various community stakeho�ders, City staff reached out to individual owners whose properties were identified as housing opportunity sites. Each affected owner received a letter informing them that their property had been identified by the City to be included in its Housing Element as a housing opportunity site.The letter provided information about the process and the opportunity to provide feedback or express concerns. The sites with property owner development interest were evaluated against the criteria described above. Sites that did not meet the criteria were not included in the inventory. Sites where the owner objected to inclusion were not included in the final inventory. While residential development may occur on other sites not included in this inventory, the sites ultimately included in this Housing Element are those the City believes have the most realistic chance of redeveloping into housing within the planning period. As a result of the community engagement process, the sites inventory represents a list of residential opportunity sites that the community has thoroughly reviewed. DETERMINATION OF REALISTIC CAPACITY Sites inventory capacity must account for development standards such as building height restrictions, minimum setbacks, and maximum �ot coverage, as well as the potential for non-residential uses in mixed-use areas. A survey of recent developments (Table 5.2) indicates that recent multi-family residential projects have built to between 82 percent and 99.5 percent of the maximum allowable density.To ensure that the sites inventory provides a "realistic capacity" for each site, estimates for maximum developable units on each site are conservative�y reduced by 15 percent. Because of the desirability and high va�ue of residential property in Cupertino, developers are reluctant to include ground floor commercial space in residential buildings, even when land is zoned for mixed-use development. The City must often encourage or request that ground-floor commercial space be included in APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) projects and commercial space typica��y represents a sma�l proportion of the total development. Staff anticipates that this trend will continue, and land zoned for mixed-use will achieve residential densities at or above 85 percent of the maximum with ground floor commercial space along the street frontage. This trend is evident in the three mixed-use project examples that contained ground floor commercial development. The Biltmore Adjacency, Metropolitan and Adobe Terraces projects are typical mixed-use, multi-family deve�opments in Cupertino. In these cases, the commercial component represented a small portion of the total square footage (between 2 and 8 percent). Even with the provision of ground floor commercial space, these developments were able to achieve 91 to 92 percent of the maximum allowable residential units.The height limit of developments in most of the major transportation corridors is 45 feet at the minimum. Based on the deve�opment experiences at the completed projects described above, the density assumptions for mixed-use residential projects at 85 percent of the maximum allowed is realistic. The assumption that sites will achieve 85 percent of the maximum allowable density is also realistic for sites that al�ow for a variety of uses, inc�uding 100 percent commercial development, in addition to residentia� development and mixed-use development. This is because of the high market value of available _ � - - � - � - � - � Site Area(acres) 5.9 3.24 1.6 1.0 3.3 Max.Density(dwelling units per 35 25 35 25 35 acre) Max.Developable Units 205 81 56 25 116 Actual Units Developed 204 74 46 23 107 AGtudl/Mdx.Units 99.5% 91.3% 82% 92% 92% Commercial Sq.Ft.as %of Total 37% 2% NA 8% 4% Sq.ft. Source:City of Cupe�tino,20 94 APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2nel"a�p�all (COIT11T1Unity VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) properties for residential development. As discussed above, the desirability and high value of residential property in Cupertino encourages residential or mixed-use development over exclusively commercial development. All five example projects presented in Table 5.2 were developed in a zone that allows a mix of uses including exclusively commercial and office development, further demonstrating the strength of residential development over commercial development in Cupertino. 5.4. RESIDENTIAL SITES INVENTORY- SCENARIO A Cupertino has residential development opportunities with sufficient capacity to meet and exceed the identified housing need (Figure B-7).The opportunities shown in the sites inventory consist predominantly of underutilized sites that can accommodate 1,400 residential units on properties zoned for densities of 20 dwelling units to the acre or more.The sites inventory is organized by geographic area and in particular, by mixed use corridors. As shown, sites identified to meet the near-term development potential lie within the North Vallco Park Special Area, the Vallco Shopping District Special Area, and the Heart of the City Special Area. As indicated in a market study completed in 2014, there is a healthy demand for new housing and long-term trends indicate market potential for additional development in key areas throughout the city.The 2014 market study further found that existing demand is greatest for smaller, more affordable units adjacent to services, retai�, and entertainment options. All sites in the Housing Element to meet the RHNA are identified on major mixed-use corridors, close to services and major employers. As demonstrated previously, City leaders have a strong record of supporting and facilitating the development of residential projects in mixed-use areas and of APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) intensifying residential uses where appropriate within the context of the general plan land use allocations. Regulatory standards, including the revised Density Bonus Ordinance, are intended to encourage additional residential development on these sites. Altogether, the five sites ensure that adequate sites beyond the remaining RHNA are provided for in the planning period. A parcel-specific listing of sites is included in Table 7.3: Residential Sites Inventory to Meet the 2014 RHNA. Four of the sites in the Residential Sites inventory may be developed without a Conditional Use Permit with the number of units identified in this Housing Element. The City has identified one key opportunity site that will involve substantial coordination for redevelopment (Vallco Shopping District, Site A2). Due to the magnitude of the project, the City has established a contingency plan to meet the RHNA if a Specific Plan is not adopted within three years of Housing Element adoption.This contingency plan, called Scenario B, is discussed later in this document (see Section 5.5 Residential Sites Inventory - Scenario B). NORTH VALLCO PARK SPECIAL AREA The North Vallco Park Special Area encompasses 240 acres and is an important emp�oyment center for Cupertino and the region.The area is located in the northeastern corner of the City, bounded by Homestead Road to the north and Interstate 280 to the south.The area is defined by Apple Campus 2 and the North Vallco Gateway.The North Vallco Gateway includes a medium to high-density multi-family residential project east of Wolfe Road,two hotels and the Cupertino Village Shopping Center west of Wolfe Road. The North Vallco Park area is envisioned to become a sustainable office and campus environment surrounded by a mix of connected, high-quality and pedestrian-oriented neighborhood center, hotel and residential uses. The Apple 2 Campus is expected to be a significant catalyst for residential development in this vicinity.The area accordingly presents a prime opportunity for redevelopment. SITE A1 (THE HAMPTONS) Site A1 is located at the southeast corner of the intersection of Pruneridge Avenue and North Wolfe Road, adjacent to the recently approved Apple Campus APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT ���u, N�u�� ���������..���.y v���„�� ���., �„T.,, ■ � � • � � � Applicable if Vallco Specific Plan is adopted by May 31,2018 If Vallco Specific Plan is not adopted by May 31,2018,the designated Priority Housing Element Sites will be as shown in General Plan Appendix B,Section 5.5:Residential Sites Inventory-Scenario B. North Vallco Park: 600 Units Sunnyvale Los Altos HOMEsrEao aoao � � 1'Hamp�ons < � ` 8 eoo��u� Sho llt n l � - — ` PP� 9 � —T� ', � � District: I nz:vau�o ✓ � a 'B°°^"� 389 Units � � o • � � - vEHscaEEke�vo Santa Clara I LL ~A4 Manna�E � �� � A30aks 20�un�its � � zoo�m�s f AS:Vacanl 11 unils � � �' JM«�E��aN Ro > � m � Im BOLLINGER � � � � � Heart of the I � ..::�� San Jose Clt . � �/ y: � 411 Units � , i I/ ~ �,rvo� 1 � PRosPE�,ao J i--- �. � �� ' � Legend � � , City Boundary Housing Elements Sites ----- Urban Service Area Boundary VTA Priority Sphere of Influence Development Area (PDA) Boundary Agreement Line s e I �"� Site Number: Unincorporated Areas � Realistic Capacity. 0 0.5 1 Mlla as�o�rma.im�m p y iowaa Special Areas T 0 1000 2000 3000 Fee[ Q Heart of the City 0 500 1000 Meters �North Vallco Park 0 Vallco Shopping District APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) 2.The site is comprised of two parcels totaling 12.44 acres and is currently occupied with a 342-unit multi-family housing development and surface parking lots.The site's property owners have expressed interest in redeveloping the site with significantly higher residential densities than what exists today. Such a redevelopment will create an opportunity to reduce vehicle trips for employees living within walking and bicycling distance to this regional employment hub.The property owner has pub�ically voiced interest in redevelopment of the property to provide additional residential units, and has issued a letter indicating this intent to the City. The site has a land use designation of High Density (greater than 35 du/ac), zoned Planned Development (P [Res]), and allows for a maximum density of 85 units per acre.The City has approved increased heights to facilitate development of the Hamptons property at the densities identified. Assuming realistic capacity of 85 percent of maximum density is achieved, Site A1 has the potential to yield 600 net units, for a total of 942 units on site.The APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I g2llel"a�p�all (C01T111lUlllty VISIOn ZO�S - ZO4O) close proximity to major transportation routes (freeway) and adjacency to a major new employment center (Apple Campus 2), coupled with the high demand for multi-family residential units in Cupertino, make this site ideal for intensification. VALLCO SHOPPING DISTRICT SPECIAL AREA The Val�co Shopping District is centrally �ocated in the City. The property was originally developed as an indoor mall in the 1970s for retail uses, anchored by Macy's, Sears, JC Penny, and AMC Theaters.The property has been remodeled severa� times since it was bui�t. Despite being the largest retail project in the City, the Mall is largely vacant, save for the anchor tenants. According to stakeholders interviewed for a retail strategy report completed in 2014,Vallco represents not on�y one of the best-�ocated properties in the City, but a�so one of the City's largest redevelopment opportunities. SITE A2 (VALLCO SHOPPING DISTRICT) The Vallco Shopping District is physically divided by North Wolfe Road, but connected via an elevated bridge. Up until 2014, the approximately 58.7-acre site was divided between five property owners on 14 parcels, representing a combination of investors and anchor tenants. In 2014, all parcels of the property were purchased by a single developer who intends to pursue a Specific Plan and redevelopment of the site. The 2014 retail strategy report noted that there is an oversupply of mall space in the United States, which is affecting Vallco's performance.The Mall operates �'�. ,:�:;��. � .; :,�;�,; ������ �:�`�±- . � - `��'�� ;s - � '� ' ;`y' i`;. '� �r' � f r- �i y, • _ :l' �:i`y, . �[ •�,. f _ .�}{ _'�� r .. tit � _ . i -� T���� �! '�{ ` . f'� � *f ��� f , � ' � � �, F -� . � _ � ..� _ � - y+ � ` �� + , �� �_ .� _ � �: .f i - � �_ - - ' __ � r�����.� y � .: _�., _ -�" � -��� �� `�:�.'�- �� �`.-,�� �. --� Site A1:The Hamptons APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) in a competitive environment with successful projects to the north (Stanford Shopping Center), east (Valley Fair and Santana Row), and south (Westgate Shopping Center). In addition, the nearby Main Street mixed-use development will add an additional 125,000 square feet of retail, further contributing to the market feasibility of alternate (residential) uses on this site. To revitalize this area, the City envisions a complete redevelopment of the existing Vallco Fashion Mall into a vibrant mixed-use "town center" that is a focal point for regional visitors and the community.The site has a high potential for redevelopment due to expressed property owner interest to redevelop, high retai� vacancy rates, close proximity to major transportation routes (freeway), and the potential to provide a considerable number of units at the site. The high potential development capacity and close proximity to two recently constructed mixed-use projects (Rosebowl and Main Street) further support redevelopment of the Vallco Shopping District and the inclusion of this site in the Housing Element. The site is designated Regional Shopping/Office/Residential in the General Plan and zoned Planned Deve�opment with Regional Shopping and Commercial (P[Regional Shopping and P[CG]). Strategy HE-1.3.1 provides that the City will adopt a Specific Plan for the Vallco site by May 31, 2018 that would permit 389 units by right at a minimum density of 20 units per acre.The zoning for the site would be modified as part of the Specific Plan process to a<<ow residential uses as part of a mixed-use development at a maximum density of 35 units per acre. If the Specific Plan is not adopted, the City will schedule hearings consistent with Government Code Section 65863 to consider removing Vallco Shopping District as a Priority Housing Site and replacing it with the sites shown in Scenario B. HEART OF THE CITY SPECIAL AREA The Heart of the City Special Area is a key mixed-use, commercial corridor in Cupertino. Development within this Special Area is guided by the Heart of the City Specific Plan, which is intended to create a greater sense of place, community identity, and a positive and memorable experience for residents, workers and visitors in Cupertino. The area encompasses approximately 635 acres along Stevens Creek Boulevard between Highway 85 and the eastern city limit.The Stevens Creek Boulevard corridor functions as Cupertino's main mixed-use, commercial and retail corridor. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT � ��iieia���dn �cuiniiiuuiryvi5iuii �uio-�u4u� A majority of the Heart of the City Special Area is located within a Priority Development Area (PDA). PDAs are the result of a regional initiative that identifies areas where new development will support the day-to-day needs of residents and workers in a pedestrian-friendly environment served by transit. PDAs are critical components for implementing the region's proposed long term growth strategy.The �evel of growth in each PDA reflects its role in achieving regional objectives and how it fits into locally designated priority growth plans. Cupertino's PDA area, shown on Figure B-7, includes properties within a quarter mi�e of Stevens Creek Boulevard from Highway 85 to the City's eastern border and a portion of North and South De Anza Boulevards. ��r ,'�1€,�. - ��+� _� �`.:�� � � � �`"�` . _:Y,� � _ + � r �. ��x� �*_ ` . .� _ � � � �; s,��. i�... .�. ��,+,_ , ,. Ek. '* �J ;� � �_ .4�� • •-' �i[i��� I ' � � _�� �_ +.�1 �Y.� �i , '•'�'� � 4,•��:_, f'� ' � ��rt�r : � � `��a ; � - _ �; : ` � � .��k � �# , �� •� �� - �� ' _ �,� ����� � 8` .. .� � '� !x,,�. 1 }I' - �;�_. `. y� '�`� 5 _ ; _�.��`4��. � - -�� J��..� :.; � �[�,�� �S�. c [�',? �.; a-•_� ��� - 4:�� �'� ;� j': '��+ :'i �-._ . .� ',L � }y4� � �� .'��i , � ' • �.s� L - . ��i � L � 1�� �� ` �� �''F I Y`� :�� 1 : rf�.,'e 4 . - .1' . . .r � �.-" �� _ .�. �'•�yy��'J�: .r. +tl ..�. r ' +,'iE' 'f�:• J� �1 • ' •1 � * - ',�:^ .,'yh i' ,�' t y` �1 :� — ` .J�• �' P 1'�''• - � .�� �� ,� - - .k-�' T,�� rr, - � - 1��� � , � �' , �� ��. �� ' y��. �..' i.�.�� �R'•_F - � ��F: ;. '. : � t. F� ��'. . � . 1 . , . 4 � _. __ . '�4` � :s 1 - � - i `;� #' F. :r,ti�a - -ti �� � r " Y� * .t •� Cb" ��. ��_ . . �!' � -,i .''. f l$Cf� .` �-• ���:�.�'�" ��� _ �!�'"'` '� �_ .�: _x.. - .`ry, ' - � `�.�; r _ I� ' ... _ �_ .� _ .a� k -. �s�-�f_'.yl!!, - . : '■� `_h� �i��'�� ��� �`' I —� Sile A2�.Val�co Shopping Dislricl APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I gEnel"a� plan (COITIITIulllty VISIOII 2015- 2040) To meet the RHNA, three sites encompassing over 15 acres have been identified within the Heart of the City Special Area boundaries; these sites can accommodate 411 units at densities greater than 20 units per acre. Two sites are underutilized infill properties, one site is vacant. For underutilized parcels, the age of onsite buildings and the parcels' improvement-to-land value (I/L) ratio suggest that these sites are prime opportunities for redevelopment. In addition, the redevelopment capacity of identified sites is predicated on interest articulated by property owners and recent development approvals in the area, including the Metropolitan (107 units), Adobe Terrace (23 units), Main Street (120 units), and Rose Bowl (204 units) mixed-use projects. SITE A3 (THE OAKS SHOPPING CENTER) Site A3 is located on the north side of Stevens Creek Blvd between Highway 85 and Mary Avenue in the Oaks Gateway within the Heart of the City Special Area.The site is comprised of four parcels (with two owner entities that function under the same ownership) totaling 7.9 acres.The site is occupied by the Oaks Shopping Center, which is comprised of various small-scale commercia� and restaurant tenants. A�though the Center is in relatively good condition, it was originally constructed in 1976 as a single story structure with ample surface parking, and has a resulting low floor-area ratio.The I/L ratio for the consolidated property is estimated at 0.31.The property owners are very interested in redevelopment of the site with a mixed-use (residential and commercial) product, and have issued a letter indicating this intent to the City. The zoning for this property allows residential in addition to commercial uses. The site presents a strong potential for a redevelopment project that includes residential units based on its large size, potential residential capacity, adjacent freeway access, and location adjacent to residential development. A retail strategy report completed for Cupertino in 2014 identifies the Oaks as a site we�� positioned for redevelopment, perhaps as a retail-residential mixed-use project. Its location on Stevens Creek Boulevard adjacent to Highway 85 and in the Heart of the City District makes high-density mu�ti-family residential development feasible at this site. Several relatively high-density mixed-use, residential projects are in close proximity on Stevens Creek Boulevard. Site A3 is located within a Priority Development Area. The site is designated for Commercial/Residential in the General Plan, zoned Planned Development with General Commercial and Residential (P[CG, Res]), and allows for a maximum density of 30 units per acre. Site A3 has the potential to yield 200 units. APPENDIXB:HOUSINGELEMENTTECHNICALREPORT I C�Ellel"aI p�all (C01"IllllUlllty VI5101� ZO�S - ZO4O) SITE A4 (MARINA PLAZA) Site A4 is located at the Bandley Drive/Alves Drive intersection near the Stevens Creek Boulevard and North De Anza Boulevard intersection, a major intersection in the North Crossroads Node within the Heart of the City Special Area.The site is comprised of one large (6.86-acre) parcel and is occupied by a single-story commercial strip mall and surface parking lot.The primary shopping center tenant is an ethnic grocery store.The site is considered underutilized given its prime location at a major intersection and along one of the major corridors in Cupertino, in close proximity to services and public transportation and adjacent to existing residential neighborhoods. The location and configuration of the site allow for access from Stevens Creek Boulevard, North De Anza Boulevard, Bandley Drive, and Alves Drive.The property owner has expressed interest in redeveloping the site to include residential uses.The maximum density permitted on this site was increased in 2014 from 25 to 35 units per acre to facilitate this type of redevelopment. Site A4 is designated as Commercial/Office/Residential (C/0/R), zoned as Planned Development with General Commercia� and Residential (P[CG, Res]), and allows for a maximum density of 35 units per acre. Site A4 has the potential to yield 200 units. � „�� .. . �x , 4 '�: '41. ''t r x ��,' �� �`"� •� � `z� � 'R��r� ;: � -�• �... �'' � ` _ � - • '�-'- _ y¢"��"` - . � , +�, �, } � � + �� 4�'. . ' '� .+frr,+�z JS��• •_. .lpr� �. +F.�s�,�¢i•�7 l. K�. I� �}���i�' �%J� _ _ ��`�} ' � +�T'�- �ti~'��A _:7Y.a ;a. -r, r �- ,4. = ' . � ;:'�;:�.,�� �"� -- .���' , . . �1�� � , „ •� •.�- � •kyaS�� i� •. .-_ � �:.+�� � �� � - ' . . I � ! .F` , �' J ���� i �•-��� ��. .`5 f1�k,:'y�Ij!S�.! �v. � ~Y �t''y `4i.��! e � - �.�'`� `: